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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

What?The Direct Tax Vivad Se Vishwas Act, 2020 aims for resolution of tax disputes and related matters.Why?As on 30th  November, 2019, there were around 5 lakh cases pending at various levels with disputed tax arrears amounting to approximately Rs 9 lakh crore.&n... Read More...

  Jun 26, 2020   General Category

What?The ₹56,000 crore merger and revival plan for Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL) and Mahanagar Telecom Nigam Ltd (MTNL) was approved by the Union cabinet. MTNL operates in Delhi and Mumbai, and BSNL in the rest of India.How?The turnaround plan includesMergerThe allotment of spectrum for fourth-generation or 4G services at 2016 prices to the two companies with the costs borne by the government and issue of sovereign bonds worth ₹15,000 crore to... Read More...

  Jun 25, 2020   Economy

What is the geopolitical context?French President Emmanuel Macron announced a three pronged security partnership with India in the southern Indian Ocean in the backdrop of China’s growing ambitions in the region.Macron said during his ongoing visit to Reunion Island, a French territory in the Indian Ocean, on Friday that India and France were sharing the analysis of joint maritime security in the southern Indian Ocean, working on a joint maritime surveillance in the region and looking at possible deployment of an Indian Navy maritime patrol vessel in Reunion Island f... Read More...

  Jun 25, 2020   International Relations

What is the importance of nutrition?Nutrition is central to human development. Childhood and adolescent undernutrition undermines survival, growth and development, and diminishes the strength and resilience of communities and countries around the world. Micronutrient deficiencies are an important cause of morbidity and mortality especially in infants and preschool children.What is Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS)?The Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS) is the first nationally representative and compr... Read More...

  Jun 25, 2020   Polity

(Justice Amitava Roy Report)Who appointed the Committee?It was Supreme Court appointed committee entrusted with the task of examining various issues concerning prisons in the country and was directed to submit a report to the court.Facts and statistics... Read More...

  Jun 25, 2020   General Category

What?The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the changes to the earlier rule of company having to commit Rs 2,000-crore investment in the petroleum sector. Any company with a net worth of ₹250 crore can establish petrol pumps. Authorised entities will, however, have to meet certain conditions such as setting up a minimum 5 per cent of their retail outlets in the notified remote areas within five years of grant of authorisation.Besides, these entities will be required to install facilities for marketing at least one n... Read More...

  Jun 24, 2020   Economy

What is the background?India and Bangladesh economic relationship is at crossroad, where India is poised to become a $5 trillion economy in 2024 as enunciated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and the process has started for Bangladesh to project the country as a middle income developing economy by 2024.It is in this respect that India´s Act East Policy holds the key for the success of this proposed growth convergence. Read More...

  Jun 24, 2020   International Relations

Union Home Minister chaired the Northern Zonal Council meeting in Chandigarh recently.What are Zonal Councils?After the States Reorganisation Act 1956, there was a felt need to create bodies by an Act of parliament where the regional states and Centre could meet and solve relevant issues Zonal Councils Act was made to create advisory councils to foster federal cooperation.How many are there?Five Zonal Councils are thereNorthern Zonal Council... Read More...

  Jun 24, 2020   Polity

Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) is a radio telescope instrument to detect ultra-high energy cosmic-ray neutrinos from a scientific balloon flying over the continent of Antarctica.It involves an array of radio antennas attached to a helium balloon which flies over the Antarctic ice sheet at 37,000 meters.At such a height, the antennas can listen to the cosmos and detect high-energy particles, known as neutrinos, which constantly bombard the planet.It is the first NASA observatory for neutrinos of any kind. Read More...

  Jun 24, 2020   Current Affairs

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has forecasted the “heatwave to severe heatwave conditions” over northwest, central and adjoining peninsular India along with heavy rain over northeast India.Many parts of coastal Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Maharashtra have also observed increase in temperatures above 42°C, triggering heatwave conditions.The heat wave has been observed due to dry northwesterly winds prevailing over northwest and central India.A heat wave is a period of abnormally high temperatures, more than... Read More...

  Jun 24, 2020   Science and Technology

The economic slowdown is expected to cast a gloom on the financials of the Indian IT services.A large demand of Indian IT services come from across the globe like from USA, UK and others and now due to the global lockdown and halting of businesses, the sector is facing severe contraction of demand.Instability and uneven growth in the global economy has had an adverse impact on the growth of the IT industry in the past and may continue to impact it in the future. As per the experts, If the economies of the U.S., U.K. or the EU weaken or growth... Read More...

  Jun 24, 2020   Current Affairs

India is gearing up for what could be one of its worst locust invasions in decades. Outbreaks of the insect attack have been reported from Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. It could be worse this year because of a chain of climate events, administrative laxity in several countries and the difficult circumstances brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic. Experts have warned of huge crop losses if the swarms are not stopped by June when the monsoons will lead to a new season of sowing rice,... Read More...

  Jun 24, 2020   Current Affairs

What is Heat Island effect?An urban heat island, or UHI, is a metropolitan area that experiences higher temperature than the rural areas surrounding it.What are the reasons?The study titled ‘Anthropogenic forcing exacerbating the urban heat islands in India’ ... Read More...

  Jun 24, 2020   Geography

The Electricity Amendment Bill 2020, recently drafted by the Union power ministry to amend the Electricity Act 2003, is a big challenge lies ahead for the Punjab government, which has been providing free power to the agriculture sector. The new bill has proposed providing subsidy on power to farmers through Direct Benefit of Transfer (DBT), which would be different from the prevailing ‘free power’ system. Experts and farmers say that under the garb of DBT, it is a move to stop the free power supply to them. At present, Punjab is... Read More...

  Jun 23, 2020   Economy

THAAD is an acronym for Terminal High Altitude Area Defense, a transportable, ground-based missile defense system. THAAD is coupled with space-based and ground-based surveillance stations, which transfer data about the incoming missile and informs the THAAD interceptor missile of the threat type classification. THAAD is alarmed about incoming missiles by space-based satellites with infrared sensors.This anti-ballistic missile defense system has been designed and manufactured by the US company Lockheed Martin.  Read More...

  Jun 23, 2020   International Relations

China’s Parliament on Thursday passed new legislation for Hong Kong that will for the first time empower Beijing to draft national security laws for the Special Administrative Region (SAR).The law, called the “NPC Decision on Establishing and Improving the Legal System and Enforcement Mechanisms for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to Safeguard National Security”, essentially empowers the NPC to draft new national security laws for Hong Kong. The draft legislation said the scope of the laws could cover any activity that “seriously endangers national security... Read More...

  Jun 23, 2020   International Relations

After the cut in deposit rates by the banks and a cut in small savings rate by the government over the last couple of months, the Reserve Bank of India on Wednesday said the Government of India has discontinued 7.75 per cent savings (taxable) bonds, 2018.The move will deprive investors of another saving instrument that yielded relatively higher post tax returns for investors.The 7.75 bonds 20... Read More...

  Jun 23, 2020   Economy

What?WTO members seek limits on fishery subsidies given by its members. They decided at the eleventh Ministerial meeting of the WTO in Argentina in December 2017, members will try to implement an agreement on fishery subsidies by the Twelfth Ministerial Conference (MC12) which is scheduled in June 2020 in Kazakhstan.Why?Its objective is   to prevent over-fishing and curbing illegal and unregulated fishing with the overall objective of preserving marine and coastal eco-systems.  Read More...

  Jun 23, 2020   Economy

How do you contextualise the issue of the relationship of India with Middle east that PM Modi fashioned?For a long time, India’s relationship with its extended neighbourhood in the Persian Gulf was characterised very simply by energy imports and migration outflows. Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister of India in May 2014 and has since built a deeper relationship with the Gulf through careful enhancement of diplomatic ties. It has paid off — India is economically and strategically better placed now, so much so that Muslim Gulf states had a largely muted reaction to India’s removal ... Read More...

  Jun 23, 2020   International Relations

Justice. Sharad Arvind Bobde was appointed by the President of India as the Chief Justice of India under Art.124. What does Art.124 say?Article 124(2) in The Constitution Of India 1950(2) Every Judge of the Supreme Court shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal after consultation with such of the Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Courts in the States as the President may deem necessary for the purpose and shall hold office until he attains the age of sixty-five years: Provided tha... Read More...

  Jun 23, 2020   Polity