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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

What is ISFR 2019?India State of Forest Report (ISFR) is Biennial report published by the Forest Survey of India (FSI) which has been mandated to assess the forest and tree resources of the country including wall-to-wall forest cover mapping in a biennial cycle. Starting 1987, 16 assessment have been completed so far. ISFR 2019 is the 16th report in the series.What are the major findings of the report?According to ISFR 2019 the total forest and tree cover of the country is 80.73 million hectare which is 24.56 percent of the ... Read More...

  Jul 06, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is Artificial sun of China?The HL-2M Tokamak, China’s next-generation “artificial sun” is a reactor which provides clean energy through controlled nuclear fusion. The device works by replicating the natural reactions that occur in the sun using hydrogen and deuterium gases as fuels. This device will reach temperatures over 200 million degrees Celsius. That's around 13 times hotter than the core of the Sun.What is Nuclear fusion?Nuclear fusion is a process where two light nuclei (parts of an ato... Read More...

  Jul 06, 2020   Science and Technology

Who are Anglo-Indians?The Anglo-Indian community in India traces its origins to an official policy of the British East India Company to encourage marriages of its officers with local women.The term Anglo-Indian first appeared in the Government of India Act, 1935. In the present context, Article 366(2) of the Constitution of India states, a person whose father or any of whose other male progenitors in the male line is or was of European descent but who is a native of India.What is the Anglo-Indian population? Read More...

  Jul 06, 2020   Polity

What are Shola forest?Shola forests are tropical Montane forests found in the valleys separated by rolling grasslands and only in the higher elevations. They occur only in the valleys where there is least reach of the fog and mist.Why they are Unique?In general, mountains are ... Read More...

  Jul 06, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is Augmented reality?Augmented reality (AR) adds digital elements to a live view often by using the camera on a smartphone. By the very name it arguments or enhances the present reality.Examples of augmented reality experiences include Snapchat lenses and the game Pokemon Go. What is virtual reality? Read More...

  Jul 06, 2020   General Category

What is Partial Credit Guarantee Scheme approved by Cabinet to public sector banks?The Union Cabinet has approved modifications to the Partial Credit Guarantee Scheme.  The scheme was announced in the Union Budget 2019-20 and issued on August 19, 2019.  Under the scheme, a government guarantee is provided to public sector banks (PSBs) for buying high-rated pooled assets from financially sound non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) and housing finance companies (HFCs).  The government will cover the initial ... Read More...

  Jul 04, 2020   Economy

Discuss the chronology of Iran’s nuclear programme along with the nuclear deal: Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).After rising tensions with USA Iran said it would abandon limitations on enriching uranium, refusing to adhere to the 2015 nuclear deal it signed with six major powers, but would continue to cooperate with the UN nuclear watchdog.The E3 group of countries, Britain, France, and Germany have subsequently called on Tehran to resume its commitments under the deal.Iran’s announcement comes after its top... Read More...

  Jul 04, 2020   International Relations

What is climate risk index?The index analyses the extent to which countries and regions have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves, cyclones, landslides etc.) It is released by Germanwatch.What is India’s position in vulnerability to climate risks?India is the fifth most vulnerable country to climate change, according to report. In the Climate Risk Index 2020, India’s rank has worsened from the 14th spot in 2017 to 5th in 2018 in the global vulnerability ladder. Read More...

  Jul 04, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is Gaganyan mission?Gaganyaan Programme is first Human Spaceflight of India to low earth orbit for a mission duration ranging from one orbital period to a maximum of seven days. A human rated GSLV Mk-lll will be used to carry the orbital module which will have necessary provisions for sustaining a 3-member crew for the duration of the mission.The necessary infrastructure for crew training, realization of flight systems and ground infrastructure will be established to support the Gaganyaan Programme.  Read More...

  Jul 04, 2020   Science and Technology

What is The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Amendment) Bill, 2019 passed by Parliament all about?The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Amendment) Bill, 2019 was passed by Parliament.  The Bill amends provisions related to reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs).The Constitution provides for reservation of seats for SCs and STs and representation of the Anglo-Indian community by nomination, in Lok Sabha and Legislative Assemblies of states.  This has been extended every ten years so far  and will expire on January 25, 2020.  The Bill seeks to extend the reservation for SCs and STs ... Read More...

  Jul 04, 2020   Polity

AboutThe Corruption Perceptions Index is published by Transparency index( the global collation against corruption) which ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, according to experts and business people. The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit". Read More...

  Jul 04, 2020   General Category

What were the decisions at the recent Monetary Policy Committee(MPC)?MPC was constituted in 2016 to bring transparency in India’s monetary policy. It publishes it’s report once in every 2 months.The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) released its fifth bi-monthly Monetary Policy Statement of 2019-20 on December 19.The MPC decided to continue with an accommodative stance of monetary policy.Accomodative stance is used to pump money in the economy to ensure more credit flow. The polic... Read More...

  Jul 03, 2020   Economy

Who are the Al Shabaab? Discuss with examples their quarrel with the US in Kenya? The Islamist Al Shabaab group is active in East Africa and is involved in the ongoing civil war in Somalia. The group has been fighting to overthrow the weak West-backed Somali government, the latter being supported by a 21,000-strong African Union peacekeeping force.Recently a military base in Kenya, used by US and Kenyan forces, came under attack from the Somalia-based Al Shabaab militant group. US aircraft and vehicles were destroyed in th... Read More...

  Jul 03, 2020   International Relations

Why in news?In a significant first, India piloted resolution on Sustainable Nitrogen management at the fourth session of United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) which was held in Nairobi March 2019.Why does nitrogen matter so much?Nitrogen plays significant role on our planet. Without nitrogen there would be no life on earth – no chlorophyll, no hemoglobin, no plants or animals. Carbon provides the basic skeleton of organic matter but nitrogen allows that matter to take on different forms and roles. Amino acids, protein... Read More...

  Jul 03, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Brahmos New Version Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) carried out two successful tests of the latest variant of the BrahMos missile, one from the land platform and the other from air.The land-attack version of the missile was test-fired from a mobile autonomous launcher at Launch Complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur at around 8.30 am.One of the tests last week was carried out from air, using the Sukhoi-30 MKI fighter jets of the Indian Air Force as the base. The missile destroyed a target at sea. Read More...

  Jul 03, 2020   Science and Technology

Discuss the need of The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 introduced in Lok Sabha.The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 seeks to provide for protection of personal data of individuals, and establishes a Data Protection Authority for the same.  The Bill defines personal data as data which pertains to characteristics, traits, or attributes of identity, which can be used to identify an individual.  Key features include: Obligations of the data fiduciary: The Bill sets out obligations of the entity who has access to the personal data (the data fiduciary).  It states that the processing of per... Read More...

  Jul 03, 2020   Polity

Some speaking factsIn 2018, India suffered over 2,081 deaths from climate-triggered extreme weather events, with an economic loss of over $37.8 billion (about three times the losses of 2017).Parts of cities such as Mumbai, Kolkata, Surat and Kakinada are at risk of being under water by 2050. (Climate Central, 2019). Read More...

  Jul 03, 2020   General Category

What ?A composite indicator which provides a reflection of national social health.It is a feature of the World of Work Report (by ILO) since 2011. It measures the frequency of events that create unrest, like demonstrations and strikes. There was an increase in both at the global level and in 7 out of 11 regions between 2009 and 2019.How is it measured? Read More...

  Jul 02, 2020   General Category

Why in new?The government has amended the minimum land requirement from 500 to 50 hectares and categorization of special economic zones. The new rules will now enable co-existence of any SEZ from any sector with others. The steps may help unlock the potential of SEZs to attract investments and boost exports.What is a special economic zone?A Special ... Read More...

  Jul 01, 2020   Economy

Discuss the long standing India Nepal border dispute near Kalapani.Kalapani is a valley that is administered by India as a part of the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand. It is situated on the Kailash Mansarovar route.The Kali River in the Kalapani region demarcates the border between India and Nepal.The Treaty of Sugauli signed by the Kingdom of Nepal and British India (after Anglo-Nepalese War) in 1816 located the Kali River as Nepal's western boundary with India. The discrepancy in locating the source of the river led to boundar... Read More...

  Jul 01, 2020   International Relations