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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

The First ‘BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise- 2017’ (BIMSTEC DMEx-2017) was conducted by the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) in October 2017 in Delhi and the National Capital Region (NCR). This Exercise was a platform for sharing Best Practices on all aspects of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), strengthening regional response and coordination for Disaster Management among the BIMSTEC member countries. The main focus of the BIMSTEC DMEx-2017 was on testing the region’s preparedness and resilience towards effective activation of inter-Governmental interaction/dialogue/agreements for immediate deployment of regional res... Read More...

  Nov 25, 2017   General Category

The 2017 Nobel Prize for Physics has been conferred to three scientists namely Rainer Weiss, Barry C Barish & Kip S Thorne under the LIGO Project for their discovery of gravitational waves. The discovery has been made 100 years after Einstein's General Relativity predicted it. The direct detection of Gravitational waves arrives from the merger two large Black holes in a distant galaxy a Billion of light years away. Gravitational waves carry information about their dramatic origins and about the nature of gravity that cannot otherwise be obtained. This is a new vista in Astronomy since Gravitational Waves are an entirely new way of obse... Read More...

  Nov 24, 2017   General Category

Yakshagana is a traditional theatre form that combines unique blending of music, extempore dialogues, phenomenal dancing moves, rich make-up and intrinsically designed costumes. This theatre style is mainly found in Tulunadu and some parts of Malenadu region of Karnataka and Kerala. Yakshagana is traditionally presented from dusk to dawn. Its stories are drawn from Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata and other Hindu epics.  Yakshagana evolved as a dance form during the Bhakti Movement. Narahari Tirtha, a disciple of Madhvacharya, is said to be the first person to introduce Yakshagana in Udupi. He was also the founder of Kuchipudi. An inscrip... Read More...

  Nov 23, 2017   General Category

To determine the density of green on a patch of land, researchers must observe the distinct colors (wavelengths) of visible and near-infrared sunlight reflected by the plants.Vegetation appears very different at visible and near-infrared wavelengths. In visible light , vegetated areas are very dark, almost black, while desert regions (like the Sahara) are light. At near-infrared wavelengths, the vegetation is brighter and deserts are about the same. By comparing visible and infrared light, scientists measure the relative amount of vegetation. Nearly all satellite Vegetation Indices employ this difference formula to quantify the density of plant growth o... Read More...

  Nov 22, 2017   General Category

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has launched a nationwide online platform, 'FoSCoRIS' , to bring in transparency in food safety inspection and sampling. FSSAI has asked states to adopt this system as it would help eliminate discrepancy and make food safety officers accountable. The web-based 'FoSCoRIS' system will help verify compliance of food safety and hygiene standards by food businesses as per the government norms. The new system will bring together all key stakeholders: food businesses, food safety officers (FSOs), designated officers, state food safety commissioners on a nation-wide IT platform. The ... Read More...

  Nov 21, 2017   General Category

National Certification System for Tissue Culture Raised Plants Government of India established the “National Certification System for Tissue Culture Raised Plants (NCS-TCP)” authorizing Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science & Technology as the Certification Agency for ensuring production and distribution of quality tissue culture planting materials. The purpose of National Certification System for Tissue Culture Raised Plants (NCS-TCP) is to ensure production and distribution of quality tissue culture planting materials. NCS-TCP is a unique quality management system, first of its kind in the world whi... Read More...

  Nov 19, 2017   General Category

BHUVAN is a platform developed by the ISRO. It is a well known national geo-portal, which is being widely, used by the Government, public, NGOs and Academia. Bhuvan is developed with a clear focus of addressing Indian requirements of satellite Images and theme-oriented services to enable planning, monitoring and evaluation of stakeholder’s activities in governance and development. Bhuvan provides nation-wide seamless image base, thematic datasets for many natural resources, transport network, Digital Surface Model, hydrologic base from basin to watershed. Bhuvan services include visualisation of remote sensing data (India-centric), free satellite data ... Read More...

  Nov 18, 2017   General Category

Banganapalle mangoes of Andhra Pradesh and Tulapanji rice of West Bengal are among the seven commodities that have been granted Geographical Indications this fiscal year by the Indian patent office. The other five products which have received this tag this year include Pochampally Ikat of Telangana; Gobindobhog Rice of West Bengal; Durgi Stone Carvings and Etikoppaka Toys of Andhra Pradesh; and Chakshesang Shawl of Nagaland. A Geographical Indication (GI) is primarily an agricultural, natural or a manufactured product (handicrafts and industrial goods) originating from a definite geographical territory. Typically, such a name conveys an assura... Read More...

  Nov 17, 2017   General Category

The Ninth Gorkha Rifles is a Gorkha regiment of the Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin. The regiment was initially formed by the British in 1817, and was one of the Gurkha regiments transferred to the Indian Army after independence as part of the tripartite agreement in 1947. This Gorkha regiment mainly recruits soldiers who come from the Chhetri (Kshatriya) and Thakuri clans of Nepal. Domiciled Indian Gorkhas are also taken, and they form about 20 percent of the regiment's total strength. The Ninth Gorkha Rifles is one of the seven Gorkha regiments of the Indian Army.   Recently, the Ninth Gorkha Rifles, commemo... Read More...

  Nov 16, 2017   General Category

The government has setup an All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA). The institute has been set up along the lines of AIIMS. The AIIA aims to bring synergy between the traditional wisdom of Ayurveda and modern diagnostic tools and technology. AIIA has gained a wide national and International recognition. It has started working to facilitate quality patient care, research and bridging the gaps in the scientific information about quality, safety and efficacy of Ayurveda products and developing benchmarks of Ayurvedic education, research and healthcare. The Ministry of AYUSH has asked all the State Governments, State AYUSH Directorates, all Ayurve... Read More...

  Nov 15, 2017   General Category

SMOG Smog is a type of air pollutant. The word "smog" derives its origin from smoke and fog. It refers to smoky fog, its opacity, and odour. This kind of visible air pollution is composed of nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides, ozone, smoke or particulates among others (less visible pollutants include carbon monoxide, CFCs and radioactive sources). Human-made smog is derived from coal emissions, vehicular emissions, industrial emissions, forest and agricultural fires and photochemical reactions of these emissions. Modern smog is a type of air pollution derived from vehicular emission from internal combust... Read More...

  Nov 14, 2017   General Category

Thirty Metre Telescope TMT is an international project being funded by scientific organisations of Canada, China, India, Japan and USA. In India the responsibility for the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) project is of the Department of Science & Technology (DST) and the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE). TMT has become the source of controversy over its planned location on Mauna Kea in the US state of Hawaii. Construction of the TMT on land which is sacred to Native Hawaiian culture has stirred the pot in recent times. For choosing the site for the TMT, a site suitability analysis was done. The criteria for site suita... Read More...

  Nov 12, 2017   General Category

SHe-Box Online Complaint Management is a system for working women to lodge complaints of sexual harassment at workplace. The system has been launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD). The SHe-Box is meant to ensure the effective implementation of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act (the SH Act), 2013. The SHe-Box portal offers the facility of making online complaints of sexual harassment at workplace to all women employees in the country including government and private employees. Those who have already filed a written complaint with the concerned Internal Complaint Commit... Read More...

  Nov 11, 2017   General Category

The Union Cabinet has approved the creation of a nonlapsable pool for secondary and higher education known as Madhyamik and Uchchtar Shiksha Kosh. All proceeds from the ‘Secondary and Higher Education Cess’ will be credited to this pool. The Cess is an additional cess of 1% levied on central taxes. It will be managed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The pool will be primarily used for the following purposes: 1. Secondary education: schemes including: (i) Rashtriya Madhyamik Shlksha Abhiyan Scheme; (ii) National Means-Cum-Merit Scholarship Scheme; and (iii) National Scheme ... Read More...

  Nov 10, 2017   General Category

Contract farming can be defined as agricultural production carried out according to an agreement between a buyer and farmers, which establishes conditions for the production and marketing of a farm product or products. Typically, the farmer agrees to provide agreed quantities of a specific agricultural product. These should meet the quality standards of the purchaser and be supplied at the time determined by the purchaser. In turn, the buyer commits to purchase the product and, in some cases, to support production through, for example, the supply of farm inputs, land preparation and the provision of technical advice. Advantages: Read More...

  Nov 09, 2017   General Category

Bharatmala Project is the second largest highways construction project in the country since National Highway Development Project (NHDP). Bharatmala aims to improve connectivity particularly on economic corridors, border areas and far flung areas. It also aims to ensure quicker movement of cargo and boost exports. The project is expected to create nearly 100 million man days of jobs during the road construction and subsequently 22 million jobs as a result of the increased economic activity across the country. The construction funding of the project includes debt funds, budgetary allocation, private investment, toll operator transfer model etc. Read More...

  Nov 08, 2017   General Category

The World Bank has released the Doing Business (DB) Report for the year 2018. India has been ranked 100 among 190 countries as assessed by the Doing Business Team of the World Bank. India has leapt 30 ranks over its rank of 130 in the Doing Business Report 2017. The DB Report is an assessment of 190 economies and covers 10 indicators which span the lifecycle of a business. India has improved its rank in 6 out of 10 indicators and has moved closer to international best practices. The credit for this significant improvement is credited to the idea of “Reform, Perform, Transform”, wherein a strong leadership has provided the political... Read More...

  Nov 07, 2017   General Category

Saubhagya Scheme Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana –“Saubhagya” aims to ensure electrification of all willing households in the country in rural as well as urban areas. The beneficiaries for free electricity connections would be identified using Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 data. However, un-electrified households not covered under the SECC data would also be provided electricity connections under the scheme on payment of Rs. 500 which shall be recovered by DISCOMs in 10 instalments through electricity bill. The scheme aims to achieve the following: Read More...

  Nov 05, 2017   General Category

The first-ever vaccine against malaria will be trialled across three African nations next year. It is hoped that the vaccine could help save tens of thousands of lives by preventing children from contracting the disease, which still kills an estimated 429,000 people every year. Global efforts in the last 15 years cut the malaria death toll by 62 percent between 2000 and 2015. Combined with existing malaria interventions, such a vaccine would have the potential to save tens of thousands of lives in Africa. Read More...

  Nov 04, 2017   General Category

Bharatmala Project is the second largest highways construction project in the country since National Highway Development Project (NHDP). Bharatmala aims to improve connectivity particularly on economic corridors, border areas and far flung areas. It also aims to ensure quicker movement of cargo and boost exports. The project is expected to create nearly 100 million man days of jobs during the road construction and subsequently 22 million jobs as a result of the increased economic activity across the country. The construction funding of the project includes debt funds, budgetary allocation, private investment, toll operator transfer model etc. Read More...

  Nov 03, 2017   General Category