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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q Why is it in News ?A NASA has launched a new mission named Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer or IXPE.Q What are some details about IXPE ?A IXPE observatory is a joint effort of NASA and the Italian Space Agency.The mission will study “the most extreme and mysterious objects in the universe – supernova remnants, supermassive black holes, and dozens of other high-energy objects.”The mission’s primary length is two years and the observatory will be at 600 kilometers altitude, orbiting around Earth’s equator.IXPE is expected to study about 40 celest... Read More...

  Jan 07, 2022   Science and Technology

Q What is the context  ?A India has co-chaired along with Canada the Global Methane Initiative leadership meet held virtually.Q What are details about Methane ?A Methane is a greenhouse gas, which is also a component of natural gas.There are various sources of methane including human and natural sources.The anthropogenic sources are responsible for 60 per cent of global methane emissions.It includes landfills, oil and natural gas systems, agricultural activities, coal mining, wastewater treatment, and certain industrial processes. Read More...

  Jan 07, 2022   Science and Technology

 Q Why is it in News ?A The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has issued directives to create a framework as well as gather more information about the potential effects of 5G on crucial aviation safety equipment.Q What is 5G technology?A 5G or fifth generation is the latest upgrade in the long-term evolution (LTE) mobile broadband networks.It mainly works in 3 bands, namely low, mid and high-frequency spectrum  all of which have their own uses as well as limitations.Q On which bands does this Technology works ? Read More...

  Jan 06, 2022   Science and Technology

Q What is the context  ?A Zero budget natural farming (ZBNF) is back on top of the Government’s agricultural agenda, with PM set to highlight it at a national conclave.Q What is Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) ?A ZBNF is a set of farming methods, and also a grassroots peasant movement, which has spread to various states in India.Subhash Palekar perfected it during the 1990s at his farm in Amravati district in Maharashtra’s drought-prone Vidarbha region.According to the “zero budget” concept, farmers won’t ... Read More...

  Jan 06, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A Amid the demand for a guarantee of MSP, many commentators fail to understand the true spirit of the demand for a legal MSP.Q How demand for legal backing for MSP is misinterpreted?A Mandatory enforcement of price above MSP: The demand has been interpreted as a mandatory enforcement of trade in agricultural produce, including private trade to be necessarily at or above the MSP for that crop.Nationalisation of agricultural trade: Another interpretation is the nationalisation of agricultural trade&... Read More...

  Jan 05, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A The Union Cabinet has approved the funding and implementation of the Ken-Betwa river interlinking project at the 2020-21 price level.Q What are some details about Ken-Betwa Interlinking Project ?A The Ken-Betwa Link Project is the first project under the National Perspective Plan for the interlinking of rivers.Under this project, water from the Ken River will be transferred to the Betwa River. Both these rivers are tributaries of the river Yamuna.The project is being managed by India’s National Water Development Agency (NWDA), under t... Read More...

  Jan 05, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A Online grocer Grofers has rebranded itself “Blinkit”, in line with its new focus on “quick commerce”, which essentially involves delivering customer orders much faster than it does currently.Q What is Q-Commerce Model ?A Q-commerce (‘quick commerce’) – sometimes used interchangeably with ‘on-demand delivery’ and ‘e-grocery’ – is e-commerce in a new, faster form.It combines the merits of traditional e-commerce with innovations in last-mile delivery.The premise is largely the same, with speed of delivery being the main dif... Read More...

  Jan 04, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A India remains committed to promoting a free, open and rules-based order rooted in international law and undaunted by coercion, the Centre informed Parliament while reiterating support for the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).Q What is the Background of UNCLOS ?A UNCLOS replaces the older ‘freedom of the seas’ concept, dating from the 17th century.According to this concept, national rights were limited to a specified belt of water extending from a nation’s coastlines, usually 3 nautical miles (5.6 km; 3.5 mi). Read More...

  Jan 04, 2022   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (Amendment) Bill, 2021 was passed by Lok Sabha.Q What are key details about NDPS Act ?A The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, commonly referred to as the NDPS Act was promulgated in 1985.It prohibits a person from the production/manufacturing/cultivation, possession, sale, purchasing, transport, storage, and/or consumption of any narcotic drug or psychotropic substance.Q What is the 2021 amendment?A The 2021 Bill amends the... Read More...

  Jan 03, 2022   Polity

Q What is the context  ?A As the government seeks to monetise core assets through National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP), it needs to investigate the key reasons and processes which led to once profit-making public sector assets becoming inefficient and sick businesses.Q What is the background of the NMP? AThe National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP) envisages an aggregate monetisation potential of ₹6-lakh crore through the leasing of core assets of the Central government.These assets are in sectors such as roads, railways, power, oil and gas pipelines, telecom, ci... Read More...

  Jan 03, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A The essential challenge of public policy for agriculture is that the high price of food remains unsolved.Q What are the Implications of high food prices ?A Increases poverty: A higher price of food increases poverty, especially as the rice and wheat supplied through the PDS constitute only a part of the total expenditure on food of the average Indian household.Reduces the expenditure on other item: For the household, a high price of food crowds out expenditure on other items ranging from health and education t... Read More...

  Jan 02, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Since 1991, when economic reforms began in India, several attempts have been made to reform the fertilizer sector to keep a check on the rising fertilizer subsidy bill, promote the efficient use of fertilizers, achieve balanced use of N, P, and K (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium), and reduce water and air pollution caused by fertilizers like urea.Several attempts have been made to reform the fertilizer sector to keep a check on the rising fertilizer subsidy bill.Q What is  the background behind subsidy of fertilizers ?A After years of unc... Read More...

  Jan 02, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has cautioned members of the public not to deal with cooperative societies undertaking banking business by adding ‘bank’ to their names.It has also come to the notice of RBI that some co-operative societies are accepting deposits from non-members/nominal members/ associate members.This is tantamount to conducting banking business in violation of the provisions.Q Who can use ‘Bank’ title?A The Banking Regulation Act, 1949 was amended by the Banking Regulation (Amendment) Act, 2020, which came into... Read More...

  Jan 01, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Despite the announcement to repeal the three farm laws, farmers have decided to continue protesting for a legal mandate for Minimum Support Prices (MSP).Q What is the Minimum Support Price (MSP) system?A MSP is a form of market intervention by the Govt. of India to insure agricultural producers against any sharp fall in farm prices.MSP is price fixed by GoI to protect the producer farmers  against excessive falls in price during bumper production years.Q Who announces it?A  Read More...

  Jan 01, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A Thousands of migrants have flocked to Belarus’ border with Poland, hoping to get to Western Europe.Q What is background of the crisis ?A Belarus was rocked by months of massive protests following the August 2020 election that gave authoritarian President Lukashenko a sixth term in office.The opposition and the West rejected the result.Belarusian authorities responded to the demonstrations with a fierce crackdown that saw more than 35,000 people arrested and thousands beaten by police.The European Union and the US reacted by imposing ... Read More...

  Dec 31, 2021   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Iran has invited the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for talks after the UN official expressed concern over a lack of contact with Iranian authorities.Q What is IAEA?A The IAEA is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.As the dominant nuclear watchdog under the UN, the IAEA is entrusted with the task of upholding the principles of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) of 1970. Read More...

  Dec 31, 2021   International Relations

Today's International Relations Question:France has emerged India's foremost European partner in addressing it's national security challenges. Do you agree? Read More...

  Dec 30, 2021   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A The newly-created National Asset Reconstruction Company (NARCL) in the public sector offers hopes for the faster clean up of lenders’ balance sheets.Q What are features of National Asset Reconstruction Company (NARCL) ?A The newly-minted ARC, NARCL is not a bank, but a specialised financial institution to help resolve the distressed assets of banks.Faster aggregation: Its greatest virtue lies in the faster aggregation of distressed assets that lie scattered across several lenders.Soverign assurance: Read More...

  Dec 30, 2021   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A The transfer of Chief Justice Sanjib Banerjee from the Madras High Court to the Meghalaya High Court has given rise to a controversy over the question of whether judicial transfers are made only for administrative reasons or have any element of ‘punishment’ behind them.Q What  is provision in constitution for Transfer of judges ?A Article 222 of the Constitution provides for the transfer of High Court judges, including the Chief Justice.It says the President, after consultation with the Chief Justice of India, may transfer a judge from ... Read More...

  Dec 30, 2021   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently  Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the US, reacted to China testing its nuclear-capable hypersonic weapons system by drawing an analogy with a Sputnik moment.Q How US’s Ballistic Missile Defence led to the recent Sputnik momentA Since the US withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) treaty in 2002, both Russia and China have been wary of Washington’s Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) programme.Missile defence is inherently destabilising as it undermines “strategic stability”.A robust BMD would co... Read More...

  Dec 29, 2021   International Relations