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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Why in news?In September 2018, the Supreme Court allowed live streaming of certain cases of constitutional or national importance. The Court formulated certain model guidelines for the live-stream. What kind of cases can be live streamed according to the guidelines?-Only a specified category of cases or cases of constitutional and national importance being argued for final hearing before the Constitution Bench may be live streamed as a pilot project.-Sensitive cases li... Read More...

  Aug 01, 2020   Polity

Q. What is Equalisation levy?A. Equalisation levy at 6% has been in force since 2016 on payment exceeding Rs 1 lakh a year to a non-resident service provider for online advertisements. The amendments to the Finance Act, 2020 had expanded the ambit of the equalisation levy for non-resident e-commerce operators involved in supply of services, including online sale of goods and provision of services, with the levy at the rate of 2% effective April 1, 2020. The tax applies on e-commerce transactions on websites such as Amazon. Read More...

  Aug 01, 2020   Economy

U.S. officially notified the United Nations of its intention to withdraw membership from the World Health Organization.Q. Why this decision?A. US president Mr. Trump alleged WHO on delay in reporting COVID-19 and alleged that it was very “China centric” in its approach.Q. When was WHO formed?WHO came into existence on 7 April, 1948 – a date which is now celebrated every year as World Health Day. Read More...

  Aug 01, 2020   International Relations

It is in news due to Atal Bhu Jal scheme. In order to comply with various directions of the Hon’ble NGT and to address various shortcomings in the existing guidelines of ground water extraction, the Central Ground Water Authority, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation on 12th December 2018 notified revised guidelines for ground water extraction vide notification which will be effective from 1st June 2019. The revised guidelines aim to ensure a more robust groundwater regulatory mechanism in the country.  What does the guideline prescribe... Read More...

  Jul 31, 2020   Economy

Why in news?The Union Minister for Human Resource Development, Shri  Prakash Javadekar launched the ‘Samagra Shiksha’ - an integrated Scheme for school education extending support to States from pre-school to senior secondary levels for the first time.What is the scheme all about?‘Samagra Shiksha’ is an overarching programme for school education extending from Primary till class 12. The programme was introduced in the Union Budget 2018-19 with the aim to treat s... Read More...

  Jul 31, 2020   Polity

Q. What is the issue?A. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has announced a reduction in the curriculum for the year 2020-2021 for Classes IX to XII.The reductions and deletions suggested by the CBSE violates the cohesiveness and holistic nature of the planned curriculum.Q. What is the decision taken?The CBSE syllabus for classes 9 to 12 has been reduced by 30%. However, core concepts is said to be retained. Read More...

  Jul 31, 2020   Current Affairs

Rewa Solar Project is recently inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, it is Asia’s largest 750 MW solar power project. It is located at Rewa in Madhya Pradesh.The Solar Park was developed by the Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Limited (RUMSL), a Joint Venture Company of Madhya Pradesh UrjaVikas Nigam Limited (MPUVN), and Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI), a Central Public Sector Undertaking.Q. What is its significance?The Rewa Project has been acknowledged in India and abroad for its robu... Read More...

  Jul 31, 2020   Science and Technology

Why in news?The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved National Mineral Policy 2019. Why the need for new policy (replacing NMP, 2008)?National Mineral Policy 2019 replaces the extant National Mineral Policy 2008 ("NMP 2008") which was announced in the year 2008. The impetus to review NMP 2008 came about by way of a direction from the Supreme Court judgment dated 02.08.2017 (Common Cause v/s Union of India & Others).In ... Read More...

  Jul 30, 2020   Economy

Why in news?German pharma company Bayer is facing thousands of lawsuits over one of its products. A Reuters report said 42,700 plaintiffs in the US are blaming Bayer’s herbicides for their cancer, up from 18,400 plaintiffs in July this year.In August, a jury in California said that Monsanto (the company which Bayer acquired in 2018), should have warned of the alleged cancer risks. Bayer is claiming, however, that it has strong support from US farmers who want the company to keep the product. What are thes... Read More...

  Jul 30, 2020   Science and Technology

What Measures are taken by Government in recent years to prevent Crime against Women?The Criminal Law (Amendment), Act 2013 was enacted for effective deterrence against sexual offences. Further, the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018 was enacted to prescribe even more stringent penal provisions including death penalty for rape of a girl below the age of 12 years. The Act also inter-alia mandates completion of investigation and trials within 2 months each.Emergency Response Support System provides a pan-India, single, internationally recognized number (112) ba... Read More...

  Jul 30, 2020   Polity

Q. What is a fiscal council?A. Fiscal councils are independent public institutions aimed at strengthening commitments to sustainable public finances through various functions, including public assessments of fiscal plans and performance, and the evaluation or provision of macroeconomic and budgetary forecasts.Fiscal councils are now part of the institutional fiscal apparatus of over 50 countries, including several emerging and developing economies.Q. What is its composition and how should they function? (Recomme... Read More...

  Jul 30, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) ordered the scrapping of an Rs 1,950 crore tender for the BharatNet project in Tamil Nadu.Q. What is Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade?A. It comes under the aegis of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. It was established in 1995 and has been reconstituted in the year 2000 with the merger of the Department of Industrial Development. Read More...

  Jul 30, 2020   Science and Technology

Why in news?The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs launched the Ease of Living Index 2018 in August 2018.What is Ease of Living Index?The Index was launched in 2017 by MoHUA.  The Index captures the quality of life in cities and seeks to:Drive an evidence-based approach for future interventions and investments to deliver ease of living outcomes;Catalyse actions to improve the quality of life... Read More...

  Jul 29, 2020   Economy

Why in news?The State of Forest Report (SFR) 2019, while showing an increase in the carbon stock trapped in Indian forests in the last two years, also shows why it is going to be an uphill task for India in meeting one of its international obligations on climate change. India, as part of its contribution to the global fight against climate change, has committed itself to creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tons of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2030. What is the relationship between forests and carbon?F... Read More...

  Jul 29, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Discuss the status of tuberculosis deaths globally as well as in India and mention Government’s efforts to control tuberculosis (TB). What are the other related risks associated?TB affects an estimated 10 million people globally every year, of which around 3.2 million are women. An estimated 1.6 million people die of TB every year, of whom 0.84 million are men and 0.5 million are women. An estimated 3.6 million people with TB are not reported to health systems across the world.India has the highest annual incidence of TB in t... Read More...

  Jul 29, 2020   Science and Technology

What is DAY-NRLM?The Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM) is a programme for social and economic empowerment of women through community institutions of the poor. It touches the lives of over 6.47 crore women who have, to date, formed 59 lakh Self Help Groups (SHGs). In the last five years, over three crores of these women have been sanctioned Rs 2.12 lakh crore from banks.This rural livelihood mission, through self-help groups, is transforming the lives of women.What are outcomes from DAY-NRLM? Read More...

  Jul 29, 2020   Polity

Despite being the world's fourth-largest producer, India is the second-largest importer of the dry-fuel.  Therefore, in line with the vision to build an ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat’, a slew of reforms to promote commercial mining of coal in India, has been announced.Q. What are some of reforms recently announced In Coal Sector?Commercial mining of coal is allowed, with 50 blocks to be offered to the private sector.Entry norms will be liberalised as it has done away with the regulation requiring power plants to use “washe... Read More...

  Jul 29, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. What is the Social Security System?A  According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO), Social Security is a comprehensive approach designed to prevent deprivation, give assurance to the individual of a basic minimum income for himself and his dependents and to protect the individual from any uncertainties.Q. What it basically comprised of?A. It basically comprised of two elements, namely:Right to a Standard of Living adequate for the h... Read More...

  Jul 29, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. What is GeM?A.  GeM is a one-stop National Public Procurement Portal to facilitate online procurement of common use Goods & Services required by various Central and State Government Departments/Organisations/Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs).                                   Q. When was this launched?A. It was launched in 2016 to bring transparency and efficiency in the government buying p... Read More...

  Jul 28, 2020   Economy

Bayannur, a city in northern China, is on high alert after a suspected case of Bubonic plague was reported. Recently Authorities in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region announced a level III warning of plague prevention and control.Q. What is the plague?A. The plague is a disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis, which is found in animals, particularly rodents.It can be transmitted to humans through infected animals and fleas.&n... Read More...

  Jul 28, 2020   Current Affairs