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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

With an installed capacity of 73.74 GW of variable renewable energy (VRE) of solar and wind, India ranks fourth in the world behind China, the US and Germany. Of the total installed capacity of 372.69 GW, VRE accounts for 19.79%.Daily reports of power supply at Power System Operation Corporation Limited(POSOCO), a national agency that handles load despatch functions, show that the percentage of renewables in the energy mix generally vary between 6% and 10% over one month. This indicates that the potential of VRE installed capacity is not fully utilised. Read More...

  Dec 17, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news? The European Space Agency (ESA) has formally adopted Ariel, the explorer that will study the nature, formation and evolution of exoplanets. As of now the existence of more than 4,000 exoplanets is considered confirmed, while there are thousands of other candidate exoplanets that need further observations to say for certain if they are exoplanets.Proxima Centauri b is the closest exoplanet to Earth and is four light-years away and inhabits the “habitable zone” of its star, which means that it could possibly have liquid water on its surfa... Read More...

  Dec 16, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?Six years after Japan’s Hayabusa2 mission was launched, it is set to return back to Earth on December 6 carrying with it samples from the one-kilometre wide Ryugu asteroid that orbits the Sun. The mission is similar to NASA’s OSIRIS-REX mission that brought back samples from asteroid Bennu late in October. According to the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), this is the first time that a probe has visited a celestial body that is under 100 metres in diameter. Read More...

  Dec 16, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?A. The international labour organization published the Global Wage Report 2018-19 with a focus on the gender pay gap.Q. What is Gender Pay Gap? The average difference between the remunerations received by the women and the men is called the gender pay gap.The Global Wage Report highlights the goal 8.5 of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) that calls for equal pay for equal work between men and women.  Read More...

  Dec 15, 2020   Economy

Q. What is this in news? With retail inflation remaining elevated, the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of the Reserve Bank of India, has decided to keep the policy rates unchanged for the third time in a row in the bi-monthly monetary policy announced on Friday This effectively means lending rates in the banking system and EMIs on home, auto and personal loans will remain more or less steady.Q. What are the current policy rates?The six-... Read More...

  Dec 15, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news ?A. India and the US this week signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on intellectual property cooperation.Q. What is the MoU about?The agreement, between the Commerce Ministry’s Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) and the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), aims to increase IP cooperation between the two countries.“The MoU will go a long way in fostering cooperation between India and USA, and ... Read More...

  Dec 14, 2020   International Relations

Q. Why is this in news? On December 15, Prime Minister  will lay the foundation stone for a 30,000 MW (megawatt) hybrid renewable energy park close to the Indo-Pak border in Kutch district. The project is billed as the largest of its kind in the world.Q. What is this hybrid renewable energy park taking shape in Gujarat?With the Government of India committing itself to installing 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022, the Gujarat government identified 1,00,000 hectares of wasteland near Khavda,... Read More...

  Dec 14, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news? Attorney General for India K K Venugopal recently granted consent to initiate criminal contempt of court proceedings against comic illustrator Rachita Taneja for allegedly scandalising the judiciary through her tweets and illustrations.A law student had brought the tweets and illustration by Taneja — made in the context of the Supreme Court’s decision to grant bail to Republic TV editor-in-chief Arnab Goswami who was arrested for allegedly abetting a suicide — to the notice of the AG.Q.... Read More...

  Dec 13, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. How much of India’s population lives with disabilities?About 2.2% of India’s population lives with some kind of physical or mental disability, as per the National Statistics Office report on disability released last year.December 3 is marked by the UN as International Day of Persons with Disabilities in a bid to promote a more inclusive and accessible world for the differently-abled and to raise awareness for their rights. In India, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment observed the day with essay and painting competitions among other events. Read More...

  Dec 13, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. What is All India judicial service?It is a proposed cadre of judicial officers at the lower levels (below High Courts) recruited through an open competitive national level exam.It is proposed to be an All India Service under Article 312 where the government is in the process of finalising a bill to establish an all-India judicial service to recruit officers for subordinate courts through an entrance test.Q. What is background for it?The idea of formation of AIJS first c... Read More...

  Dec 12, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. What is this news?According to recent study published in the journal Nature Communications scientists have found a method for projections of flooding of Brahmaputra, for years they have been looking with concern at the river’s potential for catastrophic flooding in the future, especially as the climate warms. It turns out that this potential has been underestimated so far — even without accounting for a warming climate.Q. What’s different in projections now? Existing projections... Read More...

  Dec 12, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. What are Tribunals?Tribunal is a quasi-judicial institution that is set up to deal with problems such as resolving administrative or tax-related disputes constituted with the objective of delivering speedy, inexpensive and decentralised adjudication of disputes in various matters.They are not originally a part of the Constitution of India rather introduced in 1985. Q. What are significance of Tribunal?The Tribunals were set up to&nbs... Read More...

  Dec 11, 2020   Current Affairs

What is this news?Tamil Nadu Governor promulgated an ordinance that banned online gaming in the state , with a fine up to Rs 5,000 and imprisonment of up to six months.Q. What constitutes online games and gambling?The earliest versions of community-based games were gaming arcades, which were very popular in the US and Japan in the early 1990s. These arcades required the gamer to buy in-game time with some chips. From the arcade, the games moved to house consoles,... Read More...

  Dec 11, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. What Is the Dark Net?The dark net, also known as the "dark web," is a component of the greater "deep web," a network of encrypted Internet content that is not accessible via traditional search engines.The dark net is most often used for illegal activities such as black markets, illegal file sharing, and the exchanging of illegal goods or services (including stolen financial and private data), and the anonymity of the darknet attracts drug-dealers, hackers, and child pornography peddlers.Dark net markets have been instrumental in ... Read More...

  Dec 10, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is it important to get vaccinated against Covid-19?If a safe and effective vaccine becomes available, after convincing clinical trials and judicious regulatory approvals, it is best to get vaccinated. Covid-19 is a highly infectious virus which causes varied clinical manifestations with a wide range of severity. It has not been easy to predict who can be safe from it. Even young persons have been known to have become severely ill or die, though not as often as the elderly. The level of viral load a person is exposed to, the innate immunity status or pre-existing health conditions may be factors whi... Read More...

  Dec 10, 2020   Science and Technology

What Is GATI Initiative? The Department of Science and Technology  is incorporating a system of grading institutes depending on the enrolment of women and the advancement of the careers of women faculty and scientists.It will be called GATI (Gender Advancement through Transforming Institutions).The concept borrows from a programme started by the UK in 2005 called the Athena SWAN (Scientific Women’s Academic Network), which is now being adopted by many countries.One of the focuses of t... Read More...

  Dec 09, 2020   Science and Technology

Why is it in News? Indian Council of Medical Research has recently validated the LAMP technology for COVID-19 testing.What is RT-LAMP?RT-LAMP stands for Reverse Transcriptase loop-mediated isothermal amplification technology.Agappe Diagnostics has recently developed the technology indigenously, and their kit has been validated and approved by the ICMR for marketing.It is named LUME Screen nCoV.... Read More...

  Dec 09, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. What is Gender disparity in science?Gender inequality is the social process by which men and women are not treated as equals. The treatment may arise from distinctions regarding biology, psychology, or cultural norms. Some of these distinctions are empirically-grounded while others appear to be socially constructed.The world over, women scientists have been in the forefront of ground-breaking research across the world.But despite their remarkable discoveries, globally they still represent just 29 % of researchers. In India the... Read More...

  Dec 08, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. What is the news?Recently, the tropical cyclone Nivar has made landfall along the Tamil Nadu-Puducherry coast.It is the fourth cyclone that has taken shape in the North Indian Ocean region this year. The first three cyclones were Cyclone Gati (made landfall in Somalia in November), Cyclone Amphan (eastern India witnessed it in May), and Cyclone Nisarga (in Maharashtra).Nivar will be the second cyclone to hit Tamil Nadu in two years after Cyclone Gaja&... Read More...

  Dec 08, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Why is it News? A Justice of the Supreme Court has recused himself from hearing a petition that sought action against the Andhra Pradesh CM for levelling political allegations against an AP High Court judge.What is the Recusal of Judges?Recusal is the removal of oneself as a judge or policymaker in a particular matter, especially because of a conflict of interest.Recusal usually takes place when a judge has a conflict of interest or has a prior association with the parties in th... Read More...

  Dec 07, 2020   Polity