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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Indian armed forces is conducting first ever International Tri Service Exercise wit Russian armed forces. It will give a major boost to the Indo-Russian defence cooperation.  Exercise INDRA-2017 is being conducted in the Eastern Military District of Russia from 19 to 29 Oct 2017. Exercise INDRA in its previous nine versions has been conducted as a single service exercise alternately between the two countries. The year 2017 marks a major milestone as this Exercise has been upgraded to involve all the three Services of the Armed Forces (Army, Navy & Air Force), which further accentuates the importance of Joint Services in the present world environment... Read More...

  Oct 27, 2017   General Category

INTENSIFIED MISSION INDRADHANUSH (IMI) Through the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI), the Government aims to reach each and every child under two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunisation programme. The special drive will focus on improving immunization coverage in select districts and cities to ensure full immunization to more than 90% by December 2018. Intensified Mission Indradhanush will have inter-ministerial and inter-departmental coordination, action-based review mechanism and intensified monitoring and accountability framework for effective imple... Read More...

  Oct 26, 2017   General Category

Artificial intelligence  Artificial intelligence is intelligent behaviour by machines, rather than the natural intelligence (NI) of humans and other animals. In computer science AI is defined as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of success at some goal. Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" is applied when a machine mimics "cognitive" functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as "learning" and "problem solving". Artificial intelligence was founded as a... Read More...

  Oct 25, 2017   General Category

The Ministry of Tourism, Government of India, in collaboration with other Central Ministries and State Governments will organize a “Paryatan Parv” across the country from the 5th to 25th October 2017. The objective of the programme is to draw focus on the benefits of tourism, showcase the cultural diversity of the country and reinforce the principle of “Tourism for All”. The event envisages large scale participation by the public as well as industry stakeholders.   ParyatanParv reinforces the idea of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat with the following objectives: Read More...

  Oct 24, 2017   General Category

The National Health Policy, 2017 (NHP, 2017) seeks to reach everyone in a comprehensive integrated way to move towards wellness.  It aims at achieving universal health coverage and delivering quality health care services to all at affordable cost. The policy envisages as its goal the attainment of the highest possible level of health and well-being for all at all ages, through a preventive and promotive health care orientation in all developmental policies, and universal access to good quality health care services without anyone having to face financial hardship as a consequence. This would be achieved through increasing access, improving... Read More...

  Oct 18, 2017   General Category

Ministry for Environment, Forest and Climate Change has launched the “Harit Diwali, Swasth Diwali” campaign. As a part of the campaign, the Environment Ministry will undertake various activities to create awareness among various stakeholders and encourage people to participate in combating air pollution. In recent times, the pattern of celebration has changed somewhat and has got associated with excessive bursting of crackers. It contributes significantly to air and noise pollution.  As a result, there has been a significant impact on the environment and he... Read More...

  Oct 17, 2017   General Category

What? A ‘Swiss Challenge’ is a way to award a project to a private player on an unsolicited proposal. Such projects may not be in the bouquet of projects planned by the state or a state-owned agency, but are considered given the gaps in physical or social infrastructure that they propose to fill, and the innovation and enterprise that private players bring. The government may enter into direct negotiations with a private player who submits a proposal and, if they cannot agree on the terms of the project, consider calling for bids from other interested players. Is this idea new to India? No. At lea... Read More...

  Oct 15, 2017   General Category

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA) PMGDISHA is expected to be one of the largest digital literacy programmes in the world. Under the scheme, 25 lakh candidates was to be trained in the FY 2016-17; 275 lakh in the FY 2017-18; and 300 lakh in the FY 2018-19. To ensure equitable geographical reach, each of the 250,000 Gram Panchayats would be expected to register an average of 200-300 candidates. Eligibility: The Scheme is applicable only for rural areas of the country. Eligible Household: A household is defined as a unit comprising of Head of family,... Read More...

  Oct 14, 2017   General Category

Cyprus's modern history has been dominated by enmity between its Greek and Turkish inhabitants. Cyprus has been divided since 1974 when Turkey invaded the north in response to a military coup on the island which was backed by the Athens government. Turkey  overran parts of it and has since stationed troops in the north. The invasion came after more than a decade of sporadic inter-communal violence between the islands Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots The island was effectively partitioned with the northern third inhabited by Turkish Cypriots and the southern two-thirds by Greek Cypriots. United Nations troops patrol the "Green Line&... Read More...

  Oct 13, 2017   General Category

Phyto-Pharma Plant Mission is aimed at conservation and cultivation of endangered and threatened endemic medicinal plants.  The mission also aims to discover new botanical drugs for unmet medical needs using the rich traditional ethno-botanical knowledge and biodiversity of these states. The mission at the same time also aims to improve availability of authentic and quality botanical raw material on sustainable basis for a boom in the phyto-pharmaceutical industry. Through this Mission, the government expects to enable farmers from NE states and phyto-pharmaceutical industry to become global leaders in production and export of some quality botanical dru... Read More...

  Oct 12, 2017   General Category

India has registered a significant decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR). IMR of India has declined by three points (8% decline), from 37 per 1000 live births in 2015 to 34 per 1000 live births in 2016, compared to two points decline last year.  Infant mortality rate (IMR) is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age. The rate for a given region is the number of children dying under one year of age, divided by the number of live births during the year, multiplied by 1,000. India has also recorded a major drop in birth cohort, which has for the first time come down to below 25 million. India has registered 90000 f... Read More...

  Oct 11, 2017   General Category

A recent study done to assess the diet and nutritional status of urban population has pointed out that there is an increase in incidence of Non Communicable Diseases. The increase has be attributed to change in food habits, sedentary behaviour and unhealthy lifestyles, among other risk factors. The study is titled ‘Diet and Nutritional Status of Urban Population in India and Prevalence of Obesity, Hypertension, Diabetes and Hyperlipidaemia in Urban Men and Women’. It has brought to light the prevalence rates for non-communicable diseases as well as stunting, under-nutrition and obesity in children under 5 years in the 16 States surveyed. Read More...

  Oct 10, 2017   General Category

New Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules 2017 The union environment ministry has notified the new Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules 2017. The new rule prohibits a range of activities in wetlands like setting up and expansion of industries, waste dumping and discharge of effluents. The new rules will replace the 2010 version of the rules. Wetlands can be defined as lands transitional between terrestrial and aquatic eco-systems where the water table is usually at or near the surface or the land is covered by shallow water. They support rich biodiversity and provide wide range of ecosystem services such a... Read More...

  Oct 08, 2017   General Category

Catalonia is an autonomous community of Spain located on the eastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula. It is designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy. Catalonia consists of four provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, and Tarragona. Catalonia had existed for more than 250 years before it joined Spain during the country's formation in the 16th Century. As such, identity plays a large role in the debate surrounding independence. Under the military government of Francisco Franco, from 1939-1975, Catalan culture was suppressed. Symbols of Catalan identity such as the castells, or human towers, were prohibited and parents were forced to choose S... Read More...

  Oct 07, 2017   General Category

National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) has launched revised accreditation framework. The NAAC is an autonomous body established by the University Grants Commission to assess and accredit institutions of higher education. The framework used for this process takes into consideration the following aspects: Educational outcomes, Curriculum Faculty Governance Financial well-be... Read More...

  Oct 06, 2017   General Category

INDIA'S FIRST PRIVATE MISSILE PRODUCTION FACILITY India’s has unveiled its first private sector missile sub-systems manufacturing facility. It is a joint venture between the Kalyani Group and Israel’s Rafael Advanced Defence Systems Ltd. The facility is located near Hyderabad. The move is in line with ‘Make in India’ initiative of the Centre. The facility is also the manifestation and the policy to encourage private sector participation in defence production. Advanced equipment The  Kalyani Rafael Advanced Systems (KRAS) plant will make anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) Spike and ... Read More...

  Oct 05, 2017   General Category

Navika Sagar Parikrama is a project wherein a team of women officers of the Indian Navy would circumnavigate the globe. The circumnavigation will be on an Indian-built sail boat INSV Tarini. This is the first ever Indian circumnavigation of the globe by an all-women crew. The project is considered essential towards promoting Ocean Sailing activities in the Navy while depicting Government of India’s thrust on women power. The expedition has been aptly titled ‘Navika Sagar Parikrama’. It is aimed at promoting women empowerment in the country and ocean sailing by the Indian Navy. The expedition would inspire the y... Read More...

  Oct 04, 2017   General Category

The government will launch a new AGRI-UDAAN programme that will mentor startups and help them connect with potential investors. It is an attempt to promote innovation and entrepreneurship in agriculture. About Under the programme, start-ups will get incubation space to run their businesses and have access to research laboratories and libraries. AGRI UDAAN will also help the selected start-ups with regulatory services like company registration and environmental compliances. AGRI-UDAAN will be managed by India’s premier farm research b... Read More...

  Sep 30, 2017   General Category

The Act regulates the removal, storage, and transplantation of human organs for therapeutic purposes. It also seeks to prevent commercial dealing of organs. Under the Act, only near relatives can donate their organs (before their death) to the concerned recipients in need of such organs. The proposed amendment seeks to expand the definition of ‘near relative’. Under the 1994 Act, ‘near relative’ was defined as ‘spouse, son, daughter, father, mother, brother or sister’. This definition was expanded in 2011 to include ‘grandfather, grandm... Read More...

  Sep 29, 2017   General Category

The Standing Committee on Health and Family Welfare has submitted its report on the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016. Key observations and recommendations of the Committee are: Commercial vs. altruistic surrogacy: Surrogacy is the practice where one woman carries the child for another with the intention of handing over the child after birth. The Bill prohibits commercial surrogacy and allows altruistic surrogacy. Altruistic surrogacy involves no compensation to the surrogate mother other than the medical and insurance expenses related to the pregnancy. The Com... Read More...

  Sep 28, 2017   General Category