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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q Why is it in News ?A The global supply of semiconductors is now being threatened once again by the Ukraine crisis on account of supply of two key raw materials — neon and palladium — that are at a risk of being constrained.Q What are Semiconductors?A A semiconductor sits between a conductor and an insulator and is commonly used in the development of electronic chips, computing components, and devices.It’s generally created using silicon, germanium, and other pure elements.Semiconductors are created by adding impurit... Read More...

  Apr 19, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Many Indian gaming companies have expressed their interest in introducing elements of Blockchain technology into their games in the near future.Q What is Blockchain?A Blockchain is a decentralised database that stores information.It relies on technology that allows for the storage of identical copies of this information on multiple computers in a network. Q What are blockchain games?A To revisit our definition of blockchain games: they are online video games that are dev... Read More...

  Apr 19, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A As the evidence of casualties in the civilian population continues to mount, the world will increasingly look to the Geneva Conventions in the Russia-Ukraine conflict.Q What are Geneva Conventions Guidelines for Wartime ?A These are a set of four treaties, formalized in 1949, and three additional protocols, which codify widely accepted ethical and legal international standards for humanitarian treatment of those impacted by war.The focus of the Conventions is the:Treatment of non-combatants and prisoners of war, andNot the use... Read More...

  Apr 18, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Three laborers in Mumbai, allegedly hired for manual scavenging, died after inhaling toxic fumes in a septic tank.Q What is Manual Scavenging?A Manual scavenging is the practice of removing human excreta by hand from sewers or septic tanks.India banned the practice under the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 (PEMSR).The Act bans the use of any individual for manually cleaning, carrying, disposing of or otherwise handling in any manner, human excreta till its disposal. Read More...

  Apr 18, 2022   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has placed considerable moral responsibility on India. However, at the United Nations (UN), India has refused to condemn the violation of the rights of the Ukrainians.Q What are issues involved in India’s vote ?A 1] Commitment to principlesNational interest: One of the arguments justifying India’s stance is that in international affairs, a country must be guided by its national interest and not some abstract principles.It is pointed out that due to the very high dependence of India on the Soviet Union ... Read More...

  Apr 17, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A India has emphasized on following the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) at the UNSC meeting on Ukraine.The meeting came after a request from Russia, who claimed that the US is involved in bioweapon manufacture in war-torn Ukraine.However, Washington has strongly dismissed this claim.Q What is Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC)?A The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) was the first multilateral treaty categorically banning a class of weapon.It is a treaty that came into force in 1975... Read More...

  Apr 17, 2022   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A India has acknowledged a malfunction led to accidental firing of a missile, which Pakistan says landed in its territory.Q How are missiles test conducted and what are NOTAM and NAVAREA warnings ?A Under the pre-notification of flight testing of ballistic missiles agreement signed in 2005, a country must provide the other an advance notification on flight test it intends to take for any land or sea launched, surface-to-surface ballistic missile.Before the test, the country must issue Notice to Air Missions (NOTAM) or Navigational Warning (... Read More...

  Apr 16, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Gold’s appeal as a safe haven is only rising: as tensions escalate in Ukraine, its price is approaching records.Q What are factors explaining demand for gold in India ?A India is the world’s second-largest market for the yellow metal, behind China, though it produces almost none at home.This is partly driven by tradition.Brides are given jewellery as part of their dowry and it is deemed auspicious to buy bullion around certain religious festivals.It is a handy store of undeclared wealth, too, often ... Read More...

  Apr 16, 2022   Economy

Q What is the Context ?A With two waves of COVID-19 largely behind us, many macroeconomic factors have changed dramatically, especially in the last fortnight due to Russia -Ukraine issues, here are the key facts of Indian economy using the EFGHIJ framework.Q What is status of Export ?A The $400-billion target of goods exports in FY22 appears achievable:This is a structural break from ~$300-330 billion per year over the last decade.Note that in calendar year 2021, India exported almost $400 billion worth of goods.This export growth comes at a t... Read More...

  Apr 15, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A The Reserve Bank of India has launched a new Unified Payments Interface (UPI) payments solution for feature phone users dubbed ‘UPI123Pay’.Q What is UPI?A UPI is an instant real-time payment system developed by NPCI facilitating inter-bank transactions.The interface is regulated by the Reserve Bank of India and works by instantly transferring funds between two bank accounts on a mobile platform.Q What is UPI123Pay?A UPI ‘123PAY’ is a three-step method to initiate and ... Read More...

  Apr 15, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A With Bhutan continuing to sit out the Motor Vehicles Agreement (MVA) of the sub-regional Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) grouping, a meeting of the other three countries was held to discuss the next steps in operationalizing the agreement for the free flow of goods and people between them.Q What is Motor Vehicles Agreement (MVA)?A India, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh signed a Motor Vehicles Agreement (MVA) for the Regulation of Passenger, Personal and Cargo Vehicular Traffic among the four South Asian neighbours.It was signed on 15 June 2015 at the ... Read More...

  Apr 14, 2022   Current Affairs

Q What is the context  ?A Month after setting sail on the Ganga from Patna, a vessel carrying 200 metric tonnes of food grains for the Food Corporation of India (FCI), docked at Guwahati’s Pandu port on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra.The occasion is believed to have taken inland water transport, on two of India’s largest river systems, to the future.Q Why is a Ganga-Brahmaputra cargo vessel in focus?A There is nothing unusual about a cargo vessel setting sail from or docking at any river port.This has rekindled hope for the inlan... Read More...

  Apr 14, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A Responding to the crisis, EU Member States made the unprecedented decision to activate a major European Union’s Council Directive, known as the Temporary Protection Directive (TPD).Q What is Temporary Protection?A The EU Commission describes “temporary protection” under the TPD as an “exceptional measure to provide immediate and temporary protection to displaced persons from non-EU countries and those unable to return to their country of origin”.The directive applies when there is a risk that the standard asylum system is struggling to cope wi... Read More...

  Apr 13, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Secretary General stated that the organisation would not designate the Ukrainian airspace as a ‘No Fly Zone’ which he said would lead to a full-fledged war in Europe, involving many more countries and resulting in greater human suffering.Q What is a No-Fly Zone ?A In simple terms, a No-Fly Zone refers to a particular airspace wherein aircraft, excluding those permitted by an enforcement agency, are barred from flying.Articles under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter dealing with ... Read More...

  Apr 13, 2022   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A The National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) has now deployed “PARAM Ganga”, a supercomputer at IIT Roorkee, with a supercomputing capacity of 1.66 Petaflops.Q What is a Supercomputer?A A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance as compared to a general-purpose computer.The performance of a supercomputer is commonly measured in floating-point operations per second (FLOPS) instead of million instructions per second (MIPS).Since 2017, there are supercomputers which can perform over a hundred quadrillion FLOPS (peta FLOPS). Read More...

  Apr 12, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Reports suggest that crude oil prices soared and touched almost $140 per barrel mark amid Russian invasion of Ukraine. This has posed a risk of causing Stagflation in India.Q What is Stagflation?A Stagflation is a stagnant growth and persistently high inflation. It, thus, describes a rather rare and curious condition of an economy.Iain Macleod, a Conservative Party MP in the United Kingdom, is known to have coined the phrase during his speech on the UK economy in November 1965.Typically, rising inflation happens when an economy is boomi... Read More...

  Apr 12, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A The economic sanctions imposed by the US, UK, and the EU on Russia for going to war against Ukraine could prove to be detrimental to the country.Q What do economic sanctions mean?A Economic sanctions are penalties or bans that are levied against a country to push it to modify its strategic decisions.They include withdrawal of customary trade and financial relations for security and foreign policy purposes.Sanctions could result in cutting economic ties in every respect such as terms of trade, financial assistance, transit support, travel bans, ... Read More...

  Apr 11, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A The Union Cabinet has approved the setting up of a new government-owned firm National Land Monetisation Corporation (NLMC) for pooling and monetizing sovereign and public sector land assets.Q What is NLMC?A The National Land Monetisation Corporation (NLMC) is being formed with an initial authorised share capital of ₹5,000 crore and paid-up capital of ₹150 crore.The government will appoint a chairman to head the NLMC through a “merit-based selection process” and hire private sector professionals with expertise.The NLMC will under... Read More...

  Apr 11, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) will soon start labelling the front of packaged food products with Health Star Rating (HSR).Q What is FoPL?A In India, packaged food has had back-of-package (BOP) nutrient information in detail but no FoPL.Counter to this, FoPL can nudge people towards healthy consumption of packaged food.It can also influence purchasing habits.The study endorsed the HSR format, which speaks about the proportions of salt, sugar, and fat in food that is most suited for c... Read More...

  Apr 10, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q What is the context  ?A The International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague announced that it would open an investigation into possible war crimes or crimes against humanity in Ukraine.Q What are War Crime?A War crimes are defined as serious violations of humanitarian laws during a conflict.There are specific international standards for war crimes, which are not to be confused with crimes against humanity.The definition is established by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC).It is derived from the&n... Read More...

  Apr 10, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment