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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Which are the factors that decide water availability?The average annual water availability of any region or country is largely dependent upon hydro-meteorological and geological factors. However, water availability per person is dependent on the population of the country and for India, per capita, water availability in the country is reducing due to the increase in population.&nb... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Geography

What is the proposal?Paris-based 34-member Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) published a proposal to advance international negotiations to ensure large and highly profitable Multinational Enterprises, including digital companies, pay tax wherever they have significant consumer-facing activities and generate their profits.Why?The proposal would re-allocate some profits and corresponding taxing rights to countries and jurisdictions where MNEs (same as MNCs) have their markets. It would ens... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2020   Economy

What is the Issue?Relentless Chinese pressure may be forcing Vietnam to consider the hitherto unthinkable – an alliance with the US. While growing public anger about Hanoi’s restrained response to Chinese maritime aggression is pushing the government to take China to the international court, for the first time an influential voice has publicly called for alliance with the United States.Background:The latest turn has come as since July, Chinese oil survey ships accompanied by armed vessels have defiantly sailed up an... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2020   International Relations

Why was the Act made?The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019 is made for reorganisation of the state of Jammu and Kashmir into the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh.  What are the its main features?It has the following features:Lieutenant Governor: Both the Union Territories will be administered by the President, through an administrator appointed by him known as the Lieutenant Governor. ... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2020   Polity

The dispute over Kalapani, which lies on the easternmost corner of Uttarakhand’s Pithoragarh district, between Nepal and India was revived in November 2019 when India published a revised political map showing the newly created Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. Both India and Nepal lay claim to Kalapani. The map showed Kalapani as part of Pithoragarh district. Nepal protested immediately and drew attention to the lingering issue. On May 8, India inaugurated the Darchula-Lipulekh pass link road, cutting across the disputed Kalapani area which is used by Ind... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2020   International Relations

The India-China border has been witnessing tensions over the past month, with incidents reported in at least four different locations along the Line of Actual Control (LAC). Recent incidents at the Pangong lake in Ladakh on May 5 and at Naku La in Sikkim on May 9 had led to injuries, caused by aggressive behaviour on both sides. Face-off and stand-off situations occur along the LAC in areas where India and China have overlapping claim lines. The LAC has never been demarcated. Differing perceptions are particularly acute in around tw... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2020   International Relations

China has hinted at a shift in how it will pursue its signature Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) amid growing concerns about debt repayments from many partner countries because of the COVID-19 pandemic.It plans to focus on quality in the joint pursuit of the BRI.The BRI was written into the Communist Party of China’s Constitution in 2017, underlining its special status.The report in 2018 did not mention quality, merely saying China will promote the joint pursuit of the BRI.It also mentioned then China would see... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2020   International Relations

As the tensions between US and China worsens, over the pandemic and a Beijing move to tighten control over Hong Kong, China has said that the United States had been infected by a “political virus” compelling it to continually attack China As per China, these events are taking China-U.S. relations hostage and pushing our two countries to the brink of a new Cold War.Long-standing friction between the two powers over trade, human rights and a range of other issues have been pushed to new heights since the virus outbreak.China argues that the... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2020   International Relations

The recent whistle-blower complaints against the Infosys management have taken huge toll on the company’s formidable reputation. Let’s probe the whole phenomenon of whistleblowing and what is being done in this matter.Who is a whistle blower?A whistle-blower can be anyone who chooses to expose wrong practices in an organisation and has evidence to support the allegations. They can be either from within or outside the organization—such as current and former employees, shareholders, external auditors, and lawyers.What are so... Read More...

  Jun 17, 2020   Economy

Context:The re-election in Monday’s federal polls challenges Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to pursue the ruling Liberal party’s core agenda on race, refugees, gender and the environment — which secured him his first term in 2015. Short of at least 13 seats for a majority of 170 in the House of Commons, he will now depend on broadly left-of-centre parties as he sets out to run a minority government. Among them is the New Democratic Party (NDP) of Jagmeet Singh with 24 seats.Why does it significant? Read More...

  Jun 17, 2020   International Relations

What are the Naga peace talks about?Demand for a Greater Nagaland or Nagalim— covering Nagaland, its neighboring states and even parts of Myanmar— has been an important part of Naga nationalism. It's a demand being made for decades. The resulting insurgency has, over the course of decades, resulted in the killing of thousands of people, including civilians. Naga peace talks refer to talks undertaken between the Indian government and the various stakeholders in Nagaland to end insurgency within the four corners of the Constitution of India. What is the ge... Read More...

  Jun 17, 2020   Polity

As India, along with the rest of the world, grapples with the public health crisis caused by COVID-19, it faces many unique challenges. The most acute problem is faced by migrant labourers: they have no work, no source of income, no access to basic necessities, no quality testing facilities, no protective gear, and no means to reach home. Every day, we hear of migrant labourers walking hundreds of miles, many dying in the process. The saddest is the apathy shown by the institutions meant to look out for their interests. The Supreme ... Read More...

  Jun 17, 2020   Current Affairs

While public attention is focused on COVID-19, Jammu and Kashmir suffers twin lockdowns, rising violence and unilateral government actions, all at the same time. In the 12 months of the government since 2019, Kashmir policy has comprised of measures that are perceived as disasters in the Valley, garner mixed reactions in Jammu and Ladakh, and are welcomed by some in the rest of India.The latest of these actions is the new domicile rules, notified on May 18, 2020. Based on the ... Read More...

  Jun 17, 2020   Polity

The government’s post-COVID-19 relief and recovery package has disappointed many. It provides little by way of additional budgetary resources to halt and reverse the economic and social collapse that the pandemic and the response to it has triggered. Most estimates place the additional fiscal allocation implicit in the proposals at about a tenth of the size of the package, which the government claims amounts to around 10% of GDP.In its effort to a 10% of GDP relief-cum-stimulus figure, the government has relied heavily on measures aime... Read More...

  Jun 17, 2020   Economy

The Haryana government had recently launched ‘Mera Pani Meri Virasat’ scheme, aimed at crop diversification to move away from water-guzzling paddy. Under the scheme, farmers sowing alternative crops other than paddy during the ensuing kharif season will get an incentive of ₹7,000 per acre.Eight paddy-rich blocks including Ratia, Siwan, Guhla, Pipli, Shahabad, Babain, Ismailabad and Sirsa, where the depth of groundwater level exceeds 40 metres, are included in this scheme.But, several farmers staged a tractor march in Haryana’s Fatehab... Read More...

  Jun 17, 2020   Current Affairs

What is International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC)?The IMFC advises and reports to the IMF Board of Governors on the supervision and management of the international monetary and financial system. IMFC has no formal decision-making powers.The IMFC usually meets twice a year, at the Bank-Fund Annual (usually October) and Spring Meetings. The IMFC has 24 members who are central bank... Read More...

  Jun 16, 2020   Economy

Why are British elections taking place?Nearly three-and-a-half years after the UK voted for Brexit in the 2016 referendum, it has not happened.Britain was to exit the European Union by the end of October 2019. It could not happen as there was no majority for the Conservative party of Johnson. UK requested EU for an extension. The new Brexit deadline is January 31, 2020 by when the terms of separation have to be finalised. A new House has to be constituted and a new law is to be made in time. This will be the country's first Decembe... Read More...

  Jun 16, 2020   International Relations

What is the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)?The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) was created in 1889, in an era when there were no established means for governments, parliaments or MPs to work together internationally. The IPU is the global organization of national parliaments.Its membership includes 179 Member Parliaments.Its slogan is “For democracy. For everyone.”What does it do?The IPU is the global organization of national parliament... Read More...

  Jun 16, 2020   Polity

The U.S. has given notice that it will exit the Open Skies Treaty (OST), an agreement that allows countries to monitor signatories’ arms development by conducting surveillance flights over each other’s territories. U.S. Secretary of State has announced the withdrawal citing that Russia had “continuously and flagrantly” violated the treaty.The OST came into effect in 2002 under the George W. Bush administration and it allows its 34 signatories to conduct unarmed reconnaissance flights over the territory of treaty countries. The U.... Read More...

  Jun 16, 2020   International Relations

A draft legislation on national security tabled before China’s Parliament will for the first time allow Beijing to draft national security laws for Hong Kong and also operate its national security organs in the Special Administrative Region (SAR).The draft law, expected to be passed next week by the National People’s Congress in Beijing, has been criticised by democratic parties in Hong Kong as undermining the “one country, two systems” model that gives the SAR a high degree of autonomy.Since the return to China in 1997, Hong Kong has been governed by the Basic Law, which all... Read More...

  Jun 16, 2020   International Relations