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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has formulated a scheme “SMILE - Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise”.It includes a subscheme - ‘Central Sector Scheme for Comprehensive Rehabilitation of persons engaged in Begging’.Q What is this Scheme ?A It is a new Scheme after the merger of existing Schemes for Beggars and Transgenders.Scheme provides for the use of the existing shelter homes available with the State/UT Governments and Urban local bodies for re... Read More...

  Sep 08, 2021   Indian Society & Social Justice

Today's Current Affairs Question:India establishes the largest network of Ramsar Sites in South Asia. Why? Read More...

  Sep 07, 2021   Current Affairs

Q  Why is it in News ? A Recently the Joint Committee examining the Personal Data Protection Bill (2019) was granted a fifth extension by Parliament. While the Government has been simultaneously exploring the potential of facial recognition technology.Q  What is need  of Automatic Facial Recognition in India  ?A To empower the Indian police with information technology, India approved implementation of the National Automated Facial Recognition System (NAFRS).On its implementation, it will function as a national-level search platform... Read More...

  Sep 07, 2021   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A. The Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan has triggered a new debate in international law on the issue of recognising an entity that claims to be the new government of a state.Q What are Legal challenge of recognising a government ?A Questions of recognition do not arise when change of government within a state occurs when political power is transferred through legal means.However, things are different when the change of government happens through extra-legal methods like ousting the sitting government using unconstitutional means.China and Russ... Read More...

  Sep 07, 2021   International Relations

Q  Why is it in News ? A Recently, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has announced that its new spacecraft, named Near-Earth Asteroid Scout or NEA Scout, has completed all required tests and has been safely tucked inside the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket.Q What are some key details about NEA Scout ?A Near-Earth Asteroid Scout, or NEA Scout, is a miniaturized spacecraft, known as a CubeSat, developed under NASA’s Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) Program.AES pioneers new approaches for rapidly devel... Read More...

  Sep 06, 2021   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A In a recent reply in the Parliament, the government disclosed that between 1st April and 30th November, 2015, 25,357 cases were registered under police category which included 111 deaths in police custody, 330 cases of custodial torture and 24,916 in others.This data again lays emphasis on the need to make police accountable and carry out police reforms.Q What is meant by Police Reforms ? A Police reforms aim to transform t... Read More...

  Sep 06, 2021   Polity

Today's Current Affairs Question:What has been the experience with the working of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012? How can it be strengthened? Read More...

  Sep 04, 2021   Current Affairs

Q  Why is it in News ? A With the 2021 Census coming up, several political parties have demanded a nationwide caste census.Q What is Caste Census?Every Census in independent India from 1951 to 2011 has published data on Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, but not on other castes.Before that, every Census until 1931 had data on caste.However, in 1941, caste-based data was collected but not published.In the absence of such a census, there is no proper estimate for the population of OBCs, various groups within the OBCs, and others.The Mandal Commission estimated the O... Read More...

  Sep 05, 2021   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q Why is it in News ?A The Taliban have pledged that women in Afghanistan will have rights “within the bounds of Islamic law,” or Shariah, under their newly established rule.Q What is Shariah?A Shariah is based on the Quran, stories of the Prophet Muhammad’s life and the rulings of religious scholars, forming the moral and legal framework of Islam.The Quran details a path to a moral life, but not a specific set of laws.Q How is Shariah Interpreted  ?A The interpretations of Shariah are a matter ... Read More...

  Sep 05, 2021   International Relations

Q  Why is it in News ? A Hallmarking scheme is turning out to be a grand success with more than 1 crore pieces of Jewelry hallmarked in a quick time” with more than 90000 Jewelers registered in a same time period.Q  What is Hallmark Gold?AThe process of certifying the purity and fineness of gold is called hallmarking.Bureau of Indian Standards, the National Standards Body of India, is responsible for hallmarking gold as well as silver jewellery under the BIS Act.If you see the BIS hallmark on the gold jewellery/gold coin, it means it conforms to a set of ... Read More...

  Sep 04, 2021   General Category

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the US has planned to transmit the Internet to the people in Cuba via high-altitude balloons when their government has blocked access.There is an ongoing protest in Cuba against long standing restrictions on rights, scarcity of food and medicines, and the government’s poor response to the Covid-19 pandemic.Q How High Altitude Balloon will be used for Internet ? A High Altitude Balloons for Internet:They are commonly known as Loon Balloons as the first High Altitud... Read More...

  Sep 04, 2021   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A According to a recent RBI report on ‘Monetary transmission in India’, the share of outstanding loans linked to External Benchmarks Lending Rate (EBLR - like repo rate), increased from as low as 2.4% during September 2019 to 28.5% during March 2021.This increase in EBLR linked lending will contribute to significant improvement in monetary policy transmission.However, still 71.5% of outstanding loans are Internal Benchmark Lending Rate (IBLR- like base rate and MCLR) linked loans, which continues to impede the monetary policy transmission. Read More...

  Sep 03, 2021   Economy

Q.  Why is it in News ? A. In the recent monsoon session, Parliament passed the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India (Amendment) Bill, 2021.Q. What are the Key features of AERA Bill, 2021 ? A.It seeks to amend the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India Act, 2008.The 2008 Act established the Airport Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA).AERA regulates tariffs and other charges (such as airport development fees) for aeronautical services rendered at major airports in India.The 2008 Act designates an airport as a major airport if it... Read More...

  Sep 03, 2021  

Q  Why is it in News ? A Water pollution caused by detergents has become a big concern in the global context.The per capita (per person) detergent consumption in India is around 2.7 kilogram per year.It is around 3.7 kg in the Philippines and Malaysia and 10 kg in the United States of America.Q  What is Water Pollution ? A Water pollution occurs when harmful substances often chemicals or microorganisms contaminate a stream, river, lake, ocean, aquifer, or other body of water, ... Read More...

  Sep 02, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, a petition was filed in the Supreme court (SC), that seeks a relook into the Sedition Law.Q What are the issues raised in petition ? A The 1962 judgment in the KedarNath case, which upheld Section 124A (sedition), a relic of the colonial legacy, was given at a time when doctrines such as ‘chilling effect’ (Deterring effect resulting from restrictive law) on free speech were unheard of. It was delivered at a time when scope and inter-relationship of fundamental rights were rather restrictive.In th... Read More...

  Sep 02, 2021   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?A. The Union Agriculture Minister has inaugurated the world’s second-largest refurbished gene bank at the National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources.Q. What is National Gene Bank?A. The National Gene Bank was established in the year 1996 to preserve the seeds of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) for future generations.It has the capacity to preserve about one million germplasm in the form of seeds.Presently it is protecting 4.52 lakh accessions, of which 2.7 lakh are Indian germplasm and the rest have been imported from other countries.Nati... Read More...

  Sep 01, 2021   Economy

Q. Why is this in news?A. Recently, the Defence Ministry has announced that it will soon issue Requests For Proposal (RFPs) to set up eight defence testing facilities in the country in partnership with the private sector.These RFPs would be issued under the Defence Testing Infrastructure Scheme (DTIS).The RFP is a business document that announces a project, describes it, and invites bids for completing it.Q. What is its Background? Read More...

  Sep 01, 2021   Security and Disaster Management

Q. Why is this in news?A. The Supreme Court Collegium has recommended to the government nine names for appointment as judges in the court, and in the process, scripted history by naming Karnataka High Court judge B.V. Nagarathna, who may become India’s first woman CJI a few years from now. Q. What are the Key Recommendations?A. The Collegium has for the first time, in one single resolution, recommended three women judges. It has thus sent a strong signal in favour of the representation of women in  Read More...

  Aug 31, 2021   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?A. The Centre has notified the rates and norms for the Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products (RoDTEP) scheme asserting that it would put ‘direct cash in the pockets of exporters’ soon.Q. What is RoDTEP Scheme?A. RoDTEP is a scheme for Exporters to make Indian products cost-competitive and create a level playing field for them in the Global Market.It has been kicked in from January 2021, replacing the earlier Merchandise and Services Export Incentive Schemes (MEIS and SEIS) that were in violation of WTO norms.The new RoDTEP Scheme ... Read More...

  Aug 31, 2021   Economy

Today's Current Affairs Question:Which country is India taking up  a  'food corridor' project with? What is its importance? Read More...

  Sep 02, 2021   Current Affairs