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ARTICLES

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

Q. Why is this in news ?Living Planet Report is recently released by international non-profit World Wide Fund for Nature.This year’s Living Planet Report, a collaboration between WWF International and the Zoological Society of London, is the 13th edition of the biennial publication tracking wildlife populations around the world.Q. What is Living Planet Report?It is published... Read More...

  Sep 19, 2020   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why in News ?A.  Experts have warned that few provisions in the Pesticides Management Bill will hurt farmers’ livelihood. Therefore, they have called for wider consultations on the bill and asked it to place it before a select committee.Q. What is Pesticides Management Bill ?A. The Pesticides Management Bill, 2020 was approved by the Union Cabinet in February this year.  It will replace the Insecticides Act, 1968. Read More...

  Sep 19, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news ?A. Every year 14th September is celebrated as Hindi divas in India .Q. What is National Hindi Day or Hindi Divas ?National Hindi Day:Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, was adopted as the official language of the Republic of India on 14th September, 194... Read More...

  Sep 18, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why in News?A. Recently, the researchers from the City University of Hong Kong have produced a laser-induced form of graphene masks that inactivate the coronavirus species.Q. What this research find out ?A. Initial tests deactivated two coronavirus species. The researchers are also planning to test this mask on the Covid-19(SARS-Cov-2) virus.The researchers also tested it on E coli (bacteria), Read More...

  Sep 18, 2020   Health

Q. Why is this in news ?SERUM INSTITUTE of India (SII) on Thursday said that it would pause the ongoing clinical trials in India of the Covid-19 vaccine candidate developed by the University of Oxford. The move follows a show-cause notice issued by the country’s drug regulator (ICMR) to the Pune-based company over a single adverse reaction that was detected at one of the global trial sites.Q. What is this vaccine?One of the most closely watched candidates globally,A... Read More...

  Sep 17, 2020   Health

Q. Why is this in news now?A. The flame atop the Baghjan well no. 5 in Tinsukia district of eastern Assam has been tamed, 110 days after it had a disastrous blowout.Q. What was this gas leak?Few months ago, a gas leak has occurred at Baghjan well in Tinsukia district of Assam following a blowout.The Baghjan well is a purely gas-producing well in Tinsukia district, and is at a distance of 900 meters from the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. Read More...

  Sep 17, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?Opposition has renewed its campaign seeking the Deputy Speaker’s position in the Lok Sabha. The Lok Sabha has not had a Deputy Speaker for the last 15 months. Instead, a panel of MPs has been assisting the Speaker.Q. What are provisions in Constitution for Deputy Speaker?Article 93 of the Constitution provides for the election of both the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker.The constitutional office of the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha is more symbolic of parlia... Read More...

  Sep 16, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in news?Recently, The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)­ National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR) National Cancer Registry Programme Report of August 2020 has estimated that the number of cancer cases in India in 2020 is 13.9 lakh. Moreover, India has seen a steady rise in cancer cases over many decades.A 2017 report showed that India’s cancer burden increased 2.6 times between 1990 to 2016, and deaths due to cancers doubled during the time. Read More...

  Sep 16, 2020   Science and Technology

Q. Why is this in news ?Recently, the 8th East Asia Summit Economic Ministers’ Meeting (EAS-EMM) was held virtually and attended by ASEAN members and eight other nations, including India, the USA, and China.The meeting highlighted the importance of strengthening regional supply chains to make them resilient in times of heightened challenges posed by the Covid-19 pandemic and to spur economic growth... Read More...

  Sep 15, 2020   International Relations

Q. Why in News ? A. Farmer organisations in Haryana  and Punjab are holding protests against agricultural ordinances promulgated recently. Their target is three central laws promulgated through ordinances on June 5 2020 : 1. The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Ordinance, 2. The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Ordinance, and 3. The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Ordi... Read More...

  Sep 15, 2020   Polity

Que. 1. Describe any four cultural elements of diversity in India and rate their relative significance in building a national identity. (UPSC - 2015) [150 Words] Ans.: Diversity connotes collective differences among people that differentiates one group of people from another. India is considered as a mega culturally diverse country due to the existence of various groups that provide a unique blend to India’s diversity. These culturally diverse elements have given India an identity that is heterogeneous compared to any such large countries.   Cultural elements of diversity in I... Read More...

  Sep 15, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Que. 1. The Self-Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Programme (SBLP), which is India’s own innovation, has proved to be one of the most effective poverty alleviation and women empowerment programmes. Elucidate. (UPSC - 2015) [150 Words] Ans.:  Self-Help Groups (SHGs) are informal associations of people who choose to come together to find ways to improve their living conditions. It can be defined as self-governed, peer controlled information group of people with similar socio-e... Read More...

  Sep 14, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, the Ministry of Railways has proposed to decriminalise begging on trains or railway premises and compound the offence of smoking by levying spot fine and dropping all charges/action against the person involved.These changes are part of an exercise to decriminalise/rationalise penalties under the provisions of the Railway Act, 1989.Q. What are Current Provision rela... Read More...

  Sep 14, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in News?A. A limit has been imposed on total rewards under the Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS).Q. What is Merchandise Exports from India Scheme ?A. Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) under Foreign Trade Policy of India (FTP 2015-20) is one of the two schemes introduced in Foreign Trade Policy of India 2015-20, as a part of Exports from India Scheme (The other scheme is Service Export... Read More...

  Sep 14, 2020   Economy

Context:Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) has analysed self-sworn affidavits of Rajya Sabha MPs and released a report. According to it , 24% of Rajya Sabha members face criminal cases.Q. What are key findings of report ?An analysis of 229 of the 233 Rajya Sabha seats that represent the States and Union Territories showed that 54 MPs or 24% had declared criminal cases.Out... Read More...

  Sep 13, 2020   Polity

Q. Why is this in News?Recently, the Global e waste Monitor 2020 Report was released. Q. What is E-Waste? It refers to all items of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) and its parts that have been discarded by its owner as waste without the intent of re-use. According to Global e waste Monitor 2020 Report, in 2019, the world generated 53.6 Mt of e-waste, an average of 7.3 kg per capita, with 21% increase in just 5 years. It will increase by 38% between 2020 and 2030. ... Read More...

  Sep 13, 2020   Current Affairs

Q. Why is this in news?A. In efforts to have a single source for all non-financial disclosures by corporates, a government-appointed panel has made various proposals on business responsibility reporting, including putting in place two formats for disclosing information.Q. What is the Business Responsibility Report (BRR)?Business Responsibility Report is a disclosure of the adoption of responsible business practices by a  listed company to all its stakeholders. Read More...

  Sep 12, 2020   Economy

Q. Why is this in news? A. 2020 Global Multidimensional Poverty Index was released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI). Q. What is Global MPI?MPI is the product of the incidence of poverty (proportion of poor people)and the intensity of poverty (average deprivation score of poor people) and is therefore sensitive to changes in both components. The MPI ranges from 0 to 1 and higher values imply higher poverty.  Read More...

  Sep 12, 2020   Current Affairs

Que. 1. How do the Indian debates on secularism differ from the debates in the West? (UPSC - 2014) [150 Words] Ans.: Secularism is a political or social philosophy that talks about separation of state from religious institutions. It is an ideology that emphasize on restriction of religious activities in public sphere like education, polity, economy etc. The Constitution of India stands for a secular state however, Indian notion of secularism is quite different from western notion like:  Read More...

  Sep 12, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice

Que. 1. ‘Communalism arises either due to power struggle or relative deprivation. Argue by giving suitable illustrations. (UPSC - 2018) [150 Words] Ans.: Communalism in the Indian context refers to the ideology which states that society is divided into different religious communities whose interests differ from, and at times oppose, each other. Historically, Indian society has been regarded as a melting pot of various religions that have been tolerant of each other. However, the British policy of divide and rule laid the foundations of communalism which the Indian state has found hard to tackle post-independen... Read More...

  Sep 11, 2020   Indian Society & Social Justice