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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

What is the issue?In recent weeks the relationship between Japan and South Korea has worsened significantly as Japan has removed South Korea from its “whitelist” of trusted export partners for certain chemicals that are vital to Korea’s high-tech industries.Why is it done?Japan says this move was driven by security concerns over South Korea’s enforcement of sanctions on North Korea. Also, Japan says the measures are designed to clean up export control procedures.Is ther... Read More...

  Mar 17, 2020   International Relations

What is India's PMNP?India’s exclusive rights to explore polymetallic nodules from seabed in Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB) have been extended by five years to 2022. These rights are over 75000 sq. km of area in international waters allocated by International Seabed Authority for developmental activities for polymetallic nodules. What are the metals in the nodules? The estimated polymetallic nodule resource potential is 380 million tonnes, containing 4.7 million tonnes of nickel, 4.29 million tonnes of co... Read More...

  Mar 17, 2020   Economy

Department of Fisheries has been created in 2019. What benefits are expected from it?A New Department Called Department of Fisheries has been created out of the erstwhile Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries in the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers' Welfare.over 14.5 million fishermen and several thousand people engaged in the supply chain of fish products. They have felt difficulty in getting things done in the bigger Ministry of Agriculture. An independent department for fisheries with a separate HoD at the helm of affairs is expected to rejuvenate the ... Read More...

  Mar 17, 2020   Economy

How did they begin?The protests began over plans - later set aside - that would have allowed extradition from Hong Kong to mainland China. But they've now spread to reflect wider demands for democratic reform.How is Hong Kong different from other Chinese cities?Hong Kong is significantly different from other Chinese cities.It was a British colony for more than 150 years - part of it, Hong Kong island, was ceded to the UK after a war in 1842. Later, China also leased the rest of Hong Kong - ... Read More...

  Mar 17, 2020   International Relations

What is draft Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF)?The draft Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF), part of a World Bank-funded project, lays down guidelines for coastal States to adopt when they approve and regulate projects in coastal zones.Why is it being brought in?The project aims at enhancing coastal resource efficiency and resilience, by building collective capacity (including communities and decentralised governance) for adopting and implementing integrated coastal management appro... Read More...

  Mar 17, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is India's status in tuberculosis (TB)?India has the highest number of TB cases in the world. In India, an estimated 2.8 million patients were suffering from the disease in 2016, while 425,000 patients were estimated to have died during the year.Any targets for TB eradication?GOI aims to eradicate TB in India by 2025.What is the TB vaccine trial that is going on and on whom?The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has s... Read More...

  Mar 17, 2020   Science and Technology

What is the Mekedatu issue?Mekedatu, meaning goat’s leap, is a deep gorge situated at the confluence of the rivers Cauvery and Arkavathi, about 100 km from Bengaluru, at the Kanakapura taluk in Karnataka’s Ramanagara district. Karnataka intends to build a reservoir across river Cauvery near Mekedatu in Kanakapura taluk.Why is Karnataka embarking on it?It is to use the water for a hydro power station and supply drinking water to Bengaluru city and Ramanagara district.What are the... Read More...

  Mar 17, 2020   Polity

United Nations agency, the World Intellectual Property Organization, has developed the Global Innovation Index (GII) together with top business universities: France’s INSEAD and Cornell University, US. The Confederation of Indian Industry has been a long-standing GII Knowledge Partner.The GII measures the innovative capacity and outputs of 129 economies, using 80 indicators ranging from standard measurements such as research and development investments and patent and trademark filings, to mobile-phone app creation and high-tech net exports.This year, India hosted the launch of the 2019 edit... Read More...

  Mar 16, 2020   Economy

The Mekong-Ganga Cooperation (MGC) is an initiative by six countries – India and five ASEAN countries, namely, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam for cooperation in many areas.  It was launched in 2000 at Vientiane, Lao PDR. Both the Ganga and the Mekong are civilizational rivers, and the MGC initiative aims to facilitate closer contacts among the people inhabiting these two major river basins. The MGC is also indicative of the cultural and commercial linkages among the member countries of the MGC down the centuries.The new MGC Plan of Action 2019-2022 envisages project-based cooperation in the seven areas... Read More...

  Mar 16, 2020   International Relations

What was the Mussoorie Resolution?Conclave of the Himalayan States held in Mussoorie recently passed the Mussoorie Resolution. What are the contents?The Mussoorie Resolution signed by the Himalayan States saw them pledging to make endeavours to protect and conserve the rich Himalayan heritage and ethos for the prosperity and well-being of the nation; cherish and nurture the wealth of biodiversity- the glaciers, rivers, lakes, forests and wildlife; preserve the vibrant folk arts and crafts, the culture and folklore to pa... Read More...

  Mar 16, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Why the Mission?India will launch 5 years ‘Deep Ocean Mission’ by October 2019 to enter hitherto untapped 75,000 sq km of area in international waters to tap vast marine resources. It will help India harness various living and non-living (water, mineral and energy) resources from the seabed and deep water. Focussing on blue economy in terms of sustainable use of ocean resources for economic growth is crucial for country’s overall economic growth.What are the components of the Mission?Underwater robotics and ‘man... Read More...

  Mar 16, 2020   Science and Technology

The government of India has decided to prepare a National Population Register (NPR) by September 2020 to lay the foundation for a citizens' register across the country.What is the NPR?The NPR will be a list of the usual residents of the country. Who is a usual resident under it?For the purpose of the list, a usual resident is defined as a person who has lived in one place for the past six months or more or a person who intends to reside in that area for the next six months or... Read More...

  Mar 16, 2020   Polity

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  Mar 13, 2020   Economy

The Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman tabled the Economic Survey 2018-19 in the Parliament today. The Key Highlights of Economic Survey 2018-19 are as follows:Shifting gears: Private Investment as the Key Driver of Growth, Jobs, Exports and DemandSurvey states that pathways for trickle-down opened up during the last five years; and benefits of growth and macroeconomic stability reached the bottom of the pyramid.Sustained real GDP growth rate of 8% needed for a $5 trillion economy by 2024-25.“Virtuous Cycle” of savings, investment and exports catalyzed and supported by a favor... Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   Economy

What is it?The middle income trap is an economic development condition, in which a country that attains a certain income (due to given demographic, technological and resource advantages) is unable to move higher. The World Bank defines as the 'middle-income range' countries with gross national product per capita that has remained between $1,000 to $12,000 at constant (2011) prices.Why does it happen?According to the id... Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   Economy

What did the RBI change in its bimonthly credit policy review in June 2019?It reduced the repo rate to 5.75% from 6%- that is by 25 basis points. Why?1. To spur economic activity, which decelerated sharply in the January-March quarter of 2019, the Reserve Bank India’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) unanimously decided to cut the policy repo rate by 25 basis points and change the monetary po... Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   Economy

What is it?The Trump peace plan, also known as the deal of the century, is an American peace proposal intended to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. The plan was authored by a team led by Senior Advisor to the President of the United States Jared Kushner. What are its two parts?The plan is divided into two parts, an economic portion and a political portion. In June, 2019, the Trump ad... Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   International Relations
RIC

What is it?RIC Forum (Russia, India, China) is a group of countries that is evolving together in global politics who also have official summits.When and why did it begin?RIC as a strategic grouping first took shape in the late 1990s under the leadership of Yevgeny Primakov as “a counterbalance to the Western alliance.”  Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   International Relations

What is nuclear fusion?Without fusion, there would be no life on Earth. What we see as light and feel as warmth is the result of a fusion reaction in the core of our Sun: hydrogen nuclei collide, fuse into heavier helium atoms and release tremendous amounts of energy in the process. In the extreme density and temperature of the stars, including our Sun, fusion occurs. Fusion is the process that powers the sun and the stars: when light atomic nuclei fuse together to form heavier ones, a large amount of energy is released. Where does it take place naturally? Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   Science and Technology

When did man set foot on moon?It was 50 years ago in 1969 when Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the Moon.What is Chandrayaan-2 about?Chandrayaan-2 (Moon Mission) is attempting to soft land on the Southern Polar region of the lunar surface, where no nation has dared to go so far. Is the gl... Read More...

  Mar 13, 2020   Science and Technology