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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

What is AFRS software and its purpose?AFRS is a software that recognizes, records and matches face against various government databases from photos and videos taken from public and private sources. Its purpose is to find missing children, who may be recorded on CCTV; track criminals across a country; Currently, the leading face recognition software are:Amazon RekognitionMicrosoft Face API Read More...

  Jul 09, 2020   Science and Technology

What is 'Education Quality Upgradation and Inclusion Programme (EQUIP)' finalised and released by HRD Ministry? Mention it’s main focus areas.In accordance with the decision of the Prime Minister for finalizing a five-year vision plan for each Ministry, the Department of Higher Education of HRD Ministry has finalized and released a five-year vision plan named Education Quality Upgradation and Inclusion Programme (EQUIP). EQUIP is a vision plan aiming at ushering transformation in India’s higher education system by implementing strategic interventions in the se... Read More...

  Jul 09, 2020   Polity

What are forex reserves?Forex reserves are external assets in the form of gold, SDRs (special drawing rights of the IMF) and foreign currency assets (capital inflows to the capital markets, FDI and external commercial borrowings) accumulated by India and controlled by the Reserve Bank of India. Why are forex reserves rising despite the slowdown in the economy?The major... Read More...

  Jul 09, 2020   General Category

Why is Toll Operate Transfer (TOT) model for monetising highways amended?The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways approved certain changes in the Toll-Operate-Transfer (TOT) model for monetising National Highways.   In August 2016, the Union Cabinet had authorised the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) to monetise certain public funded National Highway projects.   The revenue generated from this monetisation would be utilised by the central government for the future development, operation, an... Read More...

  Jul 08, 2020   Economy

What is Hong Kong International Convention, 2009? Discuss the merits of India's decision of accession to the Hong Kong International Convention in 2019? The Hong Kong International Convention, 2009 is for the safe and environmentally sound recycling of ships. It has not yet entered into force. The convention has been designed to try to improve the health and safety of current ship breaking practices. The Hong Kong Convention recognised that ship recycling is the most environmentally sound way to dispose of a ship at the end of its life, as most of the ship’s materials can be reused. The Union Cabinet ha... Read More...

  Jul 08, 2020   International Relations

What is this report?Earlier the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) had assessed impact of climate change on land-based ecosystems, it has now assessed the impact that climate change is having on the world’s oceans and frozen areas (known as the cryosphere). The report portrays very murky picture of ocean and frozen areas.What is significance of ocean and cryosphere?Almost three-quarters of Earth’s surface is covered by ocean, and another 10% is covered by ice sheets and glaciers. These ecosystems are c... Read More...

  Jul 08, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Discuss the status of Acute Malnutrition in India. Malnutrition is a multi- faceted problem. The important determinants are inadequate food, level of poverty leading to low purchasing power, poor socio- economic status of women, female illiteracy, high rate of population growth and low access of population to health education, safe drinking water, environmental, sanitation, hygiene and other social services. As per the report of Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS) conducted by UNICEF during 2016-18, prevalence of severe acute malnutrition among chi... Read More...

  Jul 08, 2020   Science and Technology

Why in news?The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill 2019 has been passed by the Parliament. It was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 26th November, 2019 and already passed by the 17thLok Sabha on 5th August, 2019. What are the provisions of the bill?The Bill defines a transgender person as one whose gender does not match the gender assigned at birth.  It includes trans-men and trans-women, persons with intersex variations, gender-queers, and persons with socio-... Read More...

  Jul 08, 2020   Polity

Background of Plan?Israel and Palestine are at loggerhead since the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948. The conflict is referred as “ mother of all problems” in Arab. Today Israel and Palestine are fighting over : Mutual recognition of each other , borders recognition , security, water rights, control of Jerusalem Read More...

  Jul 08, 2020   General Category

Examine the reasons of recent Cabinet approval on organisational restructuring of Indian Railways.Currently, Railway Board consists of a Chairman and 8 members along the departmental lines. This promotes departmentalism in the railways which is a barrier to its growth.As per the decision, there would be reorganisation of Railway Board: The Railway Board will be reorganised on the basis of functional lines of Railways.  Various Group A services of Indian Railways to be unified: The eight group A services of Indian Railways,... Read More...

  Jul 07, 2020   Economy

What is the magnitude of current global refuge crisis?According to the UN, by the end of 2018, there were around 70.8 million people around the world who had left their home countries because of conflict and persecution. Of these 70.8 million, roughly 30 million are refugees. Globally, more two-thirds of all refugees come from five countries: Syria (6.7 million), Afghanistan (2.7 million), South Sudan (2.3 million), Myanmar (1.1 million), and Somalia (0.9 million).According to the UN’s Global Trends report released in June 2019 this year, there are 37,000 new displacements ... Read More...

  Jul 07, 2020   International Relations

Landslides Risk Reduction and Resilience Conference 2019. Why?Need is for developing technology to anticipate disasters like landslides and develop infrastructure to quickly respond to minimise the damage.Landslides have attracted global attention as they may cause huge havoc on communities, livestock, environment leading to huge loss of lives.On the one hand landslides effect loss of i... Read More...

  Jul 07, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is Scheme for Transformational and Advanced Research in Sciences (STARS)?National Science Day 2019 celebrated on February 28 in memory of Indian scientists and Nobel laureate Sir CV Raman saw yet another scheme launched by the Union Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry called STARS’ or Scheme for Translational and Advanced Research in Science. It is a Rs 250 crore scheme to fund science projects.STARS is taken up for promoting translational, I... Read More...

  Jul 07, 2020   Science and Technology

Why in news?The Delhi High Court had on Jan 10, 2010, ruled that the CJI’s office was under the ambit of the RTI. Independence of the judiciary was not a privilege but a responsibility cast upon the office, the High Court had ruled. The Supreme Court information officer had challenged this on the judicial side in the top court. In November 2019 supreme court’s five-judge constitution bench delivered judgment to bring CJI under ambit of RTI.What are observations of supreme court during judgement that brought CJI within definition of “public authority” under... Read More...

  Jul 07, 2020   Polity

Why in news?Recent report titled “Global Social Mobility Report 2020: Equality, Opportunity and a New Economic Imperative” by world economic Forum(WEF) has held that for India ,“It will take 7 generations for India’s poor to reach mean income”.What is Global Social Mobility Report all about? Read More...

  Jul 07, 2020   General Category

What is on tap licencing for banks? Discuss RBI guidelines for on tap licensing of small finance banks.The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has released guidelines for on tap licensing of Small Finance banks in the country.  SFB are differentiated banks setup on the recommendation of Nachiket Mor committee (2013) constituted by RBI.On tap licensing refers to the practice of granting license throughout the year on a regular basis.  Currently, there is no on tap licensing window for small finance banks.   The ... Read More...

  Jul 06, 2020   Economy

Context-The UK elections were held in December, 2019. Boris Johnson returns to Downing Street with a big majority after the Conservatives swept aside Labour in its traditional heartlands. The Conservative Party has won a big majority after sweeping aside Labour in its traditional heartlands.Prime Minister Boris Johnson and his Conservative Party have vowed that if they reclaim their majority in Parliament, they will get Brexit done by quickly passing the prime minister’s Brexit deal and moving to negotiate a free-trade agreement with the EU by the end ... Read More...

  Jul 06, 2020   International Relations

What is ISFR 2019?India State of Forest Report (ISFR) is Biennial report published by the Forest Survey of India (FSI) which has been mandated to assess the forest and tree resources of the country including wall-to-wall forest cover mapping in a biennial cycle. Starting 1987, 16 assessment have been completed so far. ISFR 2019 is the 16th report in the series.What are the major findings of the report?According to ISFR 2019 the total forest and tree cover of the country is 80.73 million hectare which is 24.56 percent of the ... Read More...

  Jul 06, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is Artificial sun of China?The HL-2M Tokamak, China’s next-generation “artificial sun” is a reactor which provides clean energy through controlled nuclear fusion. The device works by replicating the natural reactions that occur in the sun using hydrogen and deuterium gases as fuels. This device will reach temperatures over 200 million degrees Celsius. That's around 13 times hotter than the core of the Sun.What is Nuclear fusion?Nuclear fusion is a process where two light nuclei (parts of an ato... Read More...

  Jul 06, 2020   Science and Technology

Who are Anglo-Indians?The Anglo-Indian community in India traces its origins to an official policy of the British East India Company to encourage marriages of its officers with local women.The term Anglo-Indian first appeared in the Government of India Act, 1935. In the present context, Article 366(2) of the Constitution of India states, a person whose father or any of whose other male progenitors in the male line is or was of European descent but who is a native of India.What is the Anglo-Indian population? Read More...

  Jul 06, 2020   Polity