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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is it in News?A. India has recently supplied 20.60 MT of DDT to South Africa for its Malaria control program.Q. What is DDT and what are its usage?  A.  Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane commonly known as DDT is a colorless, tasteless, and almost odorless crystalline chemical compound. It was developed in 1940s as first modern synthetic insecticide. It was initially used with great effect to combat malaria, typhus, and other insect-borne human diseases among both milita... Read More...

  Aug 11, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is it in News? A. Recently Supreme Court has said that government has the responsibility to uphold the law while hearing a plea connection with the death of gangster Vikas Dubey.Q. What is Rule of law and are the elements of Rule of Law? The concept of equality before law is an element of the concept of Rule of Law, propounded by A.V. Dicey, the British jurist. His concept h... Read More...

  Aug 10, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is it in News?A.  Recently Committee of Experts on Non-Personal Data Governance Framework has released a draft. This committee was formed in 2019 headed by Infosys co-founder Kris Gopalakrishnan has suggested that non-personal data generated in the country be allowed to be harnessed by various domestic companies and entities. Q. What is non-personal data? Read More...

  Aug 10, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is it in News?A. The government has come out with the modalities for contributions to the National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF). Centre has applied an unused provision in the Disaster Management Act, 2005 to allow any person or institution to contribute to the National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) for the purpose of disaster managementQ. What is National Disaster Response Fund? A.  It is a fund managed by the Central Government for meeting the expenses for emergency r... Read More...

  Aug 10, 2020   Security and Disaster Management

Q. What is CTBT?A. The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is the Treaty banning all nuclear explosions everywhere, by everyone. The Treaty was negotiated at the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva and adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. It opened for signature on 24 September 1996.The Treaty will enter into force after all 44 States listed in Annex 2 to the Treaty will ratify it. These States had nuclear facilities at the time the Treaty was negotiated and adopted. Read More...

  Aug 10, 2020   Current Affairs

HSN code is in news over debate over GST rate for roti and Parotta.Q. What is HSN code? A. HSN is a six-digit code that classifies more than 5000 products, arranged in a legal and logical structure. To achieve uniform classification, the HSN is supported by well-defined rules and is accepted worldwide.Q. What is usage of HSN Code?A. HSN classification is widely used for taxation purposes by helping to identify the rate of tax applicable to a specific product in a country that is under revie... Read More...

  Aug 08, 2020   Economy

COVID-19 puts a spotlight on importance of Medicines Patent Pool as it helps in reducing cost of medicines and makes it accessible.Q. What is Patent Pooling?Patent pools can be defined as an agreement between two or more patent owners to license one or more of their patents to one another or to third parties.In a patent pool, patent rights are aggregated amongst multiple patent holders. Then, the pooled patents are made available to member and non-member licensees and typically the pool allocates a portion of the licensing fees it col... Read More...

  Aug 08, 2020   Health

Q. What is digital epidemiology?A.  Digital epidemiology is the use of data generated outside the public health system for disease surveillance. A new paper has highlighted how several countries have taken digital epidemiology to the next level in responding to COVID-19 in areas such as case detection, contact tracing and isolation.The field is new, but has been growing rapidly owing to increasing amounts of data generated on the internet, particularly on social mediaWith the outbreak of the novel coronavirus, contact t... Read More...

  Aug 08, 2020   Health

Delhi was among the first few states to get ICMR approval to conduct trials with plasma therapy, which is still at trial stage.Q. What is convalescent plasma therapy?A. The convalescent plasma therapy aims at using antibodies from the blood of a recovered Covid-19 patient to treat those critically affected by the virus. The therapy can also be used to immunize those at a high risk of contracting the virus such as health workers, families of patients and other high-risk contacts.This therapy's concept is simple and is based on the premise that the blood... Read More...

  Aug 08, 2020   Science and Technology

Reserve Bank has decided to conduct simultaneous purchase and sale of government securities under Open Market Operations (OMO) for ₹10,000 crores each on July 02, 2020 .Q. What is Open Market Operations? Open market operations are the sale and purchase of government securities and treasury bills by RBI or the central bank of the country.The objective of OMO is to regulate the money supply in the economy.When the RBI wants to increase the money supply in the economy, it purchases the government securiti... Read More...

  Aug 08, 2020   Economy

Q. What is the PM FME Scheme? A. PM FME Scheme: It aims to provide financial, technical and business support for upgradation of existing micro food processing enterprises It is a centrally sponsored scheme to be implemented over a period of five years from 2020-21 to 2024-25 with an outlay of Rs 10,000 crore.The expenditure under the scheme would to be shared in 60:40 ratios between Central and State Governments, in 90:10 ratios with NE and the Himalayan States, 60:40 ratio with UTs with the legislature and 100% by... Read More...

  Aug 08, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. What’s the issue?A. Commemorative declaration marking the 75th anniversary of the signing of the U.N. Charter has been delayed.Q. What is UN Charter ?A. The Charter of the United Nations (also known as the UN Charter) of 1945 is the foundational treaty of the United Nations, an intergovernmental organisation. The UN Charter articulated a commitment to uphold human rights of citizens and outlined a broad set of principles relating to achieving ‘higher standards of living’, ... Read More...

  Aug 08, 2020   International Relations

India’s crude oil production fell 7.1% in May 2020 compared to May 2019 on the back of low demand due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Domestic production of crude has, however, been falling every year since FY 2012. Annual crude oil production has fallen at a compounded annual rate of 2.1% between FY 2020 and  FY 2012. This has led to a steady climb in the proportion of imports in domestic crude oil consumption from 81.8% in 2012 to 87.6% in 2020.Why is production falling?There a... Read More...

  Aug 08, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. What is National Board for Wildlife?A. It is a “Statutory Organization” constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 to promote the conservation and development of wildlife and forests.Q. What are its roles and functions?Its role is “advisory” in nature and advises the Central Government on framing policies and measures for conservation of wildlife in the country.Primary function of the Bo... Read More...

  Aug 08, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. What is cytokine storm?A. A cytokine storm, also called cytokine storm syndrome (CSS) or hypercytokinemia, is a physiological reaction in humans and other animals in which the innate immune system causes an uncontrolled and excessive release of pro-inflammatory signalling molecules called cytokines. It is basically an overproduction of immune cells and their activating compounds (cytokines), which, in a flu infection, is often associated with a surge of activated immune cells into the lungs.The resulting lung inf... Read More...

  Aug 08, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. What is IUCN?A. The International Union for Conservation of Nature is an international organisation working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education. It is a membership Union composed of both government and civil society organisations. It harnesses the experience, resources and reach of its more than 1,400 Member organisations and the input of more than 15,000 experts. This diversity and vast expertise makes IUCN the global authority on the status o... Read More...

  Aug 07, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. What is EIA?A. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is an important process for evaluating the likely environmental impact of a proposed project. It is a process whereby people’s views are taken into consideration for granting final approval to any developmental project or activity. It is basically, a decision-making tool to decide whether the project should be approved or not.Q. What does EIA process involves?A. The EIA process involves: Read More...

  Aug 07, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. What is it?A. It is a five-year project that will help India develop a pathway towards a low-carbon transport system through the development of modelling tools and policy scenarios. The project will design a tailor-made transport emissions assessment framework for India. The India project is carried out in the wider context of the International Transport Forum’s Decarbonising Transport initiative.Q. Which is the organisation behind its inception?... Read More...

  Aug 07, 2020   International Relations

Ministry of Electronics of Information Technology (MeITY) has released a consultation paper on Strategy for National Open Digital Ecosystem (NODE).Q. What is National Open Digital Ecosystem (NODE)/ Lovech 3.0?A. National Open Digital Ecosystem (NODE) or GovTech 3.0 defined as “Open and secure delivery platforms, anchored by transparent governance mechanisms, which enable a technology collaboration among citizens, businesses and governments to transform societal outcomes. Read More...

  Aug 07, 2020   Science and Technology

The World Bank has released new Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) for reference year 2017, under International Comparison Program (ICP), that adjust for differences in the cost of living across economies of the World. Globally 176 economies participated in 2017 cycle of ICP.Q. What is ICP?A. International Comparison Program (ICP) is the largest worldwide data-collection initiative, under the guidance of UN Statistical Commission (UNSC).The goal is of producing Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) which are v... Read More...

  Aug 07, 2020   International Relations