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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q Why is it in News ?A The introduction of the Common University Entrance Test (CUET) can be seen as a step in the direction of aligning India with international standards.Q What is  CUET ?A The UGC’s rationale for introducing the test is to address the disparity in the allocation of marks by different examination boards, and provide a “level playing field” to students from different sections of society and diverse regions.The CUET has been envisaged as a corrective.Of the 48 central universities, 45 seem to have the requirements to institute the test... Read More...

  Jun 07, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A The impression that “judges appoint judges” in India is wrong. It is the government which “finally appoints the judges in the name of the President of India, the head of our state”, Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana said in conversation with US Supreme Court judge.Q What did the CJI say?A There is an impression that in India judges appoint judges. It is a wrong impression.The appointment is done through a lengthy consultative process known as collegium system. Many stakeholders are consulted.Q What is Collegium System? Read More...

  Jun 06, 2022   Current Affairs

Q What is the context  ?A The Supreme Court has decided to examine a plea to simplify the legal process for the adoption of children in the country.The petition filed said that there were only 4,000 child adoptions annually though there were 3 crore orphan children in the country.The Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance (CARING) System ought to appoint trained “adoption preparers” who could help the prospective parents to complete the cumbersome paperwork required for adoption.Q What is Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA)?A CARA i... Read More...

  Jun 06, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A The Union Home Ministry has designated Hafiz Talha Saeed, son of Hafiz Mohammad Saeed, chief of the Pakistan-based terror outfit Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), as a terrorist under the Unlawful (Activities) Prevention Act (UAPA).Q What is Unlawful (Activities) Prevention Act (UAPA) ?A The UAPA is aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India.Its main objective was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of IndiaIt is an upgrade on the Terrorist and Disruptive Activ... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2022   Current Affairs

Q What is the context  ?A The importance of care work is now widely acknowledged and covered in various international commitments such as the SDGs. However, the investment in the care economy has not matched the pace.Q  What is the significance of care work ?A Care work encompasses direct activities such as feeding a baby or nursing an ill partner, and indirect care activities such as cooking and cleaning’.Whether paid or unpaid, direct or indirect, care work is vital for human well-being and economies.Unpaid care work is linked to labour market ineq... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved supply of fortified rice in all States and Union Territories (UTs) by 2024 in a phased manner.Fortified Rice will be supplied throughout the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) under the:National Food Security Act (NFSA)Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)Pradhan Mantri Poshan Shakti Nirman-PM POSHAN [erstwhile Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDM)] andOther Welfare Schemes (OWS)Q What are its phases of implementation ?A The following three phas... Read More...

  Jun 04, 2022   Current Affairs

Q What is the context  ?A The Supreme Court upheld amendments introducing restrictions in the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) while holding that no one has a fundamental or absolute right to receive foreign contributions.Q What is FCRA?A The FCRA regulates foreign donations and ensures that such contributions do not adversely affect internal security.First enacted in 1976, it was amended in 2010 when a slew of new measures was adopted to regulate foreign donations.The FCRA is applicable to all associations, groups and NGO... Read More...

  Jun 04, 2022   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A Russia’s membership to the Human Rights Council (UNHRC), to which it was elected in 2020, was suspended after the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) vote.Q Why was Russia suspended from UNHRC?A Russia’s three-year term as member of the Council began on January 1, 2021.With membership on the Council comes a responsibility to uphold high human rights standards.It is this responsibility that Russia is alleged to have wilfully violated in Ukraine.Q Why did India stayed absent ?A  Read More...

  Jun 03, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A The World Health Organization (WHO) has flagged the emergence of a new variant of the SARS-CoV-2 virus — the XE recombinant.Q How are variants created?A SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, is an RNA virus which evolves by accumulating genetic errors in its genome.These errors are produced when the virus infects a person and makes copies of itself inside the host’s cells.These errors (otherwise called mutations) are therefore a by-product of replication of SARS-CoV-2 inside the cell and may be carried forward as the virus con... Read More...

  Jun 03, 2022   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A A standing committee of Parliament, tabled last week, has criticised the functioning of the development programme for de-notified, nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes.Q Who are de-notified, nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes?A These are communities who are the most vulnerable and deprived.Denotified tribes (DNTs) are communities that were ‘notified’ as being ‘born criminal’ during the British regime under a series of laws starting with the Criminal Tribes Act of 1871.They mostly belong to the medieval period Banjaras.Nomadic and semi-... Read More...

  Jun 02, 2022   Polity

Q What is the context  ?A The ongoing tensions between Russia and Ukraine have led to the prices of crude oil shooting to $130/barrel. Green hydrogen is an emerging option that will help reduce India’s vulnerability to such price shocks.Q What are the  deficiencies in Renewable Energy Technologies ?A Intermittent nature of Renewable Energy: Renewable Energy can only be generated intermittently.Battery technology cannot store electricity at a grid scale.Financial viability: There are question marks on the financial viability of green power.... Read More...

  Jun 02, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A President Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s declared a state of Emergency in Sri Lanka.Q What is Background of Sri Lankan Crisis ?A Sri Lanka’s economic crisis can be traced to two key developments— the Easter Sunday bombings of 2019 that deterred tourists, and the pandemic since early 2020.These events stalled recovery and further drained the economy.As it grappled with an unprecedented challenge, the Rajapaksa regime made policy choices that are now proving to be costly.It cut the government’s tax revenue substantially and rushed into an ... Read More...

  Jun 01, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A The Lok Sabha recently passed a bill to amend a constitutional order to include Darlong, a tribal clan in Tripura which was among the generic Halam community till now, in the list of Scheduled Tribes (ST).Q Who are Darlongs?A Darlong is a tribal community of 11,000 people.Despite its small population, the community has a high prevalence of education, cultural activities and members of the community are serving in different high positions in the local administration.Darlongs, despite being Scheduled Tribes, were never given ST certificat... Read More...

  Jun 01, 2022   Art & Culture

Main Examination PatternInstructionsAnswer all TEN of the following questions.Time : 90 MinutesThe number of marks carried by each question and world limits are indicated at the end of the question.Please email your answer sheet on sriramsiasteam@gmail.com. Please mention your name, batch and Test Paper name in Subject line. Q1. India is an “indestructible union of destructible states”. In this context, explain the Parliament's power to reorganise the states under Articl... Read More...

  May 31, 2022   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A Sri Lanka’s economic crisis is aggravating rapidly, putting citizens through enormous hardship.Q What are the reasons for the Crisis ?A The first wave of the pandemic in 2020 offered early and sure signs of distress.In-migration: Thousands of Sri Lankan labourers in West Asian countries were left stranded and returned jobless.Shut-down: Garment factories and tea estates could not function, as infections raged in clusters. Tourism sector to saw a big dip.Domestic job losses: Thousand... Read More...

  May 31, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A South Asia became a major player in the global textiles and clothing market with the onset of the third wave of global production.Q What is status of textile industry in Bangladesh ?A Bangladesh overtook India in exports in the past decade as Indian labour costs resulted in products becoming 20% more expensive.Bangladesh joined the league in the 1980s, owing to the outbreak of the civil war in Sri Lanka.Lower production costs and free trade agreements with western buyers are what favour Bangladesh, which falls third in th... Read More...

  May 31, 2022   Geography

Q Why is it in News ?A Google Pay has recently launched a new feature in India, ‘Tap to pay for UPI’, in collaboration with Pine Labs. The feature makes use of Near Field Communication (NFC) technology.The functionality will allow users with NFC-enabled Android smartphones and UPI (Unified Payments Interface) accounts linked to Google Pay to carry out transactions just by tapping their phones on any Pine Labs Android point-of-sale (POS) terminal across the country.The process is much faster compared to scanning a QR code or entering the UPI-linked mobile number which has been the conventional way ti... Read More...

  May 30, 2022   Science and Technology

Q What is the context  ?A The Union government has extended the scheme to provide Rs.40 crore grants-in-aid to the Dalai Lama’s Central Tibetan Relief Committee (CTRC) for another five years, up to fiscal year 2025-26.The scheme provides for an annual grant of Rs.8 crore to CTRC to meet the administrative expenses of Settlement Offices and social welfare expenses for Tibetan refugees staying in Tibetan settlements spread across 12 States/UTs in the country.Q What is the Central Tibetan Relief Committee?A It was launched in 2015. The ma... Read More...

  May 30, 2022   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the government has kept interest rates unchanged on Small savings Schemes, including NSC (National Savings Certificate) and PPF (Public Provident Fund) for the first quarter of 2022-23 (April-June) due to an elevated level of inflation.Q What are the Small Saving Schemes/Instruments?A They are the major source of household savings in India and comprise 12 instruments.The depositors get an assured interest on their money.Collections from all small savings instruments are credited to the Nati... Read More...

  May 29, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, the Union Cabinet approved the “Raising and Accelerating MSME Performance” (RAMP) scheme which would commence in FY 2022-23.It is in line with the recommendations made by U K Sinha Committee, KV Kamath Committee and Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (PMEAC).The Reserve Bank of India had constituted an ‘Expert Committee on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises’ under the Chairmanship of Shri U K Sinha in 2019 to suggest long-term measures for the economic and financial sustainability of the MSME sector. Read More...

  May 29, 2022   Economy