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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in news?India’s newest and fastest supercomputer, PARAM-Siddhi AI, has been ranked 63rd in the Top500 list of most powerful supercomputers in the world.Q. What is this Param Siddhi? It is a high-performance computing-artificial intelligence (HPC-AI) supercomputer established under National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) at C-DAC.It was commissioned by the C-DAC earlier and has been developed in association with chipmaker Nvidia and French IT consulting ... Read More...

  Nov 29, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?The Indian Army has rejected a report in the British daily newspaper which claimed that the Chinese army had used “microwave weapons” to drive Indian soldiers away from their positions in eastern Ladakh.Q. What are “Microwave Weapons”?Microwave weapons are supposed to be a type of direct energy weapons, which aim highly focused energy in the form of sonic, laser, or microwaves, at a target.It uses a focussed beam of high-frequency electromag... Read More...

  Nov 28, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?The United Nations marks November 19 annually as World Toilet Day to raise awareness about access to hygienic toilets and the human costs of unsafe sanitation.“World Toilet Day celebrates toilets and raises awareness of the 4.2 billion people living without access to safely managed sanitation and is about taking action to tackle the global sanitation crisis and achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6: water and sanitation for all by 2030,” the UN website says.Q. What is World Toilet Day 2020? Read More...

  Nov 28, 2020   Current Affairs

Why is this in news Recently, review petitions of approximately 1200 tribals for recognition of their claims over forest land under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 was rejected by the local authorities in Mysuru (Karnataka).Q. Why is FRA enacted , what is background for it? A large number of people, especially the&nb... Read More...

  Nov 27, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news? Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change has launched a Vulture Action Plan 2020-25 for the conservation of vultures in the country.Q. What is Vulture Action Plan? While the ministry has been carrying out a conservation project for vultures since 2006, the plan is to now extend the project to 2025 to not just halt the decline but to actively increase the vulture numbers in India.There are nine recorded species of vultures in India ... Read More...

  Nov 27, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news? The Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) is set to roll out of India’s first Energy Convergence Project in Goa.Q. What is Green Energy Convergence Project? Under the project, EESL and the Department of New and Renewable Energy (DNRE) in Goa will carry out feasibility studies and implementation of decentralized solar energy projects.The project aims to connect seemingly independent sectors like Solar Energy, Energy Storage and LED lights to pro... Read More...

  Nov 26, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?A. A rare Ebola-like illness that is believed to have first originated in rural Bolivia in 2004 can spread through human-to-human transmission, researchers from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have discovered.The biggest outbreak of the ‘Chapare virus’ was reported in 2019, when three healthcare workers contracted the illness from two patients in the Bolivian capital of La Paz. Two of the medical professionals and one patient later died. Prior to that, a single confirmed case of the disease and a small ... Read More...

  Nov 26, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?A. The Supreme Court on Tuesday asked the Centre to explain its “mechanism” against fake news and bigotry on air, and to create one if it did not already exist.Inability on the government’s part may well see the job go to an “outside agency,” the court said.Q. What is Fake News?Fake news is news, stories or hoaxes created to deliberately misinform or deceive readers. Read More...

  Nov 25, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news ?A. A Supreme Court Bench headed by Chief Justice of India S A Bobde observed that it is “trying to discourage” individuals from filing petitions under Article 32 of the Constitution. The observation came during the hearing of a petition seeking the release of journalist Siddique Kappan, who was arrested with three others while on their way to Hathras, Uttar Pradesh, to report on an alleged gangrape and murder.Q. What is Article 32?It is one of the fundamental r... Read More...

  Nov 25, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news ?A. The European Space Agency (ESA) has formally adopted Ariel, the explorer that will study the nature, formation and evolution of exoplanets. As of now the existence of more than 4,000 exoplanets is considered confirmed, while there are thousands of other candidate exoplanets that need further observations to say for certain if they are exoplanets.Proxima Centauri b is the closest exoplanet to Earth and is four light-years away and inhabits the “habitable zone” of its star, which means that it could possibly have liquid water on its surface. Read More...

  Nov 24, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news? Recently Karnataka govt announced that they will soon declassify 6.64 lakh hectares of the 9.94 lakh hectares of deemed forests in the state (nearly 67%) and hand it over to Revenue authorities. The move has been taken after a study of the actual extent of deemed forest areas by local committees headed by officials from the Revenue, Forest and Land Records Departments in every district.The issue of deemed forests is a contentious one in Karnataka, with legislators across party lines often alleging that large amoun... Read More...

  Nov 24, 2020  

Q. Why is this in news? While the virus that causes COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, does spread through respiratory droplets from one person to another, it has been up for debate whether droplets, including tiny aerosols, containing the virus remain suspended in the air for a long enough period of time.When researchers investigated the ventilation openings in one COVID-19 ward and the central ducts that expel indoor air from three COVID-19 wards, they were able to detect SARS-CoV-2 in central ventilation systems, which were distant from patient areas, implying tha... Read More...

  Nov 23, 2020   Health

Q. Why is this in news ?A. 15 countries solidified their participation in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). Even as India opted to stay out after walking out of discussions last year, the new trading bloc has made it clear that the door will remain open for India to return to the negotiating table.Q. What is RCEP?Described as the ... Read More...

  Nov 23, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news? The Leonid meteor showers are currently making their yearly appearance, and will reach their peak in India on November 17 and 18, according to Norway-based website timeanddate.com. In 2020, these showers are active from November 6th to November 30th.The Leonids emerge from the comet Tempel-Tuttle, which requires 33 years to revolve once around the Sun. These meteors are bright and among the fastest moving– travelling at speeds of 71 km per second. During this year’s showers, peaks of around 10 to 15 meteors are expected to be seen every... Read More...

  Nov 22, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?As part of NASA’s first commercial human spacecraft system in history, a crew of four astronauts is now en route to the International Space Station (ISS) on a 27-hour flight, onboard SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft called Resilience.The mission was to launch on November 14 initially, but was impeded by unfavourable weather conditions. Crew-1 is the first operational flight of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft on a Falcon 9 rocket to the ISS and is also the first of the three such flights scheduled over the course of 2020-21. Read More...

  Nov 22, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?A. Recently, the isolated UK Overseas Territory of Tristan da Cunha, which is home to the world’s most remote human settlement, declared the largest fully protected marine reserves in the Atlantic Ocean at 687,000 square kilometres. This will close over 90 percent of their waters to harmful activities such as bottom-trawling fishing, sand extraction and deep-sea mining.UK prime minister Boris Johnson said, “I am now calling on other nations to join us in our ambition to protect 30 per cent of the world’s ocean by 2030. We ne... Read More...

  Nov 21, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news?In its latest monthly bulletin — for November — the Reserve Bank of India has dedicated a chapter on the “State of the economy”. The idea is to provide a monthly snapshot of some of the key indicators of India’s economic health. “By doing so, a hallowed tradition that began with the first issue of the Bulletin in January 1947, but interrupted during the period 1995 to date, will be revived,” the bulletin said.As part of the exercise, the RBI has started “nowcasting” or “the prediction of the present or the very near future of ... Read More...

  Nov 21, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news?Recently, the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) has released the Draft Data Centre Policy, which aims to simplify clearances for setting up data centres in the country.Q. What is the vision of the Draft Data Centre Policy?Making India a Global Data Centre hub,Promote investment in the sector,Pro... Read More...

  Nov 20, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news? The government announced several measures to boost job creation, provide liquidity support to stressed sectors, and to step up investment in housing and infrastructure sectors.The Finance Ministry extended the deadline for the Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS) — under which collateral-free government-guaranteed additional credit is given to MSMEs — until March 31, 2021.In light of the increased crop sown area, an additional Rs 65,000 crore are being provided as fert... Read More...

  Nov 20, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?Haryana government is considering a law against forced religious conversions and has sought information about such a law already in force in Himachal Pradesh. It is in the backdrop of the recent murder of woman outside her college in Faridabad’s Ballabhgarh.Last year, the Himachal Pradesh assembly passed the Freedom of Religion Bill, 2019.Q. What is the Himachal Pradesh anti-conversion law? Read More...

  Nov 19, 2020   Current Affairs