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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q Why is it in News ?A The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (Amendment) Bill, 2021 was passed by Lok Sabha.Q What are key details about NDPS Act ?A The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, commonly referred to as the NDPS Act was promulgated in 1985.It prohibits a person from the production/manufacturing/cultivation, possession, sale, purchasing, transport, storage, and/or consumption of any narcotic drug or psychotropic substance.Q What is the 2021 amendment?A The 2021 Bill amends the... Read More...

  Jan 03, 2022   Polity

Q What is the context  ?A As the government seeks to monetise core assets through National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP), it needs to investigate the key reasons and processes which led to once profit-making public sector assets becoming inefficient and sick businesses.Q What is the background of the NMP? AThe National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP) envisages an aggregate monetisation potential of ₹6-lakh crore through the leasing of core assets of the Central government.These assets are in sectors such as roads, railways, power, oil and gas pipelines, telecom, ci... Read More...

  Jan 03, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A The essential challenge of public policy for agriculture is that the high price of food remains unsolved.Q What are the Implications of high food prices ?A Increases poverty: A higher price of food increases poverty, especially as the rice and wheat supplied through the PDS constitute only a part of the total expenditure on food of the average Indian household.Reduces the expenditure on other item: For the household, a high price of food crowds out expenditure on other items ranging from health and education t... Read More...

  Jan 02, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Since 1991, when economic reforms began in India, several attempts have been made to reform the fertilizer sector to keep a check on the rising fertilizer subsidy bill, promote the efficient use of fertilizers, achieve balanced use of N, P, and K (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium), and reduce water and air pollution caused by fertilizers like urea.Several attempts have been made to reform the fertilizer sector to keep a check on the rising fertilizer subsidy bill.Q What is  the background behind subsidy of fertilizers ?A After years of unc... Read More...

  Jan 02, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has cautioned members of the public not to deal with cooperative societies undertaking banking business by adding ‘bank’ to their names.It has also come to the notice of RBI that some co-operative societies are accepting deposits from non-members/nominal members/ associate members.This is tantamount to conducting banking business in violation of the provisions.Q Who can use ‘Bank’ title?A The Banking Regulation Act, 1949 was amended by the Banking Regulation (Amendment) Act, 2020, which came into... Read More...

  Jan 01, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Despite the announcement to repeal the three farm laws, farmers have decided to continue protesting for a legal mandate for Minimum Support Prices (MSP).Q What is the Minimum Support Price (MSP) system?A MSP is a form of market intervention by the Govt. of India to insure agricultural producers against any sharp fall in farm prices.MSP is price fixed by GoI to protect the producer farmers  against excessive falls in price during bumper production years.Q Who announces it?A  Read More...

  Jan 01, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A Thousands of migrants have flocked to Belarus’ border with Poland, hoping to get to Western Europe.Q What is background of the crisis ?A Belarus was rocked by months of massive protests following the August 2020 election that gave authoritarian President Lukashenko a sixth term in office.The opposition and the West rejected the result.Belarusian authorities responded to the demonstrations with a fierce crackdown that saw more than 35,000 people arrested and thousands beaten by police.The European Union and the US reacted by imposing ... Read More...

  Dec 31, 2021   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Iran has invited the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for talks after the UN official expressed concern over a lack of contact with Iranian authorities.Q What is IAEA?A The IAEA is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.As the dominant nuclear watchdog under the UN, the IAEA is entrusted with the task of upholding the principles of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) of 1970. Read More...

  Dec 31, 2021   International Relations

Today's International Relations Question:France has emerged India's foremost European partner in addressing it's national security challenges. Do you agree? Read More...

  Dec 30, 2021   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A The newly-created National Asset Reconstruction Company (NARCL) in the public sector offers hopes for the faster clean up of lenders’ balance sheets.Q What are features of National Asset Reconstruction Company (NARCL) ?A The newly-minted ARC, NARCL is not a bank, but a specialised financial institution to help resolve the distressed assets of banks.Faster aggregation: Its greatest virtue lies in the faster aggregation of distressed assets that lie scattered across several lenders.Soverign assurance: Read More...

  Dec 30, 2021   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A The transfer of Chief Justice Sanjib Banerjee from the Madras High Court to the Meghalaya High Court has given rise to a controversy over the question of whether judicial transfers are made only for administrative reasons or have any element of ‘punishment’ behind them.Q What  is provision in constitution for Transfer of judges ?A Article 222 of the Constitution provides for the transfer of High Court judges, including the Chief Justice.It says the President, after consultation with the Chief Justice of India, may transfer a judge from ... Read More...

  Dec 30, 2021   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently  Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the US, reacted to China testing its nuclear-capable hypersonic weapons system by drawing an analogy with a Sputnik moment.Q How US’s Ballistic Missile Defence led to the recent Sputnik momentA Since the US withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) treaty in 2002, both Russia and China have been wary of Washington’s Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) programme.Missile defence is inherently destabilising as it undermines “strategic stability”.A robust BMD would co... Read More...

  Dec 29, 2021   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A PM after repealing the farm laws has said that the process of repealing the laws which are currently stayed by the Supreme Court  will take place in the upcoming Winter Session of Parliament.Q What is Repealing a Law ?A Repealing a law is one of the ways to nullify a law.A law is reversed when Parliament thinks there is no longer a need for the law to exist.Legislation can also have a “sunset” clause, a particular date after which they cease to exist.For example, the anti-terror legislation Terrorist and Disruptive Act... Read More...

  Dec 29, 2021   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A The report on ‘Health Care Equity in Urban India’ exploring health vulnerabilities and inequalities in cities in India was recently released.Q What are some key details about the report ?A The report is released recently by Azim Premji University in collaboration with 17 regional NGOs across India.It notes that a third of India’s people now live in urban areas, with this segment seeing rapid growth from about 18% (1960) to 28.53% (2001) to 34% (in 2019).The study draws insights from data collected through detailed interactions with civil ... Read More...

  Dec 28, 2021   Health

Q What is the context  ?A Chips or processors power every possible product on the market from high-end cars to washing machines. There is a worldwide shortage of semiconductor chips.Q What are Semiconductors?A A semiconductor sits between a conductor and an insulator and is commonly used in the development of electronic chips, computing components, and devices.It’s generally created using silicon, germanium, or other pure elements.Semiconductors are created by adding impurities to the element.Q Which are major industries in Semiconductor m... Read More...

  Dec 28, 2021   Science and Technology

Today's International Relations Question:Quad is not a military alliance but offers India opportunities to tackle emerging threats in the Indo Pacific. Do you agree? Read More...

  Dec 27, 2021   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A The Prime Minister has informed the nation that the Government is going to repeal the farm laws. This victory indeed takes India’s politics to a new phase a phase of robust non-political movements with a certain staying power.Q What has been the trajectory of the enactment of the farm laws and its shortcomings ?A Farmers not taken into confidence: These laws have a far-reaching impact on the farmers and it was very improper and quite unwise to push them through without taking the farmers into confidence.Question on urge... Read More...

  Dec 27, 2021   Current Affairs

Q What is the context  ?A The Government can rationalize the GST rate structure without losing revenues by rejigging the four major rates of 5%, 12%, 18% and 28% with a three-rate framework of 8%, 15% and 30%, as per a National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP) study.Q How many GST Slabs are there at present ?A In India, almost 500+ services and over 1300 products fall under the 4 major GST slabs.These comprise rates of 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28%. The GST Council periodically revises the items under each slab rate to adjust them according to industry demands and ... Read More...

  Dec 27, 2021   Economy

Today's International Relations Question:The scope of India's relationship with the US has expanded in the last decade. Discuss the reasons. Read More...

  Dec 26, 2021   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Shortly after the Cabinet announced nine structural and procedural reforms in September to address the deep financial woes of telcos, Vodafone Idea and Bharti Airtel hiked their tariff.Q What are some details about the package for telecom sector ?A The telecom relief package announced by the government in September supports proposals that have been repeatedly presented to the government by the regulator, industry associations and think tanks.Risk of duopoly: With the risk of a duopoly looming large, the government was pushe... Read More...

  Dec 26, 2021   Science and Technology