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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in news?India has recently been ranked 86th in a “Covid-19 Performance Index” comprising 98 countries.Q. What about the Index? Institution Involved:Covid-19 Performance Index was compiled by the Sydney-based Lowy Institute, an Australian t... Read More...

  Feb 07, 2021   Health

Q. What is the news?The share of agriculture in gross domestic product (GDP) has reached almost 20 per cent for the first time in the last 17 years, making it the sole bright spot in GDP performance during 2020-21, according to the Economic Survey 2020-2021.The resilience of the farming community in the face of adversities made agriculture the only sector to have clocked a positive growth of 3.4 per cent at constant prices in 2020-21, when other sectors slid.... Read More...

  Feb 06, 2021   Economy

Q. Why is this in news? Stardust 1.O was recently launched from Maine, the US has become the first commercial space launch powered by biofuel.Q. What is Stardust 1.O?Stardust 1.O is a launch vehicle suited for student and budget payloads.The rocket is manufactured by bluShift, an aerospace company based in Maine that is developing rockets that are powered by bio-derived fuels.The rocket is 20 feet tall and has a mass of roughly 250 kg. Read More...

  Feb 05, 2021   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news? United Nations (UN) recently released a report titled  "Ageing water infrastructure: An emerging global risk", according to which over 1,000 large dams in India will be roughly 50 years old in 2025 and such ageing embankments across the world pose a growing threat.Q. Which is the organization responsible for its compilation?The report, compiled by Canada-based Institute for Water, Environment and H... Read More...

  Feb 05, 2021   International Relations

Q. What is the news?Government think-tank, NITI Aayog recently released the second edition of the India Innovation Index 2020. Read More...

  Feb 04, 2021   Economy

Q. What is the news?The Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways has approved a proposal to levy a ‘green tax’ on old vehicles.Q. What Is Green Tax? Under green Tax , Personal vehicles will be charged a tax at the time of renewal of Registration Certification after 15 years.The policy will come into effect from April 1, 2022.The levy may differ depending on fuel (petrol/diesel) and type of vehicle. Read More...

  Feb 04, 2021   Economy

Q. Why is this in news? Government recently lists bill to ban Bitcoin in India, create official digital currency. Also Bitcoin, the cryptocurrency, has crossed 30,000 US dollars in value. Bitcoin's price has always been volatile, and there is no clear explanation for its current rise.Q. What is Cryptocurrency?Cryptocurrency is a specific type of virtual currency, which is decentralised and protected by cryptographic encryption techniques. Read More...

  Feb 03, 2021   Economy

Q. What is the news?The government’s fiscal deficit has increased to Rs. 11.58 lakh crore or 145.5% of the Budget Estimate (BE) at the end of December 2020 (accounting for the first nine months of the year 2020-21) mainly on account of lower revenue realisation.Q. What are the Fiscal Deficit Target Fixed for 2020-21 and previous year?A.  The Centre had pegged the fiscal deficit at Rs. 7.96 lakh crore or 3.5% ... Read More...

  Feb 03, 2021   Economy

Q. Why is this in news? The Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare addressed the 4th edition of the Future Investment Initiative Forum.The aim of the Forum hosted in Riyadh (Saudi Arabia) was to find solutions on how businesses and governments can expand access to healthcare, train healthcare workers, remove regulatory barriers and encourage investment in advanced health technologies.Q. What is Future Investment Initiative Forum?  Read More...

  Feb 02, 2021   Economy

Q. What is the news?The Economic Survey released by the Union Ministry of Finance on January 29, 2021 highlighted the concept of setting up a social stock exchange (SSE) in India for raising capital by organisations working for the realisation of a social welfare objective. It will be under the regulatory ambit of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), the survey said. Q. What is the background for it?SEBI constituted a working gro... Read More...

  Feb 02, 2021   Economy

Q. Why is this in news? World Food Price Index is released by Food and Agriculture Organization which averaged 107.5 points in December 2020, up 2.3 points from November 2020. This marks the seventh month of consecutive increase.Q. What are the findings and detail of Index? It was introduced in 1996 as a public good to help in monitoring developments in the global agricultural commodity markets.The FAO Food Price Index (FFPI) is a measure of... Read More...

  Feb 01, 2021   Economy

Q. What is the news?President Ram Nath Kovind addressed a joint sitting of Parliament on January 29, 2021The first Parliament session of 2021 began with President Ram Nath Kovind addressing members of both Houses of Parliament. If he does not stand for re-election, it will be his second-last address to Parliament. In his speech, there were indication of the government’s plans and focus areas for the year ahead. While his address mark the beginning of the session, it will not constitute a joint sitting of the two Houses. Read More...

  Feb 01, 2021   Polity

Q. What is the news?After an estimated 7.7 per cent contraction in 2020-21, the Finance Ministry’s Economic Survey projects that India’s real GDP would record a growth of 11 per cent in 2021-22. The nominal GDP growth has been estimated at 15.4 per cent, implying an assumption of 4.4 per cent inflation during the year.Q. On what basis has the 11 per cent growth projection been made?One of the factors is the low base while calculating the year-on-year inflation rate, given the contraction this fiscal. The ... Read More...

  Jan 31, 2021   Economy

Q. What is the news?Recently, World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Davos Dialogue held which is also addressed by India’s Prime Minister. The Forum’s annual meeting in Davos (Switzerland) engages the world's top leaders to shape global, regional and industry agendas.The Davos Dialogues agenda marks the launch of the WEF’s Great Reset Initiative in the post Covid world.Q. What are the agenda and focus area of d... Read More...

  Jan 31, 2021   Economy

Q. What is the news?Recently Investment Trends Monitor Report is released by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) which said that global Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) collapsed in 2020 by 42% to an estimated USD 859 billion from USD 1.5 trillion in 2019.Such a low level was last seen in the 1990s and is more than 30% below the investment decline that followed the 2008-2009 global financial crisis. Read More...

  Jan 30, 2021   Miscellaneous

 Q. Why is this in news?The Mumbai police have started a drive titled ‘Top 25’ aimed at keeping under check history-sheeters and those they believe could foment trouble. Q. What is the ‘Top 25’ drive of the Mumbai police?The Mumbai police commissioner has asked all 95 police stations in the city to make a list of the “top 25” criminal elements in their jurisdictions, and ask them to sign a bond of good behaviour failing which they woul... Read More...

  Jan 30, 2021   Miscellaneous

Q. Why is this in news?Government will present the Union Budget 2021 on February 1st with a focus on off-budget borrowings to reduce Fiscal Deficit.Q. What are off-budget borrowings?Off-budget borrowings are loans that are taken not by the Centre directly, but by another public institution which borrows on the directions of the central government.Such borrowings are used to fulfil the government’s expenditure needs.Suc... Read More...

  Jan 29, 2021   Economy

Q. What is the news?Recently, the report World Economic Outlook of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) was released which has estimated that India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) will grow by 11.5% in the Financial Year (FY) 2021-22.Q. What are the findings of the report in Indian context?FY 2020-21: For the current fiscal, the IMF had forecast a record  Read More...

  Jan 29, 2021   Economy

Q. Why in News? Recently, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs has launched “ShramShakti”- a National Migration Support Portal, to smooth the formulation of state and national level programs for migrant workers.A training manual “ShramSaathi” was also launched for migrant workers.Q. What is this Portal about?It has been launched to collect data related to tribal migrant workers and link them with the... Read More...

  Jan 28, 2021   Government Schemes

Q. What is the news?The recent death of fishermen triggered protests in Tamil Nadu as they are believed to be of the four fishermen reported missing from the state. Over 200 fishermen staged a road roko in Pudukkottai. The latest incident has once again brought to fore the long-standing conflict between Indian fishermen and the Sri Lankan navy. The reasons behind the conflict are mainly proliferation of trawlers in Tamil Nadu coast and plummeting resources in Gulf of Mannar in the Indian ocean. Read More...

  Jan 28, 2021   International Relations