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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Why is it in the news?The 2nd Advance Estimates of Production of Major Crops for 2019-20 have been released by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW). The cumulative rainfall in the country during the monsoon season (June to September 2019) has been 10% higher than the Long Period Average (LPA). Accordingly, the production of most of the crops for the agricultural year 2019-20 has been estimated higher than their normal production. Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Economy

What are various mechanisms proposed by PM to SAARC countries to deal with COVID-19?In the spirit of collaboration, the PM proposed creation of a COVID-19 Emergency Fund based on voluntary contributions from all the countries, with India making an initial offer of US $10 million for the fund. The fund can be used by any of the partner countries to meet the cost of immediate actio... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Health

News: The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) is supporting the Biotechnology parks in various statesWhat is the purpose of the Biotechnology Parks?Biotechnology Parks offer facilities to Scientists, and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) for technology incubation, technology demonstration and pilot plant studies for accelerated commercial development of Biotechnology and helps to trans... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Science and Technology

What is the Importance of the Red Blood Cells in curative medical care?Transfusion of red blood cells (RBCs) is a life-saving treatment for numerous conditions such as severe anaemia, injury-related trauma, supportive care in cardiovascular surgery, transplant surgery, pregnancy-related complications, solid malignancies and blood-related cancers. Scarcity of RBCs: Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Science and Technology

What is the annual cancer Incidence in India?As per the National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP) of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the estimated number of incidence of cancer cases reported in the country during the three years is given below:YearEstimated Incidence of... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Science and Technology

To promote the use of biopesticides in agriculture, Central Insecticide Board & Registration Committee has formulated simplified guidelines for registration of biopesticides as compared to chemical pesticides. During provisional registration granted under Section 9 (3B) of The Insecticides Act, 1968, the applicant is allowed to commercialize the bio-pesticides, unlike chemical pesticides.What are the various Govt schemes to promote eco-friendly Agriculture? Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Science and Technology

Why is it in the news?CCEA approved a Central Sector Scheme for "Formation and Promotion of Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) " to form and promote 10,000 new FPOs.Background:The Report on 'Doubling of Farmers’ Income (DFI)' has recommended formation of 7,000 FPOs by 2022 towards con... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Current Affairs

Context: At present, Mumbai-Ahmedabad High-Speed Rail Corridor is the only sanctioned High-Speed Rail Project, which is under execution with technical and financial assistance from Govt. of Japan. Further, Ministry of Railways has decided to undertake Detailed Project Report (DPR) for the following six High-Speed Rail (HSR) corridors:Delhi -VaranasiDelhi – Ahmedabad Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Current Affairs

What is National Biopharma Mission?The National Biopharma Mission (NBM) is an industry-Academia Collaborative Mission for accelerating biopharmaceutical development in the country. Under this Mission, the Government has launched Innovate in India (i3) programme to create an enabling ecosystem to promote entrepreneurship and indigenous manufacturing in the sector.  Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Science and Technology

What is Sgarmala Programme?The Sagarmala programme is the flagship programme of the Ministry of Shipping to promote port-led development in the country through harnessing India’s 7,500 km long coastline, 14,500 km of potentially navigable waterways and strategic location on key international maritime trade routes. The main vision of the Sagarmala Programme is to reduce logistics cost for EXIM and domestic trade with minimal infrastructure investment by Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Current Affairs

Context: Water being a State subject, initiatives on sustainable water management including conservation and water harvesting in the Country is primarily States’ responsibility. However, the important measures are taken by the Central Government for conservation, management of groundwater and effective implementation of rainwater harvesting in the country.... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Geography

News: The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) has launched the Mission Solar Charkha in 2018-19 for implementation of 50 Solar Charkha Clusters across the country.What is Solar Charkha Mission?The scheme envisages setting up of Solar Charkha Clusters which would mean a focal village and other surrounding villages in a radius of 8 to 10 kilometres. Further, such a clus... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Science and Technology

What is the status of the FDI in Defense sector?Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade has allowed FDI under automatic route up to 49% and above 49% through government route wherever it is likely to result in access to modern technology or for other reasons to be recorded.What are problems with current defence FDI policy? Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Economy

What are the Strategic Petroleum Reserves?To ensure energy security for the country, India is making strategic petroleum reserves to store crude oil under the ground. These rocky caves are man-made. India has already underground caves of 5.33 MMT storage in three places. These include Visakhapatnam (1.33 MMT), Mangalore (1.5 MMT) and Padur (2.5 MMT). Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserve Limited (ISPRL), a Government of India Special Purpose Vehicle is responsible for establishing Strategic P... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Geography

Which are the factors that decide water availability?The average annual water availability of any region or country is largely dependent upon hydro-meteorological and geological factors. However, water availability per person is dependent on the population of the country and for India, per capita, water availability in the country is reducing due to the increase in population.&nb... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Geography

What is the proposal?Paris-based 34-member Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) published a proposal to advance international negotiations to ensure large and highly profitable Multinational Enterprises, including digital companies, pay tax wherever they have significant consumer-facing activities and generate their profits.Why?The proposal would re-allocate some profits and corresponding taxing rights to countries and jurisdictions where MNEs (same as MNCs) have their markets. It would ens... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2020   Economy

What is the Issue?Relentless Chinese pressure may be forcing Vietnam to consider the hitherto unthinkable – an alliance with the US. While growing public anger about Hanoi’s restrained response to Chinese maritime aggression is pushing the government to take China to the international court, for the first time an influential voice has publicly called for alliance with the United States.Background:The latest turn has come as since July, Chinese oil survey ships accompanied by armed vessels have defiantly sailed up an... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2020   International Relations

Why was the Act made?The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019 is made for reorganisation of the state of Jammu and Kashmir into the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh.  What are the its main features?It has the following features:Lieutenant Governor: Both the Union Territories will be administered by the President, through an administrator appointed by him known as the Lieutenant Governor. ... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2020   Polity

The dispute over Kalapani, which lies on the easternmost corner of Uttarakhand’s Pithoragarh district, between Nepal and India was revived in November 2019 when India published a revised political map showing the newly created Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. Both India and Nepal lay claim to Kalapani. The map showed Kalapani as part of Pithoragarh district. Nepal protested immediately and drew attention to the lingering issue. On May 8, India inaugurated the Darchula-Lipulekh pass link road, cutting across the disputed Kalapani area which is used by Ind... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2020   International Relations

The India-China border has been witnessing tensions over the past month, with incidents reported in at least four different locations along the Line of Actual Control (LAC). Recent incidents at the Pangong lake in Ladakh on May 5 and at Naku La in Sikkim on May 9 had led to injuries, caused by aggressive behaviour on both sides. Face-off and stand-off situations occur along the LAC in areas where India and China have overlapping claim lines. The LAC has never been demarcated. Differing perceptions are particularly acute in around tw... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2020   International Relations