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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

What is Raman 1.0’? It is a new-age, hand-held battery operated device called ‘Raman 1.0’. This device performs rapid detection (in less than 1 minute) of economically driven adulteration in edible oils, fats and ghee. The equipment tests more than 250 samples per battery charge, collects and stores data on the cloud using a smart device.  Read More...

  Mar 09, 2020   Science and Technology

What is the structure of the NSC?The National Security Council (NSC) is an executive government agency tasked with advising the Prime Minister's Office on matters of national security and strategic interest. It was established in 1998. The NSC is the apex body of the three-tiered structure of the national security management system in India. The other two tiers are the Strategic Policy Group, and the National Security Advisory Board  Read More...

  Mar 09, 2020   Polity

Ans.: In a recent development, astronomers have found a potentially habitable exoplanet, which is more than twice the size of Earth. The planet, named K2-18b, is located 124 light-years away from Earth and measures 2.6 times the radius and 8.6 times the mass of our planet. It orbits its star within the habitable zone where temperatures could allow liquid water to exist.The K2-18b had been in the news last year as well when detection of water vapour in the planet’s hydr... Read More...

  Mar 07, 2020   Current Affairs

What is the index about?Niti Aayog is planning to develop an artificial intelligence (AI) readiness index that will rank states on their capacity to adopt the technology for public service delivery and exploit its innovative potential. What is the need?The outcome of states' initiatives on AI are assessed. Hence, there is the need for an index.  Read More...

  Mar 07, 2020   Economy

What is the scheme?It is the World’s largest government funded healthcare scheme.The center’s flagship scheme has been renamed as PM Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY)Implementation Authority: National Health AgencyIt is the first scheme with the privacy policy with over 100 controls including authentication, authorization, passwords, firewa... Read More...

  Mar 07, 2020   Government Schemes

Contextualise the current relationship between India and MaldivesPM  Modi's first foreign visit was to Maldives in June 2019  after his re-election as Prime Minister in May, reflecting the importance India attaches to its 'Neighbourhood First' policy. While Modi visited the Maldives in November 2018 to attend President Solih's swearing-in, this visit is the first by an Indian prime minister at a bilateral level in eight years.The relations between India and ... Read More...

  Mar 07, 2020   International Relations

The first-ever World Food Safety Day has been celebrated by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).Under ‘Eat Right Movement’ of FSSAI, health is not only absence of disease and infirmity but the presence of physical, mental, emotional and spiritual wellness.In an effort to galvanize states to work towards ensuring safe food for citizens, FSSAI has developed the first State Food Safety Index (SFSI) to measure the performance of States on five parameters of food safety.&nbs... Read More...

  Mar 07, 2020   Science and Technology

What was the Commission tasked to do?To ensure equitable distribution of benefit amongst the OBC Castes/Communities.This Commission was set up under article 340 of the Constitution to examine the issue of sub-categorization within Other Backward Classes in the Central list.The Commission has come to the view that it would be appropriate to have a detailed consultation with the States/UTs in the lig... Read More...

  Mar 07, 2020   Polity

Why was the panel set up?In Early 2019, The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) constituted a high-level committee headed by former chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) Nandan Nilekani to set up a robust digital payments ecosystem in the country.The committee has been asked to review the existing status of digitization of payments, identify gaps in the ecosystem and suggest ways to plug them. What are its terms of reference? Read More...

  Mar 06, 2020   Economy

What is the objective of Pradhan Mantri KIsan SAmman Nidhi (PM-KISAN)?The PM-KISAN scheme aims to supplement the financial needs of the SMFs in procuring various inputs to ensure proper crop health and appropriate yields, commensurate with the anticipated farm income at the end of the each crop cycle.This would also protect them from falling in the clutches of moneylenders for meeting such expenses and ensure their continuance in the farming activities. Read More...

  Mar 06, 2020   Government Schemes

What is Bishkek Declaration?Bishkek Declaration is related to the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation's Heads of State Council.The member states stressed that acts of terrorism and extremism cannot be justified.India and other members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) have condemned terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. Read More...

  Mar 06, 2020   International Relations

When and which country did Cyclone Idai strike and how did India help?Cyclone Idai, which struck Mozambique in 2019 March resulted in more than 400 deaths. The accompanying rains and a four-meter storm surge displaced hundreds of thousands of people. Three ships from the Indian Navy’s First Training Squadron, INS Sujata, ICGS Sarathi, and INS Shardul, were operating in the region, on a training mission. They were diverted immediately to render assistance requested by the government of M... Read More...

  Mar 06, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

The NITI Aayog has drawn up a plan for creating an institutional framework for artificial intelligence (AI) in the country. It has circulated a cabinet note to provide Rs 7,500 crore in funding for creation of cloud computing platform called AIRAWAT and research institutes. The government will pump in Rs 7,500 crore initially over a three-year period and set up a high-level taskforce to oversee roll-out and implementation of AI.  Read More...

  Mar 06, 2020   Science and Technology

ContextPrime Minister has a vision of a New India where children and pregnant women do not die of preventable causes and people are able to realize their full potential in making of a “Swashth Bharat, Sudridh Bharat (Healthy India, Strong India).There will be a convergence approach wherein all the resources converge for accelerated outcome supported by an aggressive awareness campaign. No child should... Read More...

  Mar 06, 2020   Polity

Ans.: Crop Diversification Programme (CDP), a sub scheme of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) is being implemented in Original Green Revolution States to divert the area of paddy crop to alternate crops and in tobacco growing states to encourage tobacco farmers to shift to alternate crops/cropping system. Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) is implementing a Crop Diversification Programme (CDP) for replacing paddy crop with less water consuming alternative crops to save water and protect soil in the state of Punjab.... Read More...

  Mar 06, 2020   Current Affairs

What is the aim of the bill?It aims to reform the field of Medical education so as to give a push to the goal of a quality health coverage to the citizens of India.The move will ensure transparency, accountability and quality in the governance of medical education in the country.The New Bill provides for supersession of MCI for a period of two years w.e.f. 26.09.2018.During this period, the Board of Governors shall exercise the powers and functions of MCI as assigned under ... Read More...

  Mar 05, 2020   Polity

Ans.: 1. In February, 2020 ‘Suposhit Maa Abhiyan’ was launched to provide nutritional support to pregnant women and adolescent girls. 2. The aim of the campaign is to preserve & maintain the health of our future generations.3. The objective of this campaign is to keep pregnant women and newborn healthy. ... Read More...

  Mar 05, 2020   Current Affairs

Ans. 1. A defence corridor refers to a route or a path along which domestic productions of defence equipment by public sector, private sector and MSMEs are lined up to enhance the operational capability of the defence forces.The government has now opened up private investment in defence production including liberalising foreign direct investment.Apart from improving the connectivity of the defence forces, the move will encourage domestic production of defence equipments and benefit all small and medium manufacturers along the corridor. 2. In pursuance to the Union Budget announcement (2018-19), it has been decided to set up two... Read More...

  Mar 04, 2020   Current Affairs

Ans. 1. Over the past few weeks, snow around Ukraine’s Vernadsky Research Base, located off the coast of Antarctica’s northernmost peninsula, has started to take on a red tinge, due to an algae that thrives in freezing weather. Because of the red tinge, the snow is often dubbed “watermelon snow”. 2. According to a 2016 report in The New York Times, such algae as found around the Ukrainian research base grow well in freezing temperatures and liquid water. 3. During the summer, when these typically green algae get a lot of sun, they start producing a natural sunscreen that paints the snow in shades ... Read More...

  Mar 03, 2020   Current Affairs

Ans.: 1. The discovery of the Meghalayan fish repudiates to the long-held assumption that the paucity of food in caves limits body length to 35 cm or less. 2. All previous discoveries of cave fish from India have been of small fish, and this is the largest of the cave fish discovered in the country. 3. The new species is similar to the golden mahseer, Tor putitora, except for its blander look, lack of eyes and -- of course -- its unusual underground home in Meghalaya's Jaintia Hills. It is not clear yet if a new species has been found. 4. Read More...

  Mar 02, 2020   Current Affairs