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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q Why is it in News ?A Thousands of migrants have flocked to Belarus’ border with Poland, hoping to get to Western Europe.Q What is background of the crisis ?A Belarus was rocked by months of massive protests following the August 2020 election that gave authoritarian President Lukashenko a sixth term in office.The opposition and the West rejected the result.Belarusian authorities responded to the demonstrations with a fierce crackdown that saw more than 35,000 people arrested and thousands beaten by police.The European Union and the US reacted by imposing ... Read More...

  Dec 31, 2021   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Iran has invited the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for talks after the UN official expressed concern over a lack of contact with Iranian authorities.Q What is IAEA?A The IAEA is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.As the dominant nuclear watchdog under the UN, the IAEA is entrusted with the task of upholding the principles of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) of 1970. Read More...

  Dec 31, 2021   International Relations

Today's International Relations Question:France has emerged India's foremost European partner in addressing it's national security challenges. Do you agree? Read More...

  Dec 30, 2021   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A The newly-created National Asset Reconstruction Company (NARCL) in the public sector offers hopes for the faster clean up of lenders’ balance sheets.Q What are features of National Asset Reconstruction Company (NARCL) ?A The newly-minted ARC, NARCL is not a bank, but a specialised financial institution to help resolve the distressed assets of banks.Faster aggregation: Its greatest virtue lies in the faster aggregation of distressed assets that lie scattered across several lenders.Soverign assurance: Read More...

  Dec 30, 2021   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A The transfer of Chief Justice Sanjib Banerjee from the Madras High Court to the Meghalaya High Court has given rise to a controversy over the question of whether judicial transfers are made only for administrative reasons or have any element of ‘punishment’ behind them.Q What  is provision in constitution for Transfer of judges ?A Article 222 of the Constitution provides for the transfer of High Court judges, including the Chief Justice.It says the President, after consultation with the Chief Justice of India, may transfer a judge from ... Read More...

  Dec 30, 2021   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently  Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the US, reacted to China testing its nuclear-capable hypersonic weapons system by drawing an analogy with a Sputnik moment.Q How US’s Ballistic Missile Defence led to the recent Sputnik momentA Since the US withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) treaty in 2002, both Russia and China have been wary of Washington’s Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) programme.Missile defence is inherently destabilising as it undermines “strategic stability”.A robust BMD would co... Read More...

  Dec 29, 2021   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A PM after repealing the farm laws has said that the process of repealing the laws which are currently stayed by the Supreme Court  will take place in the upcoming Winter Session of Parliament.Q What is Repealing a Law ?A Repealing a law is one of the ways to nullify a law.A law is reversed when Parliament thinks there is no longer a need for the law to exist.Legislation can also have a “sunset” clause, a particular date after which they cease to exist.For example, the anti-terror legislation Terrorist and Disruptive Act... Read More...

  Dec 29, 2021   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A The report on ‘Health Care Equity in Urban India’ exploring health vulnerabilities and inequalities in cities in India was recently released.Q What are some key details about the report ?A The report is released recently by Azim Premji University in collaboration with 17 regional NGOs across India.It notes that a third of India’s people now live in urban areas, with this segment seeing rapid growth from about 18% (1960) to 28.53% (2001) to 34% (in 2019).The study draws insights from data collected through detailed interactions with civil ... Read More...

  Dec 28, 2021   Health

Q What is the context  ?A Chips or processors power every possible product on the market from high-end cars to washing machines. There is a worldwide shortage of semiconductor chips.Q What are Semiconductors?A A semiconductor sits between a conductor and an insulator and is commonly used in the development of electronic chips, computing components, and devices.It’s generally created using silicon, germanium, or other pure elements.Semiconductors are created by adding impurities to the element.Q Which are major industries in Semiconductor m... Read More...

  Dec 28, 2021   Science and Technology

Today's International Relations Question:Quad is not a military alliance but offers India opportunities to tackle emerging threats in the Indo Pacific. Do you agree? Read More...

  Dec 27, 2021   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A The Prime Minister has informed the nation that the Government is going to repeal the farm laws. This victory indeed takes India’s politics to a new phase a phase of robust non-political movements with a certain staying power.Q What has been the trajectory of the enactment of the farm laws and its shortcomings ?A Farmers not taken into confidence: These laws have a far-reaching impact on the farmers and it was very improper and quite unwise to push them through without taking the farmers into confidence.Question on urge... Read More...

  Dec 27, 2021   Current Affairs

Q What is the context  ?A The Government can rationalize the GST rate structure without losing revenues by rejigging the four major rates of 5%, 12%, 18% and 28% with a three-rate framework of 8%, 15% and 30%, as per a National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP) study.Q How many GST Slabs are there at present ?A In India, almost 500+ services and over 1300 products fall under the 4 major GST slabs.These comprise rates of 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28%. The GST Council periodically revises the items under each slab rate to adjust them according to industry demands and ... Read More...

  Dec 27, 2021   Economy

Today's International Relations Question:The scope of India's relationship with the US has expanded in the last decade. Discuss the reasons. Read More...

  Dec 26, 2021   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Shortly after the Cabinet announced nine structural and procedural reforms in September to address the deep financial woes of telcos, Vodafone Idea and Bharti Airtel hiked their tariff.Q What are some details about the package for telecom sector ?A The telecom relief package announced by the government in September supports proposals that have been repeatedly presented to the government by the regulator, industry associations and think tanks.Risk of duopoly: With the risk of a duopoly looming large, the government was pushe... Read More...

  Dec 26, 2021   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A The Cryptocurrency and Regulation of Official Digital Currency Bill, 2021 was listed for introduction in Parliament’s Winter Session.Q What are some details about the Bill ?A The bill aims to create a facilitative framework for the creation of the official digital currency to be issued by the Reserve Bank of India”.It seeks to prohibit all private cryptocurrencies in India, however, it allows for certain exceptions to promote the underlying technology of cryptocurrency and its uses.Q How are cryptocurrencies regulated in countri... Read More...

  Dec 25, 2021   Economy

Q Why is it in News ? A Recently  a Reports suggest that more child marriages have been noticed during the Covid pandemic. Q How can we define Child Marriage ? A  It is defined as a marriage of a girl or boy before the age of 18 and refers to both formal marriages and informal unions in which children under the age of 18 live with a partner as if married. UNICEF estimates suggest that each year, at least 1.5 million girls under 18 get married in India, which makes it home to the largest number of child brides in the world&nb... Read More...

  Dec 26, 2021   Science and Technology

Q What is the context  ?A India 5G subscriptions are set to reach 500 mn by 2027, said Ericsson in its report.Q What are some key highlights of Ericsson Mobility Report ?A The report has added that the total number of smartphone subscriptions is expected to be 810 million at the end of 2021.It is projected to grow at a compounded annual growth rate of 7%, exceeding 1.2 billion by 2027.Q How much is 5G penetration in India ?A5G telecom services are likely to account for 39% of mobile subscriptions or about ... Read More...

  Dec 25, 2021   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A We are witnessing the change where the cult of savers has changed into investors. They are looking for a good return and willing to take the risk.Q Why is there Change in the behaviour of the savers ?A There is a new wave of savings and investments in the country that is evolving quite fast.Crypto exchanges assure you that they are safe.But it is the exchange that is safe, not the value of the coin, which will be driven by the market.The equity boom is on, and all the unicorns have delivered excellent results... Read More...

  Dec 24, 2021   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Supporters of the Nuclear Energy source say that it is a climate-friendly way to generate electricity. However, this is subjected to various considerations often not discussed.Q Why focus on Nuclear Energy?A The main factors for its choice were reliability and security of supply.The latest figures on global carbon dioxide emissions call into question the world’s efforts to tackle the climate crisis.Soaring CO2 emissionsCO2 emissions are set to soar 4.9% in 2021, compared with the previous year, accordi... Read More...

  Dec 24, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A The Union Government has listed 29 Bills (26 new and three pending) to be tabled in the winter session of Parliament.Q What is Pre-Legislative Consultation Policy?A In 2014, the Pre-Legislative Consultation Policy was adopted, mandating a host of rules, including that whenever the Government makes any law, it must place a draft version of it in the public domain for at least 30 days.This policy provides a forum for citizens and relevant stakeholders to interact with policymakers.The policy also says that along with the draft, a note explaining ... Read More...

  Dec 23, 2021   Polity