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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in news ? While the World Health Organization (WHO) cautions that there is no reason to believe that cold weather can kill the coronavirus, the jury is still out on the precise impact of temperature on the coronavirus.Experts agree, in fact, that most of the evidence for seasonal viruses indicate they are more active during the cooler months of the year. For instance, in many parts of the world, there is a winter seasonality for influenza, and in India and regions of similar climate, there is a monsoon peak and a smaller winter peak. Experts, h... Read More...

  Oct 17, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news ? “Only 6% of Indian farmers benefit from minimum support prices (MSP)”. So widely-quoted is this figure — especially in the context of the recently-passed Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act — that it has become a factoid or even truism.Q. What is the source of this claim and what is that isn’t counted? The apparent source of the 6% figure is the Shanta Kumar-headed High Level Committee on Restructuring of Food Corporation of India... Read More...

  Oct 16, 2020   Economy

Q. What is the news?India’s involvement in the Quad — the forum that also involves the US, Japan and Australia — has been criticised as a deviation from New Delhi’s traditional policy of non-alignment. Over the years, India has experimented with alliances of different kinds – during World War I, some nationalists aligned with imperial Germany to set up the first Indian government-in-exile in Kabul; during World War II, Subhas Chandra Bose joined forces with imperial Japan to set up a provisional government in Port Blair;... Read More...

  Oct 16, 2020   International Relations

Q. Why is this in news?India successfully conducted the flight test of a Supersonic Missile Assisted Release of Torpedo (SMART) system developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).Q. What is SMART system?Torpedoes, self-propelled weapons that travel underwater to hit a target, are limited by their range. In the mid-2010s, DRDO undertook a project to build capacity to launch torpedoes assisted by missiles; Monday’s was the first known flight test of the system. Read More...

  Oct 15, 2020   Science and Technology

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences decided to award one half of the 2020 Nobel Prize in physics to Roger Penrose and the other half jointly to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez for furthering the understanding of black holes, the most “enigmatic” objects in the universe.A day before three biologists shared the Nobel Prize in medicine for the discovery of the vaccine for the hepatitis C virus.Q. What are black holes?A black hole is formed when stars collapse and can be defined as a space in the universe with an escape v... Read More...

  Oct 15, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A. According to a new study, the fire regimes in the Arctic are changing rapidly, with ‘zombie fires’ becoming more frequent in addition to fires occurring in the once-frozen tundra.Q. What is Zombie Fire?It is a fire from a previous growing season that can smoulder under the ground which is made up of carbon-rich peat. When the weather warms, the fire can reignite. These are also known as holdover fires. Read More...

  Oct 14, 2020   Current Affairs

If Trump does end up withdrawing from the race, his running mate, current Vice President Mike Pence, seems to be the most likely replacement.SINCE US President Donald Trump announced that he and Melania Trump have tested positive for Covid-19, it has led to uncertainty about how the presidential election of November 3 will now play out.So, what happens if the illness forces Trump out of the race?No rules about a presidential candidate’s replacement are mentioned in the US Constitution. This is decided by the candidat... Read More...

  Oct 14, 2020   Current Affairs

Que. Do you think the recently passed three laws for agricultural reforms are related? Substantiate your view. Read More...

  Oct 14, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why in news ?The UP government wants to carry out sweeping tests on ‘all people on the accused and victim side’, as well as ‘police officers involved in the (Hathras) case and other persons related to the case’.A spokesperson for the Uttar Pradesh government said on Friday (October 2) that polygraph and narcoanalysis tests would be conducted as part of the investigation into the alleged gangrape and murder of a 19-year old Dalit woman by four men of the Thakur caste in Hathras last month.The spo... Read More...

  Oct 13, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?A successful trial of the nuclear capable Shaurya missile was conducted by India.Shaurya is a land-based parallel of the submarine launched K-15 missile. These ballistic weapons belong to the K missile family — codenamed after late Dr APJ Abdul Kalam — which are launched from Arihant class of nuclear submarines.Q. What are these K Family of missiles?The K family of missiles are primarily Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles (SLBMs), wh... Read More...

  Oct 13, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news? Last week, China made an unexpected announcement that ensured that there was no lack of climate change excitement this season. Speaking at the UN General Assembly, Chinese President Xi Jinping made two promises that came as a welcome surprise to climate change watchers.Q. What has China announced?First, Xi Jinping has said, China would become carbon net-zero by the year 2060. Net-zero is a state in which a country’s emissions are compensated by absorptions and removal of greenho... Read More...

  Oct 12, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news ?The Defence Ministry came up with its latest Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020 (DAP 2020)  which comes into effect from, October 1. Changing a 15-year old policy, the government has decided to remove the clause for offsets if the equipment is being bought either through deals or agreements between two countries, or through an ab initio single-vendor deal.Q. What are defence offsets? Read More...

  Oct 12, 2020   Security and Disaster Management

Que. What are the main features of cultural diplomacy of India. What is the aim of it? Read More...

  Oct 10, 2020   Current Affairs

Why is this in news?A team of researchers from the University of Cambridge has found that the ventilation systems used in modern office spaces, designed to keep conditions uniform in all parts of the room, disperse airborne contaminants evenly throughout the space. Their findings were published in the Journal of Fluid Mechanics.Why are researchers interested in studying the role of airflow in the spread of COVID-19?Researchers are studying the role... Read More...

  Oct 10, 2020   Science and Technology

What is CBD oil?CBD oil is an extract from the cannabis plant. The two main active substances in it are cannabidiol or CBD and delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. The high that is caused by the consumption of cannabis is due to THC. CBD, however, does not cause a “high” or any form of intoxication. CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, then diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil.What are the effects of Cannabidiol?Cannabidiol has effects on the brain, preventin... Read More...

  Oct 10, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?India’s first Pan India time use survey was released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation Q. What are time use surveys?A time use survey measures the amount of time people spend doing various activities, such as paid work, childcare, volunteering, and socialising. The primary objective of a time use survey (TUS) is to measure participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities.TUS is an important source of infor... Read More...

  Oct 09, 2020   Current Affairs

As Covid-19 sweeps across the country, urban and rural areas alike face an unprecedented spike in oxygen use. Around 3-5 per cent (over 50,000) of active Covid-19 cases in India have lung tissues damaged enough by the virus to require external oxygen support.Since March, medical oxygen demand has grown from 750-800 to over 2,500 metric tonnes, and now, hospitals are struggling.The supplyIn an ideal scenario, it takes 3-5 days for oxygen to journey from a manufacturer to a ... Read More...

  Oct 09, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?Following the Unlock 5.0 guidelines issued by the Home Ministry, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) has extended the ban on scheduled international commercial flights till October 31. However, there are a number of countries to which flights are being operated and Indian citizens can take flights.Q. Why has the DGCA extended the ban on international flights?The Unlock 5.0 guidelines have not allowed international flights to resume as yet and DGCA... Read More...

  Oct 08, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?Until now, 12,000 mutations have been documented in over 3.2 crore cases globally. One mutation has been found the most widespread. It was first noticed in China and Germany.The coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is constantly mutating, but one mutation in particular has caught the eye of researchers for its abundance. Named D614G, this mutation has been found more transmissible than most others.Q. What is D614G mutation?All viruses mutate to adapt to ... Read More...

  Oct 08, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has notified new rules for administration in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir that specify the functions of the Lieutenant Governor (LG) and the Council of Ministers.Q. What are roles and powers of Lieutenant General?Police, public order, All India Services and anti-corruption, will fall under the executive functions of the LG, implying that the Chief Minister or the Council of Ministers will hav... Read More...

  Oct 07, 2020   Polity