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  May 21, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q. Why is this in news?A. The Election Commission (EC) has sent a notice to Jharkhand CM over an office-of-profit charge against him for allotment of a mining lease in his name last year.Under Section 9A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, the CM could face disqualification for entering into a government contract.The Constitution of India does not define the Office of Profit. It has only mentioned it under Article 102 (1) and Article 191 (1).Q. What is ‘Office of Profit’?A.MPs and MLAs, as members of the legislature, hold the government accountable... Read More...

  May 21, 2022   Polity

Q. Why is this in News?A. The Ministry of Culture and Tourism has granted Rs 3.75 crore under the ‘Upgradation of Museums Scheme’ as part of Museums Grant Scheme for the Rs 5-crore project in Eluru town, Andhra Pradesh.Q. What is the Museums Grant Scheme?A.About:The scheme was launched in 2013.The Ministry of Culture provides financial assistance under the Scheme to the State Governments and Societies, Autonomous bodies, Local Bodies and Trusts registered under the Societies Ac... Read More...

  May 20, 2022   Government Schemes

Q. Why is this in News?A. Recently, CERT-In has asked all government and private agencies to mandatorily report cyber security breach incidents to it within six hours of noticing them.CERT-In is empowered under Section 70B of the Information Technology Act to collect, analyse and disseminate information on cyber security incidents.Q. What is CERT-IN?A.Computer Emergency Response Team - India is an organisation of the Ministry... Read More...

  May 20, 2022   Security and Disaster Management

Q Why is it in News ?A According to the latest data published by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), world military spending continued to grow in 2021, reaching an all-time high of USD 2.1 trillion despite the economic fallout of the pandemic.As a result of a sharp economic recovery in 2021, the global military burden—world military expenditure as a share of world Gross Domestic Product (GDP)—fell by 0.1 percentage points, from 2.3% in 2020 to 2.2% in 2021.Q What is SIPRI?A The SIPRI is an independent inter... Read More...

  May 19, 2022   Security and Disaster Management

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the European Parliament and European Union (EU) Member States announced that they had reached a political agreement on the Digital Services Act (DSA), 2022.It is a landmark legislation to force big Internet companies to act against disinformation and illegal and harmful content, and to “provide better protection for Internet users and their fundamental rights”.The proposed Act seeks to end the era of self-regulation by tech companies and give ‘practical effect to the principle that what is illegal offline, should be illegal online’. Read More...

  May 19, 2022   International Relations

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the UK Prime Minister (PM) visited India. In this visit, both the countries agreed on a joint statement titled 'Towards shared security and prosperity through national resilience'.Q What are the Highlights of the Visit?A Respecting India-Russia Relations: In the context of Ukraine Crisis and India’s neutral stance, UK PM asserted that India’s position on Russia is ‘well known’ and is not going to change.India has historic relationship with Russian and everybody respects it.Coope... Read More...

  May 18, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, the Constitution Bench judgment of the Supreme Court in Olga Tellis vs Bombay Municipal Corporation, in 1985 case, held that pavement dwellers are different from trespassers may become a game-changer in the Jahangirpuri (Delhi) case.Q What were the Questions Discussed before the Supreme Court?A The case started in 1981 when the State of Maharashtra and the Bombay Municipal Corporation decided that pavement and slum dwellers in Bombay city should be evicted and “deported to their respective places... Read More...

  May 18, 2022   Polity

Q Why is it in News ?A A recent leaked document has revealed that the Solomon Islands in the South Pacific has reached a deal with China which outlines an unprecedented level of security cooperation.This is the first deal of its kind for China in the region, which is not yet signed and it is not fully known whether the provisions mentioned in the leaked document are present in the final draft.Q What are the Key Highlights about Solomon Island?A The Solomon Islands is part of the ethnically Melanesian group of islands in the Pac... Read More...

  May 17, 2022   Current Affairs

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, the US State Department released a strong and critical report on human rights in India in 2021.The report is submitted each year to the US Congress which is retrospective and contains a country-wise discussion of the state of internationally recognised individual, civil, political and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international agreements.In December 2021, data related to human rights violations in states was provided by the Ministry of Home Affairs in Rajya sabha.Q What... Read More...

  May 17, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has issued guidelines to states and Union Territories asking them to Modernize Prisons under the Modernisation of Prisons Project.Q What is the Need of Modernisation of Prisons Project?AThey are Important Part of Justice System:Prisons are an important and integral part of the Criminal Justice System of the country.They not only play the critical role in keeping the offenders in custodial segregation but also help in the process of their reformation and reintegrati... Read More...

  May 16, 2022   Security and Disaster Management

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) released its first Long Range Forecast (LRF) for 2022 which says that the country is likely to receive a normal monsoon for the fourth consecutive year.While forecasting a ‘normal’ southwest monsoon for this year, IMD also revised downwards the definition of what constitutes average rainfall.Every year, the IMD issues a two-stage forecast: the first one in April and the second one in the last week of May, which is a more detailed forecast and also illustrates how the monsoon will spr... Read More...

  May 16, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the World Bank in its report South Asia Economic Focus (Bi- Annual) cut its economic growth forecast for India and the whole South Asian region.South Asia Economic Focus describes recent economic developments, analyses the economic impact on South Asia of the war in Ukraine, presents growth forecasts, provides risk scenarios, and concludes that reshaping economies goes hand in hand with reshaping norms.Q What are the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Estimates?A Lowered India’s growth to 8% fr... Read More...

  May 15, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, the Finance Minister has countered criticism of high oil prices by claiming that the government cannot bring down taxes - and thus oil prices because it has to pay for oil bonds issued by the Previous Government.However, critics claim that what the government has had to pay for oil bonds, the payout is not big compared to revenues earned in this sector.Q What Percentage of Fuel Price is Tax?A There are two components to the domestic retail price — the price of crude oil itself, and the taxe... Read More...

  May 15, 2022   Economy

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, Ukraine has requested US to designate Russia as a “state sponsor of terrorism”.The designation would activate perhaps the harshest suite of sanctions available with the US against Russia.Q What is Terrorist Designation?A The US Secretary of State (the minister primarily in charge of foreign relations) has the power to designate countries that “have repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism” as “State Sponsors of Terrorism”.The US... Read More...

  May 14, 2022   International Relations

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, the Centre announced to stop the purchase of excess parboiled rice after which Telangana Chief Minister and members of his Cabinet staged a dharna demanding a uniform paddy procurement policy.Q What is Parboiled Rice?A The dictionary meaning of ‘parboil’ is ‘partly cooked by boiling’.Thus, the expression parboiled rice refers to rice that has been partially boiled at the paddy stage, before milling.Parboiling of rice is not a new practice, and has been followed in India sin... Read More...

  May 14, 2022   Current Affairs

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry has relaxed various procedures under the Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCG) scheme in order to reduce compliance requirements and facilitate ease of doing business.Q What are Capital Goods?A Capital goods are physical assets that a company uses in the production process to manufacture products and services that consumers will later use.Capital goods include buildings, machinery, equipment, vehicles, and tools.Capital goods are not finished goods, ins... Read More...

  May 13, 2022   Government Schemes

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, Archaeologists have identified 65 large sandstone jars (Megaliths) believed to be used for ritual burials across four sites in Hasao district, Assam.Earlier in 2020, the State Department of Archaeology, Chennai had identified 250 cairn-circles (Megalithic Structures) from the Kodumanal excavation site in Erode district of Tamilnadu.Q What are the Assam Megaliths? A Some jars are tall and cylindrical, while others are partly or fully buried in the ground. Some of them spanned up ... Read More...

  May 13, 2022   Bio-diversity, Environment

Q Why is it in News ?A Recently, the Parliamentary standing committee on finance has suggested several measures for strengthening credit flow to the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) sector.Q Why is there a Need for Improving Credit Flow to MSME Sector?A Lack of Formalization: The need for formalising the credit ecosystem for MSMEs has assumed significance as less than 40% of 6.34 crore MSMEs, as per government data, borrow from the formal financial system.The overall credit gap in the MSME sector is estim... Read More...

  May 12, 2022   Economy

Q What is the context  ?A Recently, the India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) launched the Fincluvation Platform to promote innovative solutions in collaboration with fintech startups to accelerate financial inclusion among the underserved and unserved population.The term Fintech (Financial Technology) refers to software and other modern technologies used by businesses that provide automated and imporved financial services.Q What is Fincluvation?A Fincluvation will be a permanent platform of IPPB to co-c... Read More...

  May 12, 2022   Economy