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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, a consortium of countries that includes India has jointly opposed the Carbon Border Taxes proposed by the European Union (EU) at 27th edition of the Conference of Parties (COP) in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt.Q. What is a Carbon Border Tax?A. A carbon border adjustment tax is a duty on imports based on the amount of carbon emissions resulting from the production of the product in question. As a price on carbon, it discourages emissions. As a trade-related measure, it aff... Read More...

  Dec 06, 2022  

Q. Why is this in News?A. Almost half, or 43% of the world’s rivers are contaminated with active pharmaceutical ingredients in concentrations that can have disastrous effect on health.The pharmaceutical industry must prioritise waste water management and process controls to limit antibiotic pollution and Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR).Widescale pharmaceutical pollution has been reported across the different states of India, particularly in pharmaceutical hubs like Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana. Read More...

  Dec 06, 2022  

Q. What is the news ?A.The Ministry of Science and Technology Monday released new guidelines for the Geo-spatial sector in India, which deregulates existing protocol and liberalises the sector to a more competitive field.Q. What is geo-spatial data?A.Geospatial data is data about objects, events, or phenomena that have a location on the surface of the earth. The location may be static in the short-term, like the location of a road, an earthquake event, malnutrition among children, or dynamic like a moving vehicle or pedestrian, the spread of an infectious disease. Geospatial data combines ... Read More...

  Dec 05, 2022  

Q. Why is this in news? A. India’s decision not to vote against a proposal to re-open the international trade in ivory at the ongoing conference of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Q. What is CITES? A.  CITES stands for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. It is as an international agreement aimed at ensuring “that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival”. It was drafted afte... Read More...

  Dec 05, 2022  

Q. Why is this in news?A. Recently, Australia has announced a new Defence Space Command Agency to counter the growing influence of Russia and China in space.It will help Australia in developing and advocating space-specific priorities within the government, industry, allies and even international partners.Q. What are the Function of the Defence Space Command Agency:?A. The agency will provide training to people to become space specialists, help conduct strategic space planning, and be able to be a part of any developments regarding the refinement of space policy. Read More...

  Dec 04, 2022  

Q. Why is this in news?A. In her visit to India last week, US secretary of treasury Janet Yellen reiterated her country’s stance of pushing for “friendshoring” to diversify away from countries that present geopolitical risk.Q. What is Friendshoring?A. Friendshoring is a strategy where a country sources the raw materials, components and even manufactured goods from countries that share its values.The dependence on the countries considered a “threat” to the stability of the supply chains is slowly reduced.It is also called “allyshoring”.Apple’s... Read More...

  Dec 04, 2022  

Q. Why is this in news?A. Recently, the Government of India told the Lok Sabha that nearly 1,200 paramilitary troopers died by suicide in last 10 years.Also, more Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) personnel died by suicide in the Covid-19 pandemic years of 2020 and 2021.Domestic problems, illness and financial problems are some of the contributory factors among others behind the incidents of suicide.Q. What is Central Armed Police Forces?A. The Ministry of Home Affairs maintains seven CAPFs:The C... Read More...

  Dec 03, 2022  

Q. Why is this in News?A. Poor animal health in factory farming can negatively affect food safety, our environment and climate, leading to Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR).Factory farming or intensive food-animal farming is the intense and confined farming of animals such as pigs, cows, and birds. They are industrial facilities that raise large numbers of animals, mostly indoors, in conditions intended to maximise production at a minimal cost.Q. What are the Issues?A. The suffering of animals within... Read More...

  Dec 03, 2022  

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, the Supreme Court has upheld the validity of the 103rd Constitutional Amendment which provides 10% reservation for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) among forward castes in government jobs and colleges across India.Q. What is the Verdict?A. Majority View:The 103rd constitutional amendment cannot be said to breach the basic structure of the Constitution.The EWS quota  Read More...

  Dec 02, 2022  

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently the United Nations (UN) has decided to set up a satellite-based monitoring system “MARS: Methane Alert and Response System” for tracking methane emissions and alerting governments and corporations to respond.The MARS initiative is intended to strengthen the efforts to cut methane emissions.Q. What is Methane Alert and Response System (MARS)?A. About:The MARS Read More...

  Dec 02, 2022  

Q. What is this new research ?A. While wildfires are typical in both California and parts of Australia in the summer months, the intensity and scale of wildfires that these areas have seen in recent years has raised some concerns among scientists about the linkages between human-induced climate change and fire risk.In an updated review of scientific articles that try to establish a link between climate change and fire risk published since January 2020, scientists note that human-induced climate change promotes the conditions on which wildfires depend, enhancing their likelihood and challenging suppression efforts. The upda... Read More...

  Dec 01, 2022  

Q. Why is this in news?A. Recently, the Supreme Court stated that people holding public office should exercise self-restriction and not blabber things which are disparaging or insulting to other countrymen.A five-judge Constitution bench reserved its verdict on whether restrictions can be imposed on a public functionary's right to freedom of speech and expression.Q. What are the Highlights of Judgement?A. About:The court observed there is always a civil... Read More...

  Dec 01, 2022  

Q. Why is this in News? A. A few political parties are promising to restore to the Old Pension Scheme in some states. Q. What is the Old Pension Scheme? A.  About: The scheme assures life-long income, post-retirement. Under the old scheme, employees get a pension under a pre-determined formula which is equivalent to 50% of the last drawn salary. They also get the benefit of the revision of Dearness Relief (DR), twice a year. The payout is fixed and th... Read More...

  Nov 30, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News? A. Recently, reorganization of 22 Standing Committees took place. Q .What are Committees of Parliament? A.  About: A Parliamentary Committee is a panel of MPs that is appointed or elected by the House or nominated by the Speaker/Chairman. The committee works under the direction of the Speaker/chairman and it presents its report to the House or to the Speaker/chairman. Parliamentary Committees have their origins in the British Parliament.... Read More...

  Nov 30, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A. The Ministry of Civil Aviation has notified the draft Aircraft Security Rules, 2022 which enable the aviation security regulator, Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) to impose penalties upto ₹1 crore on airports and airlines for violation of security measures.Q. Why such move?A. India’s civil Aviation Sector is facing a unique crisis a crisis of credibility and safety.Some of the issues are-The windshield of a go air flight cracks mid-air, two go air flights suffer engine snags, a flight could not take... Read More...

  Nov 29, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. At COP27, a broad coalition of 18 governments joined together to create a new high-level group ‘Ambition on Melting Ice (AMI) on Sea-level Rise and Mountain Water Resources’.Q. What is AMI Group?A. The “AMI” group aims to ensure impacts of cryosphere loss is understood by political leaders and the public, and not only within mountain and polar regions, but throughout the planet.The founding governments of the group include Chile (co-chair), Iceland (co-chair), Peru, Cz... Read More...

  Nov 29, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A. The Supreme Court has launched an online portal that will help citizens file and access applications under the Right to Information (RTI) Act in matters related to the courtQ. What is the online RTI portal?A. The online RTI portal has been initiated to make it convenient for people to access information about the Supreme Court.So far, RTI applications at the Supreme Court had to be filed only via post.Various public interest litigation (PILs) had been filed before the Supreme Court seeking an online RTI portal for the Court. Read More...

  Nov 28, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. India and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) have agreed to pursue a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between the two regions and resume the negotiations.GCC is a union of six countries in the Gulf region — Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman and Bahrain. The council is the largest trading bloc of India.Q. Why is the Gulf Region Crucial for India?A. India has enjoyed centuries of good relations with countries like Iran, while smaller gas-rich nation Qatar is ... Read More...

  Nov 28, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, Russia touted its Arctic power at a flag-raising ceremony and dock launch for two nuclear-powered icebreakers that will ensure year-round navigation in the Western Arctic.Q. What is the Significance of the Russian Icebreakers?A. To Strengthen Russia’s Status as a Great Arctic power:Both icebreakers were laid down as part of Russia’s large-scale, systematic work to re-equip and replenish the domestic icebreaker fleet, to strengthen Russia’s status as a “great Arctic power.”In the last t... Read More...

  Nov 27, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. What is a fiscal council?A. Fiscal councils are independent public institutions aimed at strengthening commitments to sustainable public finances through various functions, including public assessments of fiscal plans and performance, and the evaluation or provision of macroeconomic and budgetary forecasts.Fiscal councils are now part of the institutional fiscal apparatus of over 50 countries, including several emerging and developing economies.Q. What are their composition and how should they function?A.The 14th Finance Commission recommended ... Read More...

  Nov 27, 2022   Current Affairs