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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

India has planned to shorten the travel time for pilgrims to Kailash Mansarovar by a new link road from India to China but that has been strongly objected by Nepal. In a strongly worded statement, Nepal’s Foreign Ministry said India’s decision to build the road through territory at the Lipulekh pass is a breach of an agreement reached between the two countries and it passes through the Nepali territory.As per Nepal, this unilateral act runs against the understanding reached between... Read More...

  Jun 08, 2020   International Relations

The government has recently increased its market borrowing estimate by staggering ₹4.2 lakh crore to ₹12 lakh crore for the current fiscal to deal with the expected shortfall in revenue due to the impact of COVID-19 crisis on the economy.The government resorts to market borrowing to make up for mismatch between its revenue and expenditure.The estimated gross market borrowing in FY 2020-21 will be ₹12 lakh crore in the place of ₹7.80 lakh crore as per BE 2020-21. The government has also increased the weekly borrowing target to ₹30,00... Read More...

  Jun 07, 2020   Economy

As China seeks primacy in a world so far dominated by the U.S., the world faces a destabilising power transition which may or may not be completed. It is a hinge moment in the international system.India finds itself in an increasingly dangerous world, one that is fragmenting and slowing down economically. India is today in a new geopolitical situation, caused primarily by the rise of China, and other powers like Indonesia, South Korea, Iran, Vietnam in a crowded Asia-Pacific, which is the new economic and political centre of gravity of the world. Read More...

  Jun 07, 2020   International Relations

According to the US, India should discuss its concerns on terrorism directly with the Taliban.It adds that India could play a “more active role” in the Afghan reconciliation process.As per USA, India is an important force in Afghanistan and it would be appropriate that India-Taliban engagement to take placeIt also says that India had a significant role in Afghanistan’s development, but paradoxically, doesn’t play a role in it’s international peace efforts.India has been reluctant to talk to taliban be... Read More...

  Jun 07, 2020   International Relations

There are over 200 state laws and close to 50 central laws on labour. Hence there is no set definition of “labour laws” in the country. Labour laws, for example, the Factories Act is to ensure safety measures on factory premises, and promote health and welfare of workers. The Shops and Commercial Establishments Act, on the other hand, aims to regulate hours of work, payment, overtime, weekly day off with pay, other holidays with pay, annual leave, employment of children and young persons, and employment of women.The Minimum Wages Act... Read More...

  Jun 07, 2020   Polity

What are terms of reference to the Finance Commission? As given in Art.280 of the Constitution, the President of India may refer any matter for the opinion of the FC. It reads as follows: any other matter referred to the Commission by the President in the interests of sound finance. It is called terms of reference (ToR).  FC is expected to make its recommendations keeping the Presidential terms of reference in consideration. What took place in July 2019? Read More...

  Jun 06, 2020   Economy

What is the background of Kartarpur? The Union Cabinet has approved the building and development of the Kartarpur corridor from Dera Baba Nanak in Gurdaspur district to Darbar Sahib Kartarpur on the banks of Ravi river in order to facilitate pilgrims from India to visit the final resting place of Guru Nanak Dev. What is the importance of the shrine? 1) The gurdwara in Kar... Read More...

  Jun 06, 2020   International Relations

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  Jun 06, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

The formation of CDS to act as a single point military adviser to the Prime Minister on strategic issues was one of the key recommendations of the Kargil review committee on higher military reforms after the 1999 conflict. Despite much deliberation, the issue did not make progress due to lack of consensus and apprehensions from services.Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced creation of a chief of defence staff (CDS) as head of the tri- services from the ramparts of the Red Fort on the occasion of 73rd Independence Day. Read More...

  Jun 06, 2020   Security and Disaster Management

What are they?• The scheme of IoE was rolled out by University Grants Commission (UGC).Nominations have been made on the recommendations of Empowered Expert Committee (EEC) headed by N Gopalaswami. • In September 2019, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, on the advice of UGC and the Empowered Expert Committee issued orders to 5 public Universities conveying their declaration as Institutions of... Read More...

  Jun 06, 2020   Polity

How did the inflation numbers fare in August 2019?Led by higher food prices, retail inflation rose to 3.21 percent in August, according to data released by the Central Statistics Office (CSO)Was there a difference between rural and urban inflation on CPI?Yes. In fact, the difference between rural and urban food prices has widened to the highest since the use of the revised series on base year 2012.... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Economy

Which areas were covered?India and Russia during the 20th summit in Vladivostok, signed Roadmap for Cooperation in Hydrocarbons for 2019-24.The two sides agreed to explore joint development of oil and gas fields in Russia and India including offshore ones.As many as 15 MoUs were signed which included one between the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas of I... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   International Relations

What is it?Emissions trading is a market-based approach to controlling pollution by providing economic incentives for achieving reductions in the emissions of pollutants.How does it operate?Government sets a limit to emissions. The total limit is distributed among the production/polluting units. Some achieve and some don’t. Some units may emit less than permitted and thus gain cr... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is Malnutrition? Malnutrition is a pathological state resulting from a relative or absolute deficiency or excess of one or more essential nutrients. What are the indicators of malnutrition? Indicators Nutritional status Stunting (low height for-age) Chronic under nutrition  Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Science and Technology

What is the ‘right to be forgotten’?The right to be forgotten, also called the right to erasure, involves the claim of an individual to have certain online data deleted so that third persons can no longer trace them. It has been defined as the right to silence on past events in life that are no longer relevant.  The right to be forgotten leads to allowing individuals to have information, videos, or photographs about themselves deleted from certain internet records so that they cannot be found by search engines. The reason for deletion may be... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Polity

Less than two weeks after a powerful cyclone passed through West Bengal on its way to Bangladesh, India is bracing to face another cyclone, this time on its western coast. In strength and intensity, this would be much weaker than Cyclone Amphan that struck on May 20. Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Geography

Scientists at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) have developed an experimental diagnostic test for COVID-19 that can visually detect the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in 10 minutes.The development comes as the number of cases of the virus continues to rise even as governments of many countries have st... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Health

On May 22, the RBI permitted banks and NBFCs to allow a further 3-month moratorium, i.e from June 1 to August 31, 2020, on the payment of instalments in respect of term loans outstanding as on March 31, 2020. Extension in moratorium on te... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Economy

The LAC is the demarcation that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory. India considers the LAC to be 3,488 km long, while the Chinese consider it to be only around 2,000 km. It is divided into three sectors: the eastern sector which spans Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim, the middle sector in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, and the western sector in Ladakh. Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   International Relations

Madhya Pradesh is planning to sell Kadaknath chicken meat at milk outlets to cater to the growing demand. The government has launched the project on a pilot basis.So what is Kadakhnath?Kadaknath or Kali Masi is a breed of chicken originating from the Jhabua and Dhar districts of western Madhya Pradesh.Why is it important?The Grami... Read More...

  Jun 04, 2020   Economy