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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine: 2017 Three Americans have won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine on Monday for their discoveries about the body's daily rhythms.  Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young won the 9-million-kronor ($1.1 million) prize for isolating a gene that controls the body’s normal daily biological rhythm. The discovery has opened up new fields of research and raised awareness about the importance of getting proper sleep. Circadian rhythms adapt the workings of the body to different phases of the day, influencing sleep, behaviour, hor... Read More...

  Nov 02, 2017   General Category

Rajasthan forest department is going to launch India’s first ever Project leopard. The department has identified three wildlife sanctuaries for the pilot project to protect leopard and its habitats.  The project will start at the three sanctuaries at a cost of Rs 21 crore on an experimental basis. The pilot project will be implemented at Jaisamand Sanctuary (Udaipur), Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary-Raoli Todgarh Sanctuary (stretch of Aravalli Hills extended from Ajmer to Udaipur), and Jhalana Aamagarh Conservation Reserve (Jaipur). The project is aimed at conserving the endangered animal by improving its prey base and mitigating conflicts wi... Read More...

  Nov 01, 2017   General Category

A pair of conjoined twins from Odisha have been successfully separated by doctors. The feat was achieved in a marathon surgery at the All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS). The surgery presented a peculiar challenge because babies were attached at the skull. This condition is called carniopagus conjoining. The twin shared brain tissue, nerves and major blood vessels. The operation lasted 16 hours and involved 40 surgeons and specialists. It is the first case of craniopagus twins being separated in the country. The chances of their survival were 10-15%, which is the same as the global average. Fifty-nine such craniopagus... Read More...

  Oct 31, 2017   General Category

What are Polymetallic nodules? Polymetallic nodules are potato shaped containing multiple metals like copper, nickel, cobalt, manganese, iron, lead, zinc, aluminium, etc. Of these, cobalt, copper and nickel are of much importance and in great demand. These three metals of strategic needs are fast depleting from the face of the earth. Hence a world-wide search is on for the potato-shaped nodules. Exploration contract Government of India had signed a 15 year contract with Internatio... Read More...

  Oct 29, 2017   General Category

India is geographically the second-largest country not to have multiple time-zones- the People’s Republic of China being the other. Adopting two time zones for India is something that the Government ought to consider and look to implement. Far too many people in India operate in a time zone that is not an appropriate diurnal cycle for them. Physical Expanse logic India stretches from 97.4 East in Arunachal to 68 East in Gujarat — almost 30 degrees of longitude which is more than enough to have two time-zones. There is no doubt that there will be some initial chaos, particularly to time-tables but globally se... Read More...

  Oct 28, 2017   General Category

Indian armed forces is conducting first ever International Tri Service Exercise wit Russian armed forces. It will give a major boost to the Indo-Russian defence cooperation.  Exercise INDRA-2017 is being conducted in the Eastern Military District of Russia from 19 to 29 Oct 2017. Exercise INDRA in its previous nine versions has been conducted as a single service exercise alternately between the two countries. The year 2017 marks a major milestone as this Exercise has been upgraded to involve all the three Services of the Armed Forces (Army, Navy & Air Force), which further accentuates the importance of Joint Services in the present world environment... Read More...

  Oct 27, 2017   General Category

INTENSIFIED MISSION INDRADHANUSH (IMI) Through the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI), the Government aims to reach each and every child under two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunisation programme. The special drive will focus on improving immunization coverage in select districts and cities to ensure full immunization to more than 90% by December 2018. Intensified Mission Indradhanush will have inter-ministerial and inter-departmental coordination, action-based review mechanism and intensified monitoring and accountability framework for effective imple... Read More...

  Oct 26, 2017   General Category

Artificial intelligence  Artificial intelligence is intelligent behaviour by machines, rather than the natural intelligence (NI) of humans and other animals. In computer science AI is defined as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of success at some goal. Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" is applied when a machine mimics "cognitive" functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as "learning" and "problem solving". Artificial intelligence was founded as a... Read More...

  Oct 25, 2017   General Category

The Ministry of Tourism, Government of India, in collaboration with other Central Ministries and State Governments will organize a “Paryatan Parv” across the country from the 5th to 25th October 2017. The objective of the programme is to draw focus on the benefits of tourism, showcase the cultural diversity of the country and reinforce the principle of “Tourism for All”. The event envisages large scale participation by the public as well as industry stakeholders.   ParyatanParv reinforces the idea of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat with the following objectives: Read More...

  Oct 24, 2017   General Category

The National Health Policy, 2017 (NHP, 2017) seeks to reach everyone in a comprehensive integrated way to move towards wellness.  It aims at achieving universal health coverage and delivering quality health care services to all at affordable cost. The policy envisages as its goal the attainment of the highest possible level of health and well-being for all at all ages, through a preventive and promotive health care orientation in all developmental policies, and universal access to good quality health care services without anyone having to face financial hardship as a consequence. This would be achieved through increasing access, improving... Read More...

  Oct 18, 2017   General Category

Ministry for Environment, Forest and Climate Change has launched the “Harit Diwali, Swasth Diwali” campaign. As a part of the campaign, the Environment Ministry will undertake various activities to create awareness among various stakeholders and encourage people to participate in combating air pollution. In recent times, the pattern of celebration has changed somewhat and has got associated with excessive bursting of crackers. It contributes significantly to air and noise pollution.  As a result, there has been a significant impact on the environment and he... Read More...

  Oct 17, 2017   General Category

What? A ‘Swiss Challenge’ is a way to award a project to a private player on an unsolicited proposal. Such projects may not be in the bouquet of projects planned by the state or a state-owned agency, but are considered given the gaps in physical or social infrastructure that they propose to fill, and the innovation and enterprise that private players bring. The government may enter into direct negotiations with a private player who submits a proposal and, if they cannot agree on the terms of the project, consider calling for bids from other interested players. Is this idea new to India? No. At lea... Read More...

  Oct 15, 2017   General Category

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA) PMGDISHA is expected to be one of the largest digital literacy programmes in the world. Under the scheme, 25 lakh candidates was to be trained in the FY 2016-17; 275 lakh in the FY 2017-18; and 300 lakh in the FY 2018-19. To ensure equitable geographical reach, each of the 250,000 Gram Panchayats would be expected to register an average of 200-300 candidates. Eligibility: The Scheme is applicable only for rural areas of the country. Eligible Household: A household is defined as a unit comprising of Head of family,... Read More...

  Oct 14, 2017   General Category

Cyprus's modern history has been dominated by enmity between its Greek and Turkish inhabitants. Cyprus has been divided since 1974 when Turkey invaded the north in response to a military coup on the island which was backed by the Athens government. Turkey  overran parts of it and has since stationed troops in the north. The invasion came after more than a decade of sporadic inter-communal violence between the islands Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots The island was effectively partitioned with the northern third inhabited by Turkish Cypriots and the southern two-thirds by Greek Cypriots. United Nations troops patrol the "Green Line&... Read More...

  Oct 13, 2017   General Category

Phyto-Pharma Plant Mission is aimed at conservation and cultivation of endangered and threatened endemic medicinal plants.  The mission also aims to discover new botanical drugs for unmet medical needs using the rich traditional ethno-botanical knowledge and biodiversity of these states. The mission at the same time also aims to improve availability of authentic and quality botanical raw material on sustainable basis for a boom in the phyto-pharmaceutical industry. Through this Mission, the government expects to enable farmers from NE states and phyto-pharmaceutical industry to become global leaders in production and export of some quality botanical dru... Read More...

  Oct 12, 2017   General Category

India has registered a significant decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR). IMR of India has declined by three points (8% decline), from 37 per 1000 live births in 2015 to 34 per 1000 live births in 2016, compared to two points decline last year.  Infant mortality rate (IMR) is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age. The rate for a given region is the number of children dying under one year of age, divided by the number of live births during the year, multiplied by 1,000. India has also recorded a major drop in birth cohort, which has for the first time come down to below 25 million. India has registered 90000 f... Read More...

  Oct 11, 2017   General Category

A recent study done to assess the diet and nutritional status of urban population has pointed out that there is an increase in incidence of Non Communicable Diseases. The increase has be attributed to change in food habits, sedentary behaviour and unhealthy lifestyles, among other risk factors. The study is titled ‘Diet and Nutritional Status of Urban Population in India and Prevalence of Obesity, Hypertension, Diabetes and Hyperlipidaemia in Urban Men and Women’. It has brought to light the prevalence rates for non-communicable diseases as well as stunting, under-nutrition and obesity in children under 5 years in the 16 States surveyed. Read More...

  Oct 10, 2017   General Category

New Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules 2017 The union environment ministry has notified the new Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules 2017. The new rule prohibits a range of activities in wetlands like setting up and expansion of industries, waste dumping and discharge of effluents. The new rules will replace the 2010 version of the rules. Wetlands can be defined as lands transitional between terrestrial and aquatic eco-systems where the water table is usually at or near the surface or the land is covered by shallow water. They support rich biodiversity and provide wide range of ecosystem services such a... Read More...

  Oct 08, 2017   General Category

Catalonia is an autonomous community of Spain located on the eastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula. It is designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy. Catalonia consists of four provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, and Tarragona. Catalonia had existed for more than 250 years before it joined Spain during the country's formation in the 16th Century. As such, identity plays a large role in the debate surrounding independence. Under the military government of Francisco Franco, from 1939-1975, Catalan culture was suppressed. Symbols of Catalan identity such as the castells, or human towers, were prohibited and parents were forced to choose S... Read More...

  Oct 07, 2017   General Category

National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) has launched revised accreditation framework. The NAAC is an autonomous body established by the University Grants Commission to assess and accredit institutions of higher education. The framework used for this process takes into consideration the following aspects: Educational outcomes, Curriculum Faculty Governance Financial well-be... Read More...

  Oct 06, 2017   General Category