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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q Why is it in News ?A The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY) released the “Draft India Data Accessibility & Use Policy 2022”.Q What are objectives of the policy ?A If passed, it would govern, “all data and information created/generated/collected/archived by the Government of India” as much as, “State Governments [who] will also be free to adopt the provisions of the policy”.The twin purpose to which this data will be put to will be government-to-government sharing and high value datasets for valuation and licensing.... Read More...

  Apr 09, 2022   Science and Technology

Q What is the context  ?A According to estimates from Ukraine, reported in the media, around 18,000 Indian students are in Ukraine (before Operation Ganga).Most of them are pursuing medicine.This war has turned the spotlight on something that has been the trend for about three decades now.Q Which are preferred countries for medical degree ?A For about three decades now, Indian students have been heading out to Russia, China, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Philippines to pursue a medical degree.Q Why is there so much interest &... Read More...

  Apr 09, 2022   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A Kavach, this indigenously developed Automatic Train Protection System is earmarked for aggressive rollout on 2,000 km in 2022-23, according the Budget proposals.Q What is Kavach?A It is India’s very own automatic protection system in development since 2012, under the name Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS), which got rechristened to Kavach or “armour”.Simply put, it is a set of electronic devices and Radio Frequency Identification devices installed in locomotives, in the signalling system as well the tracks.They... Read More...

  Apr 08, 2022   Science and Technology

Q What is the context  ?A A Sweden-based institute has said that India is no longer an ‘electoral democracy’, classifying the country as an ‘electoral autocracy’ instead.Q What are some details about the report ?A The study, titled ‘Democracy Report 2022: Autocratisation Changing Nature?’ states that more than twice as many countries are undergoing Autocratisation as are witnessing democratization.The conceptual scheme takes into account not only the electoral dimension (free and fair elections) but also the liberal principle that democracy must protect “in... Read More...

  Apr 08, 2022   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A The global money laundering and terrorist financing watchdog Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has retained Pakistan on its terrorism financing “grey list”.Q What is the FATF?A FATF is an intergovernmental organization founded in 1989 on the initiative of the G7 to develop policies to combat money laundering.The FATF Secretariat is housed at the OECD headquarters in Paris.It holds three Plenary meetings in the course of each of its 12-month rotating presidencies.As of 2019, FATF consisted of 37 member jurisdictions. Read More...

  Apr 07, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Meghalaya has withdrawn consent to the CBI to investigate cases in the state, becoming the ninth state in the country to have taken this step.Q What is General Consent ?AUnlike the National Investigation Agency (NIA), which is governed by its own NIA Act and has jurisdiction across the country, the CBI is governed by the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act.This makes consent of a state government mandatory for conducting an investigation in that state.There are two types of consent: case-specific and&nbs... Read More...

  Apr 07, 2022   Polity
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  Apr 07, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A Amid Russia’s war on Ukraine, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) has been rapidly deploying troops to member countries but has clarified that it has no plans of sending them to Ukraine.Q What is NATO?A NATO is a military alliance established by the North Atlantic Treaty (also called the Washington Treaty) of April 4, 1949.It sought to create a counterweight to Soviet armies stationed in Central and Eastern Europe after World War II.Its original members were Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlan... Read More...

  Apr 06, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A The Russia-Ukraine conflict will impact India’s economy through several channels. The first order impact, emanates from the negative terms of trade shock from higher commodity prices, particularly oil.Crude prices have surged well past a $110/barrel and there is a growing expectation that, as the conflict gets more entrenched, crude could remain elevated for much longer and average close to $100/barrel in 2022, vis-a-vis $70/barrel in 2021.Q Why crude oil price is increasing?A Limited Supply:Major oil-producing countries had cut oil p... Read More...

  Apr 06, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A After its proposal to amend the All India Service Rules that would allow it to call any IAS, IPS or IFoS officer on central deputation with or without the state’s consent, the Centre has issued another order on central deputation of Deputy Inspector General-level IPS officers.Q What is the order?AThe Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) has said that IPS officers coming to the Centre at DIG level would no longer be required to be empanelled at that level with the Union Government.According to existing rules, a DIG-ranked IPS officer with a mini... Read More...

  Apr 05, 2022   Current Affairs

Q What is the context  ?A Members of the World Health Organisation (WHO) held the first round of negotiations towards the pandemic treaty on February 24, 2022. Q What is the Pandemic Treaty?A In December 2021, the World Health Assembly agreed to start a global process to draft the pandemic treaty.The need for an updated set of rules was felt after the COVID-19 pandemic exposed the shortcomings of global health systems.The Health Assembly adopted a decision titled “The World Together” at its second special session since it was founded in 1948.Un... Read More...

  Apr 05, 2022   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A Ever since the pandemic struck, concerns have been raised about the improper use of antimicrobials amongst Covid-19 patients.Q Why is there concern over anti-microbial resistance ?A The “Global burden of bacterial antimicrobial resistance in 204 countries and territories in 2019 (GRAM)” report, released last month, 4.95 million people died from drug-resistant bacterial infections in 2019, with 3,89,000 deaths in South Asia alone.AMR directly caused at least 1.27 million of those deaths.Lower respiratory infections accoun... Read More...

  Apr 04, 2022   Science and Technology

Q What is the context  ?A Last week, a little over 13 years after the blasts in 2008 (in July) in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, the designated court to conduct a speedy trial decided the fate of 78 of the accused people. Within a week, the court sentenced 38 of 49 people to death.Q What is the debate on the death sentence ?A The death sentence grants the state the monopoly of violence.This monopoly is justified by claiming that such a step prevents crime or that it is a measure of long-due justice.Use in ‘rarest of rare’ case: Read More...

  Apr 04, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A The SilverLine Project to be built by the government of Kerala will link Thiruvananthapuram in the south to Kasargode in the north.The project has received its share of criticism, much of it from political quarters, but also some academic sections.Q What is the SilverLine project?A The project entails building a semi high-speed railway corridor through the state linking its southern end and state capital Thiruvananthapuram with its northern end of Kasaragod. The line is proposed to be 529.45 kms long, covering 11 districts through 11 stations. When the project is rea... Read More...

  Apr 03, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q What is the context  ?A With tensions escalating between Russia and the West over the Ukraine crisis, India, which has major defence cooperation with Moscow and Kyiv, faces uncertainty over timely deliveries of the S-400.The S-400 is known as Russia’s most advanced long-range surface-to-air missile defence system, capable of destroying hostile strategic bombers, jets, missiles and drones at a range of 380-km.Q What are US reservations against S-400 purchase ?A The US has made it clear that the delivery of the five S-400 systems is considered a “significant... Read More...

  Apr 03, 2022   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A A shift is taking place in the business of global dominance and hegemony, from the model of expressing force through troop presence to financial sanctions. It is led by the US and has become recently visible in the US and EU sanctions on Russia.Q How sanctions works ?A Sanctions are designed by the government and implemented by both profit-making and non-profit private enterprises, domestic and international NGOs (including the United Nations).From rule-bound globalism, there is a move to an understanding of the management of indiv... Read More...

  Apr 02, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology is likely to come out with new cyber security regulations which will put the onus on organisations to report any cybercrime that may have happened against them, including data leaks.Q What are damages inflicted by the cyber crimes ?A Apart from private firms, government services, especially critical utilities, are prone to cyber attacks and breach incidents.The ransomware attack against the nationwide gas pipeline in 2021 in the U.S. virtually brought down the transportation of about 45% of ... Read More...

  Apr 02, 2022   Security and Disaster Management

Q Why is it in News ?A Ukraine has filed an application before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), instituting proceedings against the Russian Federation for committing Genocide.Q What is International Court of Justice ?A The ICJ is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946.The court is the successor to the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ), which was brought into being through, and by, the League of Nations.It held its inaugura... Read More...

  Apr 01, 2022   Polity

Q What is the context  ?A The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released the second part of its sixth assessment report. The first part was released in 2021.Q What is IPCC?A The IPCC, an intergovernmental body was established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).It was later endorsed by the UN General Assembly. Membership is open to all members of the WMO and UN.The IPCC produces reports that contribute to the work of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the m... Read More...

  Apr 01, 2022   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?A. Recently, the central government requested state governments/union territory administrations to explore the possibility of introducing millets under the PM POSHAN Scheme preferably in the districts where eating millets is a culturally accepted food habit.NITI Aayog has also been advocating the need to introduce millets in the mid-day meal programme (now PM POSHAN Scheme), moving away from rice and wheat.Q. What are the Benefits of Millets?A.Millets or nutri-cereals, which include  Read More...

  Mar 31, 2022   Government Schemes