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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q What is the context  ?A PM after repealing the farm laws has said that the process of repealing the laws which are currently stayed by the Supreme Court  will take place in the upcoming Winter Session of Parliament.Q What is Repealing a Law ?A Repealing a law is one of the ways to nullify a law.A law is reversed when Parliament thinks there is no longer a need for the law to exist.Legislation can also have a “sunset” clause, a particular date after which they cease to exist.For example, the anti-terror legislation Terrorist and Disruptive Act... Read More...

  Dec 29, 2021   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A The report on ‘Health Care Equity in Urban India’ exploring health vulnerabilities and inequalities in cities in India was recently released.Q What are some key details about the report ?A The report is released recently by Azim Premji University in collaboration with 17 regional NGOs across India.It notes that a third of India’s people now live in urban areas, with this segment seeing rapid growth from about 18% (1960) to 28.53% (2001) to 34% (in 2019).The study draws insights from data collected through detailed interactions with civil ... Read More...

  Dec 28, 2021   Health

Q What is the context  ?A Chips or processors power every possible product on the market from high-end cars to washing machines. There is a worldwide shortage of semiconductor chips.Q What are Semiconductors?A A semiconductor sits between a conductor and an insulator and is commonly used in the development of electronic chips, computing components, and devices.It’s generally created using silicon, germanium, or other pure elements.Semiconductors are created by adding impurities to the element.Q Which are major industries in Semiconductor m... Read More...

  Dec 28, 2021   Science and Technology

Today's International Relations Question:Quad is not a military alliance but offers India opportunities to tackle emerging threats in the Indo Pacific. Do you agree? Read More...

  Dec 27, 2021   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A The Prime Minister has informed the nation that the Government is going to repeal the farm laws. This victory indeed takes India’s politics to a new phase a phase of robust non-political movements with a certain staying power.Q What has been the trajectory of the enactment of the farm laws and its shortcomings ?A Farmers not taken into confidence: These laws have a far-reaching impact on the farmers and it was very improper and quite unwise to push them through without taking the farmers into confidence.Question on urge... Read More...

  Dec 27, 2021   Current Affairs

Q What is the context  ?A The Government can rationalize the GST rate structure without losing revenues by rejigging the four major rates of 5%, 12%, 18% and 28% with a three-rate framework of 8%, 15% and 30%, as per a National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP) study.Q How many GST Slabs are there at present ?A In India, almost 500+ services and over 1300 products fall under the 4 major GST slabs.These comprise rates of 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28%. The GST Council periodically revises the items under each slab rate to adjust them according to industry demands and ... Read More...

  Dec 27, 2021   Economy

Today's International Relations Question:The scope of India's relationship with the US has expanded in the last decade. Discuss the reasons. Read More...

  Dec 26, 2021   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Shortly after the Cabinet announced nine structural and procedural reforms in September to address the deep financial woes of telcos, Vodafone Idea and Bharti Airtel hiked their tariff.Q What are some details about the package for telecom sector ?A The telecom relief package announced by the government in September supports proposals that have been repeatedly presented to the government by the regulator, industry associations and think tanks.Risk of duopoly: With the risk of a duopoly looming large, the government was pushe... Read More...

  Dec 26, 2021   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A The Cryptocurrency and Regulation of Official Digital Currency Bill, 2021 was listed for introduction in Parliament’s Winter Session.Q What are some details about the Bill ?A The bill aims to create a facilitative framework for the creation of the official digital currency to be issued by the Reserve Bank of India”.It seeks to prohibit all private cryptocurrencies in India, however, it allows for certain exceptions to promote the underlying technology of cryptocurrency and its uses.Q How are cryptocurrencies regulated in countri... Read More...

  Dec 25, 2021   Economy

Q Why is it in News ? A Recently  a Reports suggest that more child marriages have been noticed during the Covid pandemic. Q How can we define Child Marriage ? A  It is defined as a marriage of a girl or boy before the age of 18 and refers to both formal marriages and informal unions in which children under the age of 18 live with a partner as if married. UNICEF estimates suggest that each year, at least 1.5 million girls under 18 get married in India, which makes it home to the largest number of child brides in the world&nb... Read More...

  Dec 26, 2021   Science and Technology

Q What is the context  ?A India 5G subscriptions are set to reach 500 mn by 2027, said Ericsson in its report.Q What are some key highlights of Ericsson Mobility Report ?A The report has added that the total number of smartphone subscriptions is expected to be 810 million at the end of 2021.It is projected to grow at a compounded annual growth rate of 7%, exceeding 1.2 billion by 2027.Q How much is 5G penetration in India ?A5G telecom services are likely to account for 39% of mobile subscriptions or about ... Read More...

  Dec 25, 2021   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A We are witnessing the change where the cult of savers has changed into investors. They are looking for a good return and willing to take the risk.Q Why is there Change in the behaviour of the savers ?A There is a new wave of savings and investments in the country that is evolving quite fast.Crypto exchanges assure you that they are safe.But it is the exchange that is safe, not the value of the coin, which will be driven by the market.The equity boom is on, and all the unicorns have delivered excellent results... Read More...

  Dec 24, 2021   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Supporters of the Nuclear Energy source say that it is a climate-friendly way to generate electricity. However, this is subjected to various considerations often not discussed.Q Why focus on Nuclear Energy?A The main factors for its choice were reliability and security of supply.The latest figures on global carbon dioxide emissions call into question the world’s efforts to tackle the climate crisis.Soaring CO2 emissionsCO2 emissions are set to soar 4.9% in 2021, compared with the previous year, accordi... Read More...

  Dec 24, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A The Union Government has listed 29 Bills (26 new and three pending) to be tabled in the winter session of Parliament.Q What is Pre-Legislative Consultation Policy?A In 2014, the Pre-Legislative Consultation Policy was adopted, mandating a host of rules, including that whenever the Government makes any law, it must place a draft version of it in the public domain for at least 30 days.This policy provides a forum for citizens and relevant stakeholders to interact with policymakers.The policy also says that along with the draft, a note explaining ... Read More...

  Dec 23, 2021   Polity

Q What is the context  ?A The Army’s ambitious plan for modernization of the Army Base Workshops (ABWs) and implementation of the ‘Government-owned, contractor-operated (GOCO)’ model is delayed, the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) said in its report.Q What is GOCO Model?A The GOCO model was one of the recommendations of the Lt. Gen. DB Shekatkar (Retd.) committee to enhance combat capability and re-balancing defence expenditure.In GOCO model, the assets owned by the government will be operated by the private industries.Under ... Read More...

  Dec 23, 2021   Security and Disaster Management

Q Why is it in News ?A According to police officials, more than six lakh CCTV cameras have already been deployed in the city, with the very real possibility that this number will continue to increase. These all-pervasive cameras will soon be connected in a real-time network managed by Hyderabad’s Command and Control Centre.Q What is Facial Recognition Technology ?A It is a biometric technology that uses distinctive features of the face to identify and distinguish an individual. Over a period of almost 6 decades, it has evolved in many ways- from looking at 3D contours of a face to rec... Read More...

  Dec 22, 2021   Science and Technology

Q What is the context  ?A Union Minister for Labour and Employment  has flagged off the first ever All All India Survey on Domestic workers being conducted by Labour Bureau.Q What are details about All India Survey on Domestic Workers ?A The Survey  is aimed to estimate the number and proportion of domestic workers at National and State level.It would help find percentage distribution of domestic workers with respect to Live-in/Live-out, formal/ Informal Employment, Migrant/Non-Migrant, their wages and other socio-economic characteristics.The survey will ... Read More...

  Dec 22, 2021   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A A group of researchers has been able to collect bones and teeth samples of over 2,000 such ancient specimens from regions from where domestic horses could have originated.The research has studied fossils from the Iberian Peninsula in the southwestern corner of Europe, or the western-most edge of Eurasia (Spain and its neighbours), Anatolia (modern Turkey), and the steppes of Western Eurasia and Central Asia.These collective data have led them to decide that until about 4200 BCE, many distinct horse populations inhabited various regions of Eurasia.Q What are key findings of the researc... Read More...

  Dec 21, 2021   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has published a draft framework for cross-border insolvency proceedings based on the UNCITRAL (United Nations Commission on International Trade Law) model under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code.Q What is Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) ?A The IBC, 2016 is the bankruptcy law of India that seeks to consolidate the existing framework by creating a single law for insolvency and bankruptcy.It is a one-stop solution for resolving insolvencies which previously was a long process that did not offer an economic... Read More...

  Dec 21, 2021   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A The Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPP) on the Personal Data Protection Bill of 2019 is said to have adopted the final draft. The Bill will be tabled in the Winter Session of Parliament.Q What is Personal Data?A Data can be broadly classified into two types: personal and non-personal data.Personal data pertains to characteristics, traits or attributes of identity, which can be used to identify an individual.Non-personal data includes aggregated data through which individuals cannot be identified.For example, wh... Read More...

  Dec 20, 2021   Polity