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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

What is Art.370?Article 370 of the Indian constitution gave special status to Jammu and Kashmir allowing it to have a separate constitution, a state flag and autonomy over the internal administration of the state. The article was drafted in Part XXI of the Constitution: Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions. Article 370 embodied following special provisions for Jammu and Kashmir:It exempted the State from the complete applicability of the Constitution of India. The State was allowed to have its own Constitution... Read More...

  May 22, 2020   Polity

Why should we study migration patterns in India?One important facet of study on population is the study of migration arising out of various social, economic or political reasons. For a large country like India, the study of movement of population in different parts of the country helps in understanding the dynamics of the society better. At this junction in the economic development, in the country, especially when many states are undergoing faster economic development, particularly in areas, such as, manufacturing, information technology or service sectors, data migration profile of population has become more ... Read More...

  May 21, 2020   Polity

What is NCBC? • 102nd Constitution Amendment Act, 2018 provides constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC). • It has the authority to examine complaints and welfare measures regarding socially and educationally backward classes. • Previously NCBC was a statutory body under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment What is the background?• Two Backward Class Commissions were ... Read More...

  May 21, 2020   Polity

What is shadow banking?The shadow banking system is a term for the non-bank financial institutions that provide services similar to traditional commercial banks but outside normal banking regulations.  In India they are largely the NBFCs.Shadow banking has grown in importance to rival traditional depository banking, and was a primary factor in the subprime mortgage crisis of 2007-2008 and the global recession that followed.They function as intermediaries between the investors and the borrowers, providing credit and generating liqui... Read More...

  May 20, 2020   Economy

The government in the Union Budget 2019-20 has taken away the powers of the National Housing Bank (NHB) to regulate housing finance companies (HFCs) and handed them to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Act is amended to give the RBI powers to regulate the HFC sector.NHB was part of the RBI till April 2019 when the government decided to take it over.NHB, besides being the refinancer and lender, is also regulator of the housing finance sector. This gives a somewhat conflicting and difficult mandate to NHB. That is why GOI returned... Read More...

  May 20, 2020   Economy

What is violent extremism?Violent extremism is becoming widespread. It means beliefs and actions of people who support or use ideologically-motivated violence to further radical ideological, religious, or political aims. Violent extremist views can manifest in connection with a range of issues, including politics, religion and gender relations. No society, religious community, or worldview is immune to violent extremism.How is radicalization of people connected to it? Read More...

  May 19, 2020   International Relations

What does Art.9 say?Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution is a clause in the national Constitution of Japan outlawing war as a means to settle international disputes involving the state. In its text, the state formally renounces the sovereign right of belligerency and aims at an international peace based on justice and order. The article also states that, to accomplish these aims, armed forces with war potential will not be maintained.It also forbids Japan from maintaining an army, navy or air force. Therefore, in strictly legal terms, the Self Defen... Read More...

  May 19, 2020   International Relations

What was the Mussoorie Resolution and its demands?At the recent Conclave of Himalayan States in Mussoorie, Uttarakhand, 10 states from the region —Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Mizoram, and Manipur — signed the Mussoorie Resolution, pledged to conserve the Himalayan ecosystem and its cultural-historical legacies.  Their demands: 1. Creation of a separate ministry to deal with their problems and 2. A ‘green bonus’ for these biodiversity-rich st... Read More...

  May 18, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Chandrayaan 2 is an Indian lunar mission that will go where no country has ever gone before — the Moon's south polar region. Aim is to improve our understanding of the Moon — discoveries that will benefit India and humanity as a whole.Why are we going to the Moon?The Moon is the closest cosmic body at which space discovery can be attempted and documented. It is also a promising test bed to demonstrate technologies required for deep-space missions. Chandrayaan 2 attempts to foster a new age of discovery, increase our understanding of space, stimulate the advancement of technology, promote global alliances, and inspire a future generation of explorers and ... Read More...

  May 17, 2020   Science and Technology

What is the history of death penalty in India?After Independence, India retained several laws put in place by the British colonial government including the Code of Criminal Procedure (1898) and the Indian Penal Code, IPC (1860). The IPC prescribed six punishments that could be imposed including death. The Code of Criminal Procedure was again enacted in 1973 and many notable changes were made to the then existing colonial law including the one to Section 354(3), that now required reasons to be stated whenever death penalty is imposed in cases where imprisonment for life c... Read More...

  May 16, 2020   Polity

What was the verdict?The Supreme Court upheld the validity of an amendment to the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), giving homebuyers the right to take legal recourse against developers under three key laws. Recent IBC amendment treats homebuyers as financial creditors.The bench said the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, or Rera, has to be read “harmoniously with the Consumer Protection Act and IBC” and, in case of any conflict, IBC will prevail.This means that an aggrieved homebuyer has the option to seek relief und... Read More...

  May 15, 2020   Polity

Introduction:In recent times convergences between India and South Korea has increased due to India’s taking its Look East policy to a new level of Act East policy that includes South Korea also. At the same time South Korea has unveiled its “New Southern Policy”(NSP). The NSP is aimed at elevating Korea’s strategic ties with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and with India to bring relations on par with South Korea’s four major diplomatic partners: the United States, China, Japan and Russia.The fact that India has no sensitive issues w... Read More...

  May 14, 2020   International Relations

Facts:Facebook, the largest social media platform in the world, has 2.4 billion users. Other social media platforms including Youtube and WhatsApp also have more than one billion users each.There are 7.7 billion people in the world, with at least 3.5 billion of us online. Social media platforms are used by one-in-three people in the world, and more than two-thirds of all internet users.When did the rise of social media start?The first social medi Read More...

  May 14, 2020   General Category

The COVID-19 pandemic began as a global health crisis. As it spread rapidly across nations, country after country responded with a lockdown, triggering a global economic crisis. The 2008 financial crisis showed the resilience of the Asian economies, and even today, economic forecasts indicate that out of the G-20 countries, only China and India are likely to register economic growth during 2020.At the same time there are different geopolitical trends emerging in the world due to this c... Read More...

  May 14, 2020   Health

The Centre and several States have been engaged in flip-flops on facilitating the return of migrant workers to their homes. In the present instance, the workers at a company in Maharashtra were walking on the track to their families in Madhya Pradesh and were crushed under the train wheels.The Centre’s inability to clearly communicate to the public and States the purpose and protocol of the lockdown every step of the way has put people through completely avoidable hardship.  Read More...

  May 14, 2020   General Category

Two incidents of face-off occurred between Indian and Chinese troops in the Naku La sector, at an altitude of over 16,000 feet recently which have resulted in injuries to several soldiers on both sides.An incident of face-off took place between the troops due to aggressive behaviour, but there are many other latent reasons behind the face off.One of the main is undemarcated boundary due to which very often there is a frequent crossovers leading to tensions. Read More...

  May 14, 2020   International Relations

The COVID-19 crisis is far from over. Once the lockdown is lifted, unless the number of advocates/litigants is restricted in open court proceedings, the possibility of the virus spreading is high.Therefore invoking its powers under Article 142 of the Constitution, the Supreme Court issued certain directions for the functioning of courts through video conferencing during the lockdown. But in a letter addressed to the Chief Justice of India, the Bar Council of India has opposed the conti... Read More...

  May 14, 2020   General Category

Why in the news?The coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) crisis has brought the focus back on the Zoonotic diseases.What are Zoonotic diseases?Zoonosis or zoonotic diseases is an infectious disease caused by a pathogen (an infectious agent, including bacteria, viruses, parasites, prions, etc) that has jumped from non-human i.e. animals... Read More...

  May 13, 2020   Health

Why in the News?Prime Minister Narendra Modi led the first-ever virtual summit of SAARC leaders on March 15 2020. The deliberations reflected on the recognition of the serious menace posed by COVID-19 and the need for the robust regional cooperation to overcome it.Why was the meeting unprecedented?The virtual summit is the first high level SAARC meet since 2014, and comes after India’s pulling out of t... Read More...

  May 13, 2020   Current Affairs

What is Minor Forest Produce(MFP)?MFP comprises all non-timber forest produce of plant origin such as bamboo, brush wood, stumps, cane, tussar, cocoons, honey, wax, lac, tendu or kendu leaves, medicinal plants and herbs, roots, tubers, etc, according to the Forest Rights Act, 2006.Why are they important for Tribals?Almost 60-70 per cent income of forest dwellers depends on ... Read More...

  May 13, 2020   Current Affairs