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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

India, like other major powers, will have to carefully monitor how the Obama legacy morphs into the Trump inheritance and the degree of continuity in past policies. The assumption of office by US president-elect Donald Trump and his penchant for pursuing a disruptive agenda has aroused both interest and concern globally. Earlier there was a revisionist reference to the sanctity of the ‘one China’ policy much to Beijing’s ire. The Trump phase of US politics promises to be turbulent globally and bilaterally. In the absence of a cogent policy document, one can outline broad and likely Trump policy indicators and their relevance for India. The levels at which the ... Read More...

  Feb 16, 2017   General Category

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched Measles Rubella (MR) vaccination campaign in the country. The campaign against these two diseases will start from five States/UTs (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Goa and Lakshadweep). It will be taken up in a mission mode approach and rolled out in partnership with States, NGOs and development partners such as WHO, UNICEF, Gates Foundation, Lions Club, IPA, IMA, etc. All children aged between 9 months and less than 15 years will be given a single shot of Measles-Rubella (MR) vaccination irrespective of their previous... Read More...

  Feb 15, 2017   General Category

National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) is a fund created by the Government of India for enhancing infrastructure financing in the country. NIIF is registered with SEBI as Alternative Investment Fund (AIF). Objective The objective of NIIF is to maximize economic impact mainly through infrastructure development in commercially viable projects, both greenfield and brownfield, including stalled projects. Functions of NIIF The functions of NIIF are as follows: Fund raising through suitable instruments including off-shore credit enhanced bonds, and attracting anchor investors to participate as par... Read More...

  Feb 14, 2017   General Category

A large part of the world’s food is produced by smallholder farmers. But why they have remained economically disadvantaged?  It is a tragic irony that smallholders grow much of the developing world’s food but often go hungry themselves. They have long been left out of the mainstream of economic growth, development, and government policies because governments did not give priority to agriculture as the engine of economic growth. Smallholders need access to water and land, rural finance, markets and credit and information about prices. They also need an enabling policy environment, a supportive infrastructure and incentives to mak... Read More...

  Feb 13, 2016   General Category

Significance of Inter-State Council for Internal Security The nation can only progress if the State and the Centre work shoulder to shoulder. With reference to internal security it is not possible to strengthen it if intelligence exchange is not improved. Chairing the 11th meeting of the Inter-State Council (ISC) on July 13, 2016 Prime Minister emphasized the significance of Inter-State Council for Internal Security. Over the last few decades, the dividing line between internal and external security has blurred considerably, with the respective facets of the two aspects of security often enmeshed. ‘Law and Order’, w... Read More...

  Feb 11, 2017   General Category

India and the United Kingdom have jointly developed a combat ready aircraft that will be on offer to neighbouring countries, countering growing Chinese penetration of the defence market in the region.  The Advanced Hawk has been in the works for two years under a unique model with Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) and BAE pooling resources to develop a faster, more agile Hawk that can also carry smart weapons.  About the Advanced hawk The aircraft is currently being assembled in Bengaluru, has several new features including a new wing design by HAL that gives the plane mor... Read More...

  Feb 10, 2017   General Category

The aim of the scheme is to make young boys and girls gender sensitive and create positive social norms that value the girls and their rights. The Ministry of Women and Child Development has issued Guidelines for engagement of Gender Champions by schools and colleges across the country. The broad mandate of Gender Champions is to provide an integrated and interdisciplinary approach to understanding the social and cultural constructs of gender that shape the experiences of women and men in society. Gender Champions are envisaged as responsible leaders who will facilitate an enabling environment within their schools/colleges/academic institutions where gi... Read More...

  Feb 09, 2017   General Category

Under the scheme, financial assistance is provided for construction of pucca house to all houseless and households living in dilapidated houses. Under Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana — Gramin The expenditure involved in implementing the project in a span of 3 years from 2016-17 to 2018-19 is Rs.81975 crores. It is proposed that one crore households would be provided assistance for construction of pucca house under the project during the period from 2016-17 to 2018-19. The scheme would be implemented in rural... Read More...

  Feb 08, 2017   General Category

Ties between China and Japan have been strained by a territorial row over a group of islands, known as the Senkaku islands in Japan and the Diaoyu islands in China. What is the row about? At the heart of the dispute are eight uninhabited islands and rocks in the East China Sea. They have a total area of about 7 sq. km and lie north-east of Taiwan, east of the Chinese mainland and south-west of Japan's southern-most prefecture, Okinawa. The islands are controlled by Japan. They matter because: They are close to important shipping lanes. They offer rich fishing grounds. Read More...

  Feb 07, 2017   General Category

Policy is being revised after 15 years and is expected to guide Government action on Women’s issues over the next 15-20 years. Several things have changed since the last Policy of 2001 especially women's attitude towards themselves and their expectations from life. The new draft Policy shifts the focus from entitlements to rights and from empowerment to creating an enabling environment. Priority Areas Health including food security and nutrition: Focus on recognizing women’s reproductive rights, shift of family planning focus also to males,&nbs... Read More...

  Feb 05, 2017   General Category

Announced in the 2017-18  Union Budget, it involves or reaching out to the last man, with  a plan to converge social welfare plans and schemes across ministries and target these to reach individual households.  It  will involve convergence of various government schemes, sharing of infrastructure and resources and multi-pronged strategies to address target households based on their specific deprivations indicated in the recently published SECCIt means efforts to integrate  schemes from ministries of health, education, employment and social security (insurance schemes under financial services) .  Read More...

  Feb 04, 2017   General Category

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) was launched in June 2015 with an aim to provide affordable housing to urban poor. The Mission will be implemented during 2015-2022 and will provide central assistance to Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and other implementing agencies through States/UTs. This Mission has four components: In-situ Slum Redevelopment with private sector participation using land as resource. Affordable Housing through Credit Linked Subsidy. Affordable Housing in Partnership with private and public sector. Beneficiary led house construction/enhancement. Under PMAY: The government has identified 305 cit... Read More...

  Feb 03, 2017   General Category

In the domain of international relations, military diplomacy has, in recent years, emerged as a major tool to further diplomatic interests of nations. Participation in international level military exercises is an indication of the highest level of trust and confidence between the member nations. It is a key confidence building measure (CBM). It is an indication of the faith reposed by India on another nation or a group of member nations. On the operational side, military exercises enable mili... Read More...

  Feb 02, 2017   General Category

India’s recent maritime initiatives - Project ‘Mausam’ and ‘Sagarmala’ - have generated some discussion about a supposed Indian counter-strategy to China’s Maritime Silk Road in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). While the inherent logic of such claims is based on reasonable assumptions, the truth apparently is more complex. Project Mausam Project Mausam is essentially a Ministry of Culture project concerning the creation of cultural links with India’s maritime neighbours. Pursued in concert with the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). The project’s objective is two-fold: At the macro level to re-... Read More...

  Feb 01, 2017   General Category

Project ‘Mausam’ is a Ministry of Culture project with Archaeological Society of India (ASI), New Delhi as the nodal agency and Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA), New Delhi as its Research Unit. ‘Mausam’ or Arabic ‘Mawsim’ refers to the season when ships could sail safely. This distinctive wind-system of the Indian Ocean region follows a regular pattern: southwest from May to September; and northeast from November to March. The English term ‘Monsoon’ came from Portuguese ‘Monção’, ostensibly from Arabic ‘Mawsim’. The etymology of this word signifies the imp... Read More...

  Jan 31, 2017   General Category

The Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY) is a scheme launched by the Union Government in 2015. Salient Features: For providing loans upto Rs. 10 lakhs (around US$15,000) to the non-corporate, non-farm small/micro enterprises. All banks viz. Public Sector banks, Private Sector Banks, Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), State Co-operative Banks, Urban Co-operative Banks, Foreign Banks and Non-Banking Finance Companies (NBFCs)/Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs) - are required to lend to non-farm sector income generating activities below Rs.10 lakhs.  These loans are classified as MUDRA loans under PMMY. Read More...

  Jan 30, 2017   General Category

The Trilateral Maritime Security Co-operation Initiative was launched by India, Sri Lanka and Maldives in 2011 at Male. This was a welcome initiative involving the three littoral states to enhance maritime security in the neighbourhood. There were two subsequent meetings in 2013 and 2014. There has, however, been no meeting under this mechanism for over two years and a fresh impetus for this initiative seems to be lacking. There is an urgent need to revitalise and expand this construct given the growing maritime security challenges in the area. The expansion of Chinese activities in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) should also be considered as another driver for India to further strength... Read More...

  Jan 29, 2017   General Category

The ostensible reason for India's non-inclusion in the APEC is its extra-regional status. APEC is essentially a group of 'Pacific' countries that came together in 1989 to form an economic community. Its guiding motive was to resist protectionist policies by individual member states, and the promotion of trade liberalisation and economic cooperation within the affiliated Asia-Pacific economies. By that description, India did not seem to fit in. In the past few years, however, the issue of India’s membership to the APEC has come under repeated discussion within the forum. The main impediment, apparently, has been the opposition of some participants who have held India&... Read More...

  Jan 28, 2017   General Category

The One-China policy refers to the policy or view that there is only one state called "China", despite the existence of two governments that claim to be "China". As a policy, this means that countries seeking diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China (PRC, Mainland China) must break official relations with the Republic of China (ROC, Taiwan) and vice versa. The One China policy is different from the "One China principle", which is the principle that insists both Taiwan and mainland China are inalienable parts of a single "China". India initially for a long period accepted the One China... Read More...

  Jan 26, 2017   General Category

When China's yuan falls against the U.S. dollar, Chinese products become cheaper in the U.S. market and American products become more costly in China.So the U.S. Treasury Department monitors China for signs it is manipulating the yuan lower. Treasury has guidelines for putting countries on its currency blacklist. They must, for example, have spent the equivalent of 2 percent of their economic output over a year buying foreign currencies in an attempt to drive those currencies up and their own currencies down. Treasury hasn't declared China a currency manipulator since 1994. For years, China manipulated its currency to gain an advantage over global co... Read More...

  Jan 25, 2017   General Category