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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in news?A. The SC Collegium has recommended the transfer of judges of several HC, including the transfer of a Justice of the Andhra Pradesh High Court.Q. What is Collegium?Collegium system of the Supreme Court (SC) and the High Courts (HCs) of India is based on the precedence established by the “Three Judges Cases (1982, 1993, 1998)It is a legally valid system of appointment and transfer of judges in the SC and all HCs. Read More...

  Dec 24, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news? Recently , Election Commission asked the Law Ministry to permit NRIs to cast their votes from overseas through postal ballots. The Commission told the government it had received representations from the Indian diaspora about facilitating voting through postal votes since travelling to India only for this purpose is a “costly affair”.Otherwise, too they cannot leave the country of their residence owing to specific compulsions of employment, education or other engagements,” states the ... Read More...

  Dec 24, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?Northern Lights, also known as aurora borealis could be visible in regions such as in the northern parts of Illinois and Pennsylvania in the US.Q. What is Aurora, why does it occur? Auroras occur when charged particles ejected from the Sun’s surface — called the solar wind — enter the Earth’s atmosphere.While flowing toward Earth, the fast-moving solar wind carries with it the Sun’s magnetic field, which disrupts the magnetosphere — the region ... Read More...

  Dec 23, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news? An uncommon type of malaria, Plasmodium ovale, has been diagnosed in a jawan in Kerala. The soldier is believed to have contracted it during his posting in Sudan, from where he returned nearly a year ago, and where Plasmodium ovale is endemic.Q. What are types of malaria?Malaria is caused by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito, if the mosquito itself is infected with a malarial parasite.There are five kinds of ma... Read More...

  Dec 23, 2020   Health

Q. What is hydroponics?Hydroponics is a type of horticulture and a subset of hydroculture, which is a method of growing plants, usually crops, without soil, by using mineral nutrient solutions in an aqueous solvent.Hydroponic flowers, herbs, and vegetables are planted in inert growing media and supplied with nutrient-rich solutions, oxygen, and water.It fosters rapid growth, stronger yields, and superior quality.In conventional way , a plant is grown in soil, its roots are per... Read More...

  Dec 22, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. What is Quantum technology? It is a class of technology that works by using the principles of quantum mechanics (the physics of sub-atomic particles), including quantum entanglement and quantum superposition.It is based on the principles of quantum theory, which explains the nature of energy and matter on the atomic and subatomic level.It concerns the control and manipulation of quantum systems, with the goal of achieving information processing beyond the limits of the classical world.Its... Read More...

  Dec 22, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?United Nations (UN) human rights organization had requested Bangladesh to allow a safety assessment of the remote islet of Bhashan Char, where the government had shipped 1,600-odd Rohingya refugees. UN said it was not involved in the transfer of the refugees there. Other human rights agencies have also criticised the move.Q. Is the islet safe?Bhashan Char is a char-land of around 13,000 acres, formed by ... Read More...

  Dec 21, 2020   International Relations

Q. What is this news? Two lawsuits filed by the United States federal government and governments of 48 US states and territories have put under the scanner the acquisition by Facebook of Instagram and WhatsApp – and therefore, the present structure of the giant social media company.The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC)’s lawsuit accused Facebook of eliminating competition with the acquisitions — even though the FTC itself had approved the deals.Facebook has called the lawsuits “revisionist history”... Read More...

  Dec 21, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A. In a first, BSNL launches world’s largest NB-IoT to provide connectivity for millions of unconnected machines, sensors and industrial IoT devices across the country.Q. What is NB-IoT?NB-IoT is a Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) technology that works virtually anywhere.It will connect many more devices to the Internet of Things and make many new applications a reality.It is optimized for applications that... Read More...

  Dec 20, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. What is privatisation? The move of ownership, property or business from the public sector to the private sector is named privatization. The government stops to be the proprietor of the substance or business.The process in which a publicly-traded company is taken over by a few people is also called privatization. The company gives up the name 'limited' and starts using 'private limited' in its last name.It is considered to carry more effectiveness and objectivity to the organization, something that an government organization ... Read More...

  Dec 20, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news? The cyber wing of the Maharashtra Police recently acquired a software from Interpol that would help them track down child pornography uploaded online. The software also has in-built algorithms to look for keywords around child pornography that would for example help law enforcement agencies track forums that indulge in these crimes.Q. What is the new software that is used by Interpol to act against child pornography online?The Interpol has... Read More...

  Dec 19, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?The Foreign Ministers of Nepal and China jointly certified the elevation of Mount Everest at 8,848.86 metres above sea level — 86 cm higher than what was recognised since 1954. The common declaration meant that the two countries have shed their long-standing difference in opinion about the mountain’s height — 29,017 feet (8,844 m) claimed by China and 29,028 ft (8,848 m) by Nepal. In feet, the new elevation is about 29,031 ft, or about 3 ft higher than Nepal’s previous claim.No other mountain has perhaps been the ... Read More...

  Dec 19, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is 5G technology? 5G is the fifth generation mobile network. It is a new global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. 5G enables a new kind of network that is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together including machines, objects, and devices.5G wireless technology is meant to deliver higher multi-Gbps peak data speeds, ultra-low latency, more reliability, massive- network capacity, increased availability, and a more uniform user experience to more users. Higher performance and improved efficiency empower new user exper... Read More...

  Dec 18, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news? The Maharashtra government introduced a draft bill making changes to existing laws on violence against women and children . The Bill, proposed to be enacted as Shakti Act, 2020, has provisions for enhancing punishment including capital punishment for rape, fine up to Rs 10 lakh on culprits of violence, quicker investigations and quicker disposal of cases.Q. What is the reason given by Maharashtra to acquire a new law?The fundamental reason given by the government for bringing in t... Read More...

  Dec 18, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news? The Himachal Pradesh government is trying to obtain GIs (Geographical Indication) for five products from the state – Karsog Kulth, Thangi of Pangi, Chamba Metal Crafts, Chamba Chukh, and Rajmah of Bharmour.Q. What is a Geographical Indication?The World Intellectual Property Organisation defines a GI as “a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin”.GIs a... Read More...

  Dec 17, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news? Last week, a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court reopened the legal debate on sub-categorisation of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes for reservations, referring the issue to a larger Bench to decide. While this concerns SCs and STs, a Commission has been examining sub-categorisation of Other Backward Classes (OBC) for almost three years now.Q. What is sub-categorisation of OBCs?OBCs are granted 27% reservation in jobs and education under the central ... Read More...

  Dec 17, 2020   Polity

With an installed capacity of 73.74 GW of variable renewable energy (VRE) of solar and wind, India ranks fourth in the world behind China, the US and Germany. Of the total installed capacity of 372.69 GW, VRE accounts for 19.79%.Daily reports of power supply at Power System Operation Corporation Limited(POSOCO), a national agency that handles load despatch functions, show that the percentage of renewables in the energy mix generally vary between 6% and 10% over one month. This indicates that the potential of VRE installed capacity is not fully utilised. Read More...

  Dec 17, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news? The European Space Agency (ESA) has formally adopted Ariel, the explorer that will study the nature, formation and evolution of exoplanets. As of now the existence of more than 4,000 exoplanets is considered confirmed, while there are thousands of other candidate exoplanets that need further observations to say for certain if they are exoplanets.Proxima Centauri b is the closest exoplanet to Earth and is four light-years away and inhabits the “habitable zone” of its star, which means that it could possibly have liquid water on its surfa... Read More...

  Dec 16, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?Six years after Japan’s Hayabusa2 mission was launched, it is set to return back to Earth on December 6 carrying with it samples from the one-kilometre wide Ryugu asteroid that orbits the Sun. The mission is similar to NASA’s OSIRIS-REX mission that brought back samples from asteroid Bennu late in October. According to the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), this is the first time that a probe has visited a celestial body that is under 100 metres in diameter. Read More...

  Dec 16, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?A. The international labour organization published the Global Wage Report 2018-19 with a focus on the gender pay gap.Q. What is Gender Pay Gap? The average difference between the remunerations received by the women and the men is called the gender pay gap.The Global Wage Report highlights the goal 8.5 of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) that calls for equal pay for equal work between men and women.  Read More...

  Dec 15, 2020   Economy