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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

PM Modi embarks on two-day visit to Saudi Arabia (October 2019): India and Saudi Arabia signed a raft of key pacts to significantly ramp up ties in several key sectors including oil and gas, renewable energy and civil aviation during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s two-day visit to the Gulf nation. India, the world’s third-largest oil consumer, imports 83 per cent of its oil needs.  Read More...

  Jun 29, 2020   International Relations

The Parliament passed the Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Amendment Bill, 2019 to increase the strength of the Supreme Court to thirty-three (33), excluding the Chief Justice of India, from the previous sanctioned strength of 30 judges and CJI.It was passed as a money bill.It was an amendment to the Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Act, 1956.Why is the amendment being made to raise the strength?It is to deal with the constant rise in the pendency of cases. Read More...

  Jun 29, 2020   Polity

What?A Disaster Risk Index (DRI) has been prepared that assigns scores to each state based on probability of hazard and vulnerability of the state to deal with disaster.Why in news?Recently, 15th Finance Commission has attempted a transparent methodology for disaster ma... Read More...

  Jun 29, 2020   General Category

Outcomes of the visit: The German leader, on a three-day visit, sealed 17 MoUs and five Joint Declarations of Intent, covering a wide range of issues including agriculture, education, and heritage conservation. A Joint Statement issued after the official consultation, expressed firm opposition to international terrorism and urged the global community to act against safe havens and sanctuaries of terrorists, saying that both sides oppose terrorism in all its “forms... Read More...

  Jun 28, 2020   International Relations

The Winter session of Parliament will be held from November 18 to December 13.How many sessions does the Parliament have normally?Three- Budget session from late January till April which is the longest. Monsoon session in July-August. Winter session in November-December. It can have a special session if it wants to.How is the length of the session decided?It depends on the business that is to be transacted by way of passing Bills and so on. Union Minister of Parliamentary Affairs, Presiding... Read More...

  Jun 28, 2020   Polity

Facts:India’s data centre market is likely to reach $4 billion against the US’s $69 billion by 2024.The global data centre market is expected to grow by $284.44 billion during 2019-23, according to market researcher Technavio.Why data centres are important? Read More...

  Jun 28, 2020   General Category

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  Jun 27, 2020   International Relations

What is GHI?The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is an international tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at global, regional, and national levels. GHI scores are calculated each year to assess progress and setbacks in combating hunger. They help raise awareness and understanding of the struggle against hunger and provide a way to compare levels of hunger among countries. Can you differentiate between hunger, undernutrition and malnutrition?Hunger is usually understood to refer to the dist... Read More...

  Jun 27, 2020   Economy

The foreign ministers of the Quad countries - India, US, Australia and Japan - met on the sidelines of the UNGA meeting on 27th September 2019.What is Quad?The Quadrilateral security dialogue or Quad was first mooted by the Japanese Prime Minister in 2007.However, the idea couldn’t move ahead with Australia pulling out of it, apparently due to Chinese pressure.In November 2017, India, the US, Australia and Japa... Read More...

  Jun 27, 2020   International Relations

Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu offered reform plan for making the functioning of parliament conform to highest standards. What are the ills in the functioning of the parliament today?Declining number of sittings of legislaturesPersistent disruptions, Declining quality of debates, Growing number of legislators with criminal record, High degree of absenteeism,  Read More...

  Jun 27, 2020   Polity

What is the Act?The Customs Act, 1962 is the basic statute which governs entry or exit of different categories of vessels, aircrafts, goods, passengers , etc., into or outside the country.So far, the government had powers to only ban imports and exports of gold and silver under the Customs Act, 1962. Read More...

  Jun 27, 2020   Polity

What is minimum support price (MSP)?It is the price announced by the government at the beginning of the sowing season- both Kharif (summer) and Rabi (winter) crops- that it will pay to the farmer for the produce that it will procure from him after harvesting.  It is the minimum- that is, it will not pay less than this price.How is it different from the procurement price?MSP is announced at the beginning of the sowing season. Procurement price is the price actually paid to the farmer by the Government agency- Food C... Read More...

  Jun 26, 2020   Economy

What’s the Issue?The US Senate overwhelmingly approved North Macedonia’s accession to NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation).Senators voted 91 to 2 to ratify North Macedonia as the alliance’s 30th member state. The Permanent Representatives of 29 NATO member states signed the protocol on Macedonia’s accession in Brussels this February.What is Prespa Agreement? What was the problem between Macedonia and Greece regarding the name? Read More...

  Jun 26, 2020   International Relations

What is NCRB?National Crime Records Bureau is a government agency responsible for collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Special and Local Laws (SLL). NCRB is headquartered in New Delhi and is part of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India. Why is it set up?NCRB was set-up in 1986 to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators and policy makers to intervene appropriately. Read More...

  Jun 26, 2020   Polity

What?The Direct Tax Vivad Se Vishwas Act, 2020 aims for resolution of tax disputes and related matters.Why?As on 30th  November, 2019, there were around 5 lakh cases pending at various levels with disputed tax arrears amounting to approximately Rs 9 lakh crore.&n... Read More...

  Jun 26, 2020   General Category

What?The ₹56,000 crore merger and revival plan for Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL) and Mahanagar Telecom Nigam Ltd (MTNL) was approved by the Union cabinet. MTNL operates in Delhi and Mumbai, and BSNL in the rest of India.How?The turnaround plan includesMergerThe allotment of spectrum for fourth-generation or 4G services at 2016 prices to the two companies with the costs borne by the government and issue of sovereign bonds worth ₹15,000 crore to... Read More...

  Jun 25, 2020   Economy

What is the geopolitical context?French President Emmanuel Macron announced a three pronged security partnership with India in the southern Indian Ocean in the backdrop of China’s growing ambitions in the region.Macron said during his ongoing visit to Reunion Island, a French territory in the Indian Ocean, on Friday that India and France were sharing the analysis of joint maritime security in the southern Indian Ocean, working on a joint maritime surveillance in the region and looking at possible deployment of an Indian Navy maritime patrol vessel in Reunion Island f... Read More...

  Jun 25, 2020   International Relations

What is the importance of nutrition?Nutrition is central to human development. Childhood and adolescent undernutrition undermines survival, growth and development, and diminishes the strength and resilience of communities and countries around the world. Micronutrient deficiencies are an important cause of morbidity and mortality especially in infants and preschool children.What is Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS)?The Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS) is the first nationally representative and compr... Read More...

  Jun 25, 2020   Polity

(Justice Amitava Roy Report)Who appointed the Committee?It was Supreme Court appointed committee entrusted with the task of examining various issues concerning prisons in the country and was directed to submit a report to the court.Facts and statistics... Read More...

  Jun 25, 2020   General Category

What?The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the changes to the earlier rule of company having to commit Rs 2,000-crore investment in the petroleum sector. Any company with a net worth of ₹250 crore can establish petrol pumps. Authorised entities will, however, have to meet certain conditions such as setting up a minimum 5 per cent of their retail outlets in the notified remote areas within five years of grant of authorisation.Besides, these entities will be required to install facilities for marketing at least one n... Read More...

  Jun 24, 2020   Economy