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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Microwaves are a form of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths ranging from one meter to one millimeter; with frequencies between 300 MHz (100 cm) and 300 GHz (0.1 cm). The prefix micro- in microwave is not meant to suggest a wavelength in the micrometer range. It indicates that microwaves are "small", compared to the radio waves used prior to microwave technology, in that they have shorter wavelengths. The boundaries between far infrared, terahertz radiation, microwaves, and ultra-high-frequency radio waves are fairly arbitrary and are used variously between different fields of study. Microwaves travel by line-of-sight; unlike lower fr... Read More...

  Mar 09, 2018   General Category

Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), announced the Cyber Surakshit Bharat initiative in association with National e-Governance Division (NeGD) and industry partners. It has been conceptualized with the mission to spread awareness about cybercrime and building capacity for safety measures for Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) and frontline IT staff across all government departments. Cyber Surakshit Bharat will be operated on the three principles of Awareness, Education and Enablement. It will include an awareness program on the importance of cybersecurity; a series of workshops on best practices and enablement of the officia... Read More...

  Mar 08, 2018   General Category

The Government of India has launched the Sovereign Gold Bonds Scheme. Investors will get returns that are linked to gold price, the scheme offers the same benefits as physical gold. They can be used as collateral for loans and can be sold or traded on stock exchanges.   BENEFITS The Sovereign Gold Bonds will be available both in demat and paper form. The tenor of the bond is for a minimum of 8 years with option to exit in 5th, 6th and 7th years. They will carry sovereign guarantee both on the cap... Read More...

  Mar 07, 2018   General Category

A U.S. space startup has become the first ever private company to successfully send satellites into orbit without the help of a government agency. The launch has paved the way for a “new era” of commercial access to space. Rocket Lab is headquartered in Los Angeles. It deployed three satellites on only the second test launch of its Electron orbital launch vehicle, Still Testing. As more private companies enter the space industry, the cost of rocket launches and sending satellites into orbit will be drastically reduced. Other private space firms include Elon Musk’s SpaceX, Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic, and Blue Origin, headed by Amazon founder Jeff B... Read More...

  Mar 06, 2018   General Category

Schemes for Minorities   •             Nai Manzil Scheme is an integrated Education and Livelihood Initiative for the Minority Communities. The scheme aims to benefit the minority youths who are school-dropouts or educated in the community education institutions like Madrasas, by providing them an integral input of formal education (up till Class VIII or X) and skill training along with certification. This will enable them to seek better employment in the organised sector and equipping them with better lives. The scheme covers the entire country. •... Read More...

  Mar 04, 2018   General Category

What is 'fusion' exactly? Fusion occurs when two light atoms bond together, or fuse, to make a heavier one. The total mass of the new atom is less than that of the two that formed it; the "missing" mass is given off as energy, as described by Albert Einstein's famous E=mc2 equation. There are several "recipes" for cooking up fusion, which rely on different atomic combinations. The most promising combination for power on Earth today is the fusion of a deuterium atom with a tritium one. The process, which requires temperatures of approximately 72 million degrees Fahrenheit (39 million degrees Celsius)... Read More...

  Mar 01, 2018   General Category

Sovereign Gold Bonds 2017-18 – Series-III Government of India will issue Sovereign Gold Bonds 2017-18 – Series-III. The Bonds will be sold through banks, Stock Holding Corporation of India Limited (SHCIL), designated post offices and recognised stock exchanges viz., National Stock Exchange of India Limited and Bombay Stock Exchange. Issuance: To be issued by Reserve Bank India on behalf of the Government of India. Eligibility: The Bonds will be restricted for sale to resident Indian entities including individuals, HUFs, Trust... Read More...

  Feb 29, 2018   General Category

Removing harmful drugs from wastewater Hospital wastewater includes drugs which are a major environmental problem. Wastewater may include cytostatic drugs such as cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide used for cancer treatment. The presence of such drugs in hospital waste not only pollutes environment but can also harm human health as these drugs often don’t break up easily. The cytostatic drugs are known to cause severe and irreversible damages to human body. The concentration of these drugs is high in the wastewaters of hospitals specializing in cancer treatment. A group of researchers from Belgium and India have developed ... Read More...

  Feb 27, 2018   General Category

Geo Tagging It is the process of adding geographical identification like latitude and longitude to various media such as a photo or video.  Geotagging can help users find a wide variety of location-specific information from a device. It provides users the location of the content of a given picture. Geomapping is a visual representation of the geographical location of geotagged assets layered on top of map or satellite imagery ... Read More...

  Feb 25, 2018   General Category

National Rural Drinking Water Programme Recently, the Union Cabinet has accorded its approval for continuation and restructuring of National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP). The revamping is aimed to make it outcome-based, competitive and better monitored with increased focus on sustainability (functionality) of schemes to ensure good quality service delivery to the rural population. Restructuring A sum of Rs. 23,050 crore has been approved for the programme for the Fourteenth Finance Commission (FFC) period 2017-18 to 2019-20. ... Read More...

  Feb 24, 2018   General Category

ASTROSAT Recently AstroSat, India's multi-wavelength space telescope, had measured the X-ray polarisation of the Crab pulsar (star) in the Taurus constellation. The telescope measured the variations of polarisation as the magnetised object (pulsar) spins 30 times per second. Taurus is the second astrological sign in the present zodiac. It spans the 30-60th degree of the zodiac. Astrosat                  Astrosat is India's first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory. It was launched on a ... Read More...

  Feb 23, 2018   General Category

Ramayana and Krishna Circuits Ramayana Circuit and Krishna Circuit are among the thirteen thematic circuits identified for development under Swadesh Darshan Scheme.  Ministry of Tourism had initially identified fifteen destinations for development under the Ramayana Circuit theme namely Ayodhya, Nandigram, Shringverpur & Chitrakoot (Uttar Pradesh), Sitamarhi, Buxar & Darbhanga (Bihar), Chitrakoot (Madhya Pradesh), Mahendragiri (Odisha), Jagdalpur (Chattisgarh), Nashik & Nagpur (Maharashtra), Bhadrachalam (Telangana), Hampi (Karnataka) and Rameshwaram (Tamil Nadu). Similarly, twelve destinations... Read More...

  Feb 22, 2018   General Category

Minister of Communications has launched a Pan India scholarship program for school children called Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana to increase the reach of Philately. Under the scheme of SPARSH (Scholarship for Promotion of Aptitude & Research in Stamps as a Hobby), it is proposed to award annual scholarships to children of Standard VI to IX having good academic record and also pursuing Philately as a hobby through a competitive selection process in all postal circles. Under the scheme, it is proposed to award 920 scholarships to students pursuing Philately as a hobby.  Every Postal Circle will select a maximum of 40 scholarships representing 10 students e... Read More...

  Feb 20, 2018   General Category

Goods and Services Tax Question 1. What is GST? How does it work? Answer: GST is one indirect tax for the whole nation, which will make India one unified common market. GST is a single tax on the supply of goods and services, right from the manufacturer to the consumer. Credits of input taxes paid at each stage will be available in the subsequent stage of value addition, which makes GST essentially a tax only on value addition at each stage. The fina... Read More...

  Feb 17, 2018   General Category

Boreal forest The boreal forest is the world's largest land-based biome. The forest spreads over several continents and covers many countries. The boreal plays a significant role in the planet's biodiversity and even its climate. Some of the important facts about the Boreal forest are as follows: Origin: The boreal forest is named after Boreas, the Greek god of the North wind. Boreal and Taiga: The biome is known as boreal in Canada, but is also known as taiga. Taiga is most commonly used to refe... Read More...

  Feb 17, 2018   General Category

National Testing Agency (NTA) The Union Cabinet has approved creation of National Testing Agency (NTA) as a Society registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act, 1860, and as an autonomous and self-sustained premier testing organization to conduct entrance examinations for higher educational institutions. Features: The NTA would initially conduct those entrance examinations which are currently being conducted by the CBSE. Other examinations will be taken up gradually after NTA is fully geared up. Read More...

  Feb 16, 2018   General Category

India Youth Development Index and Report 2017 Ministry Youth Affairs and Sports has released the India Youth Development Index and Report 2017.  The objective of constructing the India Youth Development Index (YDI) 2017 is to track the trends in Youth Development across the States. The Index enables recognizing the high and low performing states, identifies the weak domains and informs the policy makers the priority areas of intervention for youth development in the states. The Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development (RGNIYD), Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu, an Institute of National Importance has come out... Read More...

  Feb 15, 2018   General Category

System of Rice Intensification The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is a methodology aimed at increasing the yield of rice produced in farming. It is a low water, labor-intensive, method that uses younger seedlings singly spaced and typically hand weeded with special tools. It was developed in 1983 by the French Jesuit Father Henri de Laulanié in Madagascar. The central principles of SRI are: Rice field soils should be kept moist rather than continuously saturated, minimizing anaerobic conditions, as this improves root growth and supports the ... Read More...

  Feb 14, 2018   General Category

Gujarat International Finance Tec-City Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT City) is a globally bench marked International Financial Service Centre (IFSC) developed by Government of Gujarat through a joint venture Company.  It houses India's first and only International Financial Services Centre. GIFT is planned as a financial Central Business District (CBD) between Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar as a greenfield development. The city's master plan reflects a sophisticated planning approach that integrates the intended program into the existing context of both the site and the region. More particularly,... Read More...

  Feb 13, 2018   General Category

Electoral bonds Electoral Bond is a financial instrument for making donations to political parties. These are issued by Scheduled Commercial banks upon authorisation from the Central Government to intending donors, but only against cheque and digital payments (it cannot be purchased by paying cash). These bonds shall be redeemable in the designated account of a registered political party within the prescribed time limit from issuance of bond. Electoral bond was announced in the Union Budget 2017-18. The electoral bonds with a life of only 15 days can be encashed only through a designated bank account of the receiver. ... Read More...

  Feb 11, 2018   General Category