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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

International Ozone Day - September 16The United Nations International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer is observed every year on September 16. What are the atmospheric layers?Earth is surrounded by an atmosphere which comprises five layers held together by gravity. They include the troposphere, the stratosphere, the mesosphere, the thermosphere and, finally, the exosphere as w... Read More...

  May 28, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What was the Aditya-1 Mission?The Aditya-1 mission was conceived as a 400kg class satellite carrying one payload, the Visible Emission Line Coronagraph (VELC) and was planned to launch in a 800 km low earth orbit.  Why is it revised and renamed Aditya-L1 mission?A Satellite placed in the halo orbit around the Lagrangian point 1 (L1) of the Sun-Earth system has the major advantage of ... Read More...

  May 28, 2020   Science and Technology

The final list of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) for Assam was published in August 2019 after completion of all the statutory works as per various standard operating procedures. The Assam NRC identifies the bonafide citizens of the state. 3,11,21,004 numbers of persons are found eligible for inclusion in the final NRC, leaving out 19,06,657 numbers of persons including those who did not submit claims.What is the NRC? Read More...

  May 28, 2020   Polity

Why is it in the news?A massive locust attack of December 2019 has affected about 25,000 hectares of land in two of the worst-hit North Gujarat districts of Banaskantha and Patan.On April 11-12 2020, scientists at the Locust Warning Organisation (LWO) observed groups of grasshoppers at Sri Ganganagar and Jaisalmer districts of Rajasthan. But far from ordinary hoppers, these were deser... Read More...

  May 25, 2020   General Category

The government is moving to decriminalise provisions of the Companies Act to enhance ease of doing business in the country as part of the government Covid-19 relief package. The move aims to remove criminal penalties from all provisions of the Companies Act, except provisions dealing with fraudulent conduct.A number of offences previously classified as compoundable offences, i.e. those offences that had either imprisonment or fines as punishments have had the imprisonment penalty remov... Read More...

  May 24, 2020   Polity

The Trump administration’s ongoing tirade against the World Health Organization is escalating due to the body’s alarming dependence on China.The USA is accusing WHO for it’s the repeated mis-steps in responding to the pandemic that have been extremely costly for the world.It has threatened to permanently halt funding to the WHO if it did not commit to “substantive” improvements within 30 days.USA has previously... Read More...

  May 24, 2020   Current Affairs

Higher than normal temperatures in the Bay of Bengal (BoB) may be creating ‘super cyclones’ and the lockdown, indirectly, may have played a role.Super cyclone Amphan that is barrelling towards West Bengal is the strongest storm to have formed in the BoB since the Super Cyclone of 1999 that ravaged Paradip in Odisha.Cyclones gain their energy from the heat and moisture generated from warm ocean surfaces. This yea... Read More...

  May 21, 2020   General Category

The recent encounter, at Handwara in northern Kashmir, has once again brought to the fore the terrorist threat emanating from Pakistan. Analysts of terrorism are well aware of the paradox that Pakistan is both possibly the leading perpetrator of terrorism and a major victim of the same menace.The Soviet withdrawal in 1989 left the Pakistani military with a large surplus of Islamist fighters that it had trained and armed.  Read More...

  May 21, 2020   International Relations

As per the United States Trade Representative’s report, while India made meaningful progress to enhance IP protection and enforcement in some areas, it is blamed for not having resolved recent and long-standing challenges.Hence India continues to be on the ‘Priority Watch List’ of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) for lack of adequate intellectual property (IP) rights protection and enforcement as per , the USTR’s Annual Special 301 Report 2020.India remained one of the ... Read More...

  May 22, 2020   Current Affairs

The government has proposed to offer collateral-free loans to MSMEs which will be fully guaranteed by the Centre. There will be a principal repayment moratorium for 12 months and the interest rate will be capped and there will be no guarantee fee.All MSMEs with a turnover of up to ₹100 crore and with outstanding credit of up to ₹25 crore will be eligible to borrow up to 20% of their total outstanding credit as on February 29, 2020.  Read More...

  May 22, 2020   Economy

The World Health Organization has condemned the “dangerous” concept of herd immunity for managing the coronavirus pandemic.As per WHO it is wrong to think that countries can “magically” make their populations immune to novel coronavirus.The concept of herd immunity is generally used for calculating how many people will need to be vaccinated in a population in order to protect those who are not vaccinated.One need to be careful while using terms in this way around natural infections in humans because it can lead to a very brutal arithmetic which does put people’s life at stake.It is believed that as greater proportion of people are getting... Read More...

  May 23, 2020   Health

1. One of the key announcements of Union Finance Minister concerning the civil aviation sector has been the announcement on MRO (maintenance, repair and operations).2. In the business, manufacturing and supply chain areas, the MRO acronym stands for maintenance, repair and operations.3. It can also refer to the similar maintenance, repair and operating supplies.4. A competitive Indian MRO industry would help local airlines reduce expenses on such works which are currently done mostly overseas.5. India is one of the fastest-... Read More...

  May 23, 2020   Current Affairs

What is a business cycle?A business cycle refers to periods of expansion or recession. During expansions, the economy is growing. It has indicators like employment, industrial production, sales, and personal incomes. The indicators are on a rising trend. During recessions, the indicators decrease. Decreasing indicators show that the economy is contracting. What indicates that the Indian economy currently is in a slowdown?The country's economy is showing signs of slowdown, with hi-frequency indicators... Read More...

  May 27, 2020   Economy

How did it start?After the Arab Spring uprising in 2011, President, Ali Abdullah Saleh handed over power to his deputy, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi. Hadi could not control the country well. Who are the Houthis and which country is allegedly supporting them?The Houthi movement of local Shias took advantage of the new president's weakness and occupied some areas and took over Sanaa. Read More...

  May 27, 2020   International Relations

What did the RBI decide in August?The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the monetary policy committee (MPC) in early August in their bimonthly monetary policy statement, lowered its repo rate by an unconventional 35 basis points to 5.4%. What was the stance?All members of the MPC unanimously voted to maintain the accommodative stance of monetary policy.  Read More...

  May 27, 2020   Economy

What is the trade war about?In the US-China trade war, US announced that tariff rates imposed on goods worth $200 billion imported from China has been increased from 10 per cent to 25 per cent and China retaliated by slapping additional tariffs on $60billion worth of goods imported from US.How did Indian government react for boosting exports to US?Within weeks, India's commerce ministry came out wi... Read More...

  May 27, 2020   International Relations

What is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)?Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a concept that suggests that it is the responsibility of the corporations operating within society to contribute towards economic, social and environmental development that creates positive impact on society at large. The concept revolves around that fact the corporations needs to focus beyond earning just profits. The term became popular in the 1960s and now is formidable part of business operations. Why should the company take up CSR? Read More...

  May 27, 2020   Economy

How did the Kulbhushan Sudhir Jadhav episode begin?Kulbhushan Sudhir Jadhav is an Indian national.  Pakistan government alleged that he was arrested in the Pakistani province of Balochistan on charges of terrorism and spying for India's intelligence agency, the Research and Analysis Wing. The Pakistani government stated that he was a serving commander in the Indian Navy who was involved in subversive activities inside Pakistan and was arrested in 2016 during a counter-intelligence operation in Balochistan. Indian foreign ministry said he had been "kidnapped from Iran and his subsequent presence in Pakista... Read More...

  May 27, 2020   International Relations

It replaces the Consumer Protection Act, 1986.   How is the 2019 Act an improved version over the 1986 law?The Act scores on five additional points that were not there in earlier law(i) Product liability(ii) Class action(iii) Misleading advertisements(iv) Celebrity responsibility(v)   RegulatorWho is a consumer? Read More...

  May 26, 2020   Economy

What is repo rate?It is the rate at which commercial banks borrow from the RBIWhat is monetary policy transmission ?When RBI changes rates and so on, if the same is reflected in the policies of the banks, it is called transmission. Is the change in the repo rate made by the RBI being passed on by the banks?Curbing inflation or stimulating growth by raising or lowering the cost of money is the key objective of monetary policy. But for ... Read More...

  May 26, 2020   Economy