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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Why is it in News?The Joint Parliamentary Committee on Office of Profit has deliberated on whether a Parliamentarian can continue to teach at University and if this draws the provisions of “Office of Profit” rules.What is the ‘Office of Profit’ and what is its essence?The Constitution of India does not define the Office of Profit. It has only mentioned it under Article 102 (1) and Article 191 (1).MPs and MLAs, as members of the legislature, hold the government accountable for... Read More...

  Dec 07, 2020   Polity

Q. What is this news?According to a flagship report published by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) around 1.2 billion people globally experienced very high levels of water stress.Nearly half of the 1.2 billion people lived in south Asia, while 460 million lived in east and southeast Asia.In central Asia, west Asia and north Africa, about one-fifth of the population lived in agricultural areas with very high water shortages or scarcity.In Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, north Amer... Read More...

  Dec 07, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. What is the news? Recently there is this launch of the Crew Dragon spacecraft, which carried to the International Space Station four astronauts — Michael Hopkins, Victor Glover and Shannon Walker of NASA and Soichi Noguchi of the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). It shows most stunning instance of a collaboration between public enterprises and the private sector in recent times between NASA and SpaceX. It is stunning because of the sheer extent of the frontier it is trying to breach. With its reusable rockets, large capsules to carry payloads... Read More...

  Dec 07, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why Is this in news?The Union government is in the process of deploying five more battalions of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) to Chhattisgarh to scale up anti-Maoist operations, particularly in the south Bastar region. More than 45 Central Armed Police Force battalions are already deployed in Chhattisgarh, where 14 districts are Maoist affected. Of them, eight are severely affected. Most of the 22 State armed battalions are also deployed in these districts. In addition, the CRPF’s specially trained ‘Cobra’ units... Read More...

  Dec 05, 2020   Security and Disaster Management

Q. Why is this in news?India hit out at the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) for making factually incorrect and unwarranted references to Jammu and Kashmir. The 47th session of the OIC Council of Foreign Ministers on November 27-29 at Niamey, Niger, had made a reference to India over its policies on J&K.In a statement, India advised the OIC to refrain from making such references in future and said it is regrettable that the grouping continues to allow itself to be used by a certain country “which h... Read More...

  Dec 05, 2020   Current Affairs

Why is it in News ? The J&K High Court has declared Roshni Act “illegal, unconstitutional and unsustainable” and a CBI probe has been ordered into the allotment of land under this law.What is the Roshni Act and its background?The J&K State Lands (Vesting of Ownership to the Occupants) Act, 2001 is popularly known as the Roshni Act.It envisaged the transfer of ownership rights of state land to its occupants, subject to the payment of a cost, as determined by the government. Read More...

  Dec 04, 2020   Polity

The Copernicus Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite, was launched from the in California.This is a part of the Jason-CS mission dedicated to measuring changes in the global sea level.It has been named after Dr Michael Freilich, who was the Director of NASA’s Earth Science Division from 2006-2019 and passed away in August this year.What is the objective of mission?The mission, called the Jason Continuity of Service (Jason-CS) mission, is designed to measure the height of the ocean, which is a key component in understanding how the Earth’s... Read More...

  Dec 04, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news? Recently CBI officers probing the alleged rape and murder of a 19-year-old Dalit girl in Hathras, Uttar Pradesh, arrived at the Gandhinagar-based Forensic Science Laboratory (FSL) with the four accused for their  brain electrical oscillation signature profiling (BEOSP) test to be conducted. Brain Electrical Oscillation Signature Profiling (BEOSP) also known as brain fingerprinting is a neuro psychological method of interrogation in which the accused’s participation in the crime is investigated by studying their brain’s respons... Read More...

  Dec 03, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?Anger against the three central farm legislations has been simmering since September. For the last three days, thousands of farmers from Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh have been marching toward the national capital and are nearing the borders.After failing to garner support from their respective state governments, the farmers have decided to mount pressure on the Union government, due to which they are coming to Delhi. While BJP governments in UP and Haryana have failed to conv... Read More...

  Dec 03, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news ?A. Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) has analysed self-sworn affidavits of Rajya Sabha MPs and released a report. According to it , 24% of Rajya Sabha members face criminal cases.Q. What are key findings of report? An analysis of 229 of the 233 Rajya Sabha seats that represent the States and Union Territories showed that 54 MPs or 24% had declared criminal cases.Out of the ... Read More...

  Dec 02, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?A. Prime Minister recently pitched for ‘One Nation, One Election’, saying it is the need of the country as elections taking place every few months hamper development works.Q. What is One Nation One Election?Currently, elections to the state assemblies and the Lok Sabha are held separately — that is whenever the incumbent government’s five-year term ends or whenever it is dissolved due to various reasons. This applies to both the state legislatures and the Lok Sabha. The te... Read More...

  Dec 02, 2020   Polity

Q. What is Desalination? Desalination is the process of removing salts from water to produce water that meets the quality (salinity) requirements of different human uses. Seawater desalination can extend water supplies beyond what is available from the hydrological cycle, providing an “unlimited”, climate-independent and steady supply of high-quality water.Q. What is Desalination Plant? A desalination plant turns salt water into water that is fit to drink. The most com... Read More...

  Dec 01, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

India receives rainfall during two seasons. About 75 per cent of the country’s annual rainfall is received from the Southwest monsoon between June and September. The Northeast monsoon, on the other hand, occurs during October to December, and is a comparatively small-scale monsoon, which is confined to the Southern peninsula.Q. What is Northeast Monsoon? The northeast monsoon (winter monsoon) blows from land to sea.Also called the winter monsoon, the rainfall associated with the Northeast monsoon is i... Read More...

  Dec 01, 2020   Geography

A cyclone is taking shape in the North Indian Ocean region. The Bay of Bengal will see its second Severe Cyclone of the year, after Super Cyclone Amphan formed in May. It is likely to hit Tamil Nadu coast by midweek. The next three days shall see extremely heavy rain, strong winds along with highly rough sea conditions.Q. Why are Tamil Nadu and Puducherry on ‘red’ alert?The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has forecast the development of a cyclone in the Southwest region of the Bay of Bengal, off Tamil Nadu coast. After... Read More...

  Nov 30, 2020   Geography

Tribunal is a quasi-judicial institution that is set up to deal with problems such as resolving administrative or tax-related disputes constituted with the objective of delivering speedy, inexpensive and decentralised adjudication of disputes in various matters.They are not originally a part of the Constitution of India rather introduced in 1985. Q. What is the significance of tribunal?The Tribunals were set up to reduce the&nb... Read More...

  Nov 30, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news? In a move that will have a far-reaching impact, the Union government has brought Over The Top (OTT) platforms, or video streaming service providers under the ambit of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MIB).The MIB has found a vast swathe of unregulated content, namely news online and Over the top (OTT) platforms which had escaped any architecture of regulation.The print was regulated by the Press Council of India and Television, both News and Entertainment were being regulated by the Cable Ne... Read More...

  Nov 29, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?India’s newest and fastest supercomputer, PARAM-Siddhi AI, has been ranked 63rd in the Top500 list of most powerful supercomputers in the world.Q. What is this Param Siddhi? It is a high-performance computing-artificial intelligence (HPC-AI) supercomputer established under National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) at C-DAC.It was commissioned by the C-DAC earlier and has been developed in association with chipmaker Nvidia and French IT consulting ... Read More...

  Nov 29, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?The Indian Army has rejected a report in the British daily newspaper which claimed that the Chinese army had used “microwave weapons” to drive Indian soldiers away from their positions in eastern Ladakh.Q. What are “Microwave Weapons”?Microwave weapons are supposed to be a type of direct energy weapons, which aim highly focused energy in the form of sonic, laser, or microwaves, at a target.It uses a focussed beam of high-frequency electromag... Read More...

  Nov 28, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?The United Nations marks November 19 annually as World Toilet Day to raise awareness about access to hygienic toilets and the human costs of unsafe sanitation.“World Toilet Day celebrates toilets and raises awareness of the 4.2 billion people living without access to safely managed sanitation and is about taking action to tackle the global sanitation crisis and achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6: water and sanitation for all by 2030,” the UN website says.Q. What is World Toilet Day 2020? Read More...

  Nov 28, 2020   Current Affairs

Why is this in news Recently, review petitions of approximately 1200 tribals for recognition of their claims over forest land under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 was rejected by the local authorities in Mysuru (Karnataka).Q. Why is FRA enacted , what is background for it? A large number of people, especially the&nb... Read More...

  Nov 27, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment