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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

The Union Cabinet has given its approval to the National Policy on Electronics 2019 (NPE 2019), proposed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).What does the Policy envision? The Policy envisions positioning India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing - (ESDM) by encouraging and driving capabilities in the country for developing core components, including chipsets, and creating an enabling environment for the industry to compete globally.The new National Policy on Ele... Read More...

  Jul 21, 2020   Science and Technology

What is this DHRUV program of government?Union HRD Ministry launched a unique initiative for talented students Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme- DHRUV, which will act as a turning point in the lives of extra ordinarily talented students. Salient Features of the DHRUVThe programme is named after a pole star called DHRUV TARA. The main objective of the program is to allow students to realize their complete potential and contribute to the society.The programme will be c... Read More...

  Jul 21, 2020   Polity

What are FPOs?Farmer Producer Organisations, (FPO) consists of collectivisation of producers especially small and marginal farmers so as to form an effective alliance to collectively address many challenges of agriculture such as improved access to investment, technology, inputs, and markets.  Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) is providing support for the promotion of FPOs.The resource agencies leverage the support available from governments and agencies like NABARD to promote and nurture FPOs.What is current status of FPOs? Read More...

  Jul 21, 2020   Current Affairs

What are Biofuels?Any hydrocarbon fuel that is produced from an organic matter (living or once living material) in a short period of time (days, weeks, or even months) is considered a biofuel.What are states of their existence?Biofuels may be solid, liquid or gaseous in nature.What are the different categories of Biofuels?There are generally 4 categories of biofuels:First generation biofuels: These a... Read More...

  Jul 21, 2020   Science and Technology

What is Consumer Expenditure Survey? What is the status of it’s recent survey?The Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) is usually conducted at quinquennial intervals and the last survey on consumer expenditure was conducted in the 68th round between July 2011 to June 2012.The NSS Consumer Expenditure Survey generates estimates of household Monthly Per Capita Consumer Expenditure (MPCE) and the distribution of households and persons over the MPCE classes.Designed to collect information regarding expenditure on consumption of goods and... Read More...

  Jul 20, 2020   Economy

Indo- Pak RelationsKartarpur pact: India and Pakistan signed an agreement to operationalise the Kartarpur corridor that will facilitate pilgrims from India to visit the Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib in Pakistan.The agreement is valid initially for five years. India will hand over the list of pilgrims to Pakistan 10 days in advance and those granted permission to go may be informed only four days before the proposed date of travel.3 PoK terror camps destroyed: Taken retaliatory action aga... Read More...

  Jul 20, 2020   International Relations

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the proposal for implementation of scheme titled 'Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles’ in India Phase II (FAME India Phase II)' for promotion of Electric Mobility in the country.What is FAME and what are its objectives?The main objective of the scheme is to encourage Faster adoption of Electric and hybrid vehicle by way of offering upfront Incentive on purchase of Electric vehicles and also by way of establishing a necessary charging Infrastructure for electric vehicles. ... Read More...

  Jul 20, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is the news?The SI, the modern metric system, has seven base units from which all other measurement units can be derived. On May 20, 2019, four of them — the kilogram, kelvin, ampere and mole — were redefined in terms of constants of nature. Initially artefacts or physical objects were used to define base units. This created inaccuracies particularly for small measurements as physical object decay with time. The remaining three — the second, meter, and candela — are already based on universal constants.The fundamental const... Read More...

  Jul 20, 2020   Science and Technology

Launched on Good Governance Day, December 25, by Government of India. The Good Governance Index is a uniform tool across States to assess the Status of Governance and impact of various interventions taken up by the State Government and UTs. The GGI takes into consideration ten sectors: 1). Agriculture and Allied Sectors, 2). Commerce & Industries, 3). Human Resource Development, 4). Public Health, 5). Pub... Read More...

  Jul 20, 2020   Polity

India has recently inaugurated its first dedicated underpass for Wildlife Corridor on NH 44 which passes through Kanha-Pench Corridor. There has been Proofs through camera installed that wild animals are using it. Q. How do roads impact wildlife, and why should anyone bother?A.  Wild animals are vulnerable to vehicular traffic passing through forests, especially at night when, blinded by bright headlights, even swift species like cats freeze.Over time, as animals learn to avoid roads, busy multilane highways become... Read More...

  Jul 20, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Why is it in News? Recently, the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme has been activated as a response to the Covid-19 pandemic. There has also been a new guideline by Health Ministry that all pneumonia patients must be notified to the IDSP so that they can be tested for COVID-19. When was it launched? The Integrated Disease Surveillance Project was l... Read More...

  Jul 20, 2020   Current Affairs

How are e-pharmacies different?E-pharmacies receive request for prescription and non-prescription medicines. For prescription drugs, the doctor’s instruction note has to be uploaded. These platforms then forward the orders to a licensed pharmacy in their network that is registered with the government authorities. They deliver the order to the customer through a courier. Some e-pharmacies also stock medicines and thus dispense directly. E-pharmacies have always claimed that their business model is well covered by the Information Technology Act, 2000 under the concept of... Read More...

  Jul 18, 2020   Economy

Indo- Bhutan RelationsPM Modi visit: Continuing India’s attempt to foster a strong relationship with its neighbors under the “Neighborhood First Policy,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Bhutan for the second time on August 17-18. During the visit, PM Modi held a comprehensive discussion with Bhutanese Prime Minister Lotay Tshering and reviewed the current status of the bilateral relationship. The two countries also signed 10 Memorandums of Undertaking (MoUs) Read More...

  Jul 18, 2020   International Relations

The Union Cabinet has approved the National Policy on Biofuels – 2018 in order to promote biofuels in the country. It is in news because of the need for clean and green growth.What is Biofuel?A biofuel is any liquid fuel derived from biological material such as trees, agricultural wastes, crops, or grass. Biofuel can be produced from any carbon source that can be replenished rapidly, such as plants. Biofuels are used globally and biofuel industries are greatly expanding in Europe, Asia, and North and South America. They contain no sulfur and produce low carbon monoxide and ... Read More...

  Jul 18, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

What is UMMID?UMMID initiative is launched by government to tackle inherited genetic diseases of new born babies. People who cannot afford expensive care for genetic disorders will be benefited from initiative. Government also inaugurated NIDAN (National Inherited Diseases Administration) Kendras which are supported by Department of Biotechnology (DBT). Initiative is example of use of cutting-edge scientific technology and molecular medicine for extending Universal Health Coverage for all. The Government of India has launched the National Health Policy, 2017 aiming ... Read More...

  Jul 18, 2020   Science and Technology

What is Scheme for Higher Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills (SHREYAS)?The Ministry for Human Resources Development launched the Scheme for Higher Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills (SHREYAS) for providing industry apprenticeship opportunities to the general graduates exiting in April 2019 through the National Apprenticeship Promotional Scheme (NAPS). The program aims to enhance the employability of Indian youth by providing ‘on the job work exposure’ and earning of stipend.Following are the objectives o... Read More...

  Jul 18, 2020   Polity

Why scientists want to map the ocean floor?The knowledge of bathymetry — the measurement of the shape and depth of the ocean floor — is instrumental in understanding several natural phenomena, including ocean circulation, tides, and biological hotspots.What is current status in mapping ocean floor?Announcing a new milestone in the history of marine exploration, an international collaboration of researchers said on June 21 that it had finished mapping nearly one-fifth of the world’s ocean f... Read More...

  Jul 18, 2020   Current Affairs

India mulls bilateral air bubbles — what are they, and what are the risks?India has proposed establishing air travel “bubbles” with several countries including the United States, Germany, and France on the lines of “air bridges” or “Covid-safe travel zones” that have been conceptualised by countries that have managed to fully or partially contain the outbreak. The Ministry of Civil Aviation is negotiating the setting up of travel bubbles to restart ... Read More...

  Jul 18, 2020   Current Affairs

How close are we to a Covid-19 vaccine? What is the testing process?According to the World Health Organisations latest count, 13 experimental vaccines are being tested in humans and more than 120 others are in earlier stages of development.China has six candidates undergoing human trials, the maximum.The World Health Organisation’s (WHO) Solidarity Trial, the UK’s RECOVERY Trial and the US’s ‘Operation Warp Speed’ are three of the leading scientific efforts pivoting research in the battle against Covid-19. Read More...

  Jul 18, 2020   Science and Technology

What is need of regulatory sandbox of RBI?Indian regulatory environment often considered reactionary that prohibits innovations. This is particularly problematic in era of rapid changes in technology and corresponding applications, particularly in FinTech. Example Bitcoin and peer to peer lending are facing crippling norms. RBI’s RS is prime example of proactive regulation. It can provide a structured avenue for the regulator to engage with the ecosystem and to develop innovation-enabling or innovation-responsive regulations that facilitate delivery of relevant, low-cost financial products. The RS is an impo... Read More...

  Jul 16, 2020   Economy