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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q Why is it in News ?A The Indian government has been encouraging agricultural exports to meet an ambitious target of $60bn by 2022.Q What is state India’s agri-exports ?A The Ministry of Food Processing Industries shows that the contribution of agricultural and processed food products in India’s total exports is 11%.Primary processed agricultural commodities form the majority share.India’s export earnings will increase by focusing more on value-added processed food products rather than primary processed agricultural ... Read More...

  Oct 16, 2021   Economy

Q Why is it in News  ?A Days after the Prime Minister’s announcement of a rice fortification plan, the Centre has issued “uniform” parameters for fortified rice kernels (FRK) for grade ‘A’ and common rice.Q What is Fortification?A FSSAI defines fortification as “deliberately increasing the content of essential micronutrients in a food so as to improve the nutritional quality of food and to provide public health benefit with minimal risk to health”.Biofortification is the process by which the nutritional quality of food crops is improved through agronomic pr... Read More...

  Oct 16, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A The World Health Organisation (WHO) in its first-ever update since 2005 has tightened global air pollution standards.Q What are Global Air Quality Guidelines (AQGs) 2021 ?AA WHO announces limits for six pollutant categories —particulate matter (PM) 2.5 and 10, ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) sulphur dioxide (SO2) and carbon monoxide (CO). Read More...

  Oct 15, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News  ?A Recently the Supreme Court Collegium, led by Chief Justice of India (CJI) N.V. Ramana has recommended to the government nine names for appointment as apex court judges.Q What is significance of this recommendation ?A The Collegium has for the first time, in one single resolution, recommended three women judges.It has thus sent a strong signal in favor of the representation of women in the highest judiciary.The process scripted history by naming Karnataka High Court judge B.V. Nagarathna, who may become India’s first woman CJI.... Read More...

  Oct 15, 2021   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A A meeting of foreign ministers from the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) countries, which was set to be held in New York has been cancelled.Q What is SAARC , what are its main functions ?A The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of states in South Asia.Its member states are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.The SAARC comprises 3% of the world’s area, 21% of the world’s populatio... Read More...

  Oct 14, 2021   International Relations

Q Why is it in News  ?A In recent weeks, the Supreme Court of India’s collegium has been busy. New judges have been appointed to the Court on its advice and long overdue vacancies have been filled up.Q What is the matter of concern?A Transparency in appointmentsThese recommendations are seen as reflective of a new and proactive collegium.What ought to concern us, though, is that long-standing apprehensions about the collegium’s operation remain unaddressed: specifically, its opacity and a lack of independent scrutiny of its decisions.These misgivings are usu... Read More...

  Oct 14, 2021   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A Inflation for the last four months has been worryingly high. This is happening at a time when demand has been down, unemployment has been high, many have lost incomes and poverty has aggravated.Q Issues with the recent inflation data? A The shock of lockdowns not only made data collection difficult but the consumption basket for calculating CPI should have been changed.Issue with the base: In April and May 2020, data on production and prices could not be collected due to the strict lockdown.As such, the official inflat... Read More...

  Oct 13, 2021   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News  ?A According to the latest report of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) in India are able to treat a little more than a third of the sewage generated per day.CPCB is a statutory organisation which was constituted in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.Q What are key highlights of the Report ?A Installed Capacity of STPs:India generated 72,368 MLD (million litres per day) whereas... Read More...

  Oct 13, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A The Supreme Court has given its nod for e-transfer of orders to jails through the FASTER system for quick prisoner release.Recently, in a major reform, the Supreme Court has given the go-ahead to implement a system for electronic transmission of its orders.It will ensure effective implementation of Article 21 (right to life).Earlier, the Chief Justice of India (CJI) launched an Artificial Intelligence (AI) based portal ‘SUPACE’ in the judicial system aimed at assisting judges with legal research.Q What i... Read More...

  Oct 12, 2021   Polity

Q What is context ?A The government has made it clear in the Supreme Court that a caste census of the Backward Classes is “administratively difficult and cumbersome”.Q What is Socio-Economic and Caste Census ?A The SECC 2011 was conducted for the 2011 Census of India.Then government approved the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 to be carried out after discussion in both houses of Parliament in 2010.The SECC 2011 was conducted in all states and union territories of India and the first findings were revealed in July 2015.SECC 2011 is also the first pap... Read More...

  Oct 12, 2021   Current Affairs

Today's Current Affairs Question:What is One China Policy and India’s stand on it? Read More...

  Oct 11, 2021   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A A recent report titled “Assessment of Climate Change over the Indian Region” by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) reveals that India has warmed up 0.7° C during 1901-2018.Q What are the key highlights of the report?A (a) Climate severityThe 2010-2019 decade was the hottest with a mean temperature of 0.36° C higher than average.Heatwaves continued to increase with no signs of diminishing greenhouse gas emissions despite lower activity since the novel coronavirus pandemic.India may experience a 4.4° C rise by the end of this century. Read More...

  Oct 11, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q What is context ?A Covid-19 pandemic has ascertained the need of a well-functioning  future ready disease surveillance system can reduce the impact of diseases and outbreaks.Q Importance of disease surveillance system ?A Successful tackling of cholera in 1854 in London by use of the health statistics and death registration data from the General Registrar Office (GRO) started the beginning of a new era in epidemiology.Importance of data: The application of principles of epidemiology is possible through systematic collection and timely analysis, and... Read More...

  Oct 11, 2021   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A The government is in talks with exporters to help them deal with an international container shortage that has led to freight rates rising by over 300 per cent in the past year for key shipping routes.Q Why is there an international container shortage?A The reduction in the number of shipping vessels operating as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic has led to fewer empty containers being picked up.This has left many containers in inland depots and stuck at ports for long durations.Long waiting times at key ports such as those in the US due to cong... Read More...

  Oct 10, 2021   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A The resumption of North Korea’s largest fissile material production reactor, has sparked speculation about its real and symbolic significance.Q What is background of North Korea’s nuclear weapons development ?A In 1994, Pyongyang barred IAEA access to the Yongbyon complex amid suspicions that the country was generating plutonium from spent fuel.1994 Agreed Framework, an executive agreement signed by President Bill Clinton, required Pyongyang to freeze all nuclear activity and allow inspection of its military sites in return for the constructi... Read More...

  Oct 10, 2021   International Relations

Today's International Relations Question:Is there strategic convergence between India's Act East and Indo Pacific policy? Discuss. Read More...

  Oct 10, 2021   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A On the face of it, the summit meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, is well placed to lead the stabilization of Afghanistan after the American retreat.Q What are some key details about SCO ? A After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the then security and economic architecture in the Eurasian region dissolved and new structures had to come up.The original Shanghai Five were China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan.The SCO was formed in 2001, with Uzbekistan included. It expanded ... Read More...

  Oct 09, 2021   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A India has performed poorly in every major global democracy report in the past few years.Q What are some details about India’s declining performance ?AThe Freedom House Index for 2021 pushed India down four points from last year, bringing its score from 71 to 67.V-Dem, the world-renowned think-tank from Sweden, has similarly downgraded India. It has labelled India an “electoral autocracy”.The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) study has shown India’s ranking has taken a nosedive from 27 to 53 out of 167 countries. Read More...

  Oct 09, 2021   Polity

Today's Current Affairs Question: Rule of law denotes a way of life and commitment to certain principles and values. Illustrate. Read More...

  Oct 09, 2021   Current Affairs

Today's International Relations Question:Highlight some of the initiatives taken up by India to emerge as a net security provider in the Indian Ocean Region. Read More...

  Oct 08, 2021   International Relations