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ARTICLES

The NITI Aayog has drawn up a plan for creating an institutional framework for artificial intelligence (AI) in the country. It has circulated a cabinet note to provide Rs 7,500 crore in funding for creation of cloud computing platform called AIRAWAT and research institutes. The government will pump in Rs 7,500 crore initially over a three-year period and set up a high-level taskforce to oversee roll-out and implementation of AI.  Read More...

  Mar 06, 2020   Science and Technology

ContextPrime Minister has a vision of a New India where children and pregnant women do not die of preventable causes and people are able to realize their full potential in making of a “Swashth Bharat, Sudridh Bharat (Healthy India, Strong India).There will be a convergence approach wherein all the resources converge for accelerated outcome supported by an aggressive awareness campaign. No child should... Read More...

  Mar 06, 2020   Polity

Ans.: Crop Diversification Programme (CDP), a sub scheme of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) is being implemented in Original Green Revolution States to divert the area of paddy crop to alternate crops and in tobacco growing states to encourage tobacco farmers to shift to alternate crops/cropping system. Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) is implementing a Crop Diversification Programme (CDP) for replacing paddy crop with less water consuming alternative crops to save water and protect soil in the state of Punjab.... Read More...

  Mar 06, 2020   Current Affairs

What is the aim of the bill?It aims to reform the field of Medical education so as to give a push to the goal of a quality health coverage to the citizens of India.The move will ensure transparency, accountability and quality in the governance of medical education in the country.The New Bill provides for supersession of MCI for a period of two years w.e.f. 26.09.2018.During this period, the Board of Governors shall exercise the powers and functions of MCI as assigned under ... Read More...

  Mar 05, 2020   Polity

Ans.: 1. In February, 2020 ‘Suposhit Maa Abhiyan’ was launched to provide nutritional support to pregnant women and adolescent girls. 2. The aim of the campaign is to preserve & maintain the health of our future generations.3. The objective of this campaign is to keep pregnant women and newborn healthy. ... Read More...

  Mar 05, 2020   Current Affairs

Ans. 1. A defence corridor refers to a route or a path along which domestic productions of defence equipment by public sector, private sector and MSMEs are lined up to enhance the operational capability of the defence forces.The government has now opened up private investment in defence production including liberalising foreign direct investment.Apart from improving the connectivity of the defence forces, the move will encourage domestic production of defence equipments and benefit all small and medium manufacturers along the corridor. 2. In pursuance to the Union Budget announcement (2018-19), it has been decided to set up two... Read More...

  Mar 04, 2020   Current Affairs

Ans. 1. Over the past few weeks, snow around Ukraine’s Vernadsky Research Base, located off the coast of Antarctica’s northernmost peninsula, has started to take on a red tinge, due to an algae that thrives in freezing weather. Because of the red tinge, the snow is often dubbed “watermelon snow”. 2. According to a 2016 report in The New York Times, such algae as found around the Ukrainian research base grow well in freezing temperatures and liquid water. 3. During the summer, when these typically green algae get a lot of sun, they start producing a natural sunscreen that paints the snow in shades ... Read More...

  Mar 03, 2020   Current Affairs

Ans.: 1. The discovery of the Meghalayan fish repudiates to the long-held assumption that the paucity of food in caves limits body length to 35 cm or less. 2. All previous discoveries of cave fish from India have been of small fish, and this is the largest of the cave fish discovered in the country. 3. The new species is similar to the golden mahseer, Tor putitora, except for its blander look, lack of eyes and -- of course -- its unusual underground home in Meghalaya's Jaintia Hills. It is not clear yet if a new species has been found. 4. Read More...

  Mar 02, 2020   Current Affairs

Ans. 1. A spectrograph is an instrument that splits light into its component wavelengths. Scientists then measure the properties of light over a specific portion of the spectrum, and draw conclusions on what is responsible for the trends they observe. 2. Scientists then measure the properties of light over a specific portion of the spectrum, and draw conclusions on what is responsible for the trends they observe. 3. At 100 light years from Earth, a low-mass star was sending signals in a pattern that suggested that an exoplanet was orbiting the star. NASA’s Kepler m... Read More...

  Feb 28, 2020   Current Affairs

Threats to the Taj The once white marble of the Taj is slowly turning yellow and green due to several reasons. Pollution - Toxic air of the city and its neighbours are one of the biggest reasons for stripping the Taj of its beauty. India is home to some of the most polluted cities in the world, Agra being one of them. And being covered in smog and dust for most part is taking a toll on the Taj’s white marble. Everything from the smoke from vehicles, to the soot and fumes from factories and rampant construction around the area of the monument is adding up to the decline. Yamuna - The Yamuna river, on whose bank the ... Read More...

  Feb 27, 2020   Current Affairs

Why is it in the news? India slipped 10 places to 51st position in the latest Democracy Index global rankings published by The Economist Intelligence Unit. Its score, down from 7.23 in 2018 to 6.90 in 2019, is its lowest ever since the Democracy Index was begun in 2006, the report shows. The report ranks 165 independent states and two territories, covering almost the entire population of the world. What is the main cause for the regression? The primary cause of the democratic regression was an erosion of civil liberties in the country,” the report... Read More...

  Feb 25, 2020   Current Affairs

What is coronavirus? It is a novel coronavirus (nCov)– that is to say, a member of the coronavirus family that has never been encountered before. Like other coronaviruses, it has come from animals. Coronaviruses are “large family of viruses that was first identified in humans in the mid-1960s”. While some of these viruses cause common cold, others “found in bats, camels and other animals can evolve into more severe illnesses” such as SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome). The virus gets its name from the Latin ‘corona’ (halo or crown) as it resembles one when viewed under a... Read More...

  Feb 24, 2020   Current Affairs

1. Citing the World Happiness Report, 2018, in which India ranked 133 among 155 nations in the global rankings, the curriculum calls for schools in India to promote development in cognition, language, literacy, numeracy and the arts along with addressing the well-being and happiness of students.  2. It further says that future citizens need to be “mindful, aware, awakened, empathetic, firmly rooted in their identity…” based on the premise that education has a larger purpose, which cannot be in isolation from the “dire needs” of today’s society. 3. The objectives of this curriculum include developing sel... Read More...

  Feb 24, 2020   Current Affairs

Why in news? Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, will chair the 32nd interaction through PRAGATI- the ICT-based, multi-modal platform for Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation, on 22nd January 2020. What is it? PRAGATI (Pro-Active Governance And Timely Implementation) is a unique integrating and interactive platform.Prime Minister had launched the multi-purpose and multi-modal governance platform PRAGATI on 25th March 2015. The platform is aimed at addressing common man’s grievances, and simultaneously monitoring and reviewing important programmes and projects of the Government of India as wel... Read More...

  Feb 22, 2020   General Category

Why in news? The Central Government has notified the structure of the National Startup Advisory Council to advise the Government on measures needed to build a strong ecosystem for nurturing innovation and startups in the country to drive sustainable economic growth and generate large scale employment opportunities. What will its composition? The Council will be chaired by Minister for Commerce & Industry. • It will consist of the non-official members, to be nominated by the Central Government, from various categories like founders of successful startups, veterans and persons capab... Read More...

  Feb 21, 2020   Current Affairs

1.  Recently NASA announced it has selected four Discovery Program investigations to develop concept studies for possible new missions. 2.  Two proposals are for trips to Venus, and one each is for Jupiter’s moon Io and Neptune’s moon Triton. 3.  After the concept studies are completed in nine months, final selections will be made next year. 4.  The various proposals are as follows: 5.  DAVINCI+: Deep Atmosphere Venus Investigation of Noble gases, Chemistry, and Imaging Plus. 6.  Th... Read More...

  Feb 20, 2020   Current Affairs

1. India is hosting the 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) from 17th to 22nd February, 2020 at Gandhinagar in Gujarat. 2. The theme of CMS COP-13 is ‘Migratory species connect the planet and we welcome them home’. 3. The mascot for CMS COP-13 is ‘Gibi – The Great Indian Bustard’. It is a critically endangered species (according to the IUCN) and has been accorded the highest protection status (listed in Schedule I) under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. 4. In order to protect the migratory species throughout their range countries, a Convention on Conservation of ... Read More...

  Feb 19, 2020   General Category

1. Neonatal mortality is newborn death occurring within 28 days postpartum. 2. Neonatal death is often attributed to inadequate access to basic medical care, during pregnancy and after delivery. 3. This accounts for 40–60% of infant mortality in developing countries. Postneonatal mortality is the death of children aged 29 days to one year. 4. The country’s average percentage of newborn deaths is at 7 %. 5. According to the National Health Mission (NHM) data, Madhya Pradesh has recorded the highest percentage of newborn deaths at 11.5% against the total admissions to government-run Sick Newborn Care Units (SNCUs) in the... Read More...

  Feb 18, 2020   General Category

Sugarcane was the last major cultivated plant to have its genome sequenced. This was because of its huge complexity: the genome comprises between 10 and 12 copies of each chromosome, when the human genome has just two. It was an international team coordinated by CIRAD that achieved this milestone. CIRAD is a French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development and is working for the sustainable development of tropical and Mediterranean regions. It will now be possible to modernize the methods used to breed sugarcane varieties. This will be a real boon to the sugar and biomass industry. Sugarcane produces 80 p... Read More...

  Sep 21, 2018   General Category

As India celebrates its 72nd Independence Day this year, India is a self-confident nation able to manage its external relations on its own terms. It can engage the United States as a strategic partner even as it can chart its own course vis-à-vis Russia and China. It can stand with China to raise its voice against global protectionism and yet it can stand up to China when its vital interests are targeted, like in Doklam last year. If there is one power that sits relatively confident in today’s rapidly evolving global dynamic when all other powers are openly competing with each other, it is India. Let there be no doubt about it. As India&r... Read More...

  Sep 18, 2018   General Category