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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in news?A. Prime Minister recently pitched for ‘One Nation, One Election’, saying it is the need of the country as elections taking place every few months hamper development works.Q. What is One Nation One Election?Currently, elections to the state assemblies and the Lok Sabha are held separately — that is whenever the incumbent government’s five-year term ends or whenever it is dissolved due to various reasons. This applies to both the state legislatures and the Lok Sabha. The te... Read More...

  Dec 02, 2020   Polity

Q. What is Desalination? Desalination is the process of removing salts from water to produce water that meets the quality (salinity) requirements of different human uses. Seawater desalination can extend water supplies beyond what is available from the hydrological cycle, providing an “unlimited”, climate-independent and steady supply of high-quality water.Q. What is Desalination Plant? A desalination plant turns salt water into water that is fit to drink. The most com... Read More...

  Dec 01, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

India receives rainfall during two seasons. About 75 per cent of the country’s annual rainfall is received from the Southwest monsoon between June and September. The Northeast monsoon, on the other hand, occurs during October to December, and is a comparatively small-scale monsoon, which is confined to the Southern peninsula.Q. What is Northeast Monsoon? The northeast monsoon (winter monsoon) blows from land to sea.Also called the winter monsoon, the rainfall associated with the Northeast monsoon is i... Read More...

  Dec 01, 2020   Geography

A cyclone is taking shape in the North Indian Ocean region. The Bay of Bengal will see its second Severe Cyclone of the year, after Super Cyclone Amphan formed in May. It is likely to hit Tamil Nadu coast by midweek. The next three days shall see extremely heavy rain, strong winds along with highly rough sea conditions.Q. Why are Tamil Nadu and Puducherry on ‘red’ alert?The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has forecast the development of a cyclone in the Southwest region of the Bay of Bengal, off Tamil Nadu coast. After... Read More...

  Nov 30, 2020   Geography

Tribunal is a quasi-judicial institution that is set up to deal with problems such as resolving administrative or tax-related disputes constituted with the objective of delivering speedy, inexpensive and decentralised adjudication of disputes in various matters.They are not originally a part of the Constitution of India rather introduced in 1985. Q. What is the significance of tribunal?The Tribunals were set up to reduce the&nb... Read More...

  Nov 30, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news? In a move that will have a far-reaching impact, the Union government has brought Over The Top (OTT) platforms, or video streaming service providers under the ambit of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MIB).The MIB has found a vast swathe of unregulated content, namely news online and Over the top (OTT) platforms which had escaped any architecture of regulation.The print was regulated by the Press Council of India and Television, both News and Entertainment were being regulated by the Cable Ne... Read More...

  Nov 29, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?India’s newest and fastest supercomputer, PARAM-Siddhi AI, has been ranked 63rd in the Top500 list of most powerful supercomputers in the world.Q. What is this Param Siddhi? It is a high-performance computing-artificial intelligence (HPC-AI) supercomputer established under National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) at C-DAC.It was commissioned by the C-DAC earlier and has been developed in association with chipmaker Nvidia and French IT consulting ... Read More...

  Nov 29, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?The Indian Army has rejected a report in the British daily newspaper which claimed that the Chinese army had used “microwave weapons” to drive Indian soldiers away from their positions in eastern Ladakh.Q. What are “Microwave Weapons”?Microwave weapons are supposed to be a type of direct energy weapons, which aim highly focused energy in the form of sonic, laser, or microwaves, at a target.It uses a focussed beam of high-frequency electromag... Read More...

  Nov 28, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news?The United Nations marks November 19 annually as World Toilet Day to raise awareness about access to hygienic toilets and the human costs of unsafe sanitation.“World Toilet Day celebrates toilets and raises awareness of the 4.2 billion people living without access to safely managed sanitation and is about taking action to tackle the global sanitation crisis and achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6: water and sanitation for all by 2030,” the UN website says.Q. What is World Toilet Day 2020? Read More...

  Nov 28, 2020   Current Affairs

Why is this in news Recently, review petitions of approximately 1200 tribals for recognition of their claims over forest land under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 was rejected by the local authorities in Mysuru (Karnataka).Q. Why is FRA enacted , what is background for it? A large number of people, especially the&nb... Read More...

  Nov 27, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news? Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change has launched a Vulture Action Plan 2020-25 for the conservation of vultures in the country.Q. What is Vulture Action Plan? While the ministry has been carrying out a conservation project for vultures since 2006, the plan is to now extend the project to 2025 to not just halt the decline but to actively increase the vulture numbers in India.There are nine recorded species of vultures in India ... Read More...

  Nov 27, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news? The Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) is set to roll out of India’s first Energy Convergence Project in Goa.Q. What is Green Energy Convergence Project? Under the project, EESL and the Department of New and Renewable Energy (DNRE) in Goa will carry out feasibility studies and implementation of decentralized solar energy projects.The project aims to connect seemingly independent sectors like Solar Energy, Energy Storage and LED lights to pro... Read More...

  Nov 26, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?A. A rare Ebola-like illness that is believed to have first originated in rural Bolivia in 2004 can spread through human-to-human transmission, researchers from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have discovered.The biggest outbreak of the ‘Chapare virus’ was reported in 2019, when three healthcare workers contracted the illness from two patients in the Bolivian capital of La Paz. Two of the medical professionals and one patient later died. Prior to that, a single confirmed case of the disease and a small ... Read More...

  Nov 26, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?A. The Supreme Court on Tuesday asked the Centre to explain its “mechanism” against fake news and bigotry on air, and to create one if it did not already exist.Inability on the government’s part may well see the job go to an “outside agency,” the court said.Q. What is Fake News?Fake news is news, stories or hoaxes created to deliberately misinform or deceive readers. Read More...

  Nov 25, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news ?A. A Supreme Court Bench headed by Chief Justice of India S A Bobde observed that it is “trying to discourage” individuals from filing petitions under Article 32 of the Constitution. The observation came during the hearing of a petition seeking the release of journalist Siddique Kappan, who was arrested with three others while on their way to Hathras, Uttar Pradesh, to report on an alleged gangrape and murder.Q. What is Article 32?It is one of the fundamental r... Read More...

  Nov 25, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news ?A. The European Space Agency (ESA) has formally adopted Ariel, the explorer that will study the nature, formation and evolution of exoplanets. As of now the existence of more than 4,000 exoplanets is considered confirmed, while there are thousands of other candidate exoplanets that need further observations to say for certain if they are exoplanets.Proxima Centauri b is the closest exoplanet to Earth and is four light-years away and inhabits the “habitable zone” of its star, which means that it could possibly have liquid water on its surface. Read More...

  Nov 24, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news? Recently Karnataka govt announced that they will soon declassify 6.64 lakh hectares of the 9.94 lakh hectares of deemed forests in the state (nearly 67%) and hand it over to Revenue authorities. The move has been taken after a study of the actual extent of deemed forest areas by local committees headed by officials from the Revenue, Forest and Land Records Departments in every district.The issue of deemed forests is a contentious one in Karnataka, with legislators across party lines often alleging that large amoun... Read More...

  Nov 24, 2020  

Q. Why is this in news? While the virus that causes COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, does spread through respiratory droplets from one person to another, it has been up for debate whether droplets, including tiny aerosols, containing the virus remain suspended in the air for a long enough period of time.When researchers investigated the ventilation openings in one COVID-19 ward and the central ducts that expel indoor air from three COVID-19 wards, they were able to detect SARS-CoV-2 in central ventilation systems, which were distant from patient areas, implying tha... Read More...

  Nov 23, 2020   Health

Q. Why is this in news ?A. 15 countries solidified their participation in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). Even as India opted to stay out after walking out of discussions last year, the new trading bloc has made it clear that the door will remain open for India to return to the negotiating table.Q. What is RCEP?Described as the ... Read More...

  Nov 23, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news? The Leonid meteor showers are currently making their yearly appearance, and will reach their peak in India on November 17 and 18, according to Norway-based website timeanddate.com. In 2020, these showers are active from November 6th to November 30th.The Leonids emerge from the comet Tempel-Tuttle, which requires 33 years to revolve once around the Sun. These meteors are bright and among the fastest moving– travelling at speeds of 71 km per second. During this year’s showers, peaks of around 10 to 15 meteors are expected to be seen every... Read More...

  Nov 22, 2020   Science and Technology