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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q Why is it in News ?A The Union Cabinet has decided to declare November 15 as ‘Janjatiya Gaurav Divas’ to mark the birth anniversary of revered tribal leader and freedom fighter Birsa Munda.Q Who was Birsa Munda (1875-1900)?A Birsa Munda was an Indian tribal freedom fighter, religious leader, and folk hero who belonged to the Munda tribe.He spearheaded a tribal religious millenarian movement that arose in the Bengal Presidency (now Jharkhand) in the late 19th century, during the British Raj.Q What are some more details about him ? Read More...

  Dec 07, 2021   Art & Culture

Q What is the context  ?A A new study has challenged the widely accepted view that the continents rose from the oceans about 2.5 billion years ago. Read More...

  Dec 07, 2021   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A Flood in Chennai has revived memories of the devastating Chennai floods of 2015, a collective trauma that its residents are yet to outlive.Q What is role of climate change ?A In August this year, as monsoon floods raged across the subcontinent, IPCC’s 6th Assessment Report (AR6) was published.The report noted the increasing frequency of heavy precipitation events since the 1950s and inferred that they were being driven by human-induced climate change.The climate crisis, is here.It has made extreme rainfall events more ... Read More...

  Dec 06, 2021   Security and Disaster Management

Q What is the context  ? A The needs of defence and environment have to be balanced and a “nuanced” approach is required, said the Supreme Court while hearing an appeal against the widening of roads in Uttarakhand hills for the “Char Dham project”. Q What is Char Dham? A  The Char Dham is a set of four pilgrimage sites in India. It is believed that visiting these sites helps achieve moksha (salvation). The four Dhams are, Badrinath, Dwaraka, Puri and... Read More...

  Dec 06, 2021   Art & Culture

Q Why is it in News ?A In a departure from the fixation on traditional parameters for the study of Dalit rights and empowerment, there is now a focus on how market forces can be expanded to address social exclusion.Q How Dalit entrepreneurship can help in Dalit entrepreneurship ?A While entrepreneurship alone isn’t the panacea to caste-based exclusion or marginalisation, Dalit entrepreneurship is the new narrative changing the discourse of Dalit empowerment.Entrepreneurship can shape access to rights and push against entrenched social hierarchies.The circulation of... Read More...

  Dec 05, 2021   Current Affairs

Q What is the context  ?A The first National Achievement Survey (NAS) in four years was conducted, in a bid to assess the competencies of children in Class 3, 5 and 8.Q What is National Achievement Survey (NAS) ?A NAS is a nationally representative large-scale survey of students’ learning undertaken by the Ministry of Education.It is implemented on a sample size aiming to assess students of 3rd, 5th, 8th and 10thIt gives a system level reflection on effectiveness of school education.The NCERT has developed the Assessment Framework for gauging the... Read More...

  Dec 05, 2021   Education

Q Why is it in News ?A A chief whip of the largest party in opposition in the Rajya Sabha has moved a privilege motion against Culture Minister over the appointment of the chairperson of the National Monuments Authority.Q What is Parliamentary Privilege?A Parliamentary privilege refers to the right and immunity enjoyed by legislatures.The legislators are granted protection against civil or criminal liability for actions done or statements made in the course of their legislative duties.They are granted so that the MPs/MLAs can effectively discharge... Read More...

  Dec 04, 2021   Polity

Q What is the context  ?A A new research says that M87* which was imaged by the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) is not necessarily a black hole but could even be a naked singularity with a gravitomagnetic monopole.Q What are details about M-87* ?A In 2019, astronomers of the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) captured the first ever image of a supermassive black hole (M87*) which was located at the centre of a galaxy Messier 87.This black hole was calculated to be 6.5 billion times the Sun’s mass and is 55 million light years away from the Earth.T... Read More...

  Dec 04, 2021   Geography

Q Why is it in News ?A States in the National Capital Region were directed to be ready to implement actions under the ‘emergency’ category of the Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) to control air pollution, said an official order. Read More...

  Dec 03, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q What is the context  ?A The RBI has announced proposals for the Retail Direct Scheme for investors in government securities and the Integrated Ombudsman Scheme.Q What is the Retail Direct Scheme?AUnder the scheme, small investors can buy or sell government securities (G-Secs), or bonds, directly without an intermediary like a mutual fund.It is similar to placing funds in debt instruments such as fixed deposits in banks.However, the same tax rules apply to income from G-Secs.Q What are Government Securities ? Read More...

  Dec 03, 2021   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A The arrival of the $5.4-billion Russian long-range surface-to-air missile defence shield “S-400” is expected next month, which is likely to generate more international headlines.S-400The S-400 is known as Russia’s most advanced long-range surface-to-air missile defence system, capable of destroying hostile strategic bombers, jets, missiles and drones at a range of 380-km. Read More...

  Dec 02, 2021   Science and Technology

Q What is the context  ?A The Glasgow Climate Pact was adopted recently and, as was to be expected, it is a mixed bag of modest achievements and disappointed expectations.Q What is stand of Fossil Fuel ?A Transition away from fossil fuelThe Pact is the first clear recognition of the need to transition away from fossil fuels, though the focus was on giving up coal-based power altogether.India introduced an amendment at the last moment to replace this phrase with “phase down” and this played negatively with both the advanced as well as a large constituency of developin... Read More...

  Dec 02, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A The Glasgow Agreement was finally adopted after a last-minute intervention by India to water down language on “phasing out” coal to merely “phasing down”. Read More...

  Dec 01, 2021   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, Nigeria joined the Bahamas and five islands in the East Caribbean as the only economies to have introduced central bank digital currency (CBDC). This is a shortlist, but one that is likely to be supplemented.Q What are Benefits of CBDC ?A Desire to make domestic payments systems and cross-border remittances cheaper, faster and more efficient, and deepen financial inclusion, represent key areas of priority for most other emerging market and development economies (EMDEs).Between 2019 and 2021, the last three surveys c... Read More...

  Dec 01, 2021   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A The government is considering reopening the Kartarpur Sahib Gurudwara corridor to Pakistan this week for Gurpurab or Prakash Parv.Q What is Kartarpur Corridor ?A The Kartarpur corridor connects the Darbar Sahib Gurdwara in Narowal district of Pakistan with the Dera Baba Nanak shrine in Gurdaspur district in India’s Punjab province.The name Kartarpur means “Place of God”.The first guru of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, founded Kartarpur in 1504 AD on the right bank of the Ravi River.The Kartarpur Corridor was first proposed in early 1999 by... Read More...

  Nov 30, 2021   Art & Culture

Q What is the context  ?A The announcement of enhanced targets for climate action by India, particularly for achieving net-zero emissions by 2070, has highlighted the importance of long-term planning for decarbonising the economy.Q Why do we need a decarbonising strategy ?A The Government of India has responded to rapid reductions in the cost of renewable energy (RE) based power, with dramatic enhancements in the targets for Renewable Energy.With this approach, India has done well and is on a path to fulfilling its Paris Agreement commitments for 2030.... Read More...

  Nov 30, 2021   Economy

Main Examination Pattern Instructions Answer all FIVE of the following questions. Time: 1 Hour Each answer should be within 250 words. Please email your answer sheet on sriramsiasteam@gmail.com. Please mention your name, batch and Test Paper name in Subject line.   Que. 1. The resistance to the colonial rule in India was as old as the rule itself. Comment.  Que. 2. Mahatma Gandhi was born in India but was m... Read More...

  Nov 30, 2021  

Q Why is it in News ? A Union Minister for Rural Development and Panchayati Raj has recently held a workshop on Digital India Land Record Modernization Programme (DILRMP). Q What are some details about DILRMP ? A  The DILRMP was previously known as the National Land Record Modernization Programme (NLRMP). It was launched in 2008 with the purpose to digitize and modernizing land records and developing a centralized land record management system. The DILRMP is the amalgamation of two projects: Computerization of Land Records... Read More...

  Nov 29, 2021   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Bitcoin went through a major upgrade that enables its blockchain to execute more complex transactions, potentially widening the virtual currency’s use cases and making it a little more competitive with Ethereum for processing smart contracts.Q What is the new upgrade?AThe enhancement, called Taproot, is the most significant change to the bitcoin protocol since the SegWit (Segregated Witness) block capacity change in 2017.SegWit effectively increased the number of transactions that could fit into a block by pulling data on signatures from bitcoin tr... Read More...

  Nov 29, 2021   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A The Centre has told the Supreme Court that the CBI was an “autonomous body” and it had no “control” over the investigative agency.Q What is the background ?A The submission in the top court comes two days after the promulgation of an ordinance extending the tenures of the CBI Director and the Enforcement Directorate chief.Attorney-General      was objecting to a suit filed by the West Bengal Government over the use of CBI.West Bengal vs. CBIWest Bengal has challenged the CBI’s jurisdicti... Read More...

  Nov 28, 2021   Polity