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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

What?WTO members seek limits on fishery subsidies given by its members. They decided at the eleventh Ministerial meeting of the WTO in Argentina in December 2017, members will try to implement an agreement on fishery subsidies by the Twelfth Ministerial Conference (MC12) which is scheduled in June 2020 in Kazakhstan.Why?Its objective is   to prevent over-fishing and curbing illegal and unregulated fishing with the overall objective of preserving marine and coastal eco-systems.  Read More...

  Jun 23, 2020   Economy

How do you contextualise the issue of the relationship of India with Middle east that PM Modi fashioned?For a long time, India’s relationship with its extended neighbourhood in the Persian Gulf was characterised very simply by energy imports and migration outflows. Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister of India in May 2014 and has since built a deeper relationship with the Gulf through careful enhancement of diplomatic ties. It has paid off — India is economically and strategically better placed now, so much so that Muslim Gulf states had a largely muted reaction to India’s removal ... Read More...

  Jun 23, 2020   International Relations

Justice. Sharad Arvind Bobde was appointed by the President of India as the Chief Justice of India under Art.124. What does Art.124 say?Article 124(2) in The Constitution Of India 1950(2) Every Judge of the Supreme Court shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal after consultation with such of the Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Courts in the States as the President may deem necessary for the purpose and shall hold office until he attains the age of sixty-five years: Provided tha... Read More...

  Jun 23, 2020   Polity

What is the Definition?Noise pollution is generally defined as regular exposure to elevated sound levels that may lead to adverse effects in humans or other living organisms. According to the World Health Organization, sound levels less than 70 dB are not damaging to living organisms, regardless of how long or consistent the exposure is.What are the sources and effects? Read More...

  Jun 23, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is the issue?WTO decided to establish a dispute settlement panel to decide on a disagreement over India’s decision to impose higher tariffs on 28 US products.Why did it come up?United States in 2018 imposed a global additional tariff of 25% and 10% on import of steel and aluminium products, respectively in the name of national security. India had levied higher duties on US goods in 2019 including apples, walnuts, chickpeas, lentils, boric acid and diagnostic reagents. India did so after deferring them f... Read More...

  Jun 22, 2020   Economy

What is the context? Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping met in the ancient coastal town of Mamallapuram or Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu for a second Informal Summit.The two countries convened their first Informal Summit in central China’s Wuhan in April 2018, where they exchanged views on issues of global and bilateral significance. Read More...

  Jun 22, 2020   International Relations

Whis is Balwant Singh Rajoana in news?Balwant Singh Rajoana was given death sentence for assassinating former Punjab chief minister Beant Singh. He had not moved a mercy petition seeking clemency from the President of India. Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee (SGPC) sought mercy for him without his approval.Rajoana was to be hanged on 31 March.   President commuted the death sentence under Article 72 of the Constitution.What does it mean?That is, he is given... Read More...

  Jun 22, 2020   Polity

China’s space program is now slated to achieve a new milestone. In July, the country will launch its first Mars mission, the ‘Tianwen-1’, which is expected to land on the Red Planet’s surface in the first quarter of 2021. The success of the mission will make China the third country to achieve a Mars landing after the USSR and the United States.The Tianwen-1, an all-in-one orbiter, lander and rover will search the Martian surface for water, ice, investigate soil characteristics, and study the atmosphere, among completing other obj... Read More...

  Jun 22, 2020   Current Affairs

For the past five days, Rajasthan, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra have been experiencing severe to very severe heatwave conditions. Heatwaves occur over India between March and June. Meteorologists declare a heatwave event when the maximum (day) temperature for a location in the plains crosses 40 degrees Celsius. Over the hills, the threshold temperature is 30 degrees Celsius. When the day temperatur... Read More...

  Jun 22, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Desert locusts normally live and breed in semi-arid/desert regions. For laying eggs, they require bare ground, which is rarely found in areas with dense vegetation. So, they are more likely to breed in Rajasthan than in the Indo-Gangetic plains or Godavari and Cauvery delta.Locusts aren’t dangerous as long as they are individual hoppers/moths or small isolated groups of insects, in what is called the “solitary phase”. It is when their population grows to large numbers – the resultant crowding induces behavioral changes and transf... Read More...

  Jun 22, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Lipulekh Pass is a high altitude mountain pass situated in the western Himalayas with an extraordinary height of 5,334 metre or 17,500 feet. It is an International mountain pass between India, China and Nepal. Protests erupted in Nepal a fortnight ago over India opened a link road to Lipulekh.Nepal claims that the Indian army has encroached 372 square kilometres towards Limpiyadhura from Kalapani since the 1962 Indo-China war. At that time, Nepal, as a friendly neighbour, granted permission to the Indian army to set up a camp in the regi... Read More...

  Jun 22, 2020   International Relations

About:The Solar Orbiter (SolO)  is a Sun-observing satellite, developed by the Read More...

  Jun 22, 2020   Geography

IntroductionThere are four distinct sub-populations of leopards in India with high genetic variations — leopards of the Western Ghats, the Deccan Plateau semi-arid region, the Shivalik mountains, and the Terai region in North India. They exist inside and outside forest areas close to human habitations.What are  the findings? Read More...

  Jun 21, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Introduction:A survey that assesses state-wise performance on delivery of government services to businesses and citizens.NeSDA was a key initiative announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2018 to push the government machinery towards his promise of ‘minimum government, maximum governance’. Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Polity

(Visit of Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa)Sri Lankan Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa chose India as the destination for his first trip abroad after assuming office. Rajapaksa, is on a four-day visit to India. Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa had visited New Delhi in November 2019 soon after his election.Topics discussed: Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   International Relations

Brief history of India- Myanmar relationIndia and Myanmar has relation from pre independence times. (Role of national freedom fighter). But post-independence, relationship officially got underway after the Treaty of Friendship that was signed in 1951. Relations got strained because of Military rule in getting established in Myanmar for long. Myanmar was diplomatically isolated except by china that maintained its relationship. It was the “Look east... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   International Relations

What is going in South Asian Region?South Asian region (Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and Maldives, sometimes Myanmar is also included) is today at crossroad of man regional initiatives going on by other super power. For example – BRI by china, Indo-pacific connectivity by USA. So, South Asia as a whole cannot remain isolated.Is connecting Sout As... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   International Relations

What are Black boxes in airplane?Black box is word use for Flight recorder, which is an electronic device that records the activities in airplane. Depending upon its location it can be of two types-Flight data recorder (FDR) that stores the recent history of the flight by recording of dozens of parameters collected several times per second. Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Current Affairs

Why is it in the news?The 2nd Advance Estimates of Production of Major Crops for 2019-20 have been released by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW). The cumulative rainfall in the country during the monsoon season (June to September 2019) has been 10% higher than the Long Period Average (LPA). Accordingly, the production of most of the crops for the agricultural year 2019-20 has been estimated higher than their normal production. Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Economy

What are various mechanisms proposed by PM to SAARC countries to deal with COVID-19?In the spirit of collaboration, the PM proposed creation of a COVID-19 Emergency Fund based on voluntary contributions from all the countries, with India making an initial offer of US $10 million for the fund. The fund can be used by any of the partner countries to meet the cost of immediate actio... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2020   Health