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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

When was the Dam safety bill introduced? The Dam Safety Bill, 2019 was passed by the Parliament in the budget session in July 2019. It provides for the surveillance, inspection, operation, and maintenance of specified dams across the country. It also provides for an institutional mechanism to ensure the safety of such dams. What is the applicability of the Act? The Bill applies ... Read More...

  Jun 03, 2020   Polity

What is the new Reserve Bank of India rule?The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) made it compulsory for banks to link their new floating rate home, auto and Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME), that is small scale industries, loans to an external benchmark from October 1 so that the borrowers can enjoy lower rate of interest.The new regime will only apply to banks and not to Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs).  Read More...

  Jun 02, 2020   Economy

What are the respective motives for India-UK trade deal post-Brexit?The UK is among India’s main trading partners from the EU bloc. Trade totalled €13.6 billion in 2018, accounting for 17% of India’s overall trade with the EU. Moreover, trade between India and the UK increased at an average rate of 8.8% a year between 2002 and 2018.Machinery and transport equipment constitute 40% of India’s exports, and accounts for nearly 20% of total UK’s trade with India. The UK’s exp... Read More...

  Jun 02, 2020   International Relations

How do we know that the Great Indian Bustard (GIB) is now critically endangered and at threat of imminent extinction?In 1969, over 1,000 Great Indian Bustards roamed the country’s grasslands. Today, this beautiful bird has vanished from 90 per cent of its geographical range, and has a global population of fewer than 150 individuals. Where do we find the GIB?The majority of the surviving bird... Read More...

  Jun 02, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is Pretomanid?The USFDA approved a new drug called Pretomanid. It is only the third new anti-TB drug approved for use by USFDA in over 50 years.It offers hope for the fight against multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) -- the two dreaded forms of TB that defy most drugs.What are MDR-TB and XDR-TB?Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis ... Read More...

  Jun 02, 2020   Science and Technology

When was this bill passed? The Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was passed by the Parliament in the Budget Session 2019. It seeks to amend the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996. The Act contains provisions to deal with domestic and international arbitration, and defines the law for conducting conciliation proceedings. Features of the ActWhat is Arbit... Read More...

  Jun 02, 2020   Polity

What are its recommendations?To address gaps in credit delivery to the agriculture sector, Government of India, in partnership with State governments, should set up a credit guarantee fund for the agriculture sector. This scheme for the agriculture sector should be on the lines of credit guarantee schemes implemented in the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) sector.In order to consult States and build consensus among them over reforms related to agriculture, felt that... Read More...

  Jun 01, 2020   Economy

What is Brexit?It comes from two words: "British" and "exit". It is the withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU). Why is it taking place?A referendum was held in 2016 due to popular pressure as a part of backlash against globalisation and immigration, in which 51.9 per cent of those voting supported leaving the EU. Read More...

  Jun 01, 2020   International Relations

Which parts of India are vulnerable to landslides?Landslides and avalanches are among the major hydro-geological hazards that affect large parts of India besides the Himalayas, the Northeastern hill ranges, the Western Ghats, the Nilgiris, the Eastern Ghats and the Vindhyans, in that order, covering about 15 % of the landmass. Are they triggered by human activities?Landslides triggered by huma... Read More...

  Jun 01, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is Bombay blood group?Bombay blood group is the rarest blood group. First found in Bombay (Mumbai) in India 1952, hence called Bombay blood group.  It is observed to occur in 1 out of every 250,000 people except in parts of India where the incidence has been observed to be as much as 1 in every 7,600.  Why is it called HH Group?It is also called the HH group. The peculiarity is ... Read More...

  Jun 01, 2020   Science and Technology

Northern Zonal Council meeting was held in Chandigarh in September 2019. Host state was Haryana and thus it was the Vice-Chairman of the Council. It was the 29th Meeting of the Council.What are the Zonal Councils?Zonal Councils are advisory bodies consisting of the states and Union Territories which are grouped into five zones to foster cooperation among them. Read More...

  Jun 01, 2020   Polity

What is merchandise trade?Trade includes goods and services. Merchandise comprises imports and exports of goods.  Services are shown separately. What were the numbers of merchandise foreign trade in August?Exports fell for the second time in three months, while imports declined for the third successive month. Exports dropped over 6% to $26.1 billion in August as 22 of the 30 major se... Read More...

  May 30, 2020   Economy

What is the Background?Hong Kong is facing a major political crisis for some months with mass street protests and demonstrations. What started as a movement against a controversial extradition Bill has expanded into wider pro-democracy movement. Protesters are now demanding greater democracy.Why does the Extradition Bill worry the people of Hong Kong?The bill that was proposed by the Hong... Read More...

  May 30, 2020   International Relations

Why is it important?For India, renewable energy holds the key to meeting its carbon emissions target made at the Paris Agreement on Climate Change in 2016. It needs to reduce its carbon footprint by a third in 2030 and ensure that 40% of its electricity comes from non-fossil fuel-based sources. That can only be made possible if there is a much higher energy off-take of renewables and its integration in the grid.As part of its efforts to cut emissions, India is looking to install 175... Read More...

  May 30, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Flying drones or Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) has become legal from December 2018 when Director General of Civil Aviation's (DGCA) new drone policy came into effect. Following are its elements:Which type of drone needs registration?The new policy called 'Drone Regulations 1.0’ says that every unmanned aerial vehicle that weighs above 250 gm (below this weight, it is nano drone) has to register on digital sky platform and take prior permission before every flig... Read More...

  May 30, 2020   Science and Technology

How did it start?West Bengal state Assembly passed a resolution to change the name of the state from West Bengal to 'Bangla' and sent it for the approval of the Union Government in 2016.The state assembly had proposed three names - Bangla (in Bengali), Bengal (in English) and Bangal (in Hindi). How did the centre respond?Centre wanted just one name for the state in all three languages -- ... Read More...

  May 30, 2020   Polity

Eleven public sector units/enterprises/undertakings are shortlisted by the Niti Aayog for strategic disinvestment.What is Strategic disinvestment/sale?It refers to transfer of management control of the company along with sale of shares (equity)- either the entire equity or majority of it. Thus, ownership is also passed on to the buying company.Can one PSE be strategically sold to an... Read More...

  May 29, 2020   Economy

Why are the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces in news?An Army Officer posted with the Indian contingent in the United Nations (UN) Peacekeeping Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo has gone missing.Who are the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces?The UN peacekeepers, also known as Blue Berets or Blue Helmets, include soldiers, police and civilians. The United Nations Peacekeepers help co... Read More...

  May 29, 2020   International Relations

What is a lithium ion battery?A lithium-ion battery (Li-ion battery) is a type of rechargeable battery widely used for portable electronics and electric vehicles and were commercialized in the 1990’s.Why are lithium ion battery prices falling and why is it important for India?In the world today, there is a glut of lithium and thus the prices are falling. The reasons are Read More...

  May 29, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is K2-18b? Describe it. Scientists from University College London (UCL) announced that they had detected for the first time, water vapor in the atmosphere of an exoplanet eight times the mass of Earth and 110 light years away.The so-called super-Earth, known as K2-18b, is twice the size of Earth and is located in the Leo constellation in the Milky Way. It is one of hundreds of planets with a mass between that of Neptune and the Earth. Read More...

  May 29, 2020   Science and Technology