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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in News?A. According to the latest census report prepared by the Madhya Pradesh forest department, the number of dolphins in Chambal River has been reduced by 13% in 4 years.There are just 68 dolphins left in the 435-kilometre-long Chambal river sanctuary which passes through three states i.e. Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. Gangetic Dolphins are the sanctuary’s main attraction. The decreasing trend is continuing from 2016 when there were 78 dolphins. Read More...

  Aug 04, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Recently, Vikas Dubey, a gangster was killed by the Uttar Pradesh Police in an encounter (extra-judicial killing). However, many experts raised questions on the encounter and demanded a judicial enquiry into the matter.Q. What are rights of police in this regard? The police force has the right to injure or kill the criminal, for the sole and only purpose of self-defense or where it is imminently necessary for the maintenance of peace and order.Under Section-96 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), every human being has the right to pri... Read More...

  Aug 04, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is it in News?A. Recently, the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has criticised the Rajasthan government for its new guidelines on elementary education.Rajasthan’s Department of School Education issued guidelines stating that admissions to private schools under the RTE Act, 2009 for the 2020-21 academic year would take place only from class 1 or above, excluding pre-schoolers (children in the nursery).The guidelines recommend the age of admission to be “5 years or above but less than 7 yea... Read More...

  Aug 04, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?The Ministry of Commerce and Industry is considering replacing the Multimodal Transportation of Goods Act, 1993 (MMTG) with a National Logistics Efficiency and Advancement Predictability and Safety Act (NLEAPS).MMTG provides for the regulation of multimodal transportation of goods from any place in India to any place outside India. Multimodal transportation refers to a combination of more than one mode of movement, such as rail, road or sea, for end-to-end delivery of goods. It was introduced to facilitate the exporters and give them a sense of security in transporting their goods. Read More...

  Aug 04, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news?Rajya Sabha member has filed a petition with the Chairman of the House seeking to initiate breach of privileges and contempt proceedings against the Chief Minister of Kerala after the Kerala Assembly passed a resolution against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act.Q. What are Parliamentary privileges?Parliamentary privileges are certain rights and immunities enjoyed by members ofParliament, individually and collectively, so that they can “effectively discharge their functions”. Read More...

  Aug 04, 2020   Polity

Why in news?In its boldest gambit yet to stir up the economy, the government in October, 2019, issued an ordinance to reduce the corporate tax rate for domestic firms and new manufacturing units by 10 to 12 percentage points, effectively bringing India’s tax rates on par with its competing Asian peers. Taxation Laws (Amendment) Act, 2019 replaces the ordinance. This move can be seen in the context of PM’s Independence Day speech, wherein he emphasized on respecting the “Wealth creators” in a country. However, of recent govt.... Read More...

  Aug 01, 2020   Economy

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval for creation of special Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF). What is FIDF?It is an estimated fund size of Rs.7,522 crore, comprising Rs.5,266.40 crore to be raised by the Nodal Loaning Entities (NLEs), Rs. 1,316.6 crore beneficiaries contribution and Rs.939.48 crore budgetary support from the Government of India. What is the aim of FIDF? Read More...

  Aug 01, 2020   Economy

Who is a Fugitive Economic Offender (FEO)?A fugitive economic offender has been defined as a person against whom an arrest warrant has been issued for committing an offence listed in the schedule of the Bill, and the value of the offence is at least Rs 100 crore, and who (i) has left India so as to avoid criminal prosecution; or (ii) being abroad, refuses to return to India to face criminal prosecution”. What is the objective of the Act?The FEO Act aims “to provide for measures to deter fugitive economic offenders f... Read More...

  Aug 01, 2020   Economy

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy released a scheme to support the promotion of biomass based cogeneration in sugar mills, and other industries.What is cogeneration?Cogeneration means generating both electricity and useful heat at the same time, therefore utilising the available energy in more than one form. What is the duration and financial outlay for the policy?The total central financial assistance towards the scheme will be Rs 170 crore for the period Read More...

  Aug 01, 2020   Economy

Why in news?In September 2018, the Supreme Court allowed live streaming of certain cases of constitutional or national importance. The Court formulated certain model guidelines for the live-stream. What kind of cases can be live streamed according to the guidelines?-Only a specified category of cases or cases of constitutional and national importance being argued for final hearing before the Constitution Bench may be live streamed as a pilot project.-Sensitive cases li... Read More...

  Aug 01, 2020   Polity

Q. What is Equalisation levy?A. Equalisation levy at 6% has been in force since 2016 on payment exceeding Rs 1 lakh a year to a non-resident service provider for online advertisements. The amendments to the Finance Act, 2020 had expanded the ambit of the equalisation levy for non-resident e-commerce operators involved in supply of services, including online sale of goods and provision of services, with the levy at the rate of 2% effective April 1, 2020. The tax applies on e-commerce transactions on websites such as Amazon. Read More...

  Aug 01, 2020   Economy

U.S. officially notified the United Nations of its intention to withdraw membership from the World Health Organization.Q. Why this decision?A. US president Mr. Trump alleged WHO on delay in reporting COVID-19 and alleged that it was very “China centric” in its approach.Q. When was WHO formed?WHO came into existence on 7 April, 1948 – a date which is now celebrated every year as World Health Day. Read More...

  Aug 01, 2020   International Relations

It is in news due to Atal Bhu Jal scheme. In order to comply with various directions of the Hon’ble NGT and to address various shortcomings in the existing guidelines of ground water extraction, the Central Ground Water Authority, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation on 12th December 2018 notified revised guidelines for ground water extraction vide notification which will be effective from 1st June 2019. The revised guidelines aim to ensure a more robust groundwater regulatory mechanism in the country.  What does the guideline prescribe... Read More...

  Jul 31, 2020   Economy

Why in news?The Union Minister for Human Resource Development, Shri  Prakash Javadekar launched the ‘Samagra Shiksha’ - an integrated Scheme for school education extending support to States from pre-school to senior secondary levels for the first time.What is the scheme all about?‘Samagra Shiksha’ is an overarching programme for school education extending from Primary till class 12. The programme was introduced in the Union Budget 2018-19 with the aim to treat s... Read More...

  Jul 31, 2020   Polity

Q. What is the issue?A. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has announced a reduction in the curriculum for the year 2020-2021 for Classes IX to XII.The reductions and deletions suggested by the CBSE violates the cohesiveness and holistic nature of the planned curriculum.Q. What is the decision taken?The CBSE syllabus for classes 9 to 12 has been reduced by 30%. However, core concepts is said to be retained. Read More...

  Jul 31, 2020   Current Affairs

Rewa Solar Project is recently inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, it is Asia’s largest 750 MW solar power project. It is located at Rewa in Madhya Pradesh.The Solar Park was developed by the Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Limited (RUMSL), a Joint Venture Company of Madhya Pradesh UrjaVikas Nigam Limited (MPUVN), and Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI), a Central Public Sector Undertaking.Q. What is its significance?The Rewa Project has been acknowledged in India and abroad for its robu... Read More...

  Jul 31, 2020   Science and Technology

Why in news?The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved National Mineral Policy 2019. Why the need for new policy (replacing NMP, 2008)?National Mineral Policy 2019 replaces the extant National Mineral Policy 2008 ("NMP 2008") which was announced in the year 2008. The impetus to review NMP 2008 came about by way of a direction from the Supreme Court judgment dated 02.08.2017 (Common Cause v/s Union of India & Others).In ... Read More...

  Jul 30, 2020   Economy

Why in news?German pharma company Bayer is facing thousands of lawsuits over one of its products. A Reuters report said 42,700 plaintiffs in the US are blaming Bayer’s herbicides for their cancer, up from 18,400 plaintiffs in July this year.In August, a jury in California said that Monsanto (the company which Bayer acquired in 2018), should have warned of the alleged cancer risks. Bayer is claiming, however, that it has strong support from US farmers who want the company to keep the product. What are thes... Read More...

  Jul 30, 2020   Science and Technology

What Measures are taken by Government in recent years to prevent Crime against Women?The Criminal Law (Amendment), Act 2013 was enacted for effective deterrence against sexual offences. Further, the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018 was enacted to prescribe even more stringent penal provisions including death penalty for rape of a girl below the age of 12 years. The Act also inter-alia mandates completion of investigation and trials within 2 months each.Emergency Response Support System provides a pan-India, single, internationally recognized number (112) ba... Read More...

  Jul 30, 2020   Polity

Q. What is a fiscal council?A. Fiscal councils are independent public institutions aimed at strengthening commitments to sustainable public finances through various functions, including public assessments of fiscal plans and performance, and the evaluation or provision of macroeconomic and budgetary forecasts.Fiscal councils are now part of the institutional fiscal apparatus of over 50 countries, including several emerging and developing economies.Q. What is its composition and how should they function? (Recomme... Read More...

  Jul 30, 2020   Economy