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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

What did the RBI change in its bimonthly credit policy review in June 2019?It reduced the repo rate to 5.75% from 6%- that is by 25 basis points. Why?1. To spur economic activity, which decelerated sharply in the January-March quarter of 2019, the Reserve Bank India’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) unanimously decided to cut the policy repo rate by 25 basis points and change the monetary po... Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   Economy

What is it?The Trump peace plan, also known as the deal of the century, is an American peace proposal intended to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. The plan was authored by a team led by Senior Advisor to the President of the United States Jared Kushner. What are its two parts?The plan is divided into two parts, an economic portion and a political portion. In June, 2019, the Trump ad... Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   International Relations
RIC

What is it?RIC Forum (Russia, India, China) is a group of countries that is evolving together in global politics who also have official summits.When and why did it begin?RIC as a strategic grouping first took shape in the late 1990s under the leadership of Yevgeny Primakov as “a counterbalance to the Western alliance.”  Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   International Relations

What is nuclear fusion?Without fusion, there would be no life on Earth. What we see as light and feel as warmth is the result of a fusion reaction in the core of our Sun: hydrogen nuclei collide, fuse into heavier helium atoms and release tremendous amounts of energy in the process. In the extreme density and temperature of the stars, including our Sun, fusion occurs. Fusion is the process that powers the sun and the stars: when light atomic nuclei fuse together to form heavier ones, a large amount of energy is released. Where does it take place naturally? Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   Science and Technology

When did man set foot on moon?It was 50 years ago in 1969 when Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the Moon.What is Chandrayaan-2 about?Chandrayaan-2 (Moon Mission) is attempting to soft land on the Southern Polar region of the lunar surface, where no nation has dared to go so far. Is the gl... Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   Science and Technology

What is NSM?National Supercomputing Mission is an important initiative by Government of India to boost indigenous efforts to be in the forefront of supercomputing capability for socio-economic development of the nation. The mission jointly steered by Ministry of Electronics and IT and Department of Science & Technology, is being implemented through two leading organizations – Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore with an objective to meet the increasing computing demands of the sc... Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   Science and Technology

What is graphene?Graphene is a form of carbon consisting of a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice.Graphite, the most common form of carbon, is basically a stack of graphene layers held together with weak bonds. Fullerenes and carbon nanotubes, two other forms of carbon, have structures similar to that of graphene; which can also be viewed as a fullerene or nanotube of infinitely large size. Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   Science and Technology

What did Arvind Subramanian say?A new study by former Chief Economic Adviser Arvind Subramanian says the economic expansion was overestimated between 2011 and 2017. Rather than growing at about 7% a year in that period, growth was about 4.5%, according to the research paper, published by the Center for International Development at Harvard University.The overestimation occurred after the government changed the methodology in calculating gross domestic product in 2... Read More...

  Mar 12, 2020   Economy

What is NSO?MOSPI, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation merged the Central Statistics Office (CSO) and the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) into National Statistical Office (NSO) in a major restructuring move in order to bring in more synergy by integrating its administrative functions within the ministry. It is to be headed by the Chief Statistician of India (CSI). According to the order, Statistical Wing, comprising the NSO with constituents as the CSO and the NSSO, to be an integral part of the ma... Read More...

  Mar 12, 2020   Economy

Governing Council of NITI AayogWhat is its composition?The Governing Council of NITI Aayog comprises the Prime Minister of India, Chief Ministers of all the States and Union Territories with Legislatures and Lt. Governor of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and four Union Ministers as ex-officio members and three Union Ministers as Special Invitees. What is its role? Read More...

  Mar 12, 2020   Economy

How did talks begin?After months of escalating mutual threats, in 2018 Mr Kim said he was "open to dialogue". Mr Trump accepted, ignoring past pre-talk conditions that North Korea denuclearise first. On 12 June 2018, Mr Trump became the first sitting president to meet a North Korean leader. In Singapore. The two signed an agreement committing to the "complete denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula" but with no detail on wh... Read More...

  Mar 12, 2020   International Relations

What is the status of the India-EU economic relationship?The European Union and India have been negotiating a free trade agreement (FTA)-Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA), since 2007. Despite growing trade between the EU and India, talks stalled in 2013 after 16 rounds, only resuming in 2018. The EU is India’s largest trading partner, accounting for around 13% of India’s total trade in goods in 2017. India is the EU’s ninth biggest... Read More...

  Mar 12, 2020   International Relations

What is Brexit?It comes from “British” and “exit”. It is the withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU).Why is it necessary?A referendum was held in 2016 due to popular pressure as a part of backlash against globalisation and immigration, in which 51.9 per cent of those voting supported leaving the EU, the&n... Read More...

  Mar 12, 2020   International Relations

What is NSIL?Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will have a new commercial arm, New Space India Limited (NSIL), to help the Indian space agency commercialise its launch vehicle and other state of the art technologies in the global space market. Where is the need?The announcement comes at a time when ISRO is eyeing exploration of other pla... Read More...

  Mar 12, 2020   Science and Technology

In April 2019, the government established the Defence Space Agency, or DSA, to command the space assets of the Army, Navy and Air Force, including the military’s anti-satellite capability. The agency is also to formulate a strategy to protect India’s interests in space, including addressing space-based threats.Government has approved the creation of the Defence Space Research Organisation(DSRO).DSRO will provide technical and research support to its parent organization, the Defence Space Ag... Read More...

  Mar 12, 2020   Science and Technology

India so far launched satellites from US, Australia, Canada, Colombia, Finland, Malaysia, the Netherlands and Spain and other countries- about 275   foreign satellites. The launch of these foreign satellites has been commercially contracted through Antrix Corporation Limited.India's military satellitesWhat are the satellites launched by ISRO for defence purposes?ISRO military satellites Read More...

  Mar 12, 2020   Science and Technology

Ans.  1. The Knowledge Involvement in Research Advancement through Nurturing (KIRAN) Scheme is one of the several pioneering initiatives started by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) for promoting women in science. 2. The Department of Science and Technology (DST) is implementing ‘Knowledge Involvement in Research Advancement through Nurturing (KIRAN)’ Scheme to provide various career opportunities to women scientists and technologists. ... Read More...

  Mar 11, 2020   Current Affairs

What is UNNATI?Unispace Nanosatellite Assembly and Training by ISRO (UNNATI) program. Under it, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) started a new capacity-building initiative to train 45 countries in making nano-satellites, as part of India’s efforts in Space Diplomacy.UNNATI is one of ISRO's key initiatives commemorating 50 years since the first United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNISPACE+... Read More...

  Mar 11, 2020   Science and Technology

What’s Mission Shakti?On March 2019, DRDO conducted Mission Shakti, an anti-satellite missile test, from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island launch complex. One of India’s existing satellites operating in lower orbit used in the mission. The test was successful on all parameters. India has made it clear that its space capabilities aren’t directed against anyone and the government is committed to safeguarding the country’s national security interest. Why did we t... Read More...

  Mar 11, 2020   Science and Technology

What is Eat Right Campus?FSSAI has declared seven campuses such as those of universities, schools, colleges/institutes, workplaces, defence/paramilitary establishments, hospitals and jails as ‘Eat Right Campus’.FSSAI has instituted the ‘Eat Right Awards’ to recognize the contribution of food companies and individuals to empower citizens to choose safe and healthy food options, which would help improve their health and we... Read More...

  Mar 11, 2020   Science and Technology