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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. What is a fiscal council?A. Fiscal councils are independent public institutions aimed at strengthening commitments to sustainable public finances through various functions, including public assessments of fiscal plans and performance, and the evaluation or provision of macroeconomic and budgetary forecasts.Fiscal councils are now part of the institutional fiscal apparatus of over 50 countries, including several emerging and developing economies.Q. What are their composition and how should they functi... Read More...

  Sep 11, 2020   Economy

Q. What is the sub-categorisation of OBCs?OBCs are granted 27% reservation in jobs and education under the central government.The question of sub-categorisation arises out of the perception that only a few affluent communities among the over 2,600 included in the Central List of OBCs have secured a major part of this 27% reservation.The argument for sub-categorisation — or creating categories within OBCs for reservation — is that it would ensure “equitable distribution” of representation among all OBC communities. Read More...

  Sep 11, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news ?A. The Delhi High Court has stayed the National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAPA) order directing Johnson & Johnson to deposit over ₹230 crore it allegedly profiteered by not passing on benefits of GST reduction in over 306 items, including baby products, through commensurate price cut.Q. What is National Anti-Profiteering Authority ?A. The National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA) has been constituted under S... Read More...

  Sep 10, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news?A.  Election Commission (EC) officials are exploring the potential of using blockchain technology to enable remote voting. The aim is to overcome the geographical hurdles in voting especially even amidst this pandemic. Remote voting may take place in person somewhere other than an assigned polling station or at another time, or votes may be sent by post or cast by an appointed proxy.Q. What is Blockchain Technology? Read More...

  Sep 10, 2020   Polity

Que. 1. Growing feeling of regionalism is an important factor in the generation of demand for a separate state. Discuss. (UPSC - 2013) [150 Words] Ans.: Regionalism is the expression of a common sense of identity and purpose by people within a specific geographical region, united by its unique language, culture, language, etc. In the negative sense, it implies excessive attachment to one’s region and a sense of discrimination and disliking for those who are considered outsiders. Therefore, it is a great threat to the unity and integrity of the country. Demand for separate state arises when a regional c... Read More...

  Sep 10, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Que. 1. ‘Globalization is generally said to promote cultural homogenization but due to this cultural specificities appear to be strengthened in the Indian Society. Elucidate. (UPSC - 2018) [150 Words] Ans. Globalization can be defined as increasing global interconnectedness. It is a process which tends to interconnect different parts of the world. This interconnectedness is primarily an exchange of social, economic, political, cultural and technological attributes.   Globalization is promoting cultural homogenization i.e reduction in cultural d... Read More...

  Sep 09, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. Why is this in news?A. UN Report on the Impact of Covid-19 on Children released recently says almost 24 million children could drop out or not have access to school next year due to the economic impact of Covid-19.Q. What are few main findings of report?A.  It talks about impact of Covid-19 on children : Impact: The Covid-19 pandemic will impact the ch... Read More...

  Sep 09, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A. Recently this  13th edition of Global Innovation Index released where India climbed 4 spots. Q. What is this index?A. The Global Innovation Index (GII) is an annual ranking of countries by their capacity for, and success in, innovation. The index is a leading reference for measuring an economy’s innovation performance.Q. Which is the organisation behind its ... Read More...

  Sep 09, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news ?A. The Supreme Court allowed telecom companies 10 years’ time to pay their adjusted gross revenue (AGR) dues to the government while the government had proposed in court a 20 ­year “formula” for tele-companies to make staggered payments of the dues.Q. What is AGR issue?▪ The telecom sector was liberalised under the National Telecom Policy, 1994 after which licenses were issued to companies in return for a fix... Read More...

  Sep 08, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A. Green Term Ahead Market (GTAM) in electricity is launched recently as a first step towards greening the Indian short term power market.Q. What is GTAM?A. It is an alternative new model introduced for selling off the power by the renewable developers in the open market without getting into long term Power Purchased Agreements (PPAs)Q. What are its key features? Read More...

  Sep 08, 2020   Science and Technology

Que. 1. Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on women in India. (UPSC - 2015) [150 Words] Ans. Globalisation aims for the establishment of a borderless world. It means growing interconnectedness in world. Globalisation like other sectors has had social, political, economic and cultural impact on the lines of women in India and the world both positively and negatively. Effects of globalization on women in India:  Positive Impacts  Social sphere : Globalisation has pos... Read More...

  Sep 08, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. Why is this in news?A. A recent study suggests that the “Wolbachia method” could be used to significantly reduce the incidence of dengue fever, a mosquito-borne disease, in populations where the illness is endemic.Q. How it works?This method involves introducing Wolbachia, a type of bacteria, into populations of Aedes aegypti, the mosquito species responsible for spreading dengue. Read More...

  Sep 07, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news recently ?A. Congress chief whip in the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly has moved the Supreme Court against a State High Court direction to the Speaker to maintain status quo in the disqualification proceedings initiated against ousted MLAs under the anti-defection law.Q. What is a whip?A whip is an official of a political party who acts as the party’s ‘enforcer’ inside the legislative assembly or house of parliament. Read More...

  Sep 07, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?A. The Supreme Court has agreed to examine the constitutional validity of the Kerala Animals and Birds Sacrifices Prohibition Act of 1968 that prohibits sacrifice of animals and birds in temples to ‘please’ the deity.Q. What’s the issue and appellant stand?An appeal is filed in the Supreme Court by P.E. Gopalakrishnan and others who are Shakthi worshippers, and for whom, animal sacrifice is an integral part of the worship. Read More...

  Sep 07, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news?In the joint working group meeting of the Sustainable Growth Pillar of the India-US partnership, an India Energy Modeling Forum was launched. The forum would include knowledge partners, data agencies and concerned government ministries.NITI Aayog will initially coordinate the activities of the forum and finalizing its governing structure.Sustainable Growth Pillar is an important pillar of India-US Strategic Energy Partnership co-chaired by NITI Aayog and United St... Read More...

  Sep 07, 2020   International Relations

Que. 1. Critically examine the effects of globalization on the aged population in India.  (UPSC - 2013) [150 Words] Ans. Globalization is growing interdependence of the world’s economies, cultures, and populations, brought about by cross-border trade in goods and services, technology, and flows of investment, people, and information. Globalization along with industrialisation, urbanization and technological changes has affected all segments of population including aged persons everywhere.  Positive Impacts of globalization on age... Read More...

  Sep 07, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. What is the news?A. Africa has been declared free from wild polio by the independent body, the Africa Regional Certification Commission. Now only the vaccine-derived polio virus remains in Africa.Q. When a country is certified as free of wild polio?A. A region is certified as free of wild polio after three years have passed without the virus being detected in any of its countries.Nigeria is the last African country to... Read More...

  Sep 05, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. What is the news?A. At least six papers published in reputable journals — Cell, Nature, Science, and Science Immunology — have found that 20­50% of people who have not been infected with novel coronavirus (SARSCoV­2) harbour memory T cells derived from previous exposures to common cold coronaviruses. The memory T cells were found to cross-react with SARS­CoV­2. Q. Do the presence of memory T-Cell prevent infection from novel coronavirus?A. Read More...

  Sep 05, 2020   Science and Technology

Que. 1. With a brief background of quality of urban life in India, introduce the objectives and strategy of the ‘Smart City Programme.” (UPSC - 2016) [150 Words] Ans. According to Census 2011, nearly 31% of total population reside in urban area, which is expected to rise around 50% by 2030. Quality of life in urban areas are too diverse for instance on one hand we have planned development like Chandigarh on the other slums like Dharavi lying in heart of Mumbai. Their challenges are also too diverse for ex. Delhi is grappling with issue of pollution, Mumbai and Chennai with floods every mon... Read More...

  Sep 05, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. Why is this in news?A.  Tata Group is planning to launch an all-in-one super app by the end of this year or early next year. The omnichannel digital platform, expected to bring together all the consumer-facing businesses of the group, is likely to be developed by the newly formed entity Tata Digital.Q. What are super apps?A. A super app is a platform developed by a company offering various services under one umbrella. For example, China’s WeChat, which started out as... Read More...

  Sep 04, 2020   Science and Technology