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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

On September 18, 2016, four terrorists belonging to the Pakistani jihadi group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) struck at an Indian Army camp in Uri. The resultant impact of the Uri incident, which led to the death of 19 army soldiers hardened the government’s resolve to move beyond standard reactions. The military options available for counter terror strikes has been analysed threadbare over the years. When viewed along the escalatory ladder, these included shallow strikes across the LoC against terrorist launch pads, precision long range missile strikes against terror camps, deep Special Forces strikes against terrorist camps, surgical strikes to eliminate terrorist leaders, and neutral... Read More...

  Jan 19, 2017   General Category

Mahila e-Haat is an online marketing platform for women. Mahila e-Haat is a unique online platform where participants can display their products. It is an initiative for women across the country as a part of ‘Digital India’ and ‘Stand Up India’ initiatives. Participation in e-Haat is open to all Indian women citizens more than 18 years of age and women SHGs desiring for marketing their legal products/services after indemnifying RMK from any or all acts of transaction. The empowerment of women will take place in three stages: First stage is Mahila E-Haat. Second stage is planned to integrate it with e-commerce port... Read More...

  Jan 18, 2017   General Category

The Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) is the smallest and lightest multi-role supersonic fighter aircraft of its class. It is designed and developed by the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force and the Indian Navy. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited handed over the first two Tejas aircrafts to IAF which will make up the 'Flying Daggers' 45, the name of the first squadron of the LCA. India's first indigenous LCA, which is all set to replace the MiG-21 series, is a result of several years of design and development work by Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and HAL.  Features of stealth fighter... Read More...

  Jan 17, 2017   General Category

What is Systemically Important Bank? Systemically important banks or a bank is one whose failure will have nationwide or worldwide repercussions, they are ‘too big to fail’. A bank failure is a scenario in which the bank or financial institution is unable to pay its depositors or fulfil its financial obligations. 'Too Big To Fail (TBTF)', this perception of TBTF creates an expectation of government support for these banks at the time of distress. Due to this perception, these banks enjoy certain advantages in the funding markets. The Reserve Bank of India announced State Bank of India and ICICI Bank Ltd as Domestic Systemically Import... Read More...

  Jan 16, 2017   General Category

The world has recently received dire warnings about the deteriorating health of our planet from two of its most fragile and critical ecosystems, the Arctic in the north and the Antarctica in the South. For India, with its extensive coastline, the implications are enormous. The Arctic Ocean has experienced the warmest winter this year since temperature records began to be compiled. There has been an extraordinary 20-degree deviation above what temperature levels should have been at this time of the year. Satellite images have also revealed that sea ice in the Arctic Ocean is at the lowest extent ever recorded. It comes as a culmination of a steady warming of the Arctic over the... Read More...

  Jan 15, 2017   General Category

Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) was established by the Government of India in March, 1993 as an autonomous body under the Ministry of Women & Child Development. It was registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860. The aims and objectives of the Kosh are to undertake activities for the promotion of  credit as an instrument of socio-economic change and development through the provision of  package of financial and social development services,  to demonstrate and replicate participatory approaches in the organization of women's groups for effective utilization of credit resources leading to self-reliance, to promote and support experi... Read More...

  Jan 14, 2017   General Category

Payments Banks are a new set of banks licensed by the Reserve Bank of India to further financial inclusion by enabling them to provide: (i) Small savings/ current accounts below Rs. 1 lakh (ii) Distribution of mutual funds, insurance products on a non-risk sharing basis and (iii) Payments / remittance services to migrant labour workforce, low income households, small businesses, other unorganised sector entities and other users through high volume-low value transactions in deposits and payments / remittance services using a secured technology-driven environment including issuance of prepaid cards etc. Salient features: Paymen... Read More...

  Jan 13, 2017   General Category

India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) will be set up as a public limited company under the Department of Posts with 100 per cent government equity. A.     The total corpus of the payments bank is of Rs 800 crore, which will have Rs 400-crore equity and Rs 400-crore grant. B.     A total of 650 branches of the postal payments bank would be established in India, which will be linked to rural post offices. C.     India has 154,000 post offices, of which 139,000 are rural post offices. IPPB will obtain banking licence from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) by March 2017 and by September 2017, a... Read More...

  Jan 12, 2017   General Category

Micro Units Development Refinance Agency (MUDRA) Bank is a refinance institution for micro-finance institutions. As on date, MUDRA is conceived not only as a refinance institution and but also as a regulator for the micro finance institutions (MFIs). The MUDRA Bank is primarily be responsible for – 1) Laying down policy guidelines for micro/small enterprise financing business 2) Registration, Regulation, Accreditation /rating of MFI entities 3) Laying down responsible financing practices to ward off indebtedness and ensure proper client protection principles and methods of recovery 4) Development of standardized set of ... Read More...

  Jan 11, 2017   General Category

Swachh Swasth Sarvatra is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) and the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) to achieve better health outcomes through improved sanitation and increased awareness and healthy lifestyles.  Advancing from Swachh Bharat to Swasth Bharat is a natural step. Open Defecation Free (ODF) should not be limited to creation of infrastructure alone but it should also bring the positive change in the habits and mindsets of people. “Swachh Swasth Sarvatra” is a much needed programme to achieve open defecation-free India by 2019. The three key components of Swachh Swasth Sarvatra are: .Communi... Read More...

  Jan 10, 2017   General Category

What is Ethanol? Ethanol fuel is ethyl alcohol, the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, used as fuel. It is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a biofuel additive for gasoline. What is 2G Ethanol Bio-Refinery? First generation biofuels are made from the sugars and vegetable oils found in arable crops, which can be easily extracted using conventional technology. In comparison, second generation biofuels are made from lignocellulosic biomass or woody crops, agricultural residues or waste, which makes it harder to extract the required fuel.... Read More...

  Jan 09, 2017   General Category

Union Ministry of Food Processing Industries is taking steps to implement a new scheme, Scheme for Agro-Marine Produce Processing and Development of Agro-clusters (SAMPADA) for: Overall development of food processing sector. Providing enabling infrastructure. Expanding processing and preservation capacities. Controlled temperature logistics. Backward and forward linkages. SAMPADA will be with an allocation of Rs.6000 Crore for a period co-terminus with 14th finance commission. Read More...

  Jan 07, 2017   General Category

What is the scheme? Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) is a small deposit scheme for the girl child launched as a part of the 'Beti Bachao Beti Padhao' campaign. It is currently (2016-17) fetching an interest rate of 9.1 per cent and provides income-tax rebate.  A Sukanya Samriddhi Account can be opened any time after the birth of a girl till she turns 10, with a minimum deposit of Rs 1,000. The account can be opened in any post office or authorised branches of commercial banks.  The account will remain operative for 21 years from the date of its opening or till the marriage of the girl... Read More...

  Jan 07, 2017   General Category

What is Rubella? Rubella is an acute, contagious viral infection. While the illness is generally mild in children, it has serious consequences in pregnant women causing foetal death or congenital defects known as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). The rubella virus is transmitted by airborne droplets when infected people sneeze or cough. Humans are the only known host.   What is pneumonia? Pneumonia is a form of acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs. The lungs are made up of small sacs called alveoli, which fill with air when a healthy person breathes. When an individual has pneumonia, the alveoli are filled with pus and fluid, which makes breath... Read More...

  Jan 06, 2017   General Category

What Is the Darknet? It is sometimes confused with the deep web, a term that refers to all parts of the Internet which cannot be indexed by search engines and so can't be found through Google, Bing, Yahoo, and so forth. Experts believe that the deep web is hundreds of times larger than the surface web (i.e., the Internet you get to via browsers and search engines). In fact, most of the deep web contains nothing sinister whatsoever. It includes large databases, libraries, and members-only websites that are not available to the general public. The dark web (or dark net) is a small part of the deep web. Its contents are not accessible through ... Read More...

  Jan 05, 2017   General Category

What is CYGNSS? The Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System (CYGNSS) is a space-based system developed by the University of Michigan and Southwest Research Institute with the aim of improving hurricane forecasting by better understanding the interactions between the sea and the air near the core of a storm.  The Science of CYGNSS The same GPS technology that helps people get where they're going in a car will soon be used in space to impact hurricane forecasting. The technology is a key capability in a NASA mission called the Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System (CYGNSS). The CYGNSS mission will use eight mi... Read More...

  Jan 04, 2017   General Category

India is a federal form of government and because labour is a subject in the Concurrent List of the Indian Constitution, labour matters are in the jurisdiction of both central and state governments. Both central and state governments have enacted laws on labour relations and employment issues. The advantages with placing a subject in the Concurrent List is that it has national orientation and at the same time has regional flexibility. While the federal law sets standards, states can have their own local variations. Thus, competitive federalism works well. For example, labour legislation. It may not be feasible  to liberalise the labour law for the whole... Read More...

  Jan 02, 2017   General Category

Scientists have a new tool to systematically track the evolution of glaciers and ice sheets as the climate warms. The US$1-million system, which is funded by NASA and uses data from the Landsat 8 satellite will do that. The Global Land Ice Velocity Extraction project (GoLIVE) is the first to provide scientists with regular, semi-automated measurements of ice movement across the entire world. Landsat covers the planet every 16 days, and by comparing landmarks and subtle features in ice from one image to another, researchers are able to trace the flow of ice over weeks, seasons and years. Scientists have been using satel... Read More...

  Jan 02, 2017   General Category

Swasthya Rakshan Program has been launched by the AYUSH Ministry to promote health and health education in villages    Aims and objectives:- To organize Swasthya Rakshan OPDs, Swasthya Parikshan Camps and Health/Hygiene awareness programme Awareness about cleanliness of domestic surroundings and environment. Provide medical aid/incidental support in the adopted Colonies/villages. Documentation of demographic information, food habits, hygiene conditions, seasons, lifestyle etc., incidence/prevalence of disease and their relation to the incidence of disease. 5.      Assessment of hea... Read More...

  Jan 01, 2017   General Category

Unified Payments Interface (UPI) is a system that powers multiple bank accounts into a single mobile application (of any participating bank), merging several banking features, seamless fund routing & merchant payments into one hood. It also caters to the “Peer to Peer” collect request which can be scheduled and paid as per requirement and convenience. UPI was launched by National Payments Corporation of India with Reserve Bank of India's (RBI) vision of migrating towards a 'less-cash' and more digital society. UPI is built on the Immediate Payment Service(IMPS) platform. Banks have started to upload their UPI e... Read More...

  Dec 31, 2016   General Category