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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q Why is it in News ?A Wheat procurement is now underway in various states of the country.Q How is Wheat Procurement  done in India ?A The main purpose of procuring for the central pool is ensuring the MSP as well as the country’s food security by making food available to the weaker sections at affordable prices.The Centre procures wheat by paying the minimum support price (MSP) announced for the crop.The States do it under two systems:The centralised one, also called the non-decentralised procurement system (non-DCP) andThe decentra... Read More...

  Jun 16, 2022   Economy

Q What is Collegium System?A The Collegium of judges is the Indian Supreme Court’s invention.It does not figure in the Constitution, which says judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts are appointed by the President and speaks of a process of consultation.In effect, it is a system under which judges are appointed by an institution comprising judges.After some judges were superseded in the appointment of the CJI in the 1970s, and attempts made subsequently to effect a mass transfer of High Court judges across the country.Hence there was a perception that the independence of the judiciary was ... Read More...

  Jun 16, 2022   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A The Supreme Court has asked the Chief Secretaries of the States to respond to queries raised by the Centre on the implementation of rules framed under the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) (RERA) Act, 2016 in their respective jurisdictions.Q What is RERA, 2016?A The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 seeks to protect home-buyers as well as help boost investments in the real estate industry.It establishes a Real Estate Regulatory Authority- RERA in each state for regulation of the real estate sector and also acts as an ad... Read More...

  Jun 15, 2022   Polity

Q What is the context  ?A Apple recently announced that consumers will have the right to purchase spare components of their products, following an order of the Federal Trade Commission of the United States, which directs manufacturers to remedy unfair anti-competitive practice and asks them to make sure that consumers can make repairs, either themselves or by a third-party agency. The momentum is, however, not so strong in India.Q What are the Challenges in repairing of electronic goods ?A Repairing is becoming unreasonably expensive or pretty much impossible because of  Read More...

  Jun 15, 2022   Current Affairs

Main Examination PatternInstructionsAnswer all TEN of the following questions.Time : 90 MinutesThe number of marks carried by each question and world limits are indicated at the end of the question.Please email your answer sheet on sriramsiasteam@gmail.com. Please mention your name, batch and Test Paper name in Subject line.Q1. Discuss DNA and salient features of the Double-helix structure of DNA. (100 Words, 10 Marks)Q2. Discuss the functions of... Read More...

  Jun 15, 2022   General Category

Q Why is it in News ?A Cryptocurrency will be discouraged via taxation and capital gains provisions. This was the message from the Finance Minister during the Budget discussion in Parliament.Q Why is there Growing worry about the cryptocurrencies ?A The Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, in February, highlighted two things.First, “private cryptocurrencies are a big threat to our financial and macroeconomic stability”.Second, “these cryptocurrencies have no underlying (asset).Clearly, statements from the RBI indicate a growing worry since the p... Read More...

  Jun 14, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A The Enforcement Directorate (ED) is in the news now and often.Q What is Enforcement Directorate (ED) ?A It goes back to May 1, 1956, when an ‘Enforcement Unit’ was formed in the Department of Economic Affairs.It then aimed for handling Exchange Control Laws violations under the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA).The ED today is a multi-dimensional organisation investigating economic offences under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA), Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, Foreign Exchange Management Act and FE... Read More...

  Jun 14, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A The sinking of the huge Russian warship Moskva whether due to a Ukrainian missile strike or, as Russia claims, a fire on board — is a serious setback for Russia in the Black Sea.Q What are some key details about Black Sea ?A The famed water body is bound by Ukraine to the north and northwest, Russia and Georgia to the east, Turkey to the south, and Bulgaria and Romania to the west.It links to the Sea of Marmara through the Bosphorus and then to the Aegean through the Dardanelles.Q What is the significance of Black Sea for Russia ?... Read More...

  Jun 13, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Historical importance of good nutrition was ignored by the modern therapist who tried to control TB initially with streptomycin injection, isoniazid and para-aminosalisylic acid. In the ecstasy of finding antibiotics killing the germs, the social determinants of disease were ignored.Q Why is there Lack of patient-centric TB treatment ?AWith more drug arsenals such as rifampicin, ethambutol, pyrazinamide, the fight against TB bacteria continued, which became multidrug resistant.The regimes and the mode of delivery of drugs were changed to plug the loo... Read More...

  Jun 13, 2022   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A This year, the onset of southwest monsoon over Kerala is likely to be earlier than the normal date of onset. The monsoon onset over Kerala is likely to be on May 27 with a model error of four days," India Meteorological Department (IMD) stated last week.Indian monsoon, the most prominent of the world’s monsoon systems, which primarily affects India and its surrounding water bodies.It blows from the northeast during cooler months and reverses direction to blow from the southwest during the warmest months of the year.Q What is Onset of Monsoon ? A  Read More...

  Jun 12, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q What is the context  ?A India is likely to receive a normal monsoon for the fourth consecutive year, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) said in its first Long Range Forecast (LRF) for this year.Q What is Long Period Average (LPA)?A The IMD predicts a “normal”, “below normal”, or “above normal” monsoon in relation to a benchmark “long period average” (LPA).The LPA of rainfall is the rainfall recorded over a particular region for a given interval (like month or season) average over a long period like 30 years, 50 years, etc.LPA refers to t... Read More...

  Jun 12, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A With the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) governing both Delhi and Punjab, collaboration for clean air should be the mantra for both State governments.Q What is Impact of air pollution on Delhi and Punjab ?A Punjab is home to nine of the 132 most polluted cities in the country identified by the Central Pollution Control Board.In 2019, Delhi and Punjab together faced economic losses estimated to be approximately ₹18,000 crore due to worsening air pollution.Therefore, by collaborating for clean air, both States can ens... Read More...

  Jun 11, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q What is the context  ?A Hate speech is at the root of many forms of violence that are being perpetrated and has become one of the biggest challenges to the rule of law and to our democratic conscience.Q What are Consequences of hate speech ? A Electoral mobilisation along the communal line: One of the most visible consequences of hate speech is increased electoral mobilisation along communal lines which is also paying some electoral dividends. Hate speech, in itself, must be understood and treated as a violent act and urgently so.With elected me... Read More...

  Jun 11, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A One of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s closest allies warned NATO that if Sweden and Finland joined the US-led military alliance then Russia would have to bolster its defences in the region, including by deploying nuclear weapons.Finland, which shares a 1,300-km border with Russia, and Sweden are considering joining the NATO alliance.Q Why do they want to join NATO?A The possible accession of Finland and Sweden into NATO to get collective Western security against Russia — would be one of the biggest strategic consequences of the Ukraine ... Read More...

  Jun 10, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Almost everyone vaccinated for Covid-19 over the last 16 months will remember that he or she received a quick prick in the upper arm.Q Why vaccines are generally administered into muscle?A This is because most vaccines, including those for Covid-19, are most effective when administered through the intramuscular route into the upper arm muscle, known as the deltoid.There are several reasons, but the most important one is that the muscles have a rich blood supply network.This means whenever a vaccine carrying an antigen is injected into i... Read More...

  Jun 10, 2022   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A Temperatures have shot up across many parts of the country with the early onset of summer, leading to a rise in the demand for power. Instances of power outages have been reported in several states.Q Why is there a concern around power supply?A The demand for power has soared.Several states, including Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Telangana, and Maharashtra, are facing power outages.The coal stock with power generation companies (gencos) is not adequate to meet the rising demand.Q How bad is the coal shor... Read More...

  Jun 09, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q What is the context  ?A India has long suffered the anomaly of imported raw material being taxed more than the finished product. Economists call it the inverted duty structure. A spate of free trade agreements (FTAs) in the past have not helped. Are the new ones any better?Q What is the inverted duty structure?A An inverted duty structure comes up in a situation where import duties on input goods are higher than on finished goods.In other words, the GST rate paid on purchases is more than the GST rate payable on sales.Q Why is it a problem? Read More...

  Jun 09, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A India is likely to miss its 2022 target of installing 100 gigawatts (GW) of solar power capacity a/c to a report. This is because of rooftop solar lagging behind, the authors say.Q What is India’s Solar Policy ?A Since 2011, India’s solar sector has grown at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of around 59% from 0.5GW in 2011 to 55GW in 2021.The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM), also known as the National Solar Mission (NSM), was commenced in January 2010.It marked the first time the government focussed on promoting and de... Read More...

  Jun 08, 2022   Current Affairs

Q What is the context  ?A Recently the fourth ‘2+2’ dialogue between India and the United States took place in  Washington DC.Q What is  2+2 talks between India and allies ?AThe 2+2 dialogue is a format of meeting of the foreign and defence ministers of India and its allies on strategic and security issues.A 2+2 ministerial dialogue enables the partners to better understand and appreciate each other’s strategic concerns and sensitivities taking into account political factors on both sides.This helps to build a stronger, more integrated strategic relat... Read More...

  Jun 08, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Last week, Home Minister Amit Shah suggested that states should communicate with each other in Hindi rather than English, while stressing that Hindi should not be an alternative to local languages.This again sparked the debate of “Hindi imposition”.Q How widely is Hindi spoken in India?A The 2011 linguistic census accounts for 121 mother tongues, including 22 languages listed in the 8th Schedule of the Constitution.Hindi is the most widely spoken, with 52.8 crore individuals, or 43.6% of the population, declaring it as their mother to... Read More...

  Jun 07, 2022   Current Affairs