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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

What is the Background?Hong Kong is facing a major political crisis for some months with mass street protests and demonstrations. What started as a movement against a controversial extradition Bill has expanded into wider pro-democracy movement. Protesters are now demanding greater democracy.Why does the Extradition Bill worry the people of Hong Kong?The bill that was proposed by the Hong... Read More...

  May 30, 2020   International Relations

Why is it important?For India, renewable energy holds the key to meeting its carbon emissions target made at the Paris Agreement on Climate Change in 2016. It needs to reduce its carbon footprint by a third in 2030 and ensure that 40% of its electricity comes from non-fossil fuel-based sources. That can only be made possible if there is a much higher energy off-take of renewables and its integration in the grid.As part of its efforts to cut emissions, India is looking to install 175... Read More...

  May 30, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Flying drones or Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) has become legal from December 2018 when Director General of Civil Aviation's (DGCA) new drone policy came into effect. Following are its elements:Which type of drone needs registration?The new policy called 'Drone Regulations 1.0’ says that every unmanned aerial vehicle that weighs above 250 gm (below this weight, it is nano drone) has to register on digital sky platform and take prior permission before every flig... Read More...

  May 30, 2020   Science and Technology

How did it start?West Bengal state Assembly passed a resolution to change the name of the state from West Bengal to 'Bangla' and sent it for the approval of the Union Government in 2016.The state assembly had proposed three names - Bangla (in Bengali), Bengal (in English) and Bangal (in Hindi). How did the centre respond?Centre wanted just one name for the state in all three languages -- ... Read More...

  May 30, 2020   Polity

Eleven public sector units/enterprises/undertakings are shortlisted by the Niti Aayog for strategic disinvestment.What is Strategic disinvestment/sale?It refers to transfer of management control of the company along with sale of shares (equity)- either the entire equity or majority of it. Thus, ownership is also passed on to the buying company.Can one PSE be strategically sold to an... Read More...

  May 29, 2020   Economy

Why are the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces in news?An Army Officer posted with the Indian contingent in the United Nations (UN) Peacekeeping Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo has gone missing.Who are the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces?The UN peacekeepers, also known as Blue Berets or Blue Helmets, include soldiers, police and civilians. The United Nations Peacekeepers help co... Read More...

  May 29, 2020   International Relations

What is a lithium ion battery?A lithium-ion battery (Li-ion battery) is a type of rechargeable battery widely used for portable electronics and electric vehicles and were commercialized in the 1990’s.Why are lithium ion battery prices falling and why is it important for India?In the world today, there is a glut of lithium and thus the prices are falling. The reasons are Read More...

  May 29, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is K2-18b? Describe it. Scientists from University College London (UCL) announced that they had detected for the first time, water vapor in the atmosphere of an exoplanet eight times the mass of Earth and 110 light years away.The so-called super-Earth, known as K2-18b, is twice the size of Earth and is located in the Leo constellation in the Milky Way. It is one of hundreds of planets with a mass between that of Neptune and the Earth. Read More...

  May 29, 2020   Science and Technology

Any Public Safety Act seeks to make provision for the safety of the public and the maintenance of public order.Does the Constitution of India have provisions for such law?Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA) is a preventive detention law rendered legal under Art.22 of the Constitution of India.What is abnormal about such preventive detention laws?... Read More...

  May 29, 2020   Polity

SKOCH Award is the highest civilian honour in the country conferred by an independent organisation. It recognises people, projects and institutions that go the extra mile to make India a better nation.SKOCH Award covers the best of efforts in the area of digital, financial and social inclusion. It encompasses the best of governance, inclusive growth, excellence in technology and applications, change management, corporate leadership, corporate governance, citizen service delivery, capacity building, empowerment and other such softer issues. Read More...

  May 28, 2020   Awards

Kristalina Georgieva is poised to succeed Christine Lagarde as Managing Director of the IMF. She is from Bulgaria.As a champion of multilateralism, Ms Georgieva is expected to maintain IMF’s recent focus on tackling climate change, boosting female labour participation and reducing inequality.  What challenges does she face? 1. The global economy is slowing, which puts more pressure on the... Read More...

  May 28, 2020   Economy

How did the civil war in Yemen begin?Arab Spring uprising in 2011 forced Yemen’s longtime authoritarian president, Ali Abdullah Saleh to hand over power to his deputy, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi.Hadi had too many problems to contend with. The Houthi movement, which champions Yemen's Zaidi Shia Muslim minority and fought a series of rebellions against Saleh during the previous decade, took advantage of the new president's weakness by taking control of their northern heartland... Read More...

  May 28, 2020   International Relations

International Ozone Day - September 16The United Nations International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer is observed every year on September 16. What are the atmospheric layers?Earth is surrounded by an atmosphere which comprises five layers held together by gravity. They include the troposphere, the stratosphere, the mesosphere, the thermosphere and, finally, the exosphere as w... Read More...

  May 28, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What was the Aditya-1 Mission?The Aditya-1 mission was conceived as a 400kg class satellite carrying one payload, the Visible Emission Line Coronagraph (VELC) and was planned to launch in a 800 km low earth orbit.  Why is it revised and renamed Aditya-L1 mission?A Satellite placed in the halo orbit around the Lagrangian point 1 (L1) of the Sun-Earth system has the major advantage of ... Read More...

  May 28, 2020   Science and Technology

The final list of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) for Assam was published in August 2019 after completion of all the statutory works as per various standard operating procedures. The Assam NRC identifies the bonafide citizens of the state. 3,11,21,004 numbers of persons are found eligible for inclusion in the final NRC, leaving out 19,06,657 numbers of persons including those who did not submit claims.What is the NRC? Read More...

  May 28, 2020   Polity

Why is it in the news?A massive locust attack of December 2019 has affected about 25,000 hectares of land in two of the worst-hit North Gujarat districts of Banaskantha and Patan.On April 11-12 2020, scientists at the Locust Warning Organisation (LWO) observed groups of grasshoppers at Sri Ganganagar and Jaisalmer districts of Rajasthan. But far from ordinary hoppers, these were deser... Read More...

  May 25, 2020   General Category

The government is moving to decriminalise provisions of the Companies Act to enhance ease of doing business in the country as part of the government Covid-19 relief package. The move aims to remove criminal penalties from all provisions of the Companies Act, except provisions dealing with fraudulent conduct.A number of offences previously classified as compoundable offences, i.e. those offences that had either imprisonment or fines as punishments have had the imprisonment penalty remov... Read More...

  May 24, 2020   Polity

The Trump administration’s ongoing tirade against the World Health Organization is escalating due to the body’s alarming dependence on China.The USA is accusing WHO for it’s the repeated mis-steps in responding to the pandemic that have been extremely costly for the world.It has threatened to permanently halt funding to the WHO if it did not commit to “substantive” improvements within 30 days.USA has previously... Read More...

  May 24, 2020   Current Affairs

Higher than normal temperatures in the Bay of Bengal (BoB) may be creating ‘super cyclones’ and the lockdown, indirectly, may have played a role.Super cyclone Amphan that is barrelling towards West Bengal is the strongest storm to have formed in the BoB since the Super Cyclone of 1999 that ravaged Paradip in Odisha.Cyclones gain their energy from the heat and moisture generated from warm ocean surfaces. This yea... Read More...

  May 21, 2020   General Category

The recent encounter, at Handwara in northern Kashmir, has once again brought to the fore the terrorist threat emanating from Pakistan. Analysts of terrorism are well aware of the paradox that Pakistan is both possibly the leading perpetrator of terrorism and a major victim of the same menace.The Soviet withdrawal in 1989 left the Pakistani military with a large surplus of Islamist fighters that it had trained and armed.  Read More...

  May 21, 2020   International Relations