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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. What is cytokine storm?A. A cytokine storm, also called cytokine storm syndrome (CSS) or hypercytokinemia, is a physiological reaction in humans and other animals in which the innate immune system causes an uncontrolled and excessive release of pro-inflammatory signalling molecules called cytokines. It is basically an overproduction of immune cells and their activating compounds (cytokines), which, in a flu infection, is often associated with a surge of activated immune cells into the lungs.The resulting lung inf... Read More...

  Aug 08, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. What is IUCN?A. The International Union for Conservation of Nature is an international organisation working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education. It is a membership Union composed of both government and civil society organisations. It harnesses the experience, resources and reach of its more than 1,400 Member organisations and the input of more than 15,000 experts. This diversity and vast expertise makes IUCN the global authority on the status o... Read More...

  Aug 07, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. What is EIA?A. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is an important process for evaluating the likely environmental impact of a proposed project. It is a process whereby people’s views are taken into consideration for granting final approval to any developmental project or activity. It is basically, a decision-making tool to decide whether the project should be approved or not.Q. What does EIA process involves?A. The EIA process involves: Read More...

  Aug 07, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. What is it?A. It is a five-year project that will help India develop a pathway towards a low-carbon transport system through the development of modelling tools and policy scenarios. The project will design a tailor-made transport emissions assessment framework for India. The India project is carried out in the wider context of the International Transport Forum’s Decarbonising Transport initiative.Q. Which is the organisation behind its inception?... Read More...

  Aug 07, 2020   International Relations

Ministry of Electronics of Information Technology (MeITY) has released a consultation paper on Strategy for National Open Digital Ecosystem (NODE).Q. What is National Open Digital Ecosystem (NODE)/ Lovech 3.0?A. National Open Digital Ecosystem (NODE) or GovTech 3.0 defined as “Open and secure delivery platforms, anchored by transparent governance mechanisms, which enable a technology collaboration among citizens, businesses and governments to transform societal outcomes. Read More...

  Aug 07, 2020   Science and Technology

The World Bank has released new Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) for reference year 2017, under International Comparison Program (ICP), that adjust for differences in the cost of living across economies of the World. Globally 176 economies participated in 2017 cycle of ICP.Q. What is ICP?A. International Comparison Program (ICP) is the largest worldwide data-collection initiative, under the guidance of UN Statistical Commission (UNSC).The goal is of producing Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) which are v... Read More...

  Aug 07, 2020   International Relations

Q. What is the Arctic heatwave, warming up Siberia?A. The Arctic Circle has recorded temperatures reaching over 38 degrees Celsius in the Siberian town of Verkhoyansk, likely an all-time high.Heat waves in the Arctic region can impact local vegetation, ecology, human health and economyThese higher temperatures are pushing the world towards what might be the hottest year on record, despite a fall in emissions due to the coronavirus lockdown.According to... Read More...

  Aug 07, 2020   Geography

Q. What is it?A. It is an Integrated Flood Warning System and is a joint initiative between the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC).Mumbai is only the second city in the country after Chennai to get this system.Q. How it works?A. The warning system will be able to relay alerts of possible flood-prone areas anywhere between six to 72 hours in advance.• The system c... Read More...

  Aug 07, 2020   Current Affairs

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has advised the States to conduct serological-surveys to measure the coronavirus exposure in the population using IgG ELISA Test.Significance:As per the direction of the council, the coronavirus (COVID-19) exposure in the general population as well as in high-risk populations would be measured and the outcome will help “decide the future course of action against the pandemic”.Q. What is an ELISA-based test?A. The Enzyme... Read More...

  Aug 07, 2020   Current Affairs

Why in news?Cabinet approved the proposal for establishment of Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog for Conservation, protection and development of cows and their progeny. Consequently, the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare constituted an apex advisory body, Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog in February 2019.The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare constituted an apex advisory body, Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog in February 2019. What are the objectives of the body set up?The A... Read More...

  Aug 06, 2020   Economy

What are the prerequisites of cashless economy?Access to financial servicesMacroeconomic (EODB, like large informal economy in India), cultural factors (awareness, digital literacy)Scale and competition in digital payments and FinTechTechnology and infrastructureCashless or less cash economyArguments in ‘Curse of cash’ book by Keeneth rogoff in favour of less cash economy: Read More...

  Aug 06, 2020   Economy

What is Operation Twist?Under 'Operation Twist' the RBI buys long-term bonds and sells short-term government securities (G-Secs) simultaneously. A conventional Operation Twist involves a central bank buying and selling securities of the same amounts.Idea Behind Operation Twist1.   India's economy is reeling under pressure due to a slew of factors including a slump in demand and lower consumption. The central bank has cut 135 basis points throughout the year, but has achieved little in terms of boosting demand. Read More...

  Aug 06, 2020   Economy

Why in news?A nine-judge Bench of the Supreme Court has dismissed a petition seeking a review of its 1993 verdict in the so-called Second Judges Case, which is widely understood to be instrumental in establishing the collegium system of appointing judges in India’s higher judiciary.The plea to review the verdict in the Supreme Court Advocates-on-Record Association and Another vs Union of India case was dismissed on grounds of an “inordinate delay of 9,071 days in filing the… petition, for whic... Read More...

  Aug 06, 2020   Polity

Why in news?The Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organised Crime Bill (GCTOC) has now become law after it received President Ram Nath Kovind’s assent, 16 years after its first version was passed by the Gujarat Assembly. What are the broad provisions under the law?Under this Act, confessions before the police are admissible as evidence and the investigation period or the period of filing an FIR has been extended from 90 to 180 days.The new law defines a terrorist act ... Read More...

  Aug 06, 2020   Polity

Context- Nearly 32,000 Brus living in Tripura camps since 1997 have been affected after the government decided to stop food supplies and cash dole.The Tripura government announced that it would restore food supplies, leading to the Brus withdrawing a road blockade they had set up for eight days. The restoration of supplies, however, is only until a deadline of November 30, within which the Brus have to decide whether they will accept a package for repatriation to Mizoram. Who are the Brus? Read More...

  Aug 06, 2020   Polity

Good Governance Index: What is all about? Launched on Good Governance Day, December 25, by Government of India.The Good Governance Index is a uniform tool across States to assess the Status of Governance and impact of various interventions taken up by the State Government and UTs.The GGI takes into consideration ten sectors: 1). Agriculture and Allied Sectors, 2). Commerce & Industries, 3). Human Resource Development, 4). Public Health, 5). Public Infrastructure & Utilities, 6). Economic Governance, 7). Social Welfare & Develop... Read More...

  Aug 06, 2020   Polity

What is aim of Bharat Bond ETF?Bharat Bond Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) aims to create an additional source of funding for Central Public Sector Undertakings (CPSUs) Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs), Central Public Financial Institutions (CPFIs) and other Government organizations.  Bharat Bond ETF would be the first corporate Bond ETF in the country. What are ETFs? Over the years, ETFs have become a popular investment vehicle for investors, allowing them to invest in a diverse collection of assets. When... Read More...

  Aug 06, 2020   Economy

Why in news?Economist and Former PM Manmohan Singh has cautioned that while India is not yet in stagflation territory, it would be prudent to watch out for increased risks of such an event occurring. According to him the citizenry’s distrust in institutions and lack of confidence in the government have caused a prolonged slowdown. What is the stagflation phenomenon?A combination of simultaneously rising inflation and unemployment along with decline in economic growth is called stagflation. The term was coined by Pau... Read More...

  Aug 06, 2020   Economy

What is news?Government think tank NITI Aayog released a report ‘Health Systems for a New India: Building Blocks—Potential Pathways to Reforms’. The report has drawn from best practices of countries as diverse as Cambodia, Thailand, China, Russia, UK, US among the others for India to learn from.With insights to transform the Indian health system in the twenty-first century, the report presents a preliminary menu of strategic choices available before India to reform its healthcare system. What are key areas which NITI AYOG ... Read More...

  Aug 06, 2020   Economy

What is FSR all about? Financial stability is now one of the three important objectives of monetary policy besides price stability and credit support. The RBI since 2010 is publishing India Financial Stability Report, biannually, to assess financial stability scenario in the country. The FSR reflects the collective assessment on risks to financial stability and the resilience of the financial system of India. The Report also discusses issues relating to development and regulation of the financial sector.  Read More...

  Aug 06, 2020   Economy