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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q How much tax we pay on petrol and diesel ?  The Union and state levies put together account for roughly 55 per cent and 52 per cent of the retail price of petrol and diesel respectively.These work out to around 135 per cent and 116 per cent of the base prices of the two products respectively.The central levy on petrol and diesel works out to around 36 per cent of the retail price while the state component is around 20 per cent (diesel) to 28 per cent (petrol). Read More...

  May 07, 2021   Economy

Q Why is it in news? Uttarakhand has witnessed over 1,000 incidents of a forest fire over the last six months.Q What are major Forest fires of this year? Since the start of 2021, there has been a series of forest fires in the Himachal Pradesh, Nagaland-Manipur border, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat, including in wildlife sanctuaries.April-May is the season when forest fires take place in various parts of the country.But forest fires... Read More...

  May 06, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News?A new study has revealed how dust coming from the deserts in West, Central and East Asia plays an important role in the Indian Summer Monsoon.Q Why is a study done on dust? Many studies have shown that the dust emission scheme is extremely sensitive to climate change.Understanding these mechanisms and effects of dust will help us understand our monsoon systems in the face of global climate change.Q What are imp... Read More...

  May 06, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News?On the last day of the financial year 2020-21, the Finance Ministry announced that the inflation target for the five years between April 2021 and March 2026 will remain unchanged at 4% (+/-2 %).Q What is Inflation targeting mechanism of India?  India had switched to an inflation target-based monetary policy framework in 2015, with the 4% target kicking in from 2016-17.Many developed countries had adopted an inflation-rate focus as an anchor for policy formula... Read More...

  May 05, 2021   Economy

Q Why is it in News? Objects sent to space that orbit the Earth can increase the overall brightness of the night sky by 10 per cent above natural levels, showed a new study.Q What is Light Pollution?  Light pollution is the presence of anthropogenic and artificial light in the night environment.It is exacerbated by excessive, misdirected or obtrusive use of light, but even carefully used light fundamentally alters natural conditions.Spec... Read More...

  May 05, 2021   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?India will soon join 15 other countries in the hydrogen club as it prepares to launch the National Hydrogen Energy Mission (NHEM). In 2030, according to an analysis by the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), green hydrogen demand could be up to 1 million tonnes in India across application in sectors such as ammonia, steel, methanol, transport and energy storage. Q. What are the challenges?  Read More...

  May 04, 2021   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?Four astronauts were launched to the International Space Station (ISS) from Florida as part of a collaboration between NASA and SpaceX under the Commercial Crew Program. The mission is called Crew-2.Q. What is Commercial Crew Program?NASA's Commercial Crew Program is a partnership between NASA and private industry to carry astronauts to ... Read More...

  May 04, 2021   Science and Technology

Q. Why in News? Agriculture Infrastructure Fund has crossed the eight thousand crore mark. The investment will give a boost to several agricultural projects which will unlock value for farmers across the country.Q. What is its aim?To provide medium - long term debt financing facility for investment in viable projects for post-harvest management Infrastructure and community farming assets.The funds will be provided ... Read More...

  May 03, 2021   Economy

Q. Why in News?Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing global problem to which the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic may further contribute.With resources deployed away from antimicrobial stewardship, evidence of substantial pre-emptive antibiotic use in Covid-19 patients and indirectly, with deteriorating economic conditions fuelling poverty potentially impacting on levels of resistance, AMR threat remains significant.Q. What is Antimicrobial Resistance? Read More...

  May 03, 2021   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News?  Russian scientists have launched one of the world’s biggest underwater neutrino telescopes called the Baikal-GVD (Gigaton Volume Detector) in the waters of Lake Baikail, the world’s deepest lake situated in Siberia.Q Where is located and what is significance of location?Lake Baikal is a rift lake located in southern Siberia, Russia, between Irkutsk Oblast to the northwest and the Buryat Republic to the southeast.It is the largest freshwater lake by volu... Read More...

  May 02, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News?  A national party leader has promised to implement Article 244 (A) of the Constitution to safeguard the interests of the people in Assam’s tribal-majority districts.Q What is Article 244(A)?Article 244(A) allows for the creation of an ‘autonomous state’ within Assam in certain tribal areas.Inserted into the Constitution in 1969 by the then government, it also has a provision for a Legislature and a Council of Ministers.Q. How is it different from the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution? Read More...

  May 02, 2021   Polity

Q Why is it in News? China’s aggressive expansion in the South China Sea has found a new ground, Whitsun Reef, where 220 Chinese vessels are currently anchored under the Philippines’ Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ).Q What is Whitsun Reef and where is it located? Whitsun Reef is a reef at the northeast extreme limit of the Union Banks in the Spratly Islands of the West Philippine Sea.It is the largest reef of the Union Banks. Read More...

  May 01, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News?  People of Indian origin (PIO) and the Indian diaspora having Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) cards are now not required to carry their old, expired passports for travel to India.Q Who is an Overseas Citizen?An OCI is a category introduced by the government in 2005.Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs) of certain categories as specified in the Citizenship Act, 1955 are eligible for being OCI cardholders.Some of the ... Read More...

  May 01, 2021   Current Affairs

Why is it in News? Military farms have been closed after 132 years of service.What are Military Farms?The farms were set up with the sole requirement of supplying hygienic cow milk to troops in garrisons across British India.The first military farm was raised on February 1, 1889, at Allahabad.Post-independence, the farms flourished with 30,00... Read More...

  Apr 30, 2021   Security and Disaster Management

Why is it in News? Recently, the Maharashtra government sought clarity from the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) on the threshold Ct value to treat a person Covid-negative.What is Ct value?Short for cycle threshold, Ct is a value that emerges during RT-PCR tests.In an RT-PCR test, RNA is extracted from the swab collected from the patient.It is then conve... Read More...

  Apr 30, 2021   Science and Technology

Q. Why in News? Recently, the Delhi High Court has directed the Centre to fill up the vacant posts of chairperson and five other members of the National Commission for Minorities (NCM) by 31st July 2021.Q. How is Minority Commission formed? In 1978, setting up of the Minorities Commission (MC) was envisaged in the Ministry of Home Affairs Resolution.In 1... Read More...

  Apr 29, 2021   Current Affairs

Q. Why in news?A. The ongoing second wave of Covid-19 infections has shaken the country and is more devastating than the first wave.The rise in case numbers has been exponential in the second wave. Read More...

  Apr 28, 2021   Health

Q. What is the news?A.  The Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) granted emergency use approval for pharma major Zydus Cadila’s antiviral drug ‘Virafin’, to treat moderate COVID-19 disease in adults.Q. What is Virafin? It is used in treating people with chronic hepatitis B and C. When administered early on during COVID, Virafin will help patients recover faster and avoid much of the complications. Read More...

  Apr 27, 2021   Health

Q. What is the news? Recently , The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has decided to continue with the existing interim Ways and Means Advances (WMA) scheme limit of Rs. 51,560 crore for all States/UTs up to September 2021, given the prevalence of Covid-19.Q. What is Ways and Means Advances? The WMA scheme was introduced in 1997.Its objective is to meet mismatches in the receipts and payments o... Read More...

  Apr 26, 2021   Economy

Q. What is the news? For the first time in over 8 decades physicists are on the verge of discovering a new fundamental force of nature which might help unravel the yet unknown parts of the Universe such as dark matter and dark energy.The experiment, called Muon g–2 (g minus two), was conducted at the US Department of Energy’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab).The new results might also indicate the discovery of a new sub-atomic particle, which is usually discovered every few years. The need for a new force or... Read More...

  Apr 25, 2021   Science and Technology