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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why in News?A. The 17th Lok Sabha, which is entering its final year, has functioned for 230 sitting days so far.Of all the Lok Sabhas that completed the full five-year term, the 16th Lok Sabha had the lowest number of sitting days (331). With one more year remaining, and 58 average sitting days a year, the 17th Lok Sabha is unlikely to sit for more than 331 days.This could make it the shortest full-term Lok Sabha since 1952. Read More...

  Apr 26, 2023   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A.An Online portal that will help citizens file and access applications under the Right to Information (RTI) Act in matters related to the court launched by Supreme Court.  Q. What is the online RTI portal?A. The online RTI portal has been initiated to make it convenient for people to access information about the Supreme Court.So far, RTI applications at the Supreme Court had to be filed only via post.Various public interest litigation (PILs) had been filed before the Supreme Court seeking an online RTI portal ... Read More...

  Apr 25, 2023   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. Concerned about the high risk faced by poor and less-educated women, especially in rural areas, who undergo unjustified hysterectomies, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India has initiated measures to address this issue. Q. What is Hysterectomy?A. About:A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the uterus (womb), the organ in a woman's body where a ... Read More...

  Apr 25, 2023   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News? A. With climate change, Deforestation has become a critically sensitive issue globally in recent years, making imperative for Forest Certification to regulate the entry and sale of forest-based products.At the Glasgow climate meeting in 2021, more than 100 countries made a pledge to stop, and start reversing, deforestation by 2030. Q. What is Forest Certification?A. Need:Forests absorb large amounts of carbon dioxide that is emitted in various economic activiti... Read More...

  Apr 24, 2023   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A. According to a New Study, “Thawing Permafrost poses an environmental threat to thousands of sites with legacy industrial contamination”, thawing of Permafrost may result in the spread of toxic substances in the Arctic Region.Q. What is Permafrost?A. Permafrost is essentially any ground that stays frozen — 0 degree Celsius or lower — for at least two years straight.These permanently frozen grounds are often found in Arctic regions such as Greenland, Alaska (the United States), Canada... Read More...

  Apr 24, 2023   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. ILO (International Labour Organization) and UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund) has released a report titled- “More than a billion reasons: The urgent need to build universal social protection for children”, which states that just 1 in 4 children are shielded by social protection, leaving others exposed to poverty, exclusion and multidimensional deprivations. Q. What is the Need for Social Protection?A. Social protection is a universal human right and a precondition for a world&nbs... Read More...

  Apr 23, 2023   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. As AI tools like OpenAI's ChatGPT continue to gain popularity for their versatility and automation capabilities, concerns are being raised regarding their environmental impact.A recent study has shed light on the water footprint of Artificial Intelligence(AI) models, highlighting the significant amounts of water required to maintain data centers and train these models. Q. What is the Water Footprint of AI?A. The water footprint of AI is the amount of water that is... Read More...

  Apr 23, 2023   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A Delhi Police has established identity of a victim of brutal murder and mutilation by DNA fingerprinting. Q What is DNA fingerprinting?A DNA fingerprinting was first developed in 1984 by Alec Jeffreys in the UK, after Jeffreys discovered that no two people could have the same DNA sequence.Within three years of the discovery, the UK achieved the world’s first conviction based on DNA evidence in a case of rape and murder. Q How is DNA fingerprinting done?A  Read More...

  Apr 22, 2023   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. The Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme/ Convention on Migratory Species (UNEP/CMS) had organized a meeting of Range Countries to strengthen conservation efforts for migratory birds and their habitats in the Central Asian Flyway (CAF).The meeting was attended by 11 countries, including Armenia, Bangladesh, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Kuwait. The delegates agreed on an institutional framework for the CAF and a draft roadmap for updating the CMS CAF Action Plan. ... Read More...

  Apr 22, 2023   Current Affairs

Q What is Unlawful (Activities) Prevention Act (UAPA) ?A The UAPA is aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India.Its main objective was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of IndiaIt is an upgrade on the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act TADA, which was allowed to lapse in 1995 and the Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA) was repealed in 2004.It was originally passed in 1967 under the then Congress government led by former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.Till 2004, “unlawful” activitie... Read More...

  Apr 21, 2023   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has prepared the ‘Model Prisons Act 2023’ that will replace a British-era law, (the Prisons Act of 1894), to overhaul the prison administration that will focus on the reformation and rehabilitation of inmates. Q. What is the Model Prisons Act 2023?A. Need:There are “several lacunae” in the old pre-Independence act, Prisons Act of 1894 and there was “conspicuous omission” of the corr... Read More...

  Apr 21, 2023   Current Affairs

Q What is the context ?A The importance of care work is now widely acknowledged and covered in various international commitments such as the SDGs. However, the investment in the care economy has not matched the pace. Q  What is the significance of care work ?A Care work encompasses direct activities such as feeding a baby or nursing an ill partner, and indirect care activities such as cooking and cleaning’.Whether paid or unpaid, direct or indirect, care work is vital for human well-being and economies.Unpaid care work is link... Read More...

  Apr 20, 2023   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, China and Pakistan have held the 4th round of the Foreign Minister-level Pakistan-China Strategic Dialogue Islamabad, Pakistan, where they agreed to extend the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) into Afghanistan.Alongside, the 5th China-Pakistan-Afghanistan Trilateral Foreign Ministers Dialogue was also held where they agreed to combat terrorism and enhance cooperation in different economic fields.In 2021, China proposed construction of the Peshawar-Kabul motorway&... Read More...

  Apr 20, 2023   Current Affairs

Q What is Collegium System?A The Collegium of judges is the Indian Supreme Court’s invention.It does not figure in the Constitution, which says judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts are appointed by the President and speaks of a process of consultation.In effect, it is a system under which judges are appointed by an institution comprising judges.After some judges were superseded in the appointment of the CJI in the 1970s, and attempts made subsequently to effect a mass transfer of High Court judges across the country.Hence there was a perception that the independence of the judiciary was ... Read More...

  Apr 19, 2023   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A.Recently, the Allahabad High Court allowed the Archeological Survey of India (ASI) to conduct Carbon Dating of a 'Shivling' inside the Gyanvapi Mosque in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.The petitioners have claimed the object inside the Gyanvapi mosque to be a "Shivling". The claim was disputed by the Muslim side, which said the object was part of a "fountain".It set aside an order of the Varanasi District Court that rejected a plea for scientific investigation, including carbon dating, of the stru... Read More...

  Apr 19, 2023   Current Affairs

Q What is the context ?A The Supreme Court has examined plea to simplify the legal process for the adoption of children in the country. The Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance (CARING) System ought to appoint trained “adoption preparers” who could help the prospective parents to complete the cumbersome paperwork required for adoption. Q What is Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA)?A CARA is an autonomous and statutory body of Ministry of Women and Child Development set up in 2015.It functions as... Read More...

  Apr 18, 2023   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. The Draft Pandemic treaty also known as “Zero Draft”, is currently under negotiation by Member States at the World Health Assembly.However, there is growing concern that the provisions addressing antimicrobial resistance (AMR) are at risk of being removed from the final text.Civil society and research organizations provided analysis and recommendations on addressing AMR.A special edition of the Journal of Medicine, Law and Ethics emphasized the ... Read More...

  Apr 18, 2023   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A India tops the list of Global Slavery Index, 2023 with 11 million people working as forced laborers. Q What are some details about Global Slavery Index, 2023 ?A PublisherWalk Free FoundationPurposeAssess modern slavery conditions worldwideData SourcesInternational Labour Organization (ILO), International Organization for Migration (IOM).Indicators Read More...

  Apr 17, 2023   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A    India lost more than 95% of its vulture population through the 1990s and by the mid-2000s. Today, the country requires urgent conservation efforts to save vultures from becoming extinct. Q What are some details about vultures ?A Vultures belong to the Accipitridae family whose members include eagles, hawks and kites.They are relatively social birds with an average lifespan of 10-30 years in the wild.Vultures are slow breeders and so the survival of every individual is very crucial.Generally, vu... Read More...

  Apr 17, 2023   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A In the realm of technological advancements, certain breakthroughs possess the power to revolutionize entire industries. Artificial Intelligence (AI) for software, quantum computing for computers, and graphene for materials are such game-changers. While India has made commendable progress in AI and shows promise in quantum computing, it is crucial for the country to catch up in the domain of graphene. Q What is Graphene?A Graphene is a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice pattern. It is a two-dimensional material that is incred... Read More...

  Apr 16, 2023   Current Affairs