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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

  Odisha has become the first state for implementation of green climate project. Green Climate Fund has sanctioned first ever proposal of India submitted by NABARD. The project “Ground water recharge and Solar Micro Irrigation to ensure food security and enhance resilience in vulnerable tribal areas of Odisha” aims to respond to climate change challenges resulting in drought and floods affecting the food security of agriculture dependent vu... Read More...

  Jul 29, 2017   General Category

  It is the process of adding geographical identification like latitude and longitude to various media such as a photo or video.  Geotagging can help users find a wide variety of location-specific information from a device. It provides users the location of the content of a given picture. Geomapping is a visual representation of the geographical location of geotagged assets layered on top of map or satellite imagery Read More...

  Jul 27, 2017   General Category

In the World Bank’s (WB) 2017 Doing Business ranking, India stands at the 130th place in a list of 190 nations—just a spot higher than in the 2016 rankings. A curious case is being made that higher rankings do not really imply good economic outcomes such as higher foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows or higher gross domestic product (GDP) growth. Ease of Doing Business Concept The ease of doing business rank is a stock concept: It represents the reforms that a country has undertaken on various issues like infrastructure, legal systems, etc., over a couple of decades or ev... Read More...

  Jul 26, 2017   General Category

Bhadla village on the fringes of the Thar Desert about 200 km from Rajasthan's famed Jodhpur city is the heart of India's clean energy push, home to the Bhadla Solar Park. A recent auction of solar power to be generated at a new 250 megawatt plant was recently auctioned for just about Rs. 2.62 for every unit, or kilowatt-hour. This would be among India's cheapest sources of power, certainly a lot cheaper than the average tariff of Rs. 3.2 per unit for coal-fired thermal units. Once the solar park is fully operational it will generate 2,255 megawatts of power.... Read More...

  Jul 25, 2017   General Category

Each year a specific aspect of water is highlighted while observing International World Water Day (March 22); this year’s theme was “wastewater”, which is defined as any water that has been adversely affected in quality by anthropogenic influences and as a result of domestic, industrial, commercial and agricultural activities. In recent decades, population growth, accelerated urbanisation and economic development have resulted in an increase in the quantity of wastewater and the overall pollution load being generated. Most of our freshwater sources are under threat. When public awareness of pollution is limited, the ... Read More...

  Jul 23, 2017   General Category

The IVF question Harsha Chawda, India’s first test-tube baby was born in 1986. In vitro fertilization (IVF), the technique used then, has since gone on to prove a blessing for several infertile couples. However, at the time of inception, this technique faced much criticism. The objections ranged from the ethical—disrupting natural life processes—to concerns about the fate of unwanted or unused embryos generated during the process, and possible social stratification due to the then excessive financial costs of the procedure. Read More...

  Jul 22, 2017   General Category

Status: Vulnerable (IUCN)   Habitat and Distribution The preferred habitat of an Indian Rhinoceros is alluvial flood plains and areas containing tall grasslands along the foothills of the Himalayas. Formerly, extensively distributed in the Gangetic plains, today the species is restricted to small habitats in Indo- Nepal terai and North Bengal, and Assam. In India rhinos are found in Kaziranga, Orang, Pobitara, Jaldapara, Dudhwa. Conservation Challenges For years, rhinos have been widely slaughtered for their horn, a prized ingredient in traditional Asian medici... Read More...

  Jul 21, 2017   General Category

The long-pending joint venture between India and Russia to manufacture 200 Kamov-226T light-utility helicopters for around $1 billion (over Rs 6,500 crore) is now finally set to kick off. The JV is between defence PSU Hindustan Aeronautics and Russian companies. Overall, the armed forces urgently need 484 light choppers to replace their obsolete single-engine Cheetah Chetak fleets. Under the agreement, the first 60 choppers will come from Russia, while the rest will be manufactured in India over nine years. The twin-engine Kamov-226Ts are multi-role helicopters. It can undertake reconnaissance, patrol and disaster relief opera... Read More...

  Jul 20, 2017   General Category

Climate change is melting permafrost soils that have been solid for thousands of years, and as the soils melt they have the potential to release ancient viruses and bacteria that may be capable of springing back to life. The most recent discovery of an ancient virus came when French and Russian scientists investigated a 30,000-year-old piece of Siberian permafrost. Pithovirus In a paper published in 2014 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, scientists had discovered a new “giant virus” that they named Pithovirus sibericum. Giant viruses are so-called because they are much larger than traditional vir... Read More...

  Jul 19, 2017   General Category

The Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) has successfully tested lithium-ion batteries developed by the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre for use in two- and three-wheelers, a development that is expected to provide a fillip to India’s electric vehicles (EV) push. Electric Vehicles (EV) programme The government is now planning to transfer the technology to companies for commercial production of these batteries, and will also set up a central agency to lead the country’s EV programme. India’s initiatives on solar ene... Read More...

  Jul 18, 2017   General Category

Despite a deep political and diplomatic partnership for decades, the Indo-Russian relationship is beginning to show early signs of stiffening. Ties between the two countries are overwhelmingly dependent on the sale and, in recent years, joint production of weapons systems. The only other area of cooperation that has reflected the “special and privileged” nature of the relationship is nuclear energy. Beyond this, the trade and investment relationship is virtually non-existent. Even in natural gas and oil, where flourishing trade should have existed given Russia’s abundant supply and India’s growing demand, very lit... Read More...

  Jul 16, 2017   General Category

  The rupee touched its highest level against the US dollar in 17 months recently. The Indian currency has rallied against the greenback since the beginning of this year. So have many other emerging market currencies despite the increases in interest rates by the US Federal Reserve. India has also in recent months seen strong capital inflows that have been in excess of what it required to fund a modest current account deficit. These capital inflows have pushed up the value of the domesti... Read More...

  Jul 15, 2017   General Category

The Indian Foreign Service (IFS) is one of the most prestigious services in the country and only a few people get a chance to enter it. Those who desire to be a part of this service and become a career diplomat needs to clear the Civil Services Examination (CSE) first. Why? After selection, candidates go through a gruelling training period during which they are taught various aspects of diplomacy. This process has been going on for decades, but it needs to change now. The reason being that diplomacy is not the job of a ‘generalist’, which anyone can try their hands at. It needs specialisation. A diplomat is ... Read More...

  Jul 14, 2017   General Category

The moisture, that is necessary for the sustenance of a crop or a vegetation species, can be best derived from knowledge of the moisture adequacy index. The moisture adequacy index is a true representative of moisture effectivity, thus, can be used in correlative studies of vegetation in relation to climate. The information on spatial and temporal availability of moisture adequacy index could be helpful for the optimum utilization of water resources. The MAI is prime factor for crop planning especially in tropics and varies both in time and space. MAI is worked out on the basis of average monthly rainfall. Droughts af... Read More...

  Jul 13, 2017   General Category

Operation Clean Money is to detect the generation of black money after demonetisation. Operation Clean Money, CBDT said, is being conducted by the tax department through the use of advanced data analytics allowing "optimisation of government resources and causing minimum inconvenience to the taxpayers. 2nd Phase The income-tax department has identified more than 60,000 persons, some of them described as "high-risk”, under the second phase of Operation Clean Money. Entities that will undergo "detailed investigations” as part of the next phase of the operation include businesses claiming cash sales as ... Read More...

  Jul 12, 2017   General Category

As the law enforcement agency of the government and the first point of contact in the criminal justice system, the police is critical for sound law and order, and a good quality of life. There is perceptible dissatisfaction with policing in India today. It is often argued that poor resourcing is part of the problem, and that the police require a higher quantum of budgetary allocations. Budgeting While the police need to be well-resourced, higher allocations by themselves are not enough. The structure of budgetary allocations can have a dis... Read More...

  Jul 11, 2017   General Category

The high volatility in fuel prices in the recent past and the resulting turbulence in energy markets has compelled many countries to look for alternate sources of energy, for both economic and environmental reasons. With growing public awareness about sanitation, and with increasing pressure on the government and urban local bodies to manage waste more efficiently, the Indian waste to energy sector is poised to grow at a rapid pace in the years to come. The dual pressing needs of waste management and reliable renewable energy source are creating attractive opportunities for investors and project developers in the waste to energy sector. ... Read More...

  Jul 09, 2017   General Category

  It is surprising to note that our Constitution is eerily silent on the manner of appointment of chief ministers by the governor when there is no clear majority by any of the contesting political parties. Equally overwhelming is its silence on the conduct of floor tests in assembly/Parliament. These deafening silences give the governors unyielding powers, the reasons for which can be found in the troubled history of colonial India, a flawed Constituent Assembly and the quasi-federal nature of the Indian Constitution.... Read More...

  Jul 08, 2017   General Category

The long-pending joint venture between India and Russia to manufacture 200 Kamov-226T light-utility helicopters for around $1 billion (over Rs 6,500 crore) is now finally set to kick off. The JV is between defence PSU Hindustan Aeronautics and Russian companies. Overall, the armed forces urgently need 484 light choppers to replace their obsolete single-engine Cheetah Chetak fleets. Under the agreement, the first 60 choppers will come from Russia, while the rest will be manufactured in India over nine years. The twin-engine Kamov-226Ts are multi-role helicopters. It can undertake reconnaissance, patrol and disaster relief opera... Read More...

  Jul 07, 2017   General Category

The Wild Life Crime Control Bureau has been created under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.  The mandate includes collection, collation of intelligence and its dissemination, establishment of a centralized Wild Life crime databank , coordination of the actions of various enforcement authorities towards the implementation of the provisions of the Act, implementation of the international Conventions, capacity building for scientific and professional investigation, assistance to authorities in other countries for a coordinated universal action towards control of Wild Life crime and to advise the government on various policy and legal requirements. Read More...

  Jul 06, 2017   General Category