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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. What is this debate now ?The government’s push to reform India’s agriculture sector has divided opinions and triggered a debate about the state of Indian agriculture. In the context of this debate, two long-standing characteristics of Indian agriculture are noteworthy.One, Indian agriculture is highly unremunerative. Two, it has been heavily regulated by the government and protected from the free play of market forces.According to the government, the new Bills passed by Parliament attempt to make it easier for farmers to sell... Read More...

  Oct 01, 2020   Economy

Q. Why in News?A. Recently, an investigation by the global watchdog Rainforest Action Network (RAN) has shown that various food, cosmetics and finance companies have links with companies implicated in the destruction of the Leuser Ecosystem, a forest area on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia,Q. What is Leuser Ecosystem ?A. Leuser Ecosystem i... Read More...

  Oct 01, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is it in News ? A. NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has announced the commencement of solar cycle 25.Q. What is the Solar Cycle? Like seasons on Earth, the Sun follows a cycle of 11 years, during which solar activities fluctuate between solar minima and maxima.Depending on the number of sunspots detected on the Sun, scientists term it is as solar maxima (highest number of sunspots) or solar minima (lowest numbe... Read More...

  Sep 30, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is it in News ?A. While extending support to the move for salary-cut, most Members of Parliament have demanded that the MPLADS funds, meant for development work in constituencies, be restored immediately.Q. What is the MPLAD scheme?The Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) is a programme first launched during the Narasimha Rao Government in 1993.It was aimed towards providing funds for developmental works recommended by individual MPs. Read More...

  Sep 30, 2020   Polity

Que. What are the challenges facing the United Nations in the 75th year of its existence? Read More...

  Sep 29, 2020   International Relations

Q. Why is this in news?A. The court has also asked India not to pursue the tax demand any more against Vodafone Group.In a unanimous decision, the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague on Friday ruled that India’s retrospective demand of Rs 22,100 crore as capital gains and withholding tax imposed on the British telecommunication company for a 2007 deal was “in breach of the guarantee of fair and equitable treatment”.The court has also asked India not to pursue the tax demand any more agains... Read More...

  Sep 29, 2020   Economy

Q. What is this new research?While wildfires are typical in both California and parts of Australia in the summer months, the intensity and scale of wildfires that these areas have seen in recent years has raised some concerns among scientists about the linkages between human-induced climate change and fire risk.In an updated review of scientific articles that try to establish a link between climate change and fire risk published since January 2020, scientists note that human-induced climate change promotes the conditions on which wildfires depend, enhancing their likelih... Read More...

  Sep 29, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why in news ?The Indian Navy recently announced selection of two women officers as Observers in the helicopter stream, making them first women airborne combatants who would be operating from warships. In another significant development in March, the Supreme Court had upheld that the women Short Service Commission officers in the Navy were eligible for Permanent Commission. The Navy had also inducted the first woman pilot in December last year.Q. What is status of Women in Indian Navy? Read More...

  Sep 28, 2020   Security and Disaster Management

To understand how we communicate or send messages today via the Internet across continents – and then how this communication is disrupted – we first need to understand the fundamental nature of electrical force.Q. What is Electrons in communication?All matter consists of many, many electrons. Like the other Lego bricks, electrons have a property called mass, which indicates how strongly the gravitational force acts on them, and is therefore directly related to their weight.Another property of electrons called electric charge indic... Read More...

  Sep 28, 2020   Science and Technology

NHAI's InvIT will be a Trust established by NHAI under the Indian Trust Act, 1882 and SEBI regulations. The InvIT Trust will be formed the objective of investment primarily in infrastructure projects.Union Cabinet had approved the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) setting up Infrastructure Investment Trust(s) (InvIT) in December 2019, the company has recently started meeting investor groups, as it prepares to come up with its InvIT issue.The issue will enable NHAI to monetise its completed National Highways that have a toll collection track record of at least one year. The ... Read More...

  Sep 26, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?Eight Rajya Sabha MPs were suspended on September 21 for unruly behavior in the House. The Chairman of Rajya Sabha is empowered under Rule Number 255 to "direct any Member whose conduct is in his opinion grossly disorderly to withdraw immediately" from the House.Q. What is the reason for suspending an MP?The general principle is that it is the role and duty of the Presiding Officer Speaker of Lok Sabha and Chairman of Rajya Sabha to maintain order so that the House can function smoothly... Read More...

  Sep 26, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?Feluda test which uses indigenously developed CRISPR gene-editing technology to identify and target the genetic material of SARS-CoV2, the virus that causes Covid-19.An accurate and low-cost paper-based test strip to detect Covid-19 in less than 30 minutes has been approved for commercial launch by the Drugs Controller General of India. Developed by a research team led by of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and Tata Group. Q. What is the new Feluda Covid-19 test? Read More...

  Sep 25, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. What are FinCEN Files?The FinCEN Files refer to a set of over 2,100 “Suspicious Activity Reports” (SARs) filed by banks with the United States Department of the Treasury’s Financial Crime Enforcement Network, the agency that serves as the leading global regulator in the battle against money laundering.The files identify at least $2 trillion in transactions between 1999 and 2017 flagged as possible evidence of money laundering or other criminal activity by compliance officers of banks and financial institutions.Q... Read More...

  Sep 25, 2020   Science and Technology

Que. Is federalism in India under strain due to the economic challenges caused by the pandemic? Read More...

  Sep 24, 2020   Economy

Context:The Supreme Court has asked the Chief Justices of High Courts to head Special Benches and immediately hear long-pending criminal cases against sitting and former legislators.Over 4,400 criminal trials have been held up, some for decades, because the powerful MPs and MLAs had approached the High Courts and got an interim stay. Some date back nearly 40 years. Most are stuck at the stage of framing of criminal charges. There are over 2,500 criminal cases against sitting legislators alone.The Supreme Court asked the Chief Justices to lis... Read More...

  Sep 24, 2020   Polity

Background :DR REDDY’S Laboratories (DRL) announced on Wednesday that it will distribute 100 million (10 crore) doses of Russia’s Sputnik V Covid-19 vaccine in India after conducting final-stage human trials and receiving regulatory clearances here.  Should India’s top drug regulatory body sign off on phase 3 trials in the country, Sputnik V will replace Serum Institute of India’s (SII’s) ‘Covishield’ as the front runner in the race to produce a Covid-19 vaccine for India.Q. What is Sputnik V? Read More...

  Sep 24, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why in news ?A. A motion for breach of privilege was moved in the Maharashtra Assembly against a news channel’s editor-in-chief. A similar motion was moved in the Maharashtra Legislative Council against an actor.Q. What are Parliamentary privileges?Parliamentary privilege refers to the right and immunity enjoyed by legislatures, in which legislators are granted protection against civil or crim... Read More...

  Sep 23, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news ?A. An international team of astronomers led by Jane S. Greaves of Cardiff University and University of Cambridge, U.K., has announced the discovery of traces of a molecule known as phosphine on Venus. This has caused great excitement because, given the chemical and geological composition of Venus, this can imply the existence of life forms that release this substance through bio-chemical pathways.Q. Have astronomers found definit... Read More...

  Sep 23, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why in News ? A. The Singapore Convention on Mediation has finally come into force.Q. What is Singapore Convention?It is aimed to provide a more effective way of enforcing mediated settlements of corporate disputes involving businesses in India and other countries that are signatories to the Convention.Also known as the UN Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation, this is also the first UN ... Read More...

  Sep 22, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why in News?A. Finance Minister has tabled the first batch of Supplementary Demands for Grants for this financial year in the Lok Sabha.Q. What is Supplementary Demand for Grants ? Article 115 of the constitution provides for Supplementary, additional or excess grants. (Note: Article 116 provides for Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants.)They are additional grants which are required to meet the expenditure of the government Read More...

  Sep 22, 2020   Current Affairs