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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

What is Gaganyan mission?Gaganyaan Programme is first Human Spaceflight of India to low earth orbit for a mission duration ranging from one orbital period to a maximum of seven days. A human rated GSLV Mk-lll will be used to carry the orbital module which will have necessary provisions for sustaining a 3-member crew for the duration of the mission.The necessary infrastructure for crew training, realization of flight systems and ground infrastructure will be established to support the Gaganyaan Programme.  Read More...

  Jul 04, 2020   Science and Technology

What is The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Amendment) Bill, 2019 passed by Parliament all about?The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Amendment) Bill, 2019 was passed by Parliament.  The Bill amends provisions related to reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs).The Constitution provides for reservation of seats for SCs and STs and representation of the Anglo-Indian community by nomination, in Lok Sabha and Legislative Assemblies of states.  This has been extended every ten years so far  and will expire on January 25, 2020.  The Bill seeks to extend the reservation for SCs and STs ... Read More...

  Jul 04, 2020   Polity

AboutThe Corruption Perceptions Index is published by Transparency index( the global collation against corruption) which ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, according to experts and business people. The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit". Read More...

  Jul 04, 2020   General Category

What were the decisions at the recent Monetary Policy Committee(MPC)?MPC was constituted in 2016 to bring transparency in India’s monetary policy. It publishes it’s report once in every 2 months.The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) released its fifth bi-monthly Monetary Policy Statement of 2019-20 on December 19.The MPC decided to continue with an accommodative stance of monetary policy.Accomodative stance is used to pump money in the economy to ensure more credit flow. The polic... Read More...

  Jul 03, 2020   Economy

Who are the Al Shabaab? Discuss with examples their quarrel with the US in Kenya? The Islamist Al Shabaab group is active in East Africa and is involved in the ongoing civil war in Somalia. The group has been fighting to overthrow the weak West-backed Somali government, the latter being supported by a 21,000-strong African Union peacekeeping force.Recently a military base in Kenya, used by US and Kenyan forces, came under attack from the Somalia-based Al Shabaab militant group. US aircraft and vehicles were destroyed in th... Read More...

  Jul 03, 2020   International Relations

Why in news?In a significant first, India piloted resolution on Sustainable Nitrogen management at the fourth session of United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) which was held in Nairobi March 2019.Why does nitrogen matter so much?Nitrogen plays significant role on our planet. Without nitrogen there would be no life on earth – no chlorophyll, no hemoglobin, no plants or animals. Carbon provides the basic skeleton of organic matter but nitrogen allows that matter to take on different forms and roles. Amino acids, protein... Read More...

  Jul 03, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Brahmos New Version Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) carried out two successful tests of the latest variant of the BrahMos missile, one from the land platform and the other from air.The land-attack version of the missile was test-fired from a mobile autonomous launcher at Launch Complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur at around 8.30 am.One of the tests last week was carried out from air, using the Sukhoi-30 MKI fighter jets of the Indian Air Force as the base. The missile destroyed a target at sea. Read More...

  Jul 03, 2020   Science and Technology

Discuss the need of The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 introduced in Lok Sabha.The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 seeks to provide for protection of personal data of individuals, and establishes a Data Protection Authority for the same.  The Bill defines personal data as data which pertains to characteristics, traits, or attributes of identity, which can be used to identify an individual.  Key features include: Obligations of the data fiduciary: The Bill sets out obligations of the entity who has access to the personal data (the data fiduciary).  It states that the processing of per... Read More...

  Jul 03, 2020   Polity

Some speaking factsIn 2018, India suffered over 2,081 deaths from climate-triggered extreme weather events, with an economic loss of over $37.8 billion (about three times the losses of 2017).Parts of cities such as Mumbai, Kolkata, Surat and Kakinada are at risk of being under water by 2050. (Climate Central, 2019). Read More...

  Jul 03, 2020   General Category

What ?A composite indicator which provides a reflection of national social health.It is a feature of the World of Work Report (by ILO) since 2011. It measures the frequency of events that create unrest, like demonstrations and strikes. There was an increase in both at the global level and in 7 out of 11 regions between 2009 and 2019.How is it measured? Read More...

  Jul 02, 2020   General Category

Why in new?The government has amended the minimum land requirement from 500 to 50 hectares and categorization of special economic zones. The new rules will now enable co-existence of any SEZ from any sector with others. The steps may help unlock the potential of SEZs to attract investments and boost exports.What is a special economic zone?A Special ... Read More...

  Jul 01, 2020   Economy

Discuss the long standing India Nepal border dispute near Kalapani.Kalapani is a valley that is administered by India as a part of the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand. It is situated on the Kailash Mansarovar route.The Kali River in the Kalapani region demarcates the border between India and Nepal.The Treaty of Sugauli signed by the Kingdom of Nepal and British India (after Anglo-Nepalese War) in 1816 located the Kali River as Nepal's western boundary with India. The discrepancy in locating the source of the river led to boundar... Read More...

  Jul 01, 2020   International Relations

What is aim of ALCP?ALCP aims to protect and conserve the world’s last ranging free population of Asiatic Lion and its associated ecosystem.It will strengthen the ongoing measures for conservation and recovery of Asiatic Lion with the help of state-of-the –art techniques/ instruments, regular scientific research studies, disease management, Modern surveillance/ patrolling techniques. ALCP will be funded from the Centrally Sponsored Scheme- Development of Wil... Read More...

  Jul 01, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is aim of ALCP?ALCP aims to protect and conserve the world’s last ranging free population of Asiatic Lion and its associated ecosystem.It will strengthen the ongoing measures for conservation and recovery of Asiatic Lion with the help of state-of-the –art techniques/ instruments, regular scientific research studies, disease management, Modern surveillance/ patrolling techniques. ALCP will be funded from the Centrally Sponsored Scheme- Development of Wildlife Habitat (CSS-DWH)What is historical and current range of Asiatic li... Read More...

  Jul 01, 2020   Science and Technology

What is GEMINI?Gagan Enabled Mariner’s Instrument for Navigation and Information. It is low cost satellite-based communication device for ocean states forecast and mapping potential fishing zones. It will provide seamless and effective dissemination of emergency information and communication on disaster warnings, Potential Fishing Zones (PFZ) and Ocean States Forecasts (OSF) to fishermen.Why do we need GEMINI when we have mobile phones and VHF radio?Though the advisories and forecasts are disseminated through multiple comm... Read More...

  Jul 01, 2020   Science and Technology

What is PM VDY?Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana (PMVDY) is a Market Linked Tribal Entrepreneurship Development Program for forming clusters of tribal SHGs (Van Dhan Vikas Kendras) and strengthening them into Tribal Producer Companies has been launched with participation from all the 27 States from the Country.Tribal producer companies are similar to Farmer producer companies in their conception, aim is to increase bargaining power and income of primary producer through value addition and larger share in value chain through enhanced bargaining power. Read More...

  Jul 01, 2020   Polity

About?The Indian government announced the ‘Make in India’ initiative to encourage manufacturing in India and galvanise the economy with dedicated investments in manufacturing and services in 2014. What were its objectives and How it has Performed? Read More...

  Jul 01, 2020   Current Affairs

Why in news?Government of India decided to establish the first National Maritime Heritage Museum at Lothal, a Harappan site on the Saurashtra coast in Gujarat. What is purpose of Maritime museum?The museum will act as an independent research center for archaeology of boat building, reconstruction of maritime history and materials traded. It will hold display of salvaged materials from shipwreck sites in Indian Ocean waters. Lothal Maritime Heritage Complex once completed, will showcase the mar... Read More...

  Jun 30, 2020   Miscellaneous

What is it?Adopted in Union Budget 2017-18, Mission Antyodaya is a convergence and accountability framework aiming to bring optimum use and management of resources allocated by 27 Ministries/ Department of the Government of India under various programmes for the development of rural areas. It is envisaged as state-led initiative with Gram Panchayats as focal points of convergence efforts.What is the annual survey?Annual survey in Gram Panchayats across the country is an important aspect of Mission Antyodaya framework. It is ... Read More...

  Jun 30, 2020   Economy

What is Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS)?Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) is an acronym for the combined economies of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Economists at Goldman Sachs originally coined the term BRIC (without South Africa) in 2003. Analysts speculated that, by 2050, these four economies would be the most dominant. South Africa was added to the list on April 13, 2011 creating "BRICS".What is significance of BRICS?These five countries are considered among the f... Read More...

  Jun 30, 2020   International Relations