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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in news?As part of NASA’s first commercial human spacecraft system in history, a crew of four astronauts is now en route to the International Space Station (ISS) on a 27-hour flight, onboard SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft called Resilience.The mission was to launch on November 14 initially, but was impeded by unfavourable weather conditions. Crew-1 is the first operational flight of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft on a Falcon 9 rocket to the ISS and is also the first of the three such flights scheduled over the course of 2020-21. Read More...

  Nov 22, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?A. Recently, the isolated UK Overseas Territory of Tristan da Cunha, which is home to the world’s most remote human settlement, declared the largest fully protected marine reserves in the Atlantic Ocean at 687,000 square kilometres. This will close over 90 percent of their waters to harmful activities such as bottom-trawling fishing, sand extraction and deep-sea mining.UK prime minister Boris Johnson said, “I am now calling on other nations to join us in our ambition to protect 30 per cent of the world’s ocean by 2030. We ne... Read More...

  Nov 21, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news?In its latest monthly bulletin — for November — the Reserve Bank of India has dedicated a chapter on the “State of the economy”. The idea is to provide a monthly snapshot of some of the key indicators of India’s economic health. “By doing so, a hallowed tradition that began with the first issue of the Bulletin in January 1947, but interrupted during the period 1995 to date, will be revived,” the bulletin said.As part of the exercise, the RBI has started “nowcasting” or “the prediction of the present or the very near future of ... Read More...

  Nov 21, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news?Recently, the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) has released the Draft Data Centre Policy, which aims to simplify clearances for setting up data centres in the country.Q. What is the vision of the Draft Data Centre Policy?Making India a Global Data Centre hub,Promote investment in the sector,Pro... Read More...

  Nov 20, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news? The government announced several measures to boost job creation, provide liquidity support to stressed sectors, and to step up investment in housing and infrastructure sectors.The Finance Ministry extended the deadline for the Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS) — under which collateral-free government-guaranteed additional credit is given to MSMEs — until March 31, 2021.In light of the increased crop sown area, an additional Rs 65,000 crore are being provided as fert... Read More...

  Nov 20, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?Haryana government is considering a law against forced religious conversions and has sought information about such a law already in force in Himachal Pradesh. It is in the backdrop of the recent murder of woman outside her college in Faridabad’s Ballabhgarh.Last year, the Himachal Pradesh assembly passed the Freedom of Religion Bill, 2019.Q. What is the Himachal Pradesh anti-conversion law? Read More...

  Nov 19, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?The government aims to expand the ambit of the production-linked incentive (PLI) scheme to include as many as ten more sectors such as food processing and textiles other than the already included mobile phones, allied equipment, pharmaceutical ingredients and medical devices. Apart from cutting down on imports, the PLI scheme also looks to capture the growing demand in the domestic market.Q. What is the production linked incentive scheme?In order to boost domestic manufacturing and cut ... Read More...

  Nov 19, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news? On November 14, SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft will lift off from NASA’s Kennedy Space Centre in Florida carrying a crew of four people to the International Space Station (ISS) on a six-month-long mission.Significantly, just ahead of the mission, on Tuesday, NASA certified SpaceX’s Crew Dragon capsule and the Falcon 9 rocket, making it the first spacecraft certification provided by the space agency. This means SpaceX can now operate regular flights to the space station.Boeing and SpaceX were selecte... Read More...

  Nov 18, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. What is the Maritime Cluster project?The concept of maritime cluster is new to India, but these clusters have been driving some of the most competitive ports of the world like Rotterdam, Singapore, Hong Kong, Oslo, Shanghai, and London.Simply put, a maritime cluster is an agglomeration of firms, institutions, and businesses in the maritime sector that are geographically located close to each other.The Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB), a nodal agency of the Gujarat government, has been trying to develop such a cluster at GIFT City in ... Read More...

  Nov 18, 2020   Current Affairs

While novel coronavirus is undergoing many mutations, one particular mutation called D614G, according to a study, has become the dominant variant in the global COVID-19 pandemic. Q. What is the D614G mutation?When the virus enters an individual’s body, it aims at creating copies of itself. When it makes an error in this copying process, we get a mutation. In this case, the virus replaced the aspartic acid (D) in the 614th position of the amino acid with glycine (G). Hence the mutation is called the D614G. This mutated form... Read More...

  Nov 17, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news? The Gurdwara Darbar Sahib, also known as Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib, is located in Pakistan's Narowal district across river Ravi, about five kilometres from the Dera Baba Nanak shrine in India's Punjab.The Pakistan government’s decision to transfer the management and administrative control of the Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Kartarpur from a Sikh body — Pakistan Sikh Gurudwara Prabhandhak Committee (PSGPC) — to a trust under the Evacuee Trust Property Board, a non-Sikh body, has inviting sharp reactions from India, whi... Read More...

  Nov 17, 2020   Art & Culture

Q. Why is this in news ?A.   NASA has reported that on April 28, it observed a mix of X-ray and radio signals never       observed before in the Milky Way. Significantly, the flare-up it observed included the first fast radio burst (FRB) seen within the galaxy.Three papers reporting the detection of the phenomenon called FRB were published in the journal Nature on November 4. Q. Who discovered the simultaneous bursts in the Milky Way?The X-ray portion of the ... Read More...

  Nov 16, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?A. As the US election verdict remains inconclusive with key swing states still individually counting votes, a look at how the world’s oldest democracy counts their votes, and the reason behind the delay in the results.Q. How are elections supervised in the US?In the US, all elections — federal, state, and local — are directly organised by the ruling governments of individual states. According to the White House website, the US Constitution and laws grant the state... Read More...

  Nov 16, 2020   International Relations

Q. Why is this in news ?A. The Election Commission (EC) has revoked the status of a veteran leader and former Madhya Pradesh CM as a star campaigner for the party.Q. Who is a Star Campaigner?A star campaigner can be described as persons who are nominated by parties to campaign in a given set of constituencies.These persons are, in almost all cases, prominent and popular faces within the party.There is no specific definition according to law or the Election Comm... Read More...

  Nov 15, 2020   Polity

Q. What are Discoms ?A.  Discom stands for ‘Distribution Company’. Discoms are the companies that are responsible for the distribution the electricity to the consumers. These do not produce electricity, they buy the electricity from the producers and then sell it to consumers. Q. What are important role played by DisComs? Distribution Companies (DisComs) are the utilities that typical... Read More...

  Nov 15, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news ?A. The Centre has amended the Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act, 1989, to facilitate the setting up of District Development Councils (DDC).Q. What are DDCs?DDCs structure will include a DDC and a District Planning Committee (DPC).The J&K administration has also amended the J&K Panchayati Raj Rules, 1996, to provide for establishment of elected District Development Councils in J&K.This system effectively replaces the District Planning ... Read More...

  Nov 14, 2020   Polity

Q. What is the news?Despite incomplete results from several battleground states that could determine the outcome of the US presidential race, President Donald Trump proclaimed victory over Democratic challenger Joe Biden .The premature move confirmed worries Democrats had voiced for weeks that Trump would seek to dispute the election results. That could set off any number of legal and political dramas in which the presidency could be determined by some combination of the courts, state politicians and Congress. Read More...

  Nov 14, 2020   International Relations

Q. Why is this in news ?A. With the approaching winter, minimum temperatures in the national capital have trended downward over the last due to the arrival of northwesterly winds called Western Disturbances.Q. What is Western Disturbances? A western disturbance is an extratropical storm originating in the Mediterranean region that brings sudden winter rain to the northwestern parts of the Indian subcontinent.It is a non-monsoonal precipitation pattern driven by the westerlies. Read More...

  Nov 13, 2020   Geography

Q. What is this news ?A. In a study published Thursday in the journal Scientific Reports, researchers predict that by 2100, the global population potentially exposed to episodic coastal flooding will increase from 128-171 million to 176-287 million. The value of global assets exposed to these episodes is projected to be between $6,000-$9,000 billion, or 12-20 per cent of the global GDP.Q. What are the findings of the study?The researchers note that sea-level rise (SLR) is a “well accepted” consequence of climate change. Th... Read More...

  Nov 13, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, the OP Jindal Global University officially got an ‘Institution of Eminence (IoE) tag.The university was selected by the UGC, along with 13 other higher education institutions, for IoE status in 2019. However, for official confirmation, the institution had to fulfil certain legislative and procedural requirements.Q. What is this Institution of Eminence? Earlier in 2018, the Empowered Expert... Read More...

  Nov 12, 2020   Current Affairs