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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. What is the news?In the first major breakthrough in talks to resolve the nine-month military standoff along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Ladakh, China’s Defence Ministry announced that Chinese and Indian troops on the southern and northern shores of Pangong Tso began “synchronized and organized disengagement” in line with the consensus reached between Corps Commanders when they last met on January 24.While there was no statement from the Indian Army , Defence Minister... Read More...

  Feb 26, 2021   Polity

What is leading to massive gatherings at Maha Panchayats; What is its relevance? Q. What is the news?Punjab’s first Kisan Mahapanchayat in Ludhiana’s Jagraon drew a massive gathering of farmers. It was in continuation of similar gatherings at the Mahapanchayats in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan in past couple of days. The attendance at these panchayats shows the growing support to the ongoing agitation against the three farm laws. Read More...

  Feb 26, 2021   Polity

Q. Why in News?The Union Budget 2021 has announced the privatisation of two public sector banks and one general insurance company in the upcoming fiscal 2021-22.The move, coming after 51 years of nationalisation of government-owned banks in 1969, will give the private sector a key role in the banking sector.Presently, India has 22 private banks and 10 small finance banks. Read More...

  Feb 25, 2021   Economy

Context : Parliament saw the first instance of division voting in times of the pandemic, with Major Ports Authorities Bill 2020 passed in Rajya Sabha as members voted through slips in view of social distancing norms in place.Q. What is the news?The Bill provides for the regulation of major ports and will replace the Major Port Trusts Act of 1963, and a board of Major Port Authority for each major port will replace the current port trusts.The Opposition has charged that the Bill is aimed at privatization of ports.... Read More...

  Feb 25, 2021   Polity

Q. Why is this in news? Recently, the Ministry of Coal has started commercial auction of coal mines on a revenue share basis using the National Coal Index (NCI).NCI was rolled out in June 2020.Q. What about the national coal index? It is a price index which reflects the change of price level of coal in a particular mont... Read More...

  Feb 24, 2021   Economy

Q. What is the news? The Budget 2021-22 unveiled the National Rail Plan 2030. Q. What are the key provision in the Budget for railways? First, there is a National Rail Plan (NRP) for 2030.Second, the Western dedicated freight corridor (DFC) and the Eastern DFC will be commissioned by June 2022.Parts of DFC will be in public-private partnership (PPP) mode.Third, there will be... Read More...

  Feb 24, 2021   Economy

Q. What is the news? The Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) has launched a Seaweed Mission.Q. What is its Background? Out of the global seaweed production of 32 million tons fresh weight valued around 12 billion US dollars, China produces 57%, Indonesia 28% followed by South Korea, whereas India is having a mere share of 0.01-0.02%.Despite several advantages, commercial se... Read More...

  Feb 23, 2021   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this news?The Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) has launched two new initiatives - SAKSHAM (Shramik Shakti Manch) Job Portal and a Seaweed Mission.Q. What is TIFAC?TIFAC is an autonomous organization set up in 1988 under the Department of Science & Technology to look ahead in the technology domain, assess the technology trajectories, and... Read More...

  Feb 23, 2021   Science and Technology

Q. What is the news?China and Israel offer two important lessons for India to transform its agriculture: agri-market reforms and water accounting.Q. What are the lessons from Israel and China? India, China and Israel — started off their new political journey in late 1940s, but today China’s per capita income in dollar terms is almost five times that of India, and Israel’s almost 20 times higher than India.China produces  Read More...

  Feb 22, 2021   International Relations

Q. Why is this in News? Recently, the Parliament has passed the Major Port Authorities Bill, 2020. The Bill seeks to provide greater autonomy in decision-making to 12 major ports in the country and professionalise their governance by setting up boards.It also seeks to replace the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963.India has 12 major ports - Deendayal (erstwhile Kandla), Mumbai, JNPT, Marmugao, New Mangalore, ... Read More...

  Feb 22, 2021   Current Affairs

Q. What is the present stats of Female labour force participation?There are 149.8 million women workers, out of which 121.8 million are in rural areas and 28 million in urban areas, according to Census 2011. Yet, women constitute only 18.6 per cent of the population working or looking for work, whereas the number is 55.6 per cent for men as of 2018-19.Q. How Covid has worsened the situation?This is the lowest the female labour force participation r... Read More...

  Feb 21, 2021   Economy

Q. What is Net Wire?Net Wire, which first surfaced in 2012, is a well-known malware.It is also one of the most active ones around.It is a remote access Trojan, or RAT, which gives control of the infected system to an attacker. Such malware can log keystrokes and compromise passwords.Q. What are threats posed by it ?This malware essentially does two things:One is data exfiltration, whic... Read More...

  Feb 21, 2021   Science and Technology

Q. Why in News? Recently, the Central Government admitted that no actual assessment of farm income has been carried out since 2013.The Government of India in its Annual Budget 2016-17 set a policy target of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.About:Agriculture sustains livelihood for more than half of India's total population. Doubling farmers’ income in such a short... Read More...

  Feb 20, 2021   Economy

Q. Why is this in News?The Committee on World Food Security (CFS) has endorsed the first-ever Voluntary Guidelines on Food Systems and Nutrition (VGFSyN) which aim to support countries to eradicate hunger and malnutrition in all its forms by utilizing a food systems approach.The endorsement took place during the CFS 47th Session.Q. What does this Guidelines says ?Food Systems Approach:The Guidelines highlight the complex and multidi... Read More...

  Feb 20, 2021   Economy

Q Why is it in News?In the Budget 2021-22, Asset Reconstruction Company (ARC) have been proposed to be set up by state-owned and private sector banks, and there will be no equity contribution from the government.The ARC, which will have an Asset Management Company (AMC) to manage and sell bad assets, will look to resolve stressed assets of Rs. 2-2.5 lakh crore that remain unresolved in around 70 large accounts.This is being considered as the government's version of a bad bank.Q What is Asset Reconst... Read More...

  Feb 19, 2021   Economy

Q Why is it in News?India has been ranked 86th in a “Covid-19 Performance Index” comprising 98 countries.Q What is Covid-19 Performance Index? Covid-19 Performance Index was compiled by the Sydney-based Lowy Institute, an Australian think tank, which sought to measure the response of countries to the Pandemic.The Institute also took into account the impact of geography, political systems and economic development in assessing outcomes.  Read More...

  Feb 19, 2021   Health

Q Why is it in  News?  Recently, Russia approved the extension of the New START treaty . It is the last remaining nuclear Russia-USA arms control treaty which is about to expire in February 2021.Q  How and when was it approved? Both houses of Russian Parliament (Kremlin) approved the extension of the New START treaty for five years. It was done after a recent telephonic conversation between the newly elected USA President and the Russian President.At the World Economic F... Read More...

  Feb 18, 2021   International Relations

Q Why is it in News? The redevelopment of New Delhi Railway Station (NDLS) has become the first project to be undertaken on the Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) concept in the NCR. The project has been approved by the Rail Land Development Authority (RLDA) which is a statutory body under the Ministry of Railways responsible for the development of vacant railway land.Currently, the Indian Railways has approximately 43,000 hectares of vacant land across the country.The Government, in recent times, has been promoting ‘transit-oriented ... Read More...

  Feb 18, 2021   Economy

Q Why is it in News? As per a recent study by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the cost of issuing green bonds has generally remained higher than other bonds in India, largely due to asymmetric information.Q What are Green Bonds? A bond is a fixed income instrument that represents a loan made by an investor to a borrower (typically corporate or governmental).Bonds traditionally paid a fixed interest rate (coupon) to investors.A green bond is a de... Read More...

  Feb 17, 2021   Economy

Q Why is it in News ? Recently, Google has signed a deal with a group of French publishers to make digital copyright payments for online news content.Q What is this Google-French Deal? France became the first country to enshrine the European Union copyright rules into national law. This brought into effect 'neighbouring rights' law. The newly adopted EU directive ensures that media are paid for original content, typically news, offered online by tech giants such as Google and Facebook. Read More...

  Feb 17, 2021   Economy