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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in news?A. The Supreme Court has agreed to examine the constitutional validity of the Kerala Animals and Birds Sacrifices Prohibition Act of 1968 that prohibits sacrifice of animals and birds in temples to ‘please’ the deity.Q. What’s the issue and appellant stand?An appeal is filed in the Supreme Court by P.E. Gopalakrishnan and others who are Shakthi worshippers, and for whom, animal sacrifice is an integral part of the worship. Read More...

  Sep 07, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news?In the joint working group meeting of the Sustainable Growth Pillar of the India-US partnership, an India Energy Modeling Forum was launched. The forum would include knowledge partners, data agencies and concerned government ministries.NITI Aayog will initially coordinate the activities of the forum and finalizing its governing structure.Sustainable Growth Pillar is an important pillar of India-US Strategic Energy Partnership co-chaired by NITI Aayog and United St... Read More...

  Sep 07, 2020   International Relations

Que. 1. Critically examine the effects of globalization on the aged population in India.  (UPSC - 2013) [150 Words] Ans. Globalization is growing interdependence of the world’s economies, cultures, and populations, brought about by cross-border trade in goods and services, technology, and flows of investment, people, and information. Globalization along with industrialisation, urbanization and technological changes has affected all segments of population including aged persons everywhere.  Positive Impacts of globalization on age... Read More...

  Sep 07, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. What is the news?A. Africa has been declared free from wild polio by the independent body, the Africa Regional Certification Commission. Now only the vaccine-derived polio virus remains in Africa.Q. When a country is certified as free of wild polio?A. A region is certified as free of wild polio after three years have passed without the virus being detected in any of its countries.Nigeria is the last African country to... Read More...

  Sep 05, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. What is the news?A. At least six papers published in reputable journals — Cell, Nature, Science, and Science Immunology — have found that 20­50% of people who have not been infected with novel coronavirus (SARSCoV­2) harbour memory T cells derived from previous exposures to common cold coronaviruses. The memory T cells were found to cross-react with SARS­CoV­2. Q. Do the presence of memory T-Cell prevent infection from novel coronavirus?A. Read More...

  Sep 05, 2020   Science and Technology

Que. 1. With a brief background of quality of urban life in India, introduce the objectives and strategy of the ‘Smart City Programme.” (UPSC - 2016) [150 Words] Ans. According to Census 2011, nearly 31% of total population reside in urban area, which is expected to rise around 50% by 2030. Quality of life in urban areas are too diverse for instance on one hand we have planned development like Chandigarh on the other slums like Dharavi lying in heart of Mumbai. Their challenges are also too diverse for ex. Delhi is grappling with issue of pollution, Mumbai and Chennai with floods every mon... Read More...

  Sep 05, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. Why is this in news?A.  Tata Group is planning to launch an all-in-one super app by the end of this year or early next year. The omnichannel digital platform, expected to bring together all the consumer-facing businesses of the group, is likely to be developed by the newly formed entity Tata Digital.Q. What are super apps?A. A super app is a platform developed by a company offering various services under one umbrella. For example, China’s WeChat, which started out as... Read More...

  Sep 04, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?A. Recently a draft report of Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science and Technology has flagged issues about DNA Bill, they say that the Bill that proposes DNA sampling and profiling of citizens accused of crime or reported missing and storing their unique genetic information for administrative purposes has some alarming provisions that could be misused for caste or community based profiling, they pointed out that DNA profiles can reveal extremely sensitive information of an individual such as pedigree, skin colour, behaviour, illness, hea... Read More...

  Sep 04, 2020   Science and Technology

Que. 1. “An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from the process of deprivation.” Substantiate this statement with suitable examples. (UPSC - 2016) [150 Words]  Ans. Poverty is a state or condition in which a person or community lacks the financial resources and essentials for a minimum standard of living. It can be defined objectively and applied consistently only in terms of the concept of relative deprivation and deprivation is a condition of lacking or not having something. Therefore, poverty and deprivation are closely related. So poverty is a multi-dimensiona... Read More...

  Sep 04, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. Why is this in news?Recently, it has been alleged that the strength of the Council of Ministers (CoM) in Madhya Pradesh exceeds the prescribed Constitutional limit.The recent expansion of the Ministry in Madhya Pradesh has increased the Council of Ministers strength to 34, which is more than 15% of the effective strength of the legislators at 206.The effective strength of the House is calculated by deducting the vacant seats out of th... Read More...

  Sep 03, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?Recently, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has released guidelines on digital education titled 'PRAGYATA'.The guidelines have been prepared by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT).The guidelines include eight steps of online/digital learning i.e. Plan- Review- Arrange- Guide... Read More...

  Sep 03, 2020   Current Affairs

Que. 1. Why do some of the most prosperous regions of India have an adverse sex ratio for women? Give reasons.  (UPSC 2014) [150 Words]. Ans: Census 2011 shows this stark trend that the most prosperous region in India especially North-western states like Haryana (877) Punjab (893) is in contrast to when compared with less prosperous North Eastern states like Meghalaya (986) and States like Chhattisgarh (991) Orissa (978) showing much above than even national average of 940.  Reason for such skewed or adverse sex ratio for women in these prosperous regions are:  1.The access and affordabi... Read More...

  Sep 03, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. Why is this in news?The High-Level Group on Agricultural Exports set up by the Fifteenth Finance Commission has submitted its report to the Commission.Q. Why is there a focus on Agri-exports?India’s agricultural export has the potential to grow from USD 40 billion to USD 70 billion in a few years.The estimated investment in agricultural export could be in the tune to USD 8-10 billion across inputs, infrastructure, and processing and demand enablers. Read More...

  Sep 02, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?A. Recently, the Supreme Court held Prashant Bhushan guilty of criminal contempt of court for his tweets against the CJI .So, here arises a case of remedy of curative petition is available to him.Q. What is Curative Petition?The concept was first evolved by the Supreme Court of India in Rupa Ashok Hurra vs. Ashok Hurra and another case (2002) ... Read More...

  Sep 02, 2020   Polity

Que. 1. How do you explain the statistics that show that the sex ratio in Tribes in India is more favourable to women than the sex ratio among Scheduled Castes? (UPSC 2015) (150 Words) Ans. Sex ratio in tribes are more favourable to women than sex ration among Scheduled caste as according to Census 2011 Sex ratio among scheduled tribes is 990, while for scheduled caste is 945 and overall it is 943.  Reason for this favourable sex ratio among scheduled tribes are:  Since antiquity they enjoyed matriarchal society and there is no gender inequ... Read More...

  Sep 02, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. Why is this in news?A. Amidst these proliferating space missions world over, along with advances in commercial space flight, astrobiologists have expressed concerns about possible ‘interplanetary contamination’.Q. What is Interplanetary Contamination?Interplanetary contamination refers to biological contamination of a planetary body by a space probe or spacecraft, either deliberate or unintentional.Q. What are types of interplanetary contamination? Read More...

  Sep 01, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?A. Recently, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has constituted the National Council for Transgender Persons, under the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019.Q. What is its aim?To mainstream the transgender community’s concerns, focusing on livelihood issues as well as to raise awareness about the trans community, so that trans persons are accepted within families and in the larger society.To ensure that transgender... Read More...

  Sep 01, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Que.1. Critically examine whether population is responsible for poverty or poverty is responsible for population. (150 Words) (UPSC - 2015) Ans. TR Malthus, in an Essay on the “Principles of Population” establishes the kind of cause-effect relationship between both Population and Poverty and said that both are quite interlinked. The focus of question here is basically on two issues which are intertwined :  1. Is population responsible for Poverty:  Increase in the population results in more family expenses. It leads to rise... Read More...

  Sep 01, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. Why is this in news?A. Recently ,the revival of the demand for two autonomous councils has made political parties and community-based groups call for bringing the entire Arunachal Pradesh under the ambit of the Sixth Schedule or Article 371 (A) of the Constitution.Q. What is the Sixth Schedule?The Sixth Schedule of Indian Constitution consists of provisions for the administration of tribal areas in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram, according to Article 244 of the Indian Constitution.Passed by the Constituent Assembly in 1949, it seeks to safeguard the rights of t... Read More...

  Aug 31, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?A. Senior advocates of Supreme Court recently expressed concern over Attorney General (AG) KK Venugopal not being heard in detail during the Prashant Bhushan contempt-of-court hearings in the Supreme Court.Q. What is the case for prior approval in Contempt Cases?The prior consent in writing of the Attorney General is required for the Supreme Court to initiate criminal contempt action in a case account to the Contempt of Court Act, 1971.AGI... Read More...

  Aug 31, 2020   Polity