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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in news ?A .World is celebrating yet another World Tiger Day July 29, 2022.The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) recently confirmed that the tiger has gone extinct in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. Q. What about Tigers in India?A. India is home to a third of the global tiger population and the country’s success in saving the big cat is crucial to global efforts to protect their numbers.India was the first country in the world to champion the cause of conservation of the tiger and its natural habitats.The... Read More...

  Aug 10, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news ?A. The Indian rupee has been in free fall. Some commentators have pointed out that it has fallen less against the US dollar than a lot of other currencies. Q. What is the Significance of foreign exchange reserves?A. Decline by 10 per cent: A large part of the current relative strength of the rupee vis-à-vis other currencies is due to the sale of dollars by the RBI — it has lost more than 10 per cent of its foreign reserves in the space of about nine months. Read More...

  Aug 10, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. The European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) has reignited the Large Hadron Collider for the third time in July2022 — 10 years after it enabled scientists to find the ‘God particle’ or Higgs Boson. Q. What Do We Need to Know About LHC?A. About:The Large Hadron Collider is a giant, complex machine built to study particles that are the smallest known building blocks of all things.In its operational state, it fires two beams of protons almost... Read More...

  Aug 09, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, the Union Cabinet gave the 13th extension to the Justice Rohini Commission, to examine sub-categorisation of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and submit its report by 31st January 2023.The initial deadline to submit the commission’s report was 12 weeks — by 2nd January, 2018. Q. What are the Key Highlights?A.Commission:The commission was set up on 2nd October, 2017 under Article 340 of the Constitution. Read More...

  Aug 09, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, Ukrainian mathematician Maryna Viazovska along with other three mathematicians received the prestigious Fields Medals.Fields medal is often described as the Nobel Prize in mathematics. Q. What are the Key Highlights about Field Medal?A.About:The Fields Medal is awarded every four years to one or more mathematicians under the age of 40.Fields Medal is awarded at the International Congress of the In... Read More...

  Aug 08, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A.Recently, a report titled ''The Annual Review of State Laws, 2021'' was released by PRS Legislative Research.As per the report, Kerala got first place in 2021, with its House sitting for 61 days, the highest for any State.Kerala had also promulgated 144 ordinances, the highest in the country last year. Q. What are the Highlights of the Report?A.Sittings:States such as Manipur, Odisha, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh have laid down a min... Read More...

  Aug 08, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. The Directorate of Enforcement (ED) has registered 14,143 cases under FEMA and PMLA between 2019-20 and 2021-22 as compared to 4,913 cases in 2014-15 to 2016-17.Year 2021-22 saw the highest number of money laundering and foreign exchange violation cases. Q. What is Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999?A. The legal framework for the administration of foreign exchange transactions Read More...

  Aug 07, 2022   Current Affairs

  Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, a study conducted by Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) under National Mission on Himalayan Studieshighlighted relation between habitat uses by Snow Leopard, Siberian ibex and blue sheep.It aimed at examining how the predator used habitat in presence or absence of its prey species and vice-versa. Q. What is National Mission on Himalayan Studies?A.It's a Central Sector Grant-in-aid Scheme, Read More...

  Aug 07, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, a highly sensitive experiment named LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) has been used to detect dark matter in the universe in the U.S.Earlier, while investigating how the shape of dark matter affects the motion of stars in the centre of some galaxies (stellar bars), scientists have found that out-of-plane bending can be explained through dark matter halos in barred galaxies.Q. What is Dark Matter?A.Dark matter is made up of particles that do not have a charge.So, these particles are “dark”, namely be... Read More...

  Aug 06, 2022   Geography

Q. Why is this in News?A. A recent study by a team of scientists at Goa-based National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR)has brought new insights into the critical processes involved in the movement of the earth’s tectonic plates.Q. What is NCPOR?A.NCPOR was established as an autonomous Research and Development Institution of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (formerly Department of Ocean Development) on the 25th May 1998.It is designated as the nodal or... Read More...

  Aug 06, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, the World Bank has released 'The Global Findex Report 2021'.The Global Findex surveys over 125,000 adults in 123 economies during Covid-19 to better understand how people use formal and informal financial services and digital payment.Q. What are the Findings?A.Account Ownership:The account ownership worldwide increased by 50 % to reach 76 % of the global adult population.Recent growth in account ownership ha... Read More...

  Aug 05, 2022   Economy

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, the state of Punjab was unable to achieve its target in the water-saving method (direct-seeded rice).Q. What is Direct Seeded Rice (DSR)?A.Direct Seeded Rice(DSR), also known as the 'broadcasting seed technique,' is a water-saving method of sowing paddy.In this method, seeds are directly drilled into the fields. In contrast to the traditional water-intensive method of transplanting rice seedlings from a nursery to waterlogged fields, this method sav... Read More...

  Aug 05, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A. India and UK, jointly announced a declaration on “one sun, one world, one grid” — or OSOWOG at the Conference of Parties (COP26), held in Glasgow, UK.Q. What do we know about OSOWOG?A.About:GGI-OSOWOG was conceived in 2018 to develop global interconnected solar energy systems.Under the International Solar Alliance, India announced the launch of the Green Grids Initiative — One Sun, One World, One Grid (GGI-OSOWOG) Read More...

  Aug 04, 2022   International Relations

Q. Why is this in news?A. India’s eight core sectors’ output growth moderated to 12.7% in June, 2022 from 18.1% in May, 2022 with all sectors except crude oil registering an uptick in production.Q. What are Core Sectors?A.Eight Core Sectors:Coal, Crude Oil, Natural Gas, Refinery Products, Fertiliser, Steel, Cement, ElectricityAbout:These comprise 40.27% of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP). Read More...

  Aug 04, 2022   Economy

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, University of Houston (US) scientists developed an electrolyte that contributes significantly to making sodium ion batteries more commercially viable.Sodium-based battery technology might soon be a viable alternative to lithium-based ones.Q. What are the Key highlights of the Study?A.The study concluded that with the help of the novel electrolyte, ambient temperature solid-state sodium-sulfur battery technology can be employed for grid-level energy storage systems.The novel structural and compositional des... Read More...

  Aug 03, 2022   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in News?A. Only four Female Great Indian Bustards (GIB) are left in Gujarat.According to a 2018 count, India has fewer than 150 GIBs, of which 122 are in Rajasthan.Q. What is the Great Indian Bustard?A.About:It is the State bird of Rajasthan and is considered India’s most critically endangered bird.It is considered the flagship grassland species, representing the health of the grassland ecology.Its population is conf... Read More...

  Aug 03, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news?A. Google Street View is launched in ten cities of India under the Guidelines of the National Geospatial Policy (NGP), 2021.NGP 2021 lets Indian companies collect map data and license it to others.Q. What is Google Street View?A.About:Google Street View is an immersive 360-degree view of a location captured using special cameras mounted on vehicles or on backpacks by data collectors moving around the city streets.The images are then patched together to cr... Read More...

  Aug 02, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. As per the recent analysis done by Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), Ground water levels in some parts of the Country are declining.The data collected by CGWB during November 2021 when compared with the decadal mean of November 2011 to Nov 2020 indicates that about 70% wells have registered rise in water level whereas, about 30% of the wells monitored have registered decline in ground water level mostly in the range of 0–2 m.Q. What is the Present Status of Groundwater Depletion in India?A.St... Read More...

  Aug 02, 2022   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, during question hour in Lok Sabha, the Ministry of Home Affairs provided data related to left extremism in India.Q. What are the Key Data Facts?A.The incidents of Naxal violence in the country have dropped by 77 % between 2009 and 2021, and deaths of security force personnel due to Maoist violence have more than doubled in Chhattisgarh in the past three years.Similarly, the resultant deaths (civilians + security forces) have reduced by 85 % from an all-time hig... Read More...

  Aug 01, 2022   Economy

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC) released India’s Q. What is Bioeconomy Report 2022?A. During the release, the government launched a special Biotech Ignition Grant call for North East Region (BIG-NER) and announced financial support of up to Rs 50 Lakhs each to 25 startups and entrepreneurs from North East Region to develop biotech solutions.BIRAC is a not-for-profit Section 8, Schedule B, Public Sector Enterprise, set up by Departme... Read More...

  Aug 01, 2022   Economy