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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

An ecologically sensitive area is one that is protected by the government given the sheer number of species, plants and animals endemic to the region. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 does not mention the word “Eco-Sensitive Zones”. However, Section 3(2)(v) of the Act, says that Central Government can restrict areas in which any industries, operations or processes or class of industries, operations or processes shall not be carried out or shall be carried out subject to certain safeguards. Besides, Rule 5(1) of the Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986 states that central government can prohibit or restrict the location of industries and car... Read More...

  Sep 09, 2018   General Category

‘Convection clouds’ are ones that form and grow by the process known as convection. Cumulus and Cumulonimbus are examples of this type of cloud. Convection in the atmosphere is the way air floats upwards on account of being warmer than the surrounding air.  Our understanding of the monsoons has improved a lot in the past decades. We now understand clouds better, which has been revolutionised by satellites. In any model, knowledge of clouds is the most important. We need clouds for rain. Any problem in the prediction of rainfall is related to the prediction of clouds. The monsoon clouds here are convective. In the US, the weather doesn... Read More...

  Sep 08, 2018   General Category

As part of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) initiatives, SCO Peace Mission Exercise is conducted biennially for SCO member states. The joint exercise for the year 2018 will be conducted by Central Military Commission of Russia from 22 August to 29 August 2018 in Russia. This will be a historic occasion due to the maiden participation of India post becoming a full member of the SCO in June 2017. This exercise marks a major milestone in the multilateral relations of SCO member nations. The exercise will involve tactical level operations in an international counter insurgency or counter terrorism environment under SCO Charter. The joint exercise wil... Read More...

  Sep 07, 2018   General Category

Colour coded weather warning system is used to alert the public to the predicted severity of weather: cyclones, floods, storms and winds. The colour system ranges from green, which is low risk, to red, which is the highest risk of severe conditions. Kerala floods brought the warning system into headlines. YELLOW level weather alerts is to notify those who are at risk because of their location and/or activity, and to allow them to take preventative action. YELLOW level weather alerts are for weather conditions that do not pose an immediate threat to the general population, but only to those exposed to risk by nature of their location and/or activity. Read More...

  Sep 06, 2018   General Category

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has dual use: technology which can fuel technology driven economic growth and has potential to provide military superiority. Given India’s strong IT industry and pool of engineers this Ministry has initiated the process of preparing Indian defence forces in their use of AI and leveraging AI capabilities. To study the strategic implications of AI in the perspective of national security, a multi-stakeholder Task Force comprising the Government, Services, Academia, Industry, Professionals and Start-ups was constituted in February 2018, under the Chairmanship of Shri N Chandrasekharan, Chairman, Tata Sons to prepare a road map ... Read More...

  Sep 05, 2018   General Category

The and is now well under control. Currently 30 districts in 7 States(Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Odisha and Telangana ) are most affected by LWE violence. These 30 districts contributed 88% of violent incidents and 94% of deaths in 2017. The Government has a holistic approach towards combating LWE wherein it supplements the efforts of the State Governments over a wide range of measures. A National Policy and Action Plan has been put in place that envisages a multi-pronged strategy involving security related measures, developmental interventions and ensuring rights & entitlements of local communities etc. Security r... Read More...

  Sep 03, 2018   General Category

What is nuclear fusion? What is 'fusion' exactly? Fusion occurs when two light atoms bond together, or fuse, to make a heavier one. The total mass of the new atom is less than that of the two that formed it; the "missing" mass is given off as energy, as described by Albert Einstein's famous E=mc2 equation. There are several "recipes" for cooking up fusion, which rely on different atomic combinations. The most pr... Read More...

  Jul 01, 2018   General Category

What are the challenges of agriculture marketing as administered by states? How National Agriculture Market (NAM) aims to overcome these challenges? What are the objectives of NAM? Challenges of agriculture marketing as administered by states Agriculture marketing is administered by the States as per their agri-marketing regulations, under which, the State is divided into several market areas, each of which is administered by a separate Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC) which imposes its own marketing regulation (including fees). This fragmentation of markets, even within the State, hind... Read More...

  Jun 30, 2018   General Category

Combustible Ice Commercial development of the globe's huge reserves of a frozen fossil fuel known as "combustible ice" has moved closer to reality after Japan and China successfully extracted the material from the seafloor off their coastlines. But experts say that large-scale production remains many years away—and if not done properly could flood the atmosphere with climate-changing greenhouse gases. Combustible ice is a frozen mixture of water and concentrated natural gas. Technically known as methane hydrate, it can be lit on fire in its frozen state and is believed to comprise one of the world's mo... Read More...

  Jun 29, 2018   General Category

Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) About Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) is aimed to give major push for creation of high quality infrastructure in premier educational institutions. The HEFA would be jointly promoted by the identified Promoter and the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) with an authorized capital of Rs. 2,000 crores. The Government equity would be Rs. 1,000 crores. The HEFA would be formed as a SPV within a PSU Bank/ Government-owned-NBFC (Promoter). It would leverage the equity ... Read More...

  Jun 26, 2018   General Category

What is Value Capture Financing (VCF)? Explain the components and working mechanism of Value Capture Financing (VCF)? About Value capture is a type of public financing that recovers some or all of the value that public infrastructure generates for private landowners. It seeks to enable States and city governments raise resources by tapping a share of increase in value of land and other properties like buildings resulting from public investments and policy initiatives, in the identified area of influence. How does it work? Value capture financing (VCF) works on the convic... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2018   General Category

What is natural capital? Why integrating natural capital in our policy framework is necessary for a sustainable future? Natural capital is from of capital from which humans derive a wide range of services also called ecosystem services, that make human life possible. Some important ecosystem services include the food we eat, the water we drink and the plant materials we use for fuel, building materials and medicines. There are also many less visible ecosystem services such as the climate regulation and natural flood defences provided by forests, the billions of tonnes of carbon stored by peat lands, or the pollination of... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2018   General Category

Largest volcanic region on earth Scientists have discovered the largest volcanic region on Earth. It consists of almost 100 volcanoes. They are two kilometres below the surface of the vast Antarctic ice sheet. The newly discovered volcanoes range in height from 100 to 3,850 metres. All of them are covered in thick layers of ice. The active peaks are concentrated in a region known as the west Antarctic rift system. The system stretches 3,500 km from Antarctica's Ross ice shelf to the Antarctic peninsula. The discovery is important because the activity of these volcanoes could have cruc... Read More...

  Jun 17, 2018   General Category

Muntra Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed India's first unmanned tank. It has three variants, meant for: surveillance, mine detection and reconnaissance. The reconnaissance version can be used in areas with nuclear and bio threats. Muntra-S has been developed for unmanned surveillance missions. Muntra-M is built for detecting mines. Muntra-N will be deployed in areas where nuclear radiation or bio weapon risk is high. Read More...

  Jun 16, 2018   General Category

Recently India gained the full membership Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). In this context, analyse the significant advantages that may accrue to India and challenges that India may have to overcome because of the inclusion in SCO. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Eurasian political, economic, and security organisation. The organization was created in 2001 in Shanghai, China. It was created by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. These countries, except for Uzbekistan, had been members of the Shanghai Five group, founded on 26 April 1996 in Shanghai. India a... Read More...

  Jun 15, 2018   General Category

Removing harmful drugs from wastewater Hospital wastewater includes drugs which are a major environmental problem. Wastewater may include cytostatic drugs such as cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide used for cancer treatment. The presence of such drugs in hospital waste not only pollutes environment but can also harm human health as these drugs often don’t break up easily. The cytostatic drugs are known to cause severe and irreversible damages to human body. The concentration of these drugs is high in the wastewaters of hospitals specializing in cancer treatment. A group of researchers from Belgium and India have developed a novel m... Read More...

  Jun 14, 2018   General Category

What is natural capital? Why integrating natural capital in our policy framework is necessary for a sustainable future? Natural capital is from of capital from which humans derive a wide range of services also called ecosystem services, that make human life possible. Some important ecosystem services include the food we eat, the water we drink and the plant materials we use for fuel, building materials and medicines. There are also many less visible ecosystem services such as the climate regulation and natural flood defences provided by forests, the billions of tonnes of carbon stored by peat lands, or the pollination of crop... Read More...

  Jun 13, 2018   General Category

Ransomware Ransomware is a form of malicious software that locks up the files on computer, encrypts them, and demands that payment to get the files back. Wanna Decryptor, or WannaCry, is a form of ransomware that affects Microsoft’s Windows operating system. When a system is infected, a pop up window appears, prompting to pay to recover all the files within three days, with a countdown timer on the window. Also, if the owner of the computer fails to pay within that time, the fee will be doubled, and if the ransom is not paid within seven days, the files are lost forever. Payment is accepted only with Bitcoin. Read More...

  Jun 12, 2018   General Category

Diksha Portal DIKSHA Portal is an initiative of Ministry of Human Resource Development for providing a digital platform to teacher to make their lifestyle more digital. The portal has been launched under National Digital Infrastructure for Teachers. Through this, all teachers across the nation will be equipped with advanced digital technology. The portal will consist of the whole teacher’s life cycle – from the time they were enrolled as student teachers in Teacher Education Institutes (TEIs) to after they retire as teachers. Teacher can learn and train themselves for which assessment resources will... Read More...

  Jun 10, 2018   General Category

Nobel prize in Chemistry: 2017 The 2017 Nobel prize in Chemistry has been awarded to Jacques Dubochet (University of Lausanne, Switzerland) Joachim Frank (Columbia University, New York) and Richard Henderson (MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, U.K.) for developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution. Cryo-electron microscopy “Cryo”, short for cryogenic refers to very low temperatures. Though the actual temperature is not well defined, it is below minus 150°C. In the context of electron microscopy, it re... Read More...

  Jun 07, 2018   General Category