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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in news ?A. For several years now, doctors and researchers have known that 98.6°F is not really the gold-standard “normal” body temperature it was once considered to be. Studies in the US and Europe have found average body temperatures declining over time. But does this trend also hold good outside of high-income countries?Indeed, body temperatures have declined in an indigenous rural population in Bolivia, a 16-year study has fund. Published in Science Advances, the study also looks at possible reasons that may have ... Read More...

  Nov 12, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. What is the news?A. Clocks in the US will “fall back” an hour on Sunday, signalling the end of Daylight Saving Time (DST) this year. In Europe, the same happened on October 25.With clocks in the US going back an hour, the time difference between New York and India will increase from the current nine and a half hours to ten and a half hours. The time difference with Britain, which was on DST or British Summer Time until October 25, has increased by 1 hour to five and a half hours, as the country is now on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Read More...

  Nov 11, 2020   International Relations

Q. Why is this in news ?A. Typhoon Rolly or Goni, as it is called internationally, made landfall in the eastern Philippines recently . Over a million people in the typhoon’s projected path have been evacuated, including in the capital, where the international airport is now closed. This is the 18th typhoon to hit the country this year.Q. How severe is Typhoon Goni, which made landfall in Philippines?As of now, the country’s weather bureau has downgraded the tropical storm ... Read More...

  Nov 11, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. What are District Development Councils (DDCs)?A. The Centre has amended the Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act, 1989, to facilitate the setting up of District Development Councils (DDC).Q. What are DDCs?DDCs structure will include a DDC and a District Planning Committee (DPC).The J&K administration has also amended the J&K Panchayati Raj Rules, 1996, to provide for establishment of elected District Development Councils in J&K. Read More...

  Nov 11, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?A. The central cooperative NAFED will soon begin importing onions in a bid to tame soaring prices before the festive season.Q. What is NAFED? National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd (NAFED) is an apex organization of marketing cooperatives for agricultural produce in India.It was founded on 2 October 1958 to promote the trade of agricultural produce and forest resources across the nation. Read More...

  Nov 11, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news?A. With the President signing the Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Ordinance, 2020 on 28th October, a statutory authority to track and combat air pollution in and around the National Capital Region has come into existence.The Commission, the Ordinance says, will supersede bodies such as the central and state pollution control boards of Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, UP and Rajasthan and will have the powers to issue directions to these state governme... Read More...

  Nov 09, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news ?A.  On (October 29), the Mumbai civic body received the green signal from the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife), Nagpur, for translocating the corals off the coast of Mumbai for the Rs 12,700-crore Mumbai Coastal Road Project.The BMC aims to complete the translocation of 18 coral colonies over two days next month.Q. What are corals?Corals exhibit characteristics of ... Read More...

  Nov 09, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news?Comments made by French President Emmanuel Macron in the aftermath of the beheading of a local schoolteacher this month by a teenaged extremist have caused a furore in many parts of the Muslim world.The remarks, which have been perceived as “anti-Islam”, have led to calls for boycotting French brands, and hashtags such as #BoycottFrenchProducts, #MacronApologizeToMuslims and #NeverTheProphet have been trending on social media.A middle school teacher in a Paris suburb, 47-year-old S... Read More...

  Nov 09, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news ?A. The President of India on (October 28) signed The Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Ordinance, 2020. The Ordinance came within days of the hearing in ‘Aditya Dubey vs Union of India’ in the court of the Chief Justice of India, where Solicitor General Tushar Mehta had indicated the setting up of such a Commission.Q. Why has the central government set up this Commission?The monitoring and management of ... Read More...

  Nov 09, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news ?A. NITI Aayog, Ministry of Power, Rockefeller Foundation, and Smart Power India have together launched the ‘Electricity Access in India and Benchmarking Distribution Utilities’ report.Q. What about this report? It is based on a primary survey conducted across 10 states––representing about 65% of the total rural population of India.Aimed at capturing insights from the demand (electricity customers) as well as supply-side (electrici... Read More...

  Nov 07, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?North Korean authorities have urged citizens to remain indoors to avoid contact with a mysterious cloud of ‘yellow dust’ blowing in from China, which they have warned could bring Covid-19 with it.The state-controlled media warned that the vicious dust storm would land the next day, BBC reported. Citizens seemed to have complied with the order since, on Thursday, the streets of the country’s capital Pyongyang were reportedly deserted.Q. What has North Korea said abou... Read More...

  Nov 07, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news ?A. October 24 is observed as World Polio Day every year in order to call on countries to stay vigilant in their fight against the disease. As per the WHO, since 1980, the cases of wild poliovirus have decreased by over 99.9 per cent as a result of vaccination efforts made around the world.World Polio Day was established by Rotary International over a decade ago to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk, who led the first team to develop the vaccine against the disease.In the last three decades, th... Read More...

  Nov 06, 2020   Current Affairs

The US relationship is the most important of India’s bilateral ties, having grown in recent years on account of China’s belligerence. In the concluding part of a series on the US Presidential election, a look at how this relationship has evolved, and its highs and lows irrespective of whether the President has been a Democrat or a Republican.Q. Why does the US Presidential election matter to India?The relationship with the United States of America matters to India more than any other bilateral engagement: economically, strategically and socially. American ... Read More...

  Nov 06, 2020   International Relations

Q. Why is this in news ?A.  Recently published findings on convalescent plasma therapy on Covid-19 patients have triggered a debate over its efficacy. After the country’s largest such trial, known by the acronym PLACID, found that convalescent plasma was ineffective in arresting Covid-19, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has been considering dropping this option from the national guidelines. However, in several states including most-affected Maharashtra and Delhi, health authorities continue to push the option while those running plasma ... Read More...

  Nov 05, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?A. The Moon has water at places where none had been detected before, and has potentially more water than previously believed in regions where it was already understood to exist. In two separate studies in Nature Astronomy, scientists have reported findings with potentially huge implications for sustaining humans on the Moon in the future. One study reports the detection of water on the Moon’s sunlit surface for the first time. The other estimates that the Moon’s dark, shadowy regions, which potentially contain ice, are more widespread than... Read More...

  Nov 05, 2020   Geography

Q. Why is this in news?Fast-moving wildfires in southern California have seriously injured two firefighters , and forced over 100,000 people to evacuate in what has been referred to as the worst wildfire season the state has seen on record.Out of the six largest wildfires in California recorded since 1932, five occurred in 2020. The largest out of these were in August, called the August Complex fires, and burned an area of about 1,032,264 acres, resulting in one death. This year has also seen the most destructive and deadliest wildfires, with t... Read More...

  Nov 04, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news ?A. India and the United States on (October 27) signed the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA), which, along with the two agreements signed earlier — the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) and the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) — completes a troika of “foundational pacts” for deep military cooperation between the two countries.Q. What is the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA)? Read More...

  Nov 04, 2020   International Relations

Q. Why is this in news?Recently , Trump administration has announced stricter rules for the H-1B visa program, which US companies have long valued. (The New York Times: Doug Mills)In yet another policy stance change on H-1B visa within six months, the US administration on October 6 said it was announcing an “interim final rule” which will “strengthen” the non-immigrant work visa programme. The new rules will be effective 60 days from their publication in the Federal Register, which is the official journal of the US government, much li... Read More...

  Nov 03, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A.  The newly passed farm trade Bill has raised concerns that farmers may no longer be assured MSP for their crop. But MSP isn’t even mentioned in the new law or in existing ones. The recently enacted law that dismantles the monopoly of APMC (agricultural produce market committee) mandis, thereby allowing sale and purchase of crops outside these state government-regulated market yards, may not have faced serious farmer opposition had it included a provision safeguarding the continuance of the existing minimum support pr... Read More...

  Nov 03, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news?A. The Rajya Sabha has in this session passed the Aircraft (Amendment) Bill, 2020 which seeks to amend the Aircraft Act, 1934, it was passed by Lok Sabha earlier. The Act regulates the manufacture, possession, use, operation, sale, import and export of civil aircrafts and licensing of aerodromes.Q. What are the provisions of Bill?  Read More...

  Nov 02, 2020   Current Affairs