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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

The formation of CDS to act as a single point military adviser to the Prime Minister on strategic issues was one of the key recommendations of the Kargil review committee on higher military reforms after the 1999 conflict. Despite much deliberation, the issue did not make progress due to lack of consensus and apprehensions from services.Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced creation of a chief of defence staff (CDS) as head of the tri- services from the ramparts of the Red Fort on the occasion of 73rd Independence Day. Read More...

  Jun 06, 2020   Security and Disaster Management

What are they?• The scheme of IoE was rolled out by University Grants Commission (UGC).Nominations have been made on the recommendations of Empowered Expert Committee (EEC) headed by N Gopalaswami. • In September 2019, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, on the advice of UGC and the Empowered Expert Committee issued orders to 5 public Universities conveying their declaration as Institutions of... Read More...

  Jun 06, 2020   Polity

How did the inflation numbers fare in August 2019?Led by higher food prices, retail inflation rose to 3.21 percent in August, according to data released by the Central Statistics Office (CSO)Was there a difference between rural and urban inflation on CPI?Yes. In fact, the difference between rural and urban food prices has widened to the highest since the use of the revised series on base year 2012.... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Economy

Which areas were covered?India and Russia during the 20th summit in Vladivostok, signed Roadmap for Cooperation in Hydrocarbons for 2019-24.The two sides agreed to explore joint development of oil and gas fields in Russia and India including offshore ones.As many as 15 MoUs were signed which included one between the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas of I... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   International Relations

What is it?Emissions trading is a market-based approach to controlling pollution by providing economic incentives for achieving reductions in the emissions of pollutants.How does it operate?Government sets a limit to emissions. The total limit is distributed among the production/polluting units. Some achieve and some don’t. Some units may emit less than permitted and thus gain cr... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is Malnutrition? Malnutrition is a pathological state resulting from a relative or absolute deficiency or excess of one or more essential nutrients. What are the indicators of malnutrition? Indicators Nutritional status Stunting (low height for-age) Chronic under nutrition  Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Science and Technology

What is the ‘right to be forgotten’?The right to be forgotten, also called the right to erasure, involves the claim of an individual to have certain online data deleted so that third persons can no longer trace them. It has been defined as the right to silence on past events in life that are no longer relevant.  The right to be forgotten leads to allowing individuals to have information, videos, or photographs about themselves deleted from certain internet records so that they cannot be found by search engines. The reason for deletion may be... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Polity

Less than two weeks after a powerful cyclone passed through West Bengal on its way to Bangladesh, India is bracing to face another cyclone, this time on its western coast. In strength and intensity, this would be much weaker than Cyclone Amphan that struck on May 20. Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Geography

Scientists at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) have developed an experimental diagnostic test for COVID-19 that can visually detect the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in 10 minutes.The development comes as the number of cases of the virus continues to rise even as governments of many countries have st... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Health

On May 22, the RBI permitted banks and NBFCs to allow a further 3-month moratorium, i.e from June 1 to August 31, 2020, on the payment of instalments in respect of term loans outstanding as on March 31, 2020. Extension in moratorium on te... Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   Economy

The LAC is the demarcation that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory. India considers the LAC to be 3,488 km long, while the Chinese consider it to be only around 2,000 km. It is divided into three sectors: the eastern sector which spans Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim, the middle sector in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, and the western sector in Ladakh. Read More...

  Jun 05, 2020   International Relations

Madhya Pradesh is planning to sell Kadaknath chicken meat at milk outlets to cater to the growing demand. The government has launched the project on a pilot basis.So what is Kadakhnath?Kadaknath or Kali Masi is a breed of chicken originating from the Jhabua and Dhar districts of western Madhya Pradesh.Why is it important?The Grami... Read More...

  Jun 04, 2020   Economy

What is Far East?In general, the Far East as a geographical term refers to East Asia (including Northeast Asia), the Russian Far East (part of North Asia), and Southeast Asia.The Russian Far East comprises the Russian part of the Far East, the easternmost territory of Russia, between Lake Baikal in Eastern Siberia and the Pacific Ocean.Why did India launch Look East Policy in 1991? Read More...

  Jun 04, 2020   International Relations

How important are forests for reversing climate change?Deforestation and forest degradation account for approximately 17 percent of carbon emissions, more than the entire global transportation sector and second only to the energy sector. It is now clear that in order to constrain the impacts of climate change within limits that society will reasonably be able to tolerate, global average temperatures must be stabilized within two degrees Celsius. This will be practically impossible to achieve without reducing emissions from the forest sector, in addit... Read More...

  Jun 04, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is EQUINOO?Equatorial Indian Ocean Oscillation (EQUINOO) is considered to be the atmospheric component of the Indian Ocean dipole mode. EQUINOO is defined as the oscillation between a state in which the convection/precipitation is enhanced over Western Equatorial Indian Ocean (WEIO) and suppressed over the Eastern Equatorial Indian Ocean EEIO convection/precipitation is enhanced over EEIO and that in which convection/precipitation is enhanced over EEIO and suppressed over WEIO. Although the distinguishing attribute of EQUINOO is the see-saw in ... Read More...

  Jun 04, 2020   Science and Technology

What does the Act do? A. The Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Amendment Act, 2019 amends the Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Act, 1956. The Act fixes the maximum number of judges in the Supreme Court at 30 judges (excluding the Chief Justice of India). This increases the number from 30 to 33. How is the strength of the Supreme Court fixed?The strength of Supreme Court is fixed by law enacted Parliament as per Article 124 (1) of Constitution of India. Therefore, strength of Supreme Court judge... Read More...

  Jun 04, 2020   Polity

Moody’s Investors Service has downgraded the Government of India’s foreign-currency and local-currency long-term issuer ratings to “Baa3” from “Baa2”. It stated that the outlook remained “negative”.The latest downgrade reduces India to the lowest investment grade of ratings and brings Moody’s ratings for the country in line with the other two main rating agencies in the world — Standard & Poor’s (S&P) and Fitch  Read More...

  Jun 04, 2020   Economy

After the Home Ministry announced fresh guidelines pertaining to the countrywide lockdown to contain the coronavirus pandemic, India’s aviation regulator Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) said the suspension of scheduled international commercial passenger flights would continue until midnight on June 30. Domestic passenger flight services resumed in the country from May 25, two months after the announcement of the lockdown and suspension of all scheduled commercial passenger flight... Read More...

  Jun 04, 2020   General Category

As massive protests after the death of George Floyd continued to rock the United States, President Donald Trump has announced that the far-left group ANTIFA would be designated as a terrorist organisation by his government. Even in the past, Trump has described Antifa as a terrorist group. Other right-wing politicians have also criticised the group. Read More...

  Jun 04, 2020   International Relations

Data released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) surprised most economists and forecasters.The Q4 growth rate is found to be at 3.1%, as released in the provisional estimates.For instance, markets expected Q4 GDP to grow at “minus” 1.5% — that’s a contraction by 1.5%. Other most estimates suggested a growth rate of just 1% to 2% in Q4. Read More...

  Jun 04, 2020   Economy