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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q Why is it in News ?A The transition to electric mobility is a promising global strategy for decarbonising the transport sector.Q What is Electricity mobility revolution ?A The global electric mobility revolution is today defined by the rapid growth in electric vehicle (EV) uptake.This phenomenon is today defined by the rapid growth in EV uptake, with EV sales for the year 2020, reaching 2.1 million.Falling battery costs and rising performance efficiencies are fueling the demand for EVs globally.Q What is significance of India’s... Read More...

  Jan 31, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q What is the context ?A A recent report by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has attributed the inefficiency of the PAT scheme to non-transparency, loose targets and overlooked deadlines.Q What is PAT Scheme ? APerform Achieve and Trade (PAT) scheme is a flagship program of Bureau of Energy Efficiency under the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE).NMEEE is one of the eight national missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) launched by the Government of India in the year 2008Q What are key features of ... Read More...

  Jan 31, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?AThe Lok Sabha has passed the Assisted Reproductive Technology- ART (Regulation) Bill,, 2020 that proposes the establishment of a national registry and registration authority for all clinics and medical professionals serving in the field.Q What are Key highlights of the Bill?AThe Bill defines ART to include all techniques that seek to obtain a pregnancy by handling the sperm or the oocyte (immature egg cell) outside the human body and transferring the gamete or the embryo into the reproductive system of a woman.Examples of ART services include gamete (sperm or oocyte) ... Read More...

  Jan 30, 2022   Polity

Q What is the context ?A Several tribal outfits in Tripura have joined hands to push their demand for a separate state called Greater Tipraland for indigenous communities in the region.Q Why is there demand for Greater Tipraland?AThe Protestants are demanding a separate state of ‘Greater Tipraland’ for the indigenous communities of the north-eastern state.They want the Centre to carve out a separate state under Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution.Greater Tipraland envisages a situation in which the entire Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTADC) area ... Read More...

  Jan 30, 2022   Polity

Q Why is it in News?A The National Investigation Agency (NIA) has approached the Supreme Court against a Bombay High Court order granting bail to an advocate and activist.Q What is the case?AIn its bail order, the court has asked the NIA Court to decide the conditions for her release.The activist was given ‘default bail’.The case highlights the nuances involved in a court determining the circumstances in which statutory bail is granted or denied, even though it is generally considered “an indefeasible right”.Q What is default bail? Read More...

  Jan 29, 2022   Polity

Q What is the context ?A The Government has made it mandatory for the introduction of a Hallmark Unique Identification (HUID) number in every piece of jewellery.Q What is HUID?AHUID is a six-digit alphanumeric code, or one that consists of numbers and letters. It is given to every piece of jewellery at the time of hallmarking and is unique for each piece.It is being implemented by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) in a phased manner.Hallmarking & HUID are mandatory for 14-, 18- and 22-carat gold jewellery and artefacts.Before buying any piec... Read More...

  Jan 29, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News?A NASA has launched its new Laser Communications Relay Demonstration (LCRD) — the agency’s first-ever laser communications system.Q What is LCRD?A LCRD involves laser communications – also called optical communications which uses infrared light to send information.LCRD is launched in a geosynchronous orbit, over 35,000km above Earth.LCRD has two optical terminals – one to receive data from a user spacecraft, and the other to transmit data to ground stations.The modems will translate the digital data into laser signals. This will t... Read More...

  Jan 28, 2022   Science and Technology

Q What is the context? A Dowry death can be presumed if the wife was harassed, mentally and physically close before her death in the marital home, the Supreme Court has held. A Bench led by Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana was interpreting Section 304B of the Indian Penal Code (dowry death). The provision mandates that the death of a married woman could be linked to the crime if she had been harassed for dowry “soon before her death”. Q What is the recent judgment? Ans. Bridges the gap between extreme Harassment and Death Read More...

  Jan 28, 2022   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q Why is it in News?A Six Maoists including four women cadres were killed recently in an “exchange of fire” with a joint team of Telangana and Chhattisgarh police in Sukma district of Chhattisgarh.Q What is Naxalism?AThe term ‘Naxal’ derives its name from the village Naxalbari of district Darjeeling in West Bengal, where the movement originated in 1967 under the leadership of Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal.It refers to the use of violence to destabilize the state through various communist guerrilla groups.Naxalites are far-left radical communists who derive their ... Read More...

  Jan 27, 2022   Security and Disaster Management

Q What is the context  ?A Thousands of Russian troops have been deployed to stations along Ukraine’s border, sparking fears among Western leaders and Ukraine itself that Moscow is planning an invasionQ What is the background of the Russia-Ukraine Conflict ?A USSR disintegrationUkraine was a part of the Russian empire for centuries before becoming a Soviet republic.It won independence as the USSR broke up in 1991.Since then, it has moved to shed its Russian imperial legacy and is in increasingly close ties with the West.After the Crimean annexation, both na... Read More...

  Jan 27, 2022   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A India and Russia are set to ink the RELOS logistics exchange pact during the visit of Russian President Vladimir Putin for the Indo-Russia summit.RELOS agreement with Russia would grant “access to Russian naval port facilities in the Arctic”, thus enhancing “Indian Navy’s reach and operational experience in Polar waters”.Q What are Logistics Agreements, in general?A Logistical exchange agreements are designed so that partner countries can enjoy ease of access to use each other’s military facilities like ports, bases, and military in... Read More...

  Jan 26, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A The 19th phase of sale of Electoral Bonds will commence ahead of elections is some states.Q What are Electoral Bonds?AElectoral bonds are banking instruments that can be purchased by any citizen or company to make donations to political parties, without the donor’s identity being disclosed.It is like a promissory note that can be bought by any Indian citizen or company incorporated in India from select branches of State Bank of India.The citizen or corporate can then donate the same to any eligible political party of his/her choice. Read More...

  Jan 26, 2022   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A The Government has notified the Consumer Protection (Direct Selling) Rules, 2021, that prohibits all direct selling entities from promoting pyramid schemes or money circulation schemes, while also providing for a mechanism for redressal of consumer complaints.Q What is Direct Selling?A In Direct Selling, goods or services are directly sold to consumers through sellers who act as individual representatives of the direct selling entities, instead of a retail premises.For example: Brands such as Amway, Herbalife , Oriflame and Modicare etc. directly sell t... Read More...

  Jan 25, 2022   Science and Technology

Q What is the context  ?A Researchers have identified and mapped 139 gigatonnes (Gt) of “irrecoverable carbon” in some of the world’s major forests and peatlands including the Amazon and the Congo  to avoid catastrophic climate change.Q What is Irrecoverable Carbon?A The concept of ‘irrecoverable carbon’ was introduced in 2020.All kinds of ecosystems  lush rainforest, muddy peatland, shady mangroves  contain eons of stored carbon, captured by photosynthesis.Per square kilometer, the forests are among the most effective carbon stores in t... Read More...

  Jan 25, 2022   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A Germany has warned about severe consequences for the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline from Russia to Germany if Moscow attacked Ukraine.Q What is Nord Stream 2 Pipeline ?A It is a system of offshore natural gas pipelines running under the Baltic Sea from Russia to Germany.It includes two active pipelines running from Vyborg to Lubmin near Greifswald forming the original Nord Stream, and two further pipelines under construction running from Ust-Luga to Lubmin termed Nord Stream 2.In Lubmin the lines connect to the OPAL line to Olbernhau on the Czech b... Read More...

  Jan 24, 2022   Current Affairs

Q What is the context  ?A Many states have demanded that the GST compensation cess regime be extended for another five years and the share of the Union government in the centrally-sponsored schemes be raised as the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted their revenues.Q  What is GST?A GST, being a consumption-based tax, would result in loss of revenue for manufacturing-heavy states.GST launched in India on 1 July 2017 is a comprehensive indirect tax for the entire country.It is charged at the time of supply and depends on the destination of consumption.For... Read More...

  Jan 24, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has decided to defer the implementation of tokenization of debit and credit cards for online transactions by a further six months following representations from stakeholders.Q What is RBI decision ?A RBI has also extended tokenization of Card-on-File (CoF) transactions where card details are saved by merchants — and directed the merchants not to store card details in their systems from January 1, 2022.A CoF transaction is one in which a cardholder has authorized a merchant to store his or her Mastercard or Visa payment ... Read More...

  Jan 23, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Market regulator Securities & Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has issued an order suspending futures trading in paddy (non-basmati), wheat, Bengal gram (chana dal), mustard seeds and its derivatives, soyabean and its derivatives, crude palm oil and green gram (moong dal) for a year.Q What are Derivatives?A A derivative is a contract between two parties which derives its value/price from an underlying asset.The value of the underlying asset is bound to change as the value of the underlying assets keep changing continuously.Generally, ... Read More...

  Jan 23, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A The Election Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2021 that seeks to link electoral rolls to the Aadhaar number has been listed for introduction in the Lok Sabha.Q What are key provisions of the Election Laws (Amendment) Bill 2021 ?A 1. Aadhaar authentication:The Bill seeks to empower electoral officers to seek Aadhaar number of people, who want to register as voters, for establishing their identity.It also seeks to allow the electoral registration officers to ask for Aadhaar numbers from persons already included in the electoral roll for the purposes of authentication of... Read More...

  Jan 22, 2022   Polity

Q What is the context  ?A The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has ruled that Indian mutual funds (MFs) cannot invest in crypto-related products until government regulations on are clear.Q What are Blockchain Funds?A Blockchain is a digital ledger system that facilitates the process of recording transactions and tracking assets in a network.It is possible to have blockchain without crypto, but in practice the two are highly interlinked.Cryptocurrency tends to power the resources needed for a public blockchain network.Unlike specific crypto-... Read More...

  Jan 22, 2022   Economy