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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the UK Prime Minister (PM) visited India. In this visit, both the countries agreed on a joint statement titled 'Towards shared security and prosperity through national resilience'.Q What are the Highlights of the Visit?A Respecting India-Russia Relations: In the context of Ukraine Crisis and India’s neutral stance, UK PM asserted that India’s position on Russia is ‘well known’ and is not going to change.India has historic relationship with Russian and everybody respects it.Coope... Read More...

  May 18, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, the Constitution Bench judgment of the Supreme Court in Olga Tellis vs Bombay Municipal Corporation, in 1985 case, held that pavement dwellers are different from trespassers may become a game-changer in the Jahangirpuri (Delhi) case.Q What were the Questions Discussed before the Supreme Court?A The case started in 1981 when the State of Maharashtra and the Bombay Municipal Corporation decided that pavement and slum dwellers in Bombay city should be evicted and “deported to their respective places... Read More...

  May 18, 2022   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A A recent leaked document has revealed that the Solomon Islands in the South Pacific has reached a deal with China which outlines an unprecedented level of security cooperation.This is the first deal of its kind for China in the region, which is not yet signed and it is not fully known whether the provisions mentioned in the leaked document are present in the final draft.Q What are the Key Highlights about Solomon Island?A The Solomon Islands is part of the ethnically Melanesian group of islands in the Pac... Read More...

  May 17, 2022   Current Affairs

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, the US State Department released a strong and critical report on human rights in India in 2021.The report is submitted each year to the US Congress which is retrospective and contains a country-wise discussion of the state of internationally recognised individual, civil, political and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international agreements.In December 2021, data related to human rights violations in states was provided by the Ministry of Home Affairs in Rajya sabha.Q What... Read More...

  May 17, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has issued guidelines to states and Union Territories asking them to Modernize Prisons under the Modernisation of Prisons Project.Q What is the Need of Modernisation of Prisons Project?AThey are Important Part of Justice System:Prisons are an important and integral part of the Criminal Justice System of the country.They not only play the critical role in keeping the offenders in custodial segregation but also help in the process of their reformation and reintegrati... Read More...

  May 16, 2022   Security and Disaster Management

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) released its first Long Range Forecast (LRF) for 2022 which says that the country is likely to receive a normal monsoon for the fourth consecutive year.While forecasting a ‘normal’ southwest monsoon for this year, IMD also revised downwards the definition of what constitutes average rainfall.Every year, the IMD issues a two-stage forecast: the first one in April and the second one in the last week of May, which is a more detailed forecast and also illustrates how the monsoon will spr... Read More...

  May 16, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the World Bank in its report South Asia Economic Focus (Bi- Annual) cut its economic growth forecast for India and the whole South Asian region.South Asia Economic Focus describes recent economic developments, analyses the economic impact on South Asia of the war in Ukraine, presents growth forecasts, provides risk scenarios, and concludes that reshaping economies goes hand in hand with reshaping norms.Q What are the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Estimates?A Lowered India’s growth to 8% fr... Read More...

  May 15, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, the Finance Minister has countered criticism of high oil prices by claiming that the government cannot bring down taxes - and thus oil prices because it has to pay for oil bonds issued by the Previous Government.However, critics claim that what the government has had to pay for oil bonds, the payout is not big compared to revenues earned in this sector.Q What Percentage of Fuel Price is Tax?A There are two components to the domestic retail price — the price of crude oil itself, and the taxe... Read More...

  May 15, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, Ukraine has requested US to designate Russia as a “state sponsor of terrorism”.The designation would activate perhaps the harshest suite of sanctions available with the US against Russia.Q What is Terrorist Designation?A The US Secretary of State (the minister primarily in charge of foreign relations) has the power to designate countries that “have repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism” as “State Sponsors of Terrorism”.The US... Read More...

  May 14, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, the Centre announced to stop the purchase of excess parboiled rice after which Telangana Chief Minister and members of his Cabinet staged a dharna demanding a uniform paddy procurement policy.Q What is Parboiled Rice?A The dictionary meaning of ‘parboil’ is ‘partly cooked by boiling’.Thus, the expression parboiled rice refers to rice that has been partially boiled at the paddy stage, before milling.Parboiling of rice is not a new practice, and has been followed in India sin... Read More...

  May 14, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry has relaxed various procedures under the Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCG) scheme in order to reduce compliance requirements and facilitate ease of doing business.Q What are Capital Goods?A Capital goods are physical assets that a company uses in the production process to manufacture products and services that consumers will later use.Capital goods include buildings, machinery, equipment, vehicles, and tools.Capital goods are not finished goods, ins... Read More...

  May 13, 2022   Government Schemes

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, Archaeologists have identified 65 large sandstone jars (Megaliths) believed to be used for ritual burials across four sites in Hasao district, Assam.Earlier in 2020, the State Department of Archaeology, Chennai had identified 250 cairn-circles (Megalithic Structures) from the Kodumanal excavation site in Erode district of Tamilnadu.Q What are the Assam Megaliths? A Some jars are tall and cylindrical, while others are partly or fully buried in the ground. Some of them spanned up ... Read More...

  May 13, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the Parliamentary standing committee on finance has suggested several measures for strengthening credit flow to the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) sector.Q Why is there a Need for Improving Credit Flow to MSME Sector?A Lack of Formalization: The need for formalising the credit ecosystem for MSMEs has assumed significance as less than 40% of 6.34 crore MSMEs, as per government data, borrow from the formal financial system.The overall credit gap in the MSME sector is estim... Read More...

  May 12, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, the India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) launched the Fincluvation Platform to promote innovative solutions in collaboration with fintech startups to accelerate financial inclusion among the underserved and unserved population.The term Fintech (Financial Technology) refers to software and other modern technologies used by businesses that provide automated and imporved financial services.Q What is Fincluvation?A Fincluvation will be a permanent platform of IPPB to co-c... Read More...

  May 12, 2022   Economy

Main Examination Pattern Instructions Answer all TEN of the following questions. Time : 90 Minutes The number of marks carried by each question and world limits are indicated at the end of the question. Please email your answer sheet on sriramsiasteam@gmail.com. Please mention your name, batch and Test Paper name in Subject line.   Q1. Despite the gap of thousands of years the present Indian culture finds similarities in the past Vedic culture. Examine... Read More...

  May 12, 2022   History

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, some Cases of a Mysterious Liver Disease have been reported in Spain, Denmark and the Netherlands, besides the US and UK.Q What is this Mysterious Disease?A Children between the age of 1 to 6 years old have been the target of the disease.According to reports, the disease might be related to virus usually associated with colds.The disease has been reported to be severe so far. Though no children died so far in the US, UK, six children needed liver transplants. Read More...

  May 11, 2022   Health

Q What is the context  ?A India has successfully flight-tested Helina, an Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM), in Pokhran.According to the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), it is one of the most advanced Anti-Tank Weapons in the world.The test was part of user validation trials of the third generation ‘fire and forget’ class missiles developed by the DRDO.Q What is Helina?A  Helina has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL), Hyderabad under the&n... Read More...

  May 11, 2022   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the fourth ‘2+2’ dialogue between India and the United States took place in Washington DC, US. India’s External Affairs and Defence Ministers meet with their American counterparts.This meeting was held on the sidelines of a virtual meeting between the Prime Minister of India and the President of the US.Q What are the Key Points of this Meeting?A Space Situational Awareness Arrangement: India and the US have signed a bilateral space situational awareness... Read More...

  May 10, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A In 2021, a high-level panel was established to examine the failed Geosynchronous Satellite GSLV-F10/Earth Observation Satellites (EOS)-03 mission and recommended measures for making the Cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS) more robust.The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) with improvements added to its CUS is expected to be ready in the second half of this year.Q What is a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)?A GSLV is a space launch vehicle designed, developed, and operated by the&n... Read More...

  May 10, 2022   Science and Technology

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has launched an indigenous Onboard Driver Assistance and Warning System (ODAWS), Bus Signal Priority System and Common SMart IoT (Internet of Things) Connectivity (CoSMiC) software.It has been launched under Intelligent Transportation System Endeavor Phase-II (InTranSE -II).Q What is Intelligent Transportation Systems Endeavor for Indian Cities?A Intelligent Transportation System(ITS) is a revolutionary state-of-the-art technology.It will&... Read More...

  May 09, 2022   Science and Technology