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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in news?Recently, The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)­ National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR) National Cancer Registry Programme Report of August 2020 has estimated that the number of cancer cases in India in 2020 is 13.9 lakh. Moreover, India has seen a steady rise in cancer cases over many decades.A 2017 report showed that India’s cancer burden increased 2.6 times between 1990 to 2016, and deaths due to cancers doubled during the time. Read More...

  Sep 16, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?Recently, the 8th East Asia Summit Economic Ministers’ Meeting (EAS-EMM) was held virtually and attended by ASEAN members and eight other nations, including India, the USA, and China.The meeting highlighted the importance of strengthening regional supply chains to make them resilient in times of heightened challenges posed by the Covid-19 pandemic and to spur economic growth... Read More...

  Sep 15, 2020   International Relations

Q. Why in News ? A. Farmer organisations in Haryana  and Punjab are holding protests against agricultural ordinances promulgated recently. Their target is three central laws promulgated through ordinances on June 5 2020 : 1. The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Ordinance, 2. The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Ordinance, and 3. The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Ordi... Read More...

  Sep 15, 2020   Polity

Que. 1. Describe any four cultural elements of diversity in India and rate their relative significance in building a national identity. (UPSC - 2015) [150 Words] Ans.: Diversity connotes collective differences among people that differentiates one group of people from another. India is considered as a mega culturally diverse country due to the existence of various groups that provide a unique blend to India’s diversity. These culturally diverse elements have given India an identity that is heterogeneous compared to any such large countries.   Cultural elements of diversity in I... Read More...

  Sep 15, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Que. 1. The Self-Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Programme (SBLP), which is India’s own innovation, has proved to be one of the most effective poverty alleviation and women empowerment programmes. Elucidate. (UPSC - 2015) [150 Words] Ans.:  Self-Help Groups (SHGs) are informal associations of people who choose to come together to find ways to improve their living conditions. It can be defined as self-governed, peer controlled information group of people with similar socio-e... Read More...

  Sep 14, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, the Ministry of Railways has proposed to decriminalise begging on trains or railway premises and compound the offence of smoking by levying spot fine and dropping all charges/action against the person involved.These changes are part of an exercise to decriminalise/rationalise penalties under the provisions of the Railway Act, 1989.Q. What are Current Provision rela... Read More...

  Sep 14, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. A limit has been imposed on total rewards under the Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS).Q. What is Merchandise Exports from India Scheme ?A. Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) under Foreign Trade Policy of India (FTP 2015-20) is one of the two schemes introduced in Foreign Trade Policy of India 2015-20, as a part of Exports from India Scheme (The other scheme is Service Export... Read More...

  Sep 14, 2020   Economy

Context:Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) has analysed self-sworn affidavits of Rajya Sabha MPs and released a report. According to it , 24% of Rajya Sabha members face criminal cases.Q. What are key findings of report ?An analysis of 229 of the 233 Rajya Sabha seats that represent the States and Union Territories showed that 54 MPs or 24% had declared criminal cases.Out... Read More...

  Sep 13, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in News?Recently, the Global e waste Monitor 2020 Report was released. Q. What is E-Waste? It refers to all items of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) and its parts that have been discarded by its owner as waste without the intent of re-use. According to Global e waste Monitor 2020 Report, in 2019, the world generated 53.6 Mt of e-waste, an average of 7.3 kg per capita, with 21% increase in just 5 years. It will increase by 38% between 2020 and 2030. ... Read More...

  Sep 13, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A. In efforts to have a single source for all non-financial disclosures by corporates, a government-appointed panel has made various proposals on business responsibility reporting, including putting in place two formats for disclosing information.Q. What is the Business Responsibility Report (BRR)?Business Responsibility Report is a disclosure of the adoption of responsible business practices by a  listed company to all its stakeholders. Read More...

  Sep 12, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news? A. 2020 Global Multidimensional Poverty Index was released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI). Q. What is Global MPI?MPI is the product of the incidence of poverty (proportion of poor people)and the intensity of poverty (average deprivation score of poor people) and is therefore sensitive to changes in both components. The MPI ranges from 0 to 1 and higher values imply higher poverty.  Read More...

  Sep 12, 2020   Current Affairs

Que. 1. How do the Indian debates on secularism differ from the debates in the West? (UPSC - 2014) [150 Words] Ans.: Secularism is a political or social philosophy that talks about separation of state from religious institutions. It is an ideology that emphasize on restriction of religious activities in public sphere like education, polity, economy etc. The Constitution of India stands for a secular state however, Indian notion of secularism is quite different from western notion like:  Read More...

  Sep 12, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Que. 1. ‘Communalism arises either due to power struggle or relative deprivation. Argue by giving suitable illustrations. (UPSC - 2018) [150 Words] Ans.: Communalism in the Indian context refers to the ideology which states that society is divided into different religious communities whose interests differ from, and at times oppose, each other. Historically, Indian society has been regarded as a melting pot of various religions that have been tolerant of each other. However, the British policy of divide and rule laid the foundations of communalism which the Indian state has found hard to tackle post-independen... Read More...

  Sep 11, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. What is a fiscal council?A. Fiscal councils are independent public institutions aimed at strengthening commitments to sustainable public finances through various functions, including public assessments of fiscal plans and performance, and the evaluation or provision of macroeconomic and budgetary forecasts.Fiscal councils are now part of the institutional fiscal apparatus of over 50 countries, including several emerging and developing economies.Q. What are their composition and how should they functi... Read More...

  Sep 11, 2020   Economy

Q. What is the sub-categorisation of OBCs?OBCs are granted 27% reservation in jobs and education under the central government.The question of sub-categorisation arises out of the perception that only a few affluent communities among the over 2,600 included in the Central List of OBCs have secured a major part of this 27% reservation.The argument for sub-categorisation — or creating categories within OBCs for reservation — is that it would ensure “equitable distribution” of representation among all OBC communities. Read More...

  Sep 11, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news ?A. The Delhi High Court has stayed the National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAPA) order directing Johnson & Johnson to deposit over ₹230 crore it allegedly profiteered by not passing on benefits of GST reduction in over 306 items, including baby products, through commensurate price cut.Q. What is National Anti-Profiteering Authority ?A. The National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA) has been constituted under S... Read More...

  Sep 10, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news?A.  Election Commission (EC) officials are exploring the potential of using blockchain technology to enable remote voting. The aim is to overcome the geographical hurdles in voting especially even amidst this pandemic. Remote voting may take place in person somewhere other than an assigned polling station or at another time, or votes may be sent by post or cast by an appointed proxy.Q. What is Blockchain Technology? Read More...

  Sep 10, 2020   Polity

Que. 1. Growing feeling of regionalism is an important factor in the generation of demand for a separate state. Discuss. (UPSC - 2013) [150 Words] Ans.: Regionalism is the expression of a common sense of identity and purpose by people within a specific geographical region, united by its unique language, culture, language, etc. In the negative sense, it implies excessive attachment to one’s region and a sense of discrimination and disliking for those who are considered outsiders. Therefore, it is a great threat to the unity and integrity of the country. Demand for separate state arises when a regional c... Read More...

  Sep 10, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Que. 1. ‘Globalization is generally said to promote cultural homogenization but due to this cultural specificities appear to be strengthened in the Indian Society. Elucidate. (UPSC - 2018) [150 Words] Ans. Globalization can be defined as increasing global interconnectedness. It is a process which tends to interconnect different parts of the world. This interconnectedness is primarily an exchange of social, economic, political, cultural and technological attributes.   Globalization is promoting cultural homogenization i.e reduction in cultural d... Read More...

  Sep 09, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. Why is this in news?A. UN Report on the Impact of Covid-19 on Children released recently says almost 24 million children could drop out or not have access to school next year due to the economic impact of Covid-19.Q. What are few main findings of report?A.  It talks about impact of Covid-19 on children : Impact: The Covid-19 pandemic will impact the ch... Read More...

  Sep 09, 2020   Current Affairs