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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

What does the direction state?The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas issued directions to oil marketing companies in February 2019, to sell 10% ethanol blended petrol in all states and union territories (except Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep) from April 1, 2019.The central government may modify the areas and the percentage of ethanol blending, and specify the period for the same.  Read More...

  Jul 13, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is Atal Jai Anusandhan Biotech Mission?In Feb 2019 Department of Biotech announced key mission at the foundation day ceremony including Atal Jai Anusandhan Biotech Mission - Undertaking Nationally Relevant Technology Innovation (UNaTI), which is expected to transform Health, Agriculture and Energy sectors during the next 5 years. This mission includes:  GARBH-ini → A Mission to promote Maternal and Child Health and develop prediction tools for pre-term berth, it builds upon a 2015 programme under which wo... Read More...

  Jul 13, 2020   Science and Technology

What is Impactful Policy Research in Social Science (IMPRESS)? Discuss with objectives.Impactful Policy Research in Social Science (IMPRESS) aims to encourage social science research in policy relevant areas so as to provide vital inputs in policy-formulation, implementation and evaluation.The IMPRESS is an initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India and is being implemented by the Indian Council of Social Science Research. The scheme was sanctioned in August 2018 at a total cost of Rs.414 Cr for implementation up to 31.3.2021. Read More...

  Jul 13, 2020   Polity

Q. What is UNSC?A. The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN) charged with ensuring international peace and security, recommending the admission of new UN members to the General Assembly, and approving any changes to the UN Charter. Its powers include establishing peacekeeping operations, enacting international sanctions, and authorising military action. The UNSC is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions on member states. Read More...

  Jul 13, 2020   General Category

Q. Why in news?A. The government promulgated an ordinance to amend the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) whereby fresh insolvency proceedings will not be initiated for at least six months starting from March 25 amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Q. What is insolvency and bankruptcy?A. Insolvency is a situation where individuals or companies are u... Read More...

  Jul 13, 2020   General Category

PM KISANPradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) is a Central Sector scheme with 100% funding from Government of India.The Scheme is effective from 1.12.2018.Under the Scheme an income support of Rs.6000/- per year is provided to all farmer families across the country in three equal installments of Rs.2000/- every four months.Definition of family for the Scheme is husband, wife and minor children.The entire responsibility of identification of beneficiary farmer families rests with the State / UT Governments.The fund is directly transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.Objecti... Read More...

  Jul 11, 2020   Economy

Indo – United Kingdom RelationsThe United Kingdom is keen on exploring trade and investment opportunities in infrastructure, healthcare and IT sectors in the Union Territory of Puducherry. Mr. Ballhatchet (Deputy High Commissioner, British Deputy High Commission for Tamil Nadu and Puducherry) on a visit to Puducherry, said he found the industrial plan laid down during a presentation by the Pondicherry Industrial Promotion Development and Investment Corporation Limited “ambitious and exciting”. Read More...

  Jul 11, 2020   International Relations

What is ISA?The ISA, is an Indian initiative that was launched by the Prime Minister of India and the President of France on 30 November 2015 at Paris, France on the side-lines of the COP-21, with 121 solar resource rich countries lying fully or partially between the tropic of Cancer and tropic of Capricorn as prospective members. Later ISA extended the Membership of the organization to all countries that are Members of the United Nations.Objectives:The overarching objective of the ISA is to collectively address key common challenges to the scaling up of solar energy in ISA member countries. It also aims to undertak... Read More...

  Jul 11, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is Ebola. Discuss it’s risks, symptoms and prevention. Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola virus disease) is a disease caused by four different strains of Ebola virus; these viruses infect humans and nonhuman primates.Compared to most illnesses, Ebola hemorrhagic fever has a relatively short history. Health care professionals discovered Ebola in 1976. There have been several Ebola outbreaks, including the 2014-2016 "unprecedented epidemic" in Africa, which has abated.After an incubation period of 2 to 21 days, symptoms and si... Read More...

  Jul 11, 2020   Science and Technology

What is the purpose Higher Education Financing Agency? How it plans to mobilise funds?The Union Cabinet has approved the creation of the Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) to give a major push for creation of high quality infrastructure in premier educational institutions and to fund projects to the tune of Rs. 100,000 crore by 2022.The HEFA would be jointly promoted by the identified Promoter and the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) with an authorised capital of Rs. 2,000 crore. The Government equity would be Rs. 1,000 crore.The HEFA would be formed as a SPV within a PSU Bank/ Government-owned-NBFC (Promoter) for funding p... Read More...

  Jul 11, 2020   Polity

Why in News?India will participate in the virtual meeting of the Russia-India-China grouping.It might create an opening for de-escalation of tension along the Line of Actual Control with the Russian sources indicating that they support “constructive dialogue” over the tension in eastern Ladakh.What is RIC?RIC as a strat... Read More...

  Jul 11, 2020   International Relations

What is PM KUSUM?The Union Government has started Rs.1.4 lakh-crore Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahaabhiyan (KUSUM) scheme for promoting solar farming i.e. decentralized solar power production of up to 28,250 MW to help farmers.The scheme is considered a “silver bullet” to overcome challenges of irrigation supply, subsidy burden on discoms and farmer distress. It consists of three components:Component-A: 10,000 MW of Decentralized Ground Mounted Grid Connected Renewable Power Plants. Read More...

  Jul 10, 2020   Economy

Indo – United StatesIndustrial Security Annex (ISA): The Industrial Security Annex (ISA), signed between India and the U.S. at the second 2+2 dialogue in Washington, will open the door for U.S. defence companies to partner with the Indian private sector for several multi-billion dollar deals in the pipeline, including the one for 114 fighter jets.Kashmir issue: U.S. officials in Delhi have also raised the issue of continuing restrictions in Kashmir, including the detention of political leaders, as recently as last we... Read More...

  Jul 10, 2020   International Relations

What is NAP?The scheme titled National Afforestation Programme (NAP) has been formulated by merger of four 9th Plan centrally sponsored afforestation schemes of the Ministry of Environment & Forests. The Scheme will be operated by the National Afforestation and Eco-Development Board, Ministry of Environment and Forests as a 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme.The overall objective of the National Afforestation Programme (NAP) scheme is ecological restoration of degraded forests and to develop the forest resources with peoples’ participation, with focus on improvement in livelih... Read More...

  Jul 10, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is this issue about?The spyware, named Pegasus, was used to hack into any phone simply through a missed video call, predominantly via WhatsApp, giving the attackers unfettered access to the device, including location data, emails, passwords and even the ability to turn on its microphone and camera. It means hacker can know, to whom targeted people were meeting and what kind of discussion they are having. According to security firm Kaspersky, Pegasus is a tool of total surveillance.Pegasus is meant to infiltrate smartphones silently and work on three things: &nb... Read More...

  Jul 10, 2020   Science and Technology

What do you understand by Institution of Eminence (IoE)? Discuss with examples.Institutes of Eminence (IoE) is a recognition scheme for higher education institutes in India, set by the University Grants Commission in 2017. The plan encompasses twenty institutions, 16 of which have already been declared Institutes of Eminence as of August 2019. 10 institutions in public sector and 10 institutions in private sector have to be declared as IoE.Recognized institutes are g... Read More...

  Jul 10, 2020   Polity

The Supreme Court has asked the government to treat a writ petition for setting up expert panels to boost India’s prospects in the Rule of Law Index.What is the Rule of Law Index?The Rule of Law Index is a quantitative assessment tool by the World Justice Project (WJP) designed to offer a detailed and comprehensive picture of the extent to which countries adhere to the rule of law in practice.The RLI covers 128 c... Read More...

  Jul 10, 2020   Polity

Discuss the main points of Cabinet approval for additional capital and equity support to IIFCL.The Union Cabinet has approved additional capital infusion and equity support to government- owned India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (IIFCL).  IIFCL is a non-banking financial company which provides long-term finance to viable infrastructure projects.  The additional equity support for the financial years 2019-20 and 2020-21 would be Rs 5,300 crore and Rs 10,000 crore respectively.   Read More...

  Jul 09, 2020   Economy

Indo- Russian RelationsIndia and Russia agreed to form specific working groups for aftersales support of key defence platforms and intensify efforts to finalise a cooperation programme for 2021-2030.The Agreement on Reciprocal Logistics Support (ARLS): India and Russia are finalising a defence agreement that will simplify interoperability and enable military platforms to receive support and supplies across bases in both nations- Agreement on Reciprocal Logistics Support (ARLS).... Read More...

  Jul 09, 2020   International Relations

What is the news?The National Tiger Conservation Authority in collaboration with the Wildlife Institute of India has published a document titled “Connecting Tiger Populations for Long-term Conservation”, which has mapped out 32 major corridors across the country, management interventions for which are operationalized through a Tiger Conservation Plan, mandated under section 38V of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.What are these Tiger corridors?A tiger corridor is a stretch of land linking tiger habitats, allowing move... Read More...

  Jul 09, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment