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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

As warm water flows northwards in the Atlantic, it cools, while evaporation increases its salt content. Low temperature and a high salt content raise the density of the water, causing it to sink deep into the ocean. The cold, dense water deep below slowly spreads southward eventually, it gets pulled back to the surface and warms again, and the circulation is complete. This continual mixing of the oceans, and distribution of heat and energy around the plane... Read More...

  Jun 10, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

The livestock sector plays a key role in the economy and the socio economic development of the country. Its problems include diseases that cause economic losses. To face the challenge, PM Modi launched the National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP) in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh. The programme is completely funded by the Central Government and has been allotted Rs 12,652 crores for a period of five years until 2024.What is the objective?To vaccinate more than 500 Million Live... Read More...

  Jun 10, 2020   Science and Technology

The Indian equity indices crashed due to weak global cues and erased all of the gains registered on previous days despite the government continued to announce more sops to support the economy.While the fresh set of incentives for farmers, street vendors and migrant workers, among others, was announced after market hours, investor sentiment took a hit after the U.S. Federal Reserve hinted at a long period of economic weakness due to COVID-19.Also, reports of fresh clusters of COVID-19 cases ... Read More...

  Jun 10, 2020   General Category

Union Finance Minister has announced a ₹3 lakh crore collateral free loan scheme for businesses, especially micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs), as part of a ₹20 lakh crore economic stimulus package to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic.For salaried workers and taxpayers, some relief was provided in the form of an extended deadline for income tax returns for financial year 2019-20, with the due date now pushed to November 30, 2020. The rates of tax deduction at source (TDS) an... Read More...

  Jun 10, 2020   Economy

India is among 88 countries that are likely to miss global nutrition targets by 2025, according to the Global Nutrition Report 2020 released recently. It also identified India as a country with the highest rates of domestic inequalities in malnutrition.In 2012, the World Health Assembly identified six nutrition targets for maternal, infant and young child nutrition to be met by 2025. These require governments t... Read More...

  Jun 10, 2020   General Category

India is set to take over as the next Chairperson of the World Health Organization’s decision-making executive body in May.India is now faced with a major choice on whether to support a U.S. move to reinstate Taiwan’s observer status at the World Health Assembly (WHA) or to agree to China’s opposition to it.As tensions between the U.S. and China rise over the novel coronavirus pandemic, this has come as a diplomatic dilemma for India. Read More...

  Jun 10, 2020   International Relations

What was the fiscal stimulus package on September 20th?President of India promulgated the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Ordinance 2019 to make certain amendments in the Income-tax Act 1961 and the Finance Act 2019 which are:A new provision has been inserted in the Income-tax Act with effect from FY 2019-20 which allows any domestic company an option to pay income-tax at the rate of 22% subject to condition that they will not avail any exemption/incentive. The effective tax rat... Read More...

  Jun 09, 2020   Economy

Why is soil erosion worrisome?Soil erosion, which involves disaggregation and displacement of soil, leads to decrease in its organic content and eventually its fertility. Soil supports plants, insects and microbial life and is formed by natural forces over a long period of time. If it is eroded, it can be disastrous in multiple ways: threat to food security and biodiversity; floods will worsen etc.How does soil absorb carbon?  Read More...

  Jun 09, 2020   Science and Technology

How do we propose to achieve the target?The 20th India—Russia Annual Summit was held in Vladivostok. in September 2019. To bring it to $30 billion by 2025, they agreed to more actively Engage the impressive resource and human resources potential of India and Russia, Enhance industrial cooperation, Create new technological... Read More...

  Jun 09, 2020   Economy

How does it impact India?The US has called off peace talks with the Taliban, the Afghanistan-based terror group, bringing relief to India and Afghanistan, as the talks would have led to US troops leaving the country after 18 years. What were the supposed  terms of the US-Taliban deal? • The US was to withdraw 5,400 troops from five bases that it controls in Afghanistan within 20 we... Read More...

  Jun 09, 2020   International Relations

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  Jun 09, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Poshan Abhiyaan was launched in 2018 by the Prime Minister in Jhunjhunu and is a flagship program of the Ministry of Women and Child Development Government of India.Why do we need this scheme?India faces an acute problem of malnutrition. According to National Family Health Survey-4 (NFHS-4), 38.% of India’s children aged less than 5 years are stunted (less height for their age), 21% are wasted (less weight for their height) and... Read More...

  Jun 09, 2020   Science and Technology

Why was the FIDF set up?The government approved Rs 7,500 crore fund for creating infrastructure facilities in fisheries and aqua­culture sector to help boost annual fish production to 20 million tonnes by 2022­-23 and generate over 9.40 lakh employment opportunities. Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF) has contributions from National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), National Cooperatives Development Corporation (NCDC) and sched... Read More...

  Jun 08, 2020   Economy

How many members are there in the United Nations Security Council?A total of 15 UN member states serve on the UNSC.How many are permanent members?The permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (also known as the Permanent Five, Big Five, or P5) are the five states which the UN Charter of 1945 grants a permanent seat on the UN Security Council: China (it replaced Taiwan in 1971), Franc... Read More...

  Jun 08, 2020   International Relations

The sixth edition of The Ziro Butterfly Meet was held recently at Sabansari district in Arunachal Pradesh.The four-day event featured workshops on butterfly watching, butterfly photography, and the significance of butterflies in the ecosystem for students and local attendees.The first Ziro Butterfly Meet, held in 2013, had drawn the attention of butterfly enthusiasts all over the world when the rare and elusive Kaiser-e-Hind was photographed live for the first time in India. The sixth meet resulted ... Read More...

  Jun 08, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) is asking handset makers who are manufacturing in India to provide the unique identification numbers of their devices to the government within the next two months, citing security imperatives.Govt has asked device makers to share IMEI numbers within two months. The move is likely to help curb increasing mobile crimes in the country.What is an IMEI?The International Mo... Read More...

  Jun 08, 2020   Science and Technology

Supreme Court, NGOs and RTIWhat was the Supreme Court ruling about NGOs being a public authority?Supreme  court said that Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) receiving substantial financing from the government are bound to give information to the public under the Right to Information (RTI) Act because they are a public authority under the provisions of the Act .Institutions like schools, colleges and hospitals which receive substantial aid from the government b... Read More...

  Jun 08, 2020   Polity

On March 28, the Prime Minister’s Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations Fund, or the PM CARES Fund, was set up to tackle distress situations such as that posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. In one-and- a-half months, the fund has raked in thousands of crores worth of donations including unlimited tax-free contributions from major corporates.The fund receives voluntary contributions from individuals and organisations and does not get any budgetary support.  Read More...

  Jun 08, 2020   Economy

India is expected to emerge as one of the main exporters of masks with the habit of its wearing catching up on people worldwide in the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic.As per a Chennai-based biotech firm, the demand for masks in Europe is expected to be in the order of millions. It is said that more than 150 million pieces are needed a month in each European country, including different models of masks.Each buyer d... Read More...

  Jun 08, 2020   Health

The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has recommended that the government issue guidelines directing direct workers to rejoin duty. Those failing to report for work must be made liable for action under the Employment Standing Order Act and the Industrial Dispute Act.It added that States needed to put the revision of minimum wages on hold for at least one year and that normal working hours of employees across sectors are increased by allowing four hours overtime per day.  Read More...

  Jun 08, 2020   Economy