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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in News?A. Stockholm+50 is being held in Stockholm, Sweden. It will commemorate the 50 years since the 1972 United Nations (UN) Conference on the Human Environment (also known as the Stockholm Conference).The UN General Assembly will be convening this international meeting.This is being held at a time when the world is facing a triple planetary crisis of climate change, pollution and waste, nature and biodiversity loss, as well as other planetary issues even after 50 years of the Stockholm Declaration.... Read More...

  Jun 26, 2022   Economy

Q. Why is this in news?A. The RBI has proposed to allow the linking of credit cards with the Unified Payments Interface (UPI).Integrating Credit Cards to UPIThe integration will first begin with the indigenous RuPay credit cards.Both the RuPay network and UPI are managed by the same organisation – the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI).Q. What is UPI?A.UPI is an instant real-time payment system developed by National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) facilitating inter-bank transactions.The interface is regulated by... Read More...

  Jun 26, 2022   Economy

Q. Why is this in News?A. The Ministry of Coal has prepared a National Mission document to achieve 100 MT (Million Tonnes) Coal Gasification by 2030.Q. What is Coal Gasification?A.Process: Coal gasification is a process in which coal is partially oxidised with air, oxygen, steam or carbon dioxide to form a fuel gas.This gas is then used instead of piped natural gas, methane and others for deriving energy.In-situ gasification of coal – or Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) – is the technique of c... Read More...

  Jun 25, 2022   Science and Technology

Q. Why in News?A. Recently, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry has released the data, which showed that the US has surpassed China becoming India's top trading partner in 2021-22.Major export items from India to the US include petroleum, polished diamonds, pharmaceutical products, jewellery, frozen shrimp, whereas major imports from the US include petroleum, rough diamonds, liquified natural gas, gold, coal, waste and scrap, almonds and so on.The data showed that China was India’s top ... Read More...

  Jun 25, 2022   International Relations

Q. Why in News?A. Recently, the number of unicorns in India reached the 100-mark.One unicorn means a startup of at least Rs 7,500 crore turnover. The total valuation of these unicorns is USD 330 billion, that is over Rs 25 lakh crore.The average annual growth rate of Indian unicorns is more than that of the U.S., the U.K. and many other countries.Q. What is a Unicorn?A.About:A unicorn is any privately owned firm with a market capitalization of more than USD 1 billion.It denotes&nbs... Read More...

  Jun 24, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why in News?A. Recently, an expert committee headed by a retired Supreme Court (SC) judge has been constituted by Uttarakhand to implement Uniform Civil Code (UCC) and for checking all the relevant laws that control personal matters for those living in Uttarakhand.A few months ago, the Allahabad High Court also called upon the Central government to initiate the process for implementation of UCC.Q. What is Uniform Civil Code (UCC)?A.About:... Read More...

  Jun 24, 2022   Polity

Q. Why in News?A. Recently, a 47-year-old man in Thrissur, Kerala died due to West Nile Virus (WNV). This has caused the Kerala health department to be on alert.Malappuram’s 6-year-old boy also died of the same infection, earlier in 2019.WNV was first reported in the state of Alappuzha in 2006. Later in 2011, it was also reported in Ernakulam, Kerala.Q. What is WNV?A.About:The West Nile Virus is a flavivirus related to the viruses that are also responsib... Read More...

  Jun 23, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why in News?A. Recently, National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC Ltd.) has issued a renewed Biodiversity Policy 2022 to establish a comprehensive vision and guiding principle for conservation, restoration, and enhancement of biodiversity.It is an integral part of NTPC’s Environmental Policy and its objectives are aligned with environmental and sustainability policies.Q. What are the Objectives of the Policy?A.Support Professionals to achieve Biodive... Read More...

  Jun 23, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A The European Parliament and European Union (EU) Member States announced that they had reached a political agreement on the Digital Services Act (DSA).Q What is Digital Services Act ?A Digital Services Act is a landmark legislation to force big Internet companies to act against disinformation and illegal and harmful content, and to “provide better protection for Internet users and their fundamental rights”.The Act, which is yet to become law, was proposed by the EU Commission (anti-trust) in December 2020.As defined by the EU Commission, the... Read More...

  Jun 22, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A The United Kingdom has signed a deal with Rwanda to send some asylum seekers to the East African nation — a move that PM Boris Johnson said will “save countless lives” from human trafficking.Q What is the  Immigrants crisis in UK ?A Since 2018, there has been a marked rise in the number of refugees and asylum seekers that undertake dangerous crossings between Calais in France and Dover in England.Most such migrants and asylum seekers hail from war-torn countries like Sudan, Afghanistan, and Yemen, or developing countries like Iran and... Read More...

  Jun 22, 2022   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A The NITI Aayog has released a draft battery-swapping policy targeted at electric two- and three-wheelers as the government think tank aims to expedite large-scale adoption of EVs.Q What is Battery Swapping?A Battery swapping is a mechanism that involves exchanging discharged batteries for charged ones.This provides the flexibility to charge these batteries separately by de-linking charging and battery usage, and keeps the vehicle in operational mode with negligible downtime.Battery swapping is generally used for smaller vehicles such as two-whe... Read More...

  Jun 21, 2022   Polity

Q What is the context  ?A Retired Supreme Court judge Justice BN Srikrishna has said that there is a blatant misuse of rape laws in the country.Q What did Justice BN Srikrishna say?A Lesser convictions: Statistics show that even after the amendment of rape laws, there have been less number of convictions.Need for objective analysis: It is time that rape cases be looked at in a very objective manner.Authencity of women’s claims needs to be checked: We need to question      is the w... Read More...

  Jun 21, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A Vice-President M. Venkaiah Naidu said that there was a need to amend the anti-defection legislation in the country to plug existing loopholes.Q What did Vice President  notice now?Stating that there was no clarity in the law about the time frame for the action of the House Chairperson or Speaker in anti-defection cases.Some cases are taking six months and some even three years.There are cases that are disposed of after the term is over.Q What is Anti-defection Law?A The Anti-Defection Law under the... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2022   Polity

Q What is the context  ?A Over the past four years, 137 countries have engaged intensively with the OECD to find a solution to the tax challenges arising from digitalisation. Like any international agreement, finding a middle ground has been difficult and a series of compromises have been made.Q What makes it difficult to tax the digital economy?A Operation across the border: The unique feature of the digital economy is that firms can operate seamlessly across borders and users and their data contribute to their profits.However, this made ... Read More...

  Jun 20, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A Communal clashes broke out recently in several parts of the country including at Khargone in Madhya Pradesh. Subsequently, the Madhya Pradesh government bulldozed the houses of those who were allegedly involved in rioting.Q What is Right to housing ?A Fundamental right under Article 21: The right to housing is not only a fundamental right recognised under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, it is also a well-documented right under the international human rights law framework, which is binding on India.Article 25 o... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2022   Science and Technology

Q What is the context  ?A A team of researchers from Stanford University have said that on one of Jupiter’s moons Europa, a prime candidate for life in the solar system might have abundance of water pockets beneath formations called double ridges.Q What are some key details about Europa ?A Europa is slightly smaller than Earth’s moon and its diameter is about one-quarter that of the Earth.Even though Europa has a very thin oxygen atmosphere, it is considered one of the most promising places in the solar system to find present-day environments that are suitable for li... Read More...

  Jun 19, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A OPEC’s share of India’s oil imports for the FY22 financial year remained almost steady year-on-year, arresting sharp declines over the past six years, as refiners prefer crude from West Asia to counter rising global prices. Q How much is India’s crude oil imports from OPEC ?A OPEC oil accounted for about 88% of India’s crude imports in FY08.Its share of India’s overall imports could decline because refiners in Asia’s third-largest economy are buying cheaper Russian oil.However, Russian oil continued to account ... Read More...

  Jun 18, 2022   Current Affairs

Q What is a Cartel?A According to CCI, a “Cartel includes an association of producers, sellers, distributors, traders or service providers who, by agreement amongst themselves, limit, control or attempt to control the production, distribution, sale or price of, or, trade in goods or provision of services”.The three common components of a cartel are:an agreementbetween competitorsto restrict competitionQ What is Cartelization ?A Cartelization is when enterprises collude to fix prices, indulge in bid-rigging, or sha... Read More...

  Jun 18, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A The Union Housing and Urban Affairs Minister has announced that 80 Integrated Command and Control Centres (ICCCs), an integral component of the Smart Cities Mission, have already been set up.Q What is the Smart Cities Mission?A The Smart Cities Mission aims at developing 100 cities, which were shortlisted, into self-sustainable urban settlements.The mission was launched on June 25, 2015 and was projected as one aimed at transforming the process of urban development in the country.Among its strategic components is ‘area-based development’, w... Read More...

  Jun 17, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A India could end up facing a Sri Lanka-type economic crisis if it doesn’t stop the “culture of freebies” and subsidies in sectors like agriculture, NITI Aayog member Ramesh Chand has warned.Q What is a Freebie?A The term Freebies is not new; rather it is a prevalent culture in Indian politics (in the name of socialism).The political parties are always trying to outdo each other in luring the Indian voters with assorted freebies.From free water to free smartphones the Indian politicians promise everything to attract prospective vote... Read More...

  Jun 17, 2022   International Relations